Have you ever wondered how headphones were made, or what components are used to create a speaker? You can learn how to make your own pair using some household items, while learning about how each piece works and how they contribute to the whole design of the headphones.
There are three main components that make up sneakers: the magnet, the voice coils, and the diaphragm.
The voice coil helps strengthen the flow of electricity and is used as the "path" for the electric current.
The magnet is where the magnetic field is created, and makes the voice coil vibrate/ push and pull.
The diaphragm helps the vibrations be noticed and create the sound and project the vibrations as sound waves.
Step 1: Material's List
1.2 cups with 7 1/2 cm of depth
2. 8 1/2 cm of diameter
3. 2 neo magnets
4. An old pair of headphones
5. 28 AWG copper wire
6. Electric tape
7. Wire cutters
*You can buy most of these materials at Fry’s Electronic shop, Home Depot, or Amazon.*
Step 2: The Coil
1. Take your wire and cut approximately 105 cm of wire,
2. Cut the wire using your wire cutters
3. Take a marker or a glue stick and wrap your wire around the object 45 times
Keep the coils tight as you're wrapping the wire around your object
Make sure to leave at least 3 inches of spare wire hanging fro both ends
4. Take the 2 ends of the wire we left hanging, and sand 1.5 in
* Sand them until they become of a copper color*
Step 3: Coiling/Taping the Coils
1.Without uncoiling the wire, slide the coils off the object you wrapped it around.
2. Take about 1in of electrical tape and tape around the side of the coil,
Make sure that the tape encloses the coils you've created.
2. Place the coils around the magnet and cut about 4 in of tape
3. Tape going over/across the magnet and coils, leaving the 3in of wire hanging
Explanation: By using the cord and magnet, electricity will flow back and forth through the cables and the magnet will either attract or repel the permanent magnet. The electricity will hit the cone, causing there to be vibrations and sound waves traveling.
Step 4: Assembling the Cup
1. Flip the cup with the base of the cup facing you, and place the coil and tape the coil to the cup in a vertical position.
2. Sand only 1.5 in of the 3 in of the copper wire hanging.
3. Take your old pair of headphones and rip off the ear piece, leaving the band of the headphones on.
4. Take the cups and tape them to the band of the headphones using electrical tape.
5. Go back to the second cup and repeat steps 2-8.
Step 5: Connecting the Wire to the Terminal
1. Wrap the sanded part of the wire around the terminal about 5 times, making sure it wont come loose.
2. Make sure to not leave your terminal visible, take 1 in of tape and cover it tightly.
Explanation: This will secure and make sure the wire will not unravel or touch the other wire. If they do touch, the sound will not be able to travel through because the positive and negative charges are touching.
Step 6: Wrapping Loose Wire
1. Take the electrical tape and cover the wire, and any hanging wire to make sure it cannot be seen.
Explanation: This will make sure the flow of electricity won't escape, also, it keeps the cords safe from breaking.
Step 7: Finalizing Your Headphones
1. Tape the ear cushions to the headphones cups by cutting 4 pieces of 4 in tape and attaching them to the inside of the cup, then do the same for the other cup.
Explanation: This will make your headphones a lot more comfortable.
Have fun using your awesome new beats!
Step 8: Troubleshooting Your Speakers
If you can't hear any sound:
1. Check the connection between the cords and the aux receptor on the aux plug. The wires may not be wrapped around the aux receptor tight enough, or they might be toughing each other. The wires have positive and negative charges, so if they touch, it will prevent sound from coming out.
2. Check your sanded wire, if they aren't sanded enough, sand until the ends become of a copper color.
3. Check your coils sometimes a coil or two will slip out form the tape, which can greatly effect the speaker's output.