Introduction: Quick Skills #4: How to Tie Lashings - Pt.1 Square Lashing
this week I decided to continue my Quick Skills series with a new mini series. Based on the previous videos & Instructables about Knots for Survival I'm going to show a number of different lashings for various survival, bush craft & general outdoor uses. The first part showcases the square lashing which should be considered to be one of the the most basic lashings one should know.
To practice this lashing you will need two poles (I used 2cm dowels) and some rope or paracord. It will take you just a few minutes of practice on a rainy afternoon to learn how to tie this lashing.
The current giveaway is still open until Sunday and you can win a 1-Year Pro Membership for Instructables if you subscribe to my YouTube channel and leave me a comment at this video. I will announce the winner on Sunday the 7th Feb 16 here on my orangeboard as well as my Facebook, Twitter & Blog. Please make sure you add "Count me in" to your comment as well as your Instructables username!!!
Take care, stay safe
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Step 1: Uses, Terminology & Example
The Square Lashing is used to tie two poles that cross each other at an angle of 90° - 45° together. It is still used widely in developing countries to build frames for scaffolding with rope & bamboo. In an outdoor or survival scenario this technique could be used to build frames for roofs, lean-to shelters, tables as wells as frames for a backpack.
The example pictured here is just a very basic frame made with 4 poles and some paracord/utility cord. It is surprisingly sturdy and rigid. Depending on the intended use this basic structure could be further stabilized with crossing poles that are tied with a diagonal lashing (which will be subject of the next part of this series).
As with most things concerning ropes & knots there are a number of terms that require some explanation:
- Wraps or wrapping turns - Those are the turns of rope around the two poles to connect them.
- Fraps or frapping turns - are turns between the poles around the wraps. They have the function to tighten the lashing.
Step 2: Starting Hitch
You can start the lashing by attaching your rope to the horizontal pole with a simple hitch. Here I'm using a clove hitch for this purpose.
This method has the vertical pole placed on top of the horizontal and when using this lashing to build a frame I prefer to start the lashing on the inside of the frame.
Step 3: Wraps
Follow the steps in the pictures to create three wraps around both poles. You should ensure that:
- Each turn around the horizontal pole should be added inside the previous one (Seen from this perspective the new turns would lie further in the center.
- The turns around the vertical pole are outside the previous one.
Doing this correctly helps the frapping turns to tighten all turns evenly.
Step 4: Frapping Turns
Once you have completed the wraps you continue with so called frapping turns. As shown in the pics these turns are tied around the previous wraps between the two poles. In this example we are using two frapping turns and it might be not that clear from the pictures but it is important to pull these frapping turns as tight as possible to make the lashing more secure.
When both frapping turns are complete your rope should end up over the horizontal pole on the same side you started from (This is however not a must).
Step 5: Finishing Hitch
To finish the lashing tie another clove hitch (or other secure hitch) around the horizontal pole. Alternatively you could tie several half hitches as frapping turns around the wraps.
If using a hitch to secure the end I suggest you also use a stopper knot to prevent it from slipping.
Step 6: Other Views
These pics are showing close up pictures of the top and bottom view of the finished lashing. If tying the final hitch on the opposite site you would end up with a more symmetrical looking lashing. When build frames I prefer the two hitches to be on the inside of the frame to avoid them slipping from the poles end (However unlikely this is...maybe just my OCD :P ).
Step 7: Monthly Giveaway
As stated in the intro the current giveaway is still open until sunday the 7th Feb 16. You can win a 1-Year Pro Membership for Instructables if you subscribe to my YouTube channel and leave me a comment at this video. I will announce the winner on Sunday the 7th Feb 16 1800 GMT here on my orangeboard as well as my Facebook, Twitter & Blog. Please make sure you add "Count me in" to your comment as well as your Instructables username.
Starting from the next project I will switch to monthly giveaways instead of weekly/project ones. These will however consist of a small gift package with a number of items based on my previous Instructables, stickers and a Pro-Account for Instructables. I have attached a pic of what I plan to include in the package.
You can let me know via PM or in the comments what you think about this idea.