I've a small and sweet Raspberry Pi zero . When I switch on my Raspy zero without a monitor or keyboard or LAN, I don't want switch off the pi directly by putting off the socket by the line. In fact this action can compromise the Raspy. You can be breaking the kernel, and the system can crash after that.
I've written a code that put the last pin in standby for a connection between the ground. When I connect the last pin with the ground, the code starts. The code is a simple sudo shutdown -h now
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Step 1: Create the Code
Go to GitHub and read the code (https://github.com/masteruan/Raspbery_switch).
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time import os
buttonPin = 21
GPIO.setup(buttonPin, GPIO.IN, pull_up_down=GPIO.PUD_UP)
last_state = True
input_state = True
input_state = GPIO.input(buttonPin)
if (not input_state): print("Shutdown")
os.system('sudo shutdown -h now')
Step 2: Connect the Pins
Step 3: Modify the Rc.local
Now if you want start automatically the script do you modify the rc.local file. This file start when you switch on the Raspberry Pi
# # rc.local # # This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel. # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # value on error. # # In order to enable or disable this script just change the execution # bits. # # By default this script does nothing.
# Print the IP address _IP=$(hostname -I) || true if [ "$_IP" ]; then printf "My IP address is %s\n" "$_IP" fi
python /home/pi/Desktop/shutdown.py &
Step 4: Mounting a Switch Or...
Now you can mount a switch like in photo. I've mounted a tilt switch. When I turn upside down the Raspberry Pi, this switch off.
HiroR1 made it!