Step by Step Guide on How to Capture Water Droplets With a Dslr Camera




About: My name is Cherry Harrison and I am a freelance photographer based in Manchester England, specialising in Fine Art, Commercial and Social Documentary photography. My photographic approach has developed thro...

I've always wanted to capture water droplets as I find the uniqueness of the shapes fascinating.

I recently tried capturing several shots of water droplets and had great fun experimenting - my set up was on a budget and apart from the camera equipment, I used d.i.y material sourced from around the house and the local stationary store.

This guide will show you 'step by step' what I used to take the water droplet photos I have posted.

For a more comprehensive guide to water droplet photography with additional step by step images, please also check out my blog pictorial:

Please also check out my website at

Step 1: Camera Settings

In order to take sharp macro shots with your dslr, especially of water droplets , you will need to have a dedicated macro lens. A cheaper option would be to buy a close up lens or use extension tubes for your existing lens.

You will also need at least 1, off camera flash unit, this can be a TTL compatible flash or any 3rd party flash used on manual mode, with a wireless remote trigger and shutter release cable (i use a £20 2nd hand flash - set to 'manual' mode )

Camera settings
f11 aperture
1/125 shutter speed
200 iso
I also experimented with the cameras WB to change the colour range in some shots.

My Equipment:
Nikon D5000
Tamron 90mm Macro lens
Off camera Flash x 1
3 x Wireless remote trigger (you could use the camera timer or ttl of this option is not for you)
1 x mini tripod (mine is like a gorillapod but doesnt have a name and was alot cheaper £8.99)
1 x 5in1 reflector (mine is 22" £4.99 )


Step 2: Equipment for Diy Studio Set Up

Additional Equipment
1x step ladders (anywhere/anything else a bag of water can be suspended from - possibly a door frame)
1 x glass pyrex kitchen cooking bowl (£2.99)
1 x black clipboard (£0.69)
1 x pack of neon paper (£0.50)
1 x pack of holographic paper (£0.50)

you will also need a container or bag for the water to drop out of and something to seal the bag with

What I am using:
1 x fold over sandwich bag (pack of 50 £0.50)
2 x stationary clips (pack of 12 (£0.69)
1 x Badge or safety pin (£0.10)

Step 3: Setting Up the Equipment

Setting up the equipment
Place the glass bowl underneath the ladders and place the black clip board behind the glass bowl - Now place your flash to the side of the glass bowl and facing the clip board, position your camera (not shown in these clips) on the tripod approx 12" away from where the water droplet should fall

The black clipboard can hold any background paper or card you wish to use and will change the colours of your water droplet pictures - try different designs and textures for some amazing images through the water.

You can also try using a reflector as a background and bouncing the flash off the reflector for more colour ranges in your droplets. Or try placing different coloured card underneath the glass dish - (for my droplet images I used black card under the glass bowl.

Once you have set up your equipment, its now time to be a big kid again and play & experiment with water Yeay :)
Just make sure you have a towel or cloth ready to wipe up any splashes – remember camera’s and water –do NOT mix !!!!

Step 4: Preparing the Water for the Droplets

Fill the glass bowl with  water - I fill mine halfway (1") - I have been told the shallower the water, the more crown type water shots - the deeper the water the more chance of water orbs and columns - choose whichever style suits you best :)

Then with the remaining water from the jug, fill the plastic bag 1/3 with water
seal the bag - or fold over like the bag i used for my photos
Clip the two stationary clips to the top of the bag so it is secure (or use sticky tape or masking tape)

Attach the bag to the underneath of the ladder using the clips to secure, if your ladder doesnt have anywhere for the clips to attach you could also try using some garden wire to attach the clips to the ladder.

Step 5: Releasing the Droplet

Make a small hole in the bag of water with a safety pin from the badge, this allows droplets to fall into the glass bowl at a slow steady rate. - You can also experiment with different sizes of holes to reduce or increase the flow rate of the water.

Step 6: Focus Where the Droplet Will Be Landing

I used a serrated edged knife to focus my lens, approx 2cm above the point at which the droplet hits the water in the bowl. - if you dont have a knife or you want to use something safer, you can also use a ball point pen or similar object, to focus the camera on the spot at which you want to capture the detail.

Another handy tip is to point a torch at the spot when you are focusing on the knife/pen as this helps your eyes get a sharp focus

Step 7: Start Clicking and Capture Your Perfect Water Droplet

The rest is down to timing and personal preference - count how long your droplets take to hit the water, press your remote trigger or set the timer for the moments after the droplet hits the surface of the water - remember a droplet performs a crown a stalk and then an orb if the water is deep enough.
  • Take lots of shots, dslr cameras can cope with this - have fun learning what the droplets do with the rate of flow
  • The water in the bag lasts for about half and hour before the droplets slow down
  • Remember to use a shutter release cable a wireless remote trigger or the timer on your camera to take the shots, this avoids camera shake and gives you a clearer shot
  • Also experiment with different backgrounds and droplet heights for more effects
  • Try changing the power and the angle of the flash and also try the flash hand held – for different lighting effects –

Step 8: Last Words

The possibilities are endless – just let your imagination run away with you and enjoy capturing the uniqueness of water drops
that is about all I can think of to set up a basic water droplet studio in your living room on a budget - I hope this blog has helped :) 
Peace out :)

If you want to see the rest of my waterdroplet set using this set up i have written about please click here
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    21 Discussions


    2 years ago

    If you have a remote shutter button, select the remote shutter mode on your camera, because that way you get more precision and the camera shakes less.

    This was one of my favorite projects in school! We used a time machine to set the lights off, but its good to know I can still do this without the fancy equipment, (that I most certainly can't afford. :/).

    1 reply

    the equipment doesn't need to be fancy
    you can make it under 20usd probably


    6 years ago on Introduction

    I recently did a very similar project. Check out my results here:


    7 years ago on Introduction

    This is great :) i did this a while ago on an extreme budget, all i has was a fujifilm s1800 bridge camera. No dslr, external flash or wireless remotes like your lucky self :P


    7 years ago on Introduction

    This has really inspire me. Unfortunately I don't have such a performance camera, I have a PANASONIC DMC-LZ7...but I want to try and see what I obtain.

    1 reply

    I have a digital still camera,a 4 mega pixel one with a maximum shutter speed of 1/1000s and a multi shot function with 16 pictures.
    It takes the 16 pictures in one second with a 1/30s gap.
    It has 400 iso i think.
    Will it work?

    1 reply

    Thank you for your comment, I think that you should be able to get some good pics with the 16 shot multi burst function - you will have to use some additional lighting tho, as not much light will be able to get to the sensor that close up - definitely give it a go its really fun trying :)


    7 years ago on Introduction

    Awesome! I have a nice camera (Nikon D90), and I always wanted to know how to do this. The problem is, I am terrible at all of those electronic things needed for a project like this. I'm glad you showed me a simpler way to do this! Thanks, and great job!

    3 replies

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    Thank you so much, I am the same, would be awesome if I had the electronic drip kit for droplet shots but I wouldnt be able to operate it knowing me :) im glad the guide was a help :)

    Thank you so much - definitely try if you get the chance - this basic studio only takes around 5 mins to set up - it really is fun experimenting with different backgrounds and droplet formations :)

    Have you tried using strobe lights set at different intervals (whether remotely controlled or just running free)? I haven't had a chance to try them (strobes) yet, but they are next on my list...

    Hi I only have one strobe light at the moment - mine was a 2nd hand £20 strobe that I set to manual to take these shots with the remote trigger, I want to get another strobe to add to my kit in the future to practice shots like you mention in intervals - hope you get them soon :)


    7 years ago on Introduction

    Pretty good, and also low tech! I'm impressed.