Step-up Booster

This is a DC-to-DC Step-up Booster circuit (Input 3.5V-13V) to 12VDC / 1.5A Output

Step 1: Introduction

The schematic is from the www.elecfree.com

I encourage you to pay a visit as there are lots of useful schematics to use freely.

All I did was to draw the PCB layout and test the circuit which works perfectly well.

Lets get started.

A Step-up circuit receives a lower voltage and produces a higher Output to be used where that higher voltage is not available. Step-up boosters have lots of uses with most common on battery operated applications.

This is a DC-to-DC converter. The Input voltage can be as low as 3.5V – 13V DC and can provide 12VDC Output.

A Li Ion Battery of 3.7V nominal voltage can drive this circuit to provide an Output of 12V / 1.5A.

Step 2: Components

There are no critical components here except perhaps for the ferrite coil as a ready made choice which is easy to construct it by yourself as I did. The main component is the IC= MC34063 which simplify the whole circuit as it requires only a few extra components to operate.

[IC]
The MC34063A Series is a monolithic control circuit containing the primary functions required for DC−to−DC converters. These devices consist of an internal temperature compensated reference, comparator, controlled duty cycle oscillator with an active current limit circuit, driver and high current output switch. This series was specifically designed to be incorporated in Step−Down and Step−Up and Voltage−Inverting applications with a minimum number of external components.

Advantages of MC34063A

• Operation from 3.0 V to 40 V Input

• Low Standby Current

• Current Limiting

• Output Switch Current to 1.5 A

• Output Voltage Adjustable

• Frequency Operation to 100 kHz

• Precision 2% Reference

[R]
All Resistors are 1/4W.

[T] TIP31 is a NPN power transistor. All Amperage Output passes through it.

[L1] 100μH ferrite coil. If there is a need to construct it by yourself purchase a toroidal ferrite of outer diameter = 20mm x inner diameter hole= 10mm x 10mm high and a wire of 1mm – 1.5mm width x 0.5miter long and make 5 tight turns in equal distances. Ferrite dimensions are not so critical. A difference of a few (1-3mm) on the above dimensions will be ok.

[D] A Schottky Barrier Diode must be used.

[TR] A multiturn PCB trimmer used here to fine tune the Output voltage as close to 12V.

[C] C1 & C3 are Polarity Capacitors so pay attention when placing them on PCB.

Step 3: Parts List

[R] RESISTOR:

R1 = 0.22 Ohm x1

R2 = 180 Ohm x1

R3 = 1.5K x1

R4 = 12K x1

[TR] TRIMMER:

TR1 = 1K multiturn PCB trimmer x1.

[T] TRANSISTOR:

T1 = TIP31A or TIP31C x1

[L] INDUCTOR:

L1 = 100μH Ferrite Coil x1. See text above for more info.

[D] DIODE:

D1 = Schottky Barrier Diode. 1N5821 (21V - 3A) or 1N5822 (28V – 3A) or MBR340 (40V – 3A) x1.

[C] CAPACITOR:

C1 = 100μF / 25V X1.

C2 = 0.001μF (102 code) x1

C3 = 2200μF / 25V

[IC] INTERGRATED CIRCUIT:

IC1 = MC34063 8 PIN IC & 8 PIN DIP socket.

[VARIOUS PARTS]:

PCB board 55mm high x 41mm width x1.

Update: after @ClockworkPheonix suggestion i have re-draw the PCB (Vr:02) which now is 58mm high and 41mm width. Also the wire connection close to T1 have been removed. Υou may choose the PCB that suits you best.

2 PIN PCB Terminal Block x2.

A Solid Core wire of 1 – 1.5mm x 50mm.

NOTE:
If you notes excessive heat at the T1= TIP31 a small aluminum heat sink must be mounted otherwise the transistor may be damaged.

Step 4: Construction

I have included enough pictures to follow. If it is to use the Iron - Steam Iron method, print the PCB layout the way it is. Do NOT flip the image and do NOT use steam!

Not all of us know how to use a CAD application, so to make it easier there is a BMP lossless image of the PCB layout in files section to print preferably using a laser printer. The exact dimensions of the PCB are 55mm x 41mm. You can use the print preview of the Corel Photo Paint for example to dynamically re-size the PCB layout to meet the exact dimensions before printing.

This is by far not the best way to print a PCB layout but for traces at that size works just fine for any amateur enthusiast. So, go ahead and make it!

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43 Discussions

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mathewriver

3 years ago on Introduction

So I need to feed a 10w LED (900ma) with this circuit. How long would the battery (A 3,7v 3100mA lithium battery) hold?

4 replies
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mathewriverfrapedia

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

If I use 3 batteries at once (3,7v 5600mah each), will the system still output 12 volts with 1.5 A? How long do you think it would last? By the way, is there anyway to decrease the voltage and current to 11v 1A?

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frapediamathewriver

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

Regardless of how many batteries you connect in parallel will always output the battery nominal voltage which is 3.7V for Li-ion bat. What you gain using batteries in parallel is the capacity, meaning longer operation time thus the circuit will operate for longer time. So, yes the circuit will still output 12V.

As about current you don't have to worry. What's important here is the LOAD and how much current draws. If the connected device (LOAD) draws say 100mA then all the system will operate for much longer time.

If theLOADrequires 11V you can adjust the [TR] trimmer or even replace the [R4] to the next lower value.

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mathewriverfrapedia

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

Hey there, sorry, I forgot to specify. I'm going to use the batteries in series, not in parallel. About that current consumption, I'm sure because I'm going to use a LED, and everywhere is saying it should have only 900ma (max) of current and 11volts.

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everytime I try to print the PCB layout, it enlarges the image to the full size of the page. Now I can resize the image in Microsoft paint but I don't know what dimensions to use. How did you print it?

1 reply
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frapediaBryanmatthew7

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

The new PCB dimensions are 58mm high and 41mm width. You can use corel photo-paint print preview to resize the image at the given dimensions.

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LiyanaN

7 months ago

Hello.

Can i use this to use as boost converter from 3.7v of Li-on battery to connect with input voltage 5v of arduino uno?

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Diego92

10 months ago

HELLO, im interested in this project. I already bought all parts but i cant find a any inductor in anystore! Shipping will take to long. I have a. Toroidal ferrite with those specification: Inner diameter=6mm,hole diameter=10mm high=5mm
How can i make a 100uh with it to finish my project? Please answer me

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JayJ57

1 year ago

What is the maximum current that i can supply at the input to get 1.5A current at the output

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zorba02008

1 year ago

can i use another equivalent for this transistor TIP31A or TIP31C like TIP41

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jawadsahibzada

1 year ago

can i use Three 1N5819 (30v 1A) diodes in parallel to make it equal to 1N5822 (30v 3A)

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arick

1 year ago

How can I get 220V 0.2A on the output ?

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arick

2 years ago

how can I get 0.1A with 220V ?

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ThôngV4

2 years ago

I have a lithium-ion battery with max current 5A and voltage 3.7V
1) could I use this circuit to output a stable 12V/1.5A?

2) could I make this circuit with surface mounted resistors and capacities
Thanks a lot.

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aerospaceeng

2 years ago

Hello dears
Due to no electricity here I bought a solar panel of 150w which is charging a battery of 100 Ah. When I want to operate a led screen TV 12V, 50W 22" wide. It operate normally till the controller reads 12.2 V it shows low battery symbol 1℅ then stops.
How can I fabricate a circuit to step up the voltage to constant 12.3 V , 2.1 A regardless of the actual voltage in battery.

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SabaR4

2 years ago

i want to find out that how much the current will get lost a percentage would be good from the input voltage current lets say i have a solar panel which is 5v and 3.5A and i us a step up voltage to 12v but how much is going to be the amps

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SabaR4

2 years ago

i want to find out that how much the current will get lost a percentage would be good from the input voltage current lets say i have a solar panel which is 5v and 3.5A and i us a step up voltage to 12v but how much is going to be the amps