Submersible Vehicle

**************** THIS INSTRUCTABLE IS STILL A WORK IN-PROGRESS ****************

This Instructable was created in fulfillment of the project requirement of the Makecourse at the University of South Florida (www.makecourse.com).

This Instructable will be a brief over view of the creation of the submersible vehicle that I designed and built for my Makecourse class at the University of South Florida. In this Instructable I will provide a bill of materials, the control code I created for the Arduino Uno I used, and an overview of how to assemble the submersible.

Step 1: Materials

The electronics used where:

1x Arduino Uno

1x mobius action camera

1x mobius action camera usb-b to A/V cable

1x field view 777 display screen

1x turnigy marine 50A ESC (electronic speed control)

1x turnigy marine programming card

1x T-Motor Navigator 400kv

1x YEP 20A BEC (battery elimination circuit)

6x hobby king HK15139 waterproof servos

2x parallel T-connector y harnesses

2x 18 inch servo extension wires

6x 6 inch servo extension wires

2x 1300mah 3s Lipo batteries

2x 2500mah 4s Lipo batteries

1x power distribution board with both 5v and 12v fixed outputs

The build materials where:

1x 3/16 inch sheet of plywood

1x 6 inch ID ABS shipping tube

1x silicone tube

1x can of flex seal

4x spools of ABS 3D printer filament

1x 24 inch drawer slide

Heat shrink tube

1x 10 feet of scotch brand duraloc velcro

1x JB Weld plastic epoxy

1x 6.2 inch diameter acrylic security camera dome

2x IP68 ethernet passthroughs

2x 24 inch cat6 ethernet cable

1x 200 foot cat6 ethernet cable

The hardware used was:

24x 1/2 inch brass wood screws

24x ------ screws (included with servos)

The tools used:

Philip's and Flat head screw drivers

Allen key set

Soldering iron

Heat gun

3D printer (I used a Monoprice Maker Select Plus)

Step 2: Programming

Below is the code that was created to control the submersible. I have also attatched the .ino file so that it can be downloaded.

This code was created for the Arduino Uno using the Arduino compiler.

/**********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

Author: Jonah Powers Date: 11/9/2018 Purpose: Control Code for Remotely Operated Submersible Vehicle **********************************************************************************************************************************************************************/ #include //Including Servo Library Servo roll1; //Declaring roll1 to be a servo Servo roll2; //Declaring roll2 to be a servo Servo elev1; //Declaring elev1 to be a servo Servo elev2; //Declaring elev2 to be a servo Servo yaw1; //Declaring yaw1 to be a servo Servo yaw2; //Declaring yaw2 to be a servo Servo esc; //Declaring esc to be a servo

int pot1 = 0; //Intitializing variable pot1 as an integer and setting it equal to 0 int pot2 = 1; //Intitializing variable pot2 as an integer and setting it equal to 2 int pot3 = 2; //Intitializing variable pot3 as an integer and setting it equal to 4 int pot4 = 3; //Intitializing variable pot4 as an integer and setting it equal to 5 int val1; //Intitializing variable val1 as an integer int val2; //Intitializing variable val2 as an integer int val3; //Intitializing variable val3 as an integer int val4; //Intitializing variable val4 as an integer int val5; //Intitializing variable val5 as an integer int val6; //Intitializing variable val6 as an integer int val7; //Intitializing variable val7 as an integer int val8; //Intitializing variable val8 as an integer int mspeed; //Intitializing variable mspeed as an integer

void setup() { //Arduino initialization stage Serial.begin(9600); //Initializing the serial moniter roll1.attach(2); //Attaching servo roll1 to digital pin 2 roll2.attach(3); //Attaching servo roll2 to digital pin 3 elev1.attach(5); //Attaching servo elev1 to digital pin 5 elev2.attach(6); //Attaching servo elev2 to digital pin 6 yaw1.attach(8); //Attaching servo yaw1 to digital pin 8 yaw2.attach(9); //Attaching servo yaw2 to digital pin 9 esc.attach(11); //Attaching servo esc to digital pin 11 roll1.write(90); //Writing servo roll1 to its centered position roll2.write(90); //Writing servo roll2 to its centered position elev1.write(90); //Writing servo elev1 to its centered position elev2.write(90); //Writing servo elev2 to its centered position yaw1.write(90); //Writing servo yaw1 to its centered position yaw2.write(90); //Writing servo yaw2 to its centered position esc.write(180); //Writing servo esc to its centered position delay(2500); //Waiting 2 second esc.write(90); delay(5000); }

void loop() { //Main Code to loop infinitely if(analogRead(pot1)<1 && analogRead(pot2)<1 && analogRead(pot3)<1 && analogRead(pot4)<1){ //Checking to see if controller is powered roll1.write(90); //Writing servo roll1 to its centered position roll2.write(90); //Writing servo roll2 to its centered position elev1.write(90); //Writing servo elev1 to its centered position elev2.write(90); //Writing servo elev2 to its centered position yaw1.write(90); //Writing servo yaw1 to its centered position yaw2.write(90); //Writing servo yaw2 to its centered position esc.write(110); //Writing servo esc to its centered position } else{ val1 = analogRead(pot1); //Reading "pot1" (analog pin 0) and save value as val1 if(val1>= 485 && val1<= 540){ //Checking to see if "Joystick" (potentiometer) is centered roll1.write(90); //Writing servo roll1 to center position roll2.write(90); //Writing servo roll2 to center position } else{ //What to do if "Joystick" is not centered val1 = map(val1, 0, 1023, 10, 170); //Mapping val1 from 10 to 170 and assigning to val1 roll1.write(val1); //Writing servo roll1 to positon defined by val1 roll2.write(val1); //Writing servo roll2 to positon defined by val1 }

val2 = analogRead(pot2); //Reading pot2 (analog pin 2) and save value as val2 if(val2>= 485 && val2<= 540){ //Checking to see if "Joystick" (potentiometer) is centered elev1.write(90); //Writing servo elev1 to center position elev2.write(90); //Writing servo elev2 to center position } else{ //What to do if "Joystick" is not centered val3 = map(val2, 0, 1023, 10, 170); //Mapping val2 from 10 to 170 and assigning to val3 val4 = map(val2, 0, 1023, 170, 10); //Mapping val2 from 170 to 10 and assigning to val4 elev1.write(val3); //Writing servo elev1 to positon defined by val3 elev2.write(val4); //Writing servo elev2 to positon defined by val4 }

val5 = analogRead(pot3); //Reading pot3 (analog pin 4) and save value as val5 if(val5>= 485 && val5<= 540){ //Checking to see if "Joystick" (potentiometer) is centered yaw1.write(90); //Writing servo yaw1 to center position yaw2.write(90); //Writing servo yaw2 to center position } else{ //What to do if "Joystick" is not centered val6 = map(val5, 0, 1023, 10, 170); //Mapping val5 from 10 to 170 and assigning to val6 val7 = map(val5, 0, 1023, 170, 10); //Mapping val5 from 10 to 170 and assigning to val7 yaw1.write(val6); //Writing servo yaw1 to positon defined by val6 yaw2.write(val7); //Writing servo yaw2 to positon defined by val7 }

val8 = analogRead(pot4); //Reading pot4 (analog pin 5) and save value as val8 if(val8 > 470 && val8 < 554){ //Checking to see if "Joystick" (potentiometer) is centered esc.write(80); //Writing servo esc to 0 speed mspeed = val8; //Storing current speed as mspeed } else{ //What to do if "Joystick" is not centered val8 = map(val8, 0, 1023, 10, 150); //Mapping val8 from 50 to 170 and assigning to val8 if((mspeed>80 && val8<80)||(mspeed<80 && val8>80)){ //Checking to see if motor is about to change direction esc.write(80); delay(1000); //Waiting 1000 milliseconds } esc.write(val8); //Writing servo esc to speed defined by val8 mspeed=val8; //Storing current speed for comparison } } Serial.print("throttle "); //Using Serial Print to show the word "Throttle" Serial.println(val8); //Using Serial Print to show the value that throttle is set to Serial.print("roll "); //Using Serial Print to show the word "Roll" Serial.println(val1); //Using Serial Print to show the value that roll is set to Serial.print("pitch "); //Using Serial Print to show the word "Pitch" Serial.println(val3); //Using Serial Print to show the value that pitch1 is set to Serial.println(val4); //Using Serial Print to show the value that pitch2 is set to Serial.print("yaw "); //Using Serial Print to show the word "Yaw" Serial.println(val6 ); //Using Serial Print to show the value that yaw1 is set to Serial.println(val7); //Using Serial Print to show the value that yaw2 is set to }

Step 3: Circuitry

Attached is a photo of the circuit on-board the submersible.

I created a custom shield for the Arduino to simplify my wiring. I have uploaded the Eagle Schematic & Board files for the shield. I used a LPKF S63 to mill the board. the Servos at the front that control roll will be plugged into Arduino

attached is a photo of the circuit inside the controller.

Step 4: 3D Printed Parts

I Printed all of these Files on my Monoprice Maker Select Plus. I used Esun ABS 1.75mm Filament. My print settings were 105 degree C for the print bed temp and and 255 degrees C for the extruder temperature. Only 1 of each part is needed except that you will need 6 copies of front wing. Note these parts were printed with wall thickness set to 1000mm. This was done so that the parts would be printed with 100% infill so they would be negatively buoyant.

Step 5: Assembly

********************************* COMING SOON **********************************

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    2 Discussions

    0
    None
    DavidS1658

    Question 4 days ago on Step 5

    What series T-Motor Navigator 400kv did you use? (i.e. Series MN ?????)

    0
    None
    randofo

    7 days ago

    Look forward to seeing assembly instructions.

    Also, are you going to post any video of it in action?