Intro: Otto DIY - Build Your Own Robot in One Hour!
who is Otto?
an interactive robot that anyone can make!
what can Otto do?
Otto walks, dances, makes sounds and avoids obstacles.
why Is Otto special?
Otto is completely open source, Arduino compatible, 3D printable, and with a social impact mission to create an inclusive environment for all kids.
Otto's differences are in the assembled size (11cm x 7cm x12cm), cleaner integration of components and expressions. Using off the shelf and 3D printed parts, simple electronics connections (almost no welding required), and basic coding skills, you will be able to build your own cute Otto friend in as little as two hours!
Otto is design using Autodesk 123D Design initially and now is owned by TinkerCAD software you can modify it for customization or further improvements!
This instructable focuses on how to build the basic Otto DIY version - yes, there are more Ottos and you can stay tuned for updates by subscribing here
Step 1: First Gather All Parts and Tools
Gather all the off the shelf parts that you'll need for this assembly. Here's the list:
1. Arduino or Genuino Nano V3.0 ATmega328
2. Arduino Nano Shield I/O
3. Mini usb cable. (most Arduino dealers provide the cable)
4. HC-SR04 Ultrasound sensor.
5. Mini servo SG90 9g x4 (each one should come with 2 pointed screws and one small screw).
6. 5V Buzzer passsive.
7. Dupont F/F cable connectors 10cm x6.
8. 4 AA Battery case stacked
9. 1.5V AA alkaline batteries x4. (not rechargeable with voltage below 1.5V very important)
10. Mini cross screwdriver. important magnetized
And then you only need to 3D print 6 parts in total:
11. 3D printed head.
12. 3D printed body.
13. 3D printed leg x2.
14. 3D printed foot x2.
Optional: cutter for post cleaning the 3D parts (if the 3D print quality is good enough no need) and a soldering iron (if you want it battery power otherwise can still connect it through USB to energize)
If you think is difficult to find the parts,you can buy the full kit here!
Step 2: 3D Print Settings
Otto is very well designed for 3D printing, the files that you had downloaded are property oriented and centered, so wont give you trouble if you follow this common parameters:
- Recommended to use a FDM 3D printer with PLA material.
- No need supports or rafts at all.
- Resolution: 0.15mm
- Fill density 20%
You can print individually piece by piece to match the colors of the original design or optionally print all at the same time in an area of 14cm x 14cm.
For slicing and generating the g code for the machine free slicer software like Cura or in our case FlashPrint that comes with the FlashForge Finder 3D printer that we are using (If you are outsourcing the printing no need to worry about it)
After printing you will need to clean a little bit the legs and feet areas that fix the motors.
Step 3: Reorganize & Check Your Parts
As mention in step 2, Micro servo motors come with 3 screws in the picture are now included and rearranged the parts number for easy reading.
Remember to have ready your magnetized mini screwdriver.
Print the .pdf instructions manual for convenience from our Wikifactory
Step 4: Foot Servos Assembly
Put the micro servo inside feet and then push it inside, if is to hard maybe need to clean more the area with a cutter.
Is very important to check that the servo is able to rotate at least 90 degrees to each side.
After checking the movement use only the small screw to fix it.
Same process for the other foot.
Step 5: Fix Servos to Body
Take the other 2 micro servos put them in the defined locations in the 3D printed body and fix them only with the pointed screws.
Step 6: Fix Legs to Body
Connect the legs to the hub of the micro servo, important like the foot servos you must check the legs are able to rotate 90 degrees each side respect to the body.
After verifying the alignment fix them using the small screws to the hole inside the leg.
Step 7: Fix Foot to Legs
Taking care of the cables as showed in the illustration you should put the cables inside the slots of the body passing thought the hole of the legs.
Once they are in right position use the pointed screws to fix them from the back.
Step 8: Head Assembly
Start from the ultrasound sensor is important to pull out the eyes to the limit.
After putting the Arduino nano in the shield, optionally you can weld the battery holder positive cable to Vin in the board and negative to any GND.
Insert diagonally the both boards together facing the USB conector to the hole in the 3D printed head, then use the last 2 pointed screws to fix it.
Step 9: Electric Connection
Prepare the breadboard cables and buzzer.
Then follow the diagram pins numbers and make sure to put them in the right position.
Step 10: Snap the Head and Upload the Code
The Head have snap feature, take care of the cables and close it.
For the coding part you will need to:
1. Download & install Arduino software IDE: https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software
2. Copy Oscillator libraries that is inside OttoDIY_smooth_criminal.zip to C:\Users\user\Documents\Arduino\libraries (or wherever your library folder is installed):
3. Connect your Otto through USB (your computer should install the drivers)
4. Finally open & upload OttoDIY_smooth_criminal.ino code to your Arduino Nano and Otto ready to dance!
You can always try different codes from the same Wikifactory repository to use the ultrasound to avoid obstacles or detect objects and the buzzer to make sounds. Include all main moves very easy to adjust speed, number of times and direction.`
Stay tuned for the coming Otto DIY kit and Otto DIY+(PLUS) version that enhance more interactions with more possibilities using Bluetooth, more sensors and games. ottodiy.com