Slug-killing Electric Zapper Raised Bed




About: I am a paper engineer, writer, maker and chemist wannabe. In addition to pop-up cards I design and build furniture, lights, costumes or whatever I happen to need at the time. Lipstick, a mixing studio, all-p...

You have probably heard the gardening tip about lining your pots or beds with pennies, which supposedly act as a slug barrier, because they "get an electric shock."If you know anything about electricity, spend any amount of time thinking about this, testing it or just looking up credible sources you'll realize that this is complete nonsense, it is one of those urban myths which refuses to die. Sure it looks pretty, but it's definitely not worth wasting your time or hard-earned pennies on, especially if you really want to protect your lettuce. But it DID get me thinking; what if I added a power source to actually deliver an electric shock to a slug trying to intrude upon my lettuce... would it work?

It turns out I am far from the first person to have thought of this, and you'll find plenty of videos showing one version or another. I decided to try my own, solar version, using the electronics from a broken solar garden lights, and some copper tape I had in my stained glass toolbox.

Disclaimer: in spite of the slightly sensationalist title, this won't actually kill slugs or snails, assuming you limit yourself to the voltage of a common battery (and I would not recommend using higher voltage unless you hate your pets and your kids -- and yourself!). But it will deliver enough of a shock to make their tiny and sluggish brain understand that your juicy plants just aren't worth it, and they'd be better off going next door.

I promise to update this instructable when the result of my double bed studies come in (since this raised bed is in a community garden, I will have plenty of non-electrified beds for comparing results). If I am lucky enough to win one of those stop motion cameras in the garden contest, I'll include the video surveillance footage as well.

UPDATE: although I didn't get too many slugs or snails, this was NOT the success I had hoped for. The main issue in this set-up was my using the copper tape designed for stained glass making. The adhesive was not strong enough to keep it attached permanently to the rough wooden raised bed, and although I was able to remedy that by with a staple gun, it was still too fragile, and by the end of the season the tape was peeling off and ripped in spots. You can still follow this instructable, but instead of this copper tape, use sturdy copper wire instead (as long as it's not coated).

Teacher Notes

Teachers! Did you use this instructable in your classroom?
Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson.

Step 1: The Circuit

The idea here is that you are creating an open circuit, and the slug (or snail) trying to cross over the barrier touches both lines at the same time, which closes the circuit and allows the electricity to flow, delivering an unpleasant shock to the unsuspecting mollusk. After a few attempts, it should dawn on his sluggish brain that he'd be better off looking elsewhere for his dinner.

In reality, since you are creating an enclosure around your raised bed you will create 2 parallel loops rather than the straight lines drawn her on the sketch, but basically this is the circuit. You will connect one loop to the + and the other to the - side of your battery (it doesn't matter at all which) and you're golden!

Step 2: Materials

Basically, all you need is wire and a waterproof low voltage power supply.

For my power supply, I found an old garden light which was thrown out because the stake had broken -- but the light worked just fine, so the electronics were intact, and ready to go in a water-tight enclosure. These are so cheap now you can easily buy one for the purpose of ripping it apart -- or you can simply get a battery, put it in some sort of weather-proof container, and skip the whole solar thing.

For the wire surrounding your bed, you can use anything which will conduct electricity: copper, galvanized steel, or if you're simply itching to waste money, solid gold is great too. I happened to have some copper tape left-over from an old stained glass project, but otherwise I think galvanized steel wire would be the easiest and cheapest solution. You'll need a staple gun to attach the galvanized wire to your raised bed, but that's not necessary if you use the copper tape.

UPDATE, one year later: Don't use that copper tape! It is not durable enough and does not stand the test of time...

In addition to this, I used some regular (insulated) electric wire (which I cut off some old obsolete piece of electric equipment someone was throwing out), so I could place my solar panel wherever I wanted. Then I used solder and a small soldering iron to connect the wire to the battery pack and the 2 loops surrounding the raised bed, and finally some heat shrink tubing to insulate and cover my soldered connections.

Step 3: Solar Panel Preparation

If you're buying a solar light, choose one (like the ones used here) with the battery pack and polar panel separate from the light. This will just make your life easier, because all you'll need to do it cut off the light, and connect the wires to your extension cord. You will also need to cover the light sensor, otherwise your circuit will only work at night (your garden light is designed to turn on when it is dark, so you've got to cover the light sensor for it to work during the day). I covered the sensor with three layers of black electric tape which was more than enough.

Connect the solar battery pack to an extension cord, so you can place it wherever you'd like.

You can buy wire, but it's just as easy and cheaper to cut it off any piece of discarded electronics. You only need a very small wire for this low voltage, but it doesn't hurt in any way to use a regular, thick wire, so use whatever you have handy.

Before you solder the wire to your battery pack, slip some heat string tubing over each wire so you can cover and seal the soldered connections when you're done. I put two small pieces over each individual wire, than a bigger one to cover the whole connection, for extra protection since this will live outside.

Step 4: Prepare the Bed

You want to create two parallel, uninterrupted loops around your bed using exposed wire of conductive material, so that the mollusk much touch both wires at once (thereby connecting them with its slimy wet body) when it attempts to cross the line.

I had copper tape, so that's what I used, but it is important that you use a single, long piece to create each loop. If for some reason you cut the tape, you should add a bead of solder over the joint to make sure your circuit is not broken; since the adhesive on the tape is not usually conductive, overlapping two pieces will not necessarily work, even if it looks like they're touching.

To make the tape turn by 90°, fold the tape at a 45° angle away from the direction you're planning on going to, then fold the tape back over itself towards your chosen direction. That way you can turn without cutting the circuit.

Step 5: Final Assembly

Place your solar panel in a nearby sunny spot (keeping in mind that plants will be growing, and possibly adding shade), then solder the wires from the battery pack extension, one to each loop (it really doesn't matter which). As long as these wires can't touch each other, there's no need to insulate the connection: the whole point of this circuit is to have exposed wires to electrocute your slimy enemies.

When I'm not gardening I'm usually making pop-up cards. Check them out!

Gardening Contest 2017

Third Prize in the
Gardening Contest 2017

Be the First to Share


    • Make it Glow Contest

      Make it Glow Contest
    • STEM Contest

      STEM Contest
    • Furniture Contest

      Furniture Contest

    8 Discussions


    2 years ago

    nice one, but in fairness to the non battery versions, the slug acts as a capacitor and generates enough emf to be a deterant


    2 years ago

    My garden in totally organic so these little "darlings" are a nightmare. It seems the resident hedgehogs just can't keep up!

    This, I'm going to try! Without a doubt. And this weekend too!

    I only have copper slug tape, but that should work - I hope.

    I'm looking forward to your updates

    1 reply

    Reply 2 years ago

    I would imagine copper slug tape should work just fine... I'm pretty sure it's basically the same thing at my stained glass tape, just marketed with a different name. Unless it's coated with varnish or something which insulates it, it will be perfect.


    2 years ago

    Great use for old copper tape! I don't have a raised bed garden, but this should work if I use a 1 x 2 that is sunk into the dirt.

    1 reply

    Reply 2 years ago

    Yes, as long as the slugs and snails have to cross your "electric fence" to get to your plants then this doesn't have to be installed on a raised bed -- though it does make it easier!


    2 years ago

    Funny. I thought of making this quite a few years ago when we had a greenhouse and the slugs would eat everything!

    I believe slugs and snails are active at night, so having a battery is a good idea. (I only wish you'd raise the voltage to a few kilovolts ;)

    Maybe even build a mechanism that detects rain, and shuts off the circuit!

    2 replies

    Reply 2 years ago

    It's true, the garden light with its single AA battery inside isn't terribly powerful... so I'm going to keep a sharp eye out and if it doesn't seem to work as well as anticipated, I might replace the convenient ready-made recycled solar set-up with more batteries. Also I might complement this system with a glass of beer inside, in case some baby slugs find their way in, grow fat on my vegetables then find themselves trapped inside!


    Reply 2 years ago

    It's not in case some baby slugs find their way in, slugs LOVE it. Just make sure to buy the right kind (you'll have to experiment), as not all types of beers work.

    We took a plastic cup, cut it to less than 5cm tall, planted it halfway in the soil, and filled it up with beer. The next day, we came back and found TONS of them inside. Dead, of course!

    No more slugs - they have now been replaced with tiny little worms that love our plants...