PC Assembly Manual

Published

Introduction: PC Assembly Manual

1.The following are a set of instruction(suitable for a newcomer) for the preparation and assembly of a PC. They will make your transition simplistic and time saving if followed correctly. Especially because the computer build is very basic and will have the minimum hardware necessary to have a functional computer. The approximate time period for the build of the computer is 2 to 4 hours depending on time consumption.

Step 1: Hardware Parts/Functions

Below are the necessary hardware components for the assembly of a PC

  1. Processor(CPU) - The Central Processing Unit(CPU) handles instructions received from hardware and software on the computer. The instructions vary depending on the program which the user has chosen. When the user decides to open up a program, the input from the input devices goes towards the CPU. Which then, from the CPU goes to the memory(Hard Drive, RAM) to access the necessary information into opening the program. Which then leads to the program opening up due to the info being used as output.
  2. Motherboard - The motherboard is a printed circuit board that is the foundation of the computer. Located at the bottom of the computer case, all hardware components of the computer can be located on the motherboard.
  3. Computer Case - The computer case is the main component that physically mounts and contains all hardware components inside the computer.
  4. Memory(RAM) - Random Access Memory(RAM) is a hardware component that temporarily stores data and information from input and output devices. A form of data which can be accessed randomly at any time, in any order and from any physical area as opposed to other storage devices. For example, hard drives are where the physical area of the information determines the time taken to recover it. RAM is measured in megabytes and the speed is measured in nanoseconds. RAM chips can read data faster than ROM. There are two types of RAM which are static and dramatic RAM. Static RAM(SRAM, Cache) can possess data as long as the power is being supplied. While dramatic RAM(DRAM) uses transistors and capacitors to store data. The specs of a RAM can determine the potential of the computer itself. For example, a 24GB of RAM can allow a computer to run several programs and applications concurrently.
  5. Processor Fan(Heat Sink) - The heat sink is an electric device which is used to cool down components such as the CPU. There are two types of heat sinks which can be classified as active and passive. Active heat sinks consist of a fan which is powered by the power supply. While a passive heat sink consists of a radiator that dissipates heat through convection.
  6. Power Supply - The power supply’s responsibility is to power and supply components such as the motherboard, keyboard, mouse, etc.
  7. Optical Drive - The optical disk drive is referred to any device that reads a certain media using a laser. The most common devices that the disk drive reads are CDs and DVDs, and are collectively referred to as optical media. When an optical disk is entered into the optical disk drive, a laser inside of this component reads the highs and lows of the optical disc.
  8. SATA Cables -

Step 2:

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