Relay 5V Using Arduino

About: someone who likes electronics

Relay is an electromagnetic switch.

The relay consists of two parts. Coil part and switch part.

The coil part consists of a wire wrapped around an iron. If the wire is turned into electricity, a magnetic field will arise on the iron. This magnetic field is used to pull or release the plate that is on the switch. So the switch can open or close.

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Step 1: Relay

Relay Modul specifications :

  • 5V DC
  • Active low
  • Two Output (NO and NC)
  • Power Indication
  • Relay Indication

Step 2: Required Component

Required component :

Step 3: Connect the Relay Module to Arduino

To connect Relay to Arduino. You can see the picture above or the description below.

Relay Module to Arduino

VCC ==> +5V

GND ==> GND

IN ==> D12

Step 4: Upload Sketch

This is a sketch I made to try the relay module. You can copy and paste it in your sketch.

<p>//define pin relay <br>const int RelayPin = 12;</p><p>void setup() {
  pinMode(RelayPin, OUTPUT); //Sets the RelayPin as an Output</p><p>}</p><p>void loop() {
  digitalWrite(RelayPin, LOW); //Relay On
  delay(2500);
  digitalWrite(RelayPin, HIGH); //Relay off
  delay(1000);</p><p>}</p>

I also provide the sketch file. You can download it below.

Step 5: Result

This relay module is active low. The relay will on if INPUT gets a low trigger.

When the relay is on, the NO switch will become NC and the NC switch will be NO.

Based on the sketch that I made. The relay will "ON" for 2.5 seconds and then "OFF" for 1 second. And will continue to repeat until the supply is cut off.

Thank you for reading, see you in the next article

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