Flashlight With No Batteries

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Introduction: Flashlight With No Batteries

About: Robots and video games...

This is a simple method to make a flashlight that will last forever.
It uses a small stepper motor to generate energy and many capacitors for keep it stored for several seconds.


Ps: I'm from Argentina so let me know any grammar mistake.

Step 1: Materials


Most materials are recycled from the trash.

You will need:
  • Two LEDs, with their silver led holdres.
  • An unipolar stepper motor with its reduction gear.
  • One or two broken PC motherboards, to remove the capacitors.
  • Two 220 ohm resistors.
  • A sheet of cardboard.
  • A small piece of plastic.
  • Plastic spacers.
  • Four rectifier diodes.
  • Spray paint.

Step 2: Prepare the Capacitors


The key to the lantern is to put capacitors in parallel to be interpreted as one large-capacity capacitor.
I use 40 capacitors of 1000uf 10v.
If you use more capacitors the torch will stay lit longer.

Solder four rows of 10 capacitors each one.
Then solder the rows together.

Step 3: Make the Carboard Case


Draw the box on the cardboard.
Trim the excess parts and fold by the lines.
Paste a strengthening in the areas where the motor will be attached.
Use double-sided tape to close the box.
If your cardboardis very hard use scotch tape to keep it closed.

Use the pdf file attached as a guide.

Step 4: Paint the Cardboard


Paint the cardboard to make it look better and be more resistant to moisture.

Step 5: Prepare the Motor Connector


Solder the four diodes to the contacts of the individual coils of the motor in the male connector and a small piece of wire to pin cable which connects the common of the four coils.

Step 6: Finishing the Inside


Solder the output of the four diodes to the positive of the capacitors and the wire to the negative.
Solder two pieces of wire on the opposite side of the capacitors.

Then insert it into the box.

Step 7: Leds


Cut the plastic about the size of the top.
Drill two holes for the led holders and paste.
Inset leds, solder two resistors in the positive terminals of the LEDs. Solder the negative together.
Then solder the wires coming out of the box and paste the plastic to the cardboard.

Step 8: Attach the Motor


Use a zip tie to attach the motor to the cardboard box, remember to connet it to the capacitors.

Step 9: The Handle


Use a small piece of plastic and hte spacers to make a handle and paste it strongly to the motor gear.

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    86 Discussions

    0
    ErnestoS
    ErnestoS

    3 years ago

    Tenia pensado en hacer algo asi yo tmb. Nunca sabes cuando necesitas una para alumbrar a un demonio que es debil a la luz y que te ha destruido toda la iluminacion de la casa :P..

    jaja..
    Creo que tengo un motor chiquito de continua(no paso a paso), capaz que pueda servir igual. Y concuerdo con que un envase de plastico ignifugo seria mas conveniente. Por lo demas, muy buen trabajo!.

    0
    TravisM18
    TravisM18

    4 years ago

    Look up laser hacker.com he had some joule looper circuit that relly conserve the power to run an led from a super capacitor.

    0
    n410gangwar
    n410gangwar

    9 years ago on Step 9

    can we use a charging circuit to charge some rechargable AAA batteries and use them in place of capacitors . They can turn the lights on for a long time.

    IF WE CAN THEN PLEASE POST THE CIRCUIT THAT CAN BE USED......

    0
    joevyto
    joevyto

    Reply 4 years ago

    The name of of the project is "Flashlight with no batteries" If you want a flashlight with batteries, there are millions out there in the store.

    0
    brooklynlord
    brooklynlord

    Reply 9 years ago on Step 9

    Rechargeable AAA batteries, depending on the type, will need a complex charger to prevent overcharging and it has to be at a certain voltage.

    Those circuits are very complex, its not easy.

    0
    ChrisM257
    ChrisM257

    4 years ago

    what type of capacitors did you used

    0
    vero.escalona.94
    vero.escalona.94

    5 years ago

    Can I use a bipolar stepper motor instead?

    0
    michaelgc
    michaelgc

    6 years ago on Introduction

    Great looking diy no battery light, I agree with crumpton that pvc or something would look better and be easier to carry.

    0
    macrumpton
    macrumpton

    6 years ago on Introduction

    Great project, but for a project this nice I think you might do better to put the body in a plastic box like a tupperware, or maybe a piece of PVC pipe rather than cardboard.

    0
    PONG123
    PONG123

    6 years ago

    got all the parts but don't have time

    0
    Adambowker98
    Adambowker98

    8 years ago on Step 2

    Could you just use several larger caps?

    0
    Adambowker98
    Adambowker98

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    what size would you recommend if i just wanted to use about 3 caps?

    0
    chipper35
    chipper35

    8 years ago on Introduction

    Maybe not the prettiest flashlight in the world.....but VERY cool!!

    0
    putty1cat
    putty1cat

    8 years ago on Introduction

    Thank you, your 'ible and biotele's 'ible have inspired me. I am trying to make something similar using an old hand cranked torch. I used 4x 1500uf 6.3 volt. It seems very dim unless I crank it continually. biotele used a joule thief to brighten his but I was wondering does more voltage make it brighter? So you have used 10 volt capacitors if the capacitors were lower say 6.3 volt would the led be less bright. Or is your torch dim too?

    0
    putty1cat
    putty1cat

    8 years ago on Introduction

    oh, this is a really good idea! Now to figure out, how would I do this with a battery pig of a camera.

    0
    anuragmahajan152
    anuragmahajan152

    9 years ago on Step 9

    Very nice instructable. Your idea is brilliant of using capacitors and stepper motor.Thanks.

    0
    sharktooth
    sharktooth

    9 years ago on Introduction

    That's Excellent...

    If you don't mind, I have some suggestions for you.....

    You can add some more gears (you can find them in toy cars), so that,

    when you complete a round of hand-crank, the motor will complete its 20 - 25 rounds...