This instructable will show you how to make a terrarium, a very tiny terrarium. But the basic Principals are the same for any sized terrarium.
You will be shown how to make the tools and i will include a list of tiny plants to use in your terrariums.
Step 1: WHAT YOU NEED TO START
OK here is a list of stuff you will need, all this stuff i found in my house or in my backyard.
1. Glass Bottles
2. Tiny Rocks
3. A bunch of tiny plants (i will include a list of some, but these where all taken from my back yard mosses work the best.
6. Charcoal (i burned some sticks)
7. Dirt (potting soil)
8. Wire Hangers
9. Small Funnel
12. old pen
Hot Glue Gun
Step 2: Step One: Make Your Tools
So they don't sell tools to do this but they can easily be made from stuff around the house.
You need to make these tools
A cleaning sponge
A water sucker upper
A pair of small long tweezers
A long funnel
A pointy thing for poking at stuff
Step 3: Step Two: Making Cleaning Sponge
Here's how to make a cleaning sponge for your tiny terrarium.
Ok first bend off the bottom of a wire hanger. Then cut a dish sponge into small strips.
Take your pliers to bend a hook at one end then place yoru sponge strip in it and bend the hook closed to secure the sponge,
Next add another strip then bend the wire around that. Then add a third make sure there in different directions.
This is your large bottle cleaning brush.
You will need a smaller sponge for the bottles im using.
Take the other end of the wire and make S shape bend in it about a inch or two down from the end. Then take one of the strips of sponge. and push the wire through it long ways Until it stops at the S bend you made.
Then bend the end of the wire in a hook down to secure the sponge at the end.
There you go one tool done. This is very important tool, cleaning the bottles when you start and keeping it clean when you fill your terrarium.
Step 4: Step Four: Squeeze Ball Watering Tool
Ok this tool is made up of some tubing, and a small squeeze ball i think its used to clean your nasal passages.
But you can use a turkey baster or any squeeze bottle with a tube.
This tube has to be long enough to reach the bottle of the bottle.
Step 5: Step Five: Funnel
I had this small funnel and added a tube so i could drop things right to the bottom of the bottle with out touching the walls.
i just stuck a tube on a small funnel, cut the end of it a bit to make the funnel wider.
Step 6: Step Six: Tamper & Pointy Thing
OK this tools is used to tamp down the dirt and such, and a pointy thing to move stuff around and poke stuff.
OK take a ball point pen take out the ink thing, then take another piece of cloths hanger. Put the tip of the pen down the wire.
Fill it with hot glue, then squirt some hot glue into the hollow pen tube then put the pen back together with the wire sticking out of it.
The bottom of the pen is your tamper. The wire sticking out the other end is goign to be your poky thing, bend it into a curly cue.
This can be used to grab plants and stuff.
Step 7: Step Seven: Pincher Tweezers Tool
Ok this tool is for placing plants and rocks and stuff, you can also use it to groom and trim your tiny terrarium.
First take yoru cloths pin and drill two small holes through the tips the the cloths pin.
Then take two pieces of cloths hangers and bend loops and the one end. And Push the wire through the holes you drilled.
And tape them down, these act like long tweezers to manipulate stuff inside your bottle.
You can also use chops sticks or if you have really long tweezers.
GREAT NOW YOU HAVE YOUR TOOLS TIME TO START YOUR TINY TERRARIUM
Step 8: Step Eight: Clean Out the Vessel
Ok Now get some glass bottles or any glass thing you can use for your terrarium. I found these in the woods behind my house.
Clean our the bottles using yrou sponge on a stick. Now your ready to start your tiny terrarium.
Step 9: Step Nine: the First Layer of Your Terrarium CLAY
Now that your bottle is clean, you can add your layers of stuff to grow your tiny plants in.
HERE ARE THE LAYERS
BOTTOM TO TOP
So your first layer will be the clay make tiny balls of it and put them into the bottom of the bottle and tamp them down with your tamper until you cover the whole bottom of the bottle. This will hold your tiny rocks into place.
Step 10: Step Ten: Layer Two Tiny Rocks
Ok Now that you have our layer of clay in the bottom of the bottle, time for your layer of rocks. I got all of these from a creek in my back yard, then separated them into colors.
Then you simply drop them into the bottle pressing them into the clay tray to get a solid layer of rocks.
Step 11: Step Eleven: Layer Three Sand
After you have secured the rocks into the clay the layer on top of that is sand this was also dug from a creek like the clay and tiny rocks.
The sand is tricky because it sticks to the edges of the glass the easiest way is to use the funnel and once you have enough sand to fill in and on top of the rocks, use your squeeze watering bulb to fill the bottle with water. Wait a while and the sand will settle to the bottom.
Or you can tamp it down and squeeze alittle of the water around the lip of the bottle the water should pour down the insides of the bottle and the sand with wash down and settle.
Step 12: Step Twelve: Layer Four Charcoal
The Charcoal is very important to keep the inside of your terrarium alive and clean. Use the funnel and the tamper to put a layer of charcoal on top of the sand.
Step 13: Step Thirteen: Layer Five Dirt
Add the dirt just like you added the charcoal. use the funnel and tamp it down as much as you can.
Step 14: Step Fourteen: Layer Six Plants
Now the Last layer the plants i used mosses and some small plants to do this all of them were found in my back yard.
i like to use mosses for these they live for a long time and work perfect for bottle gardens.
You tear small chunk of the moss and tamp them into place. I used one type of moss and the "grass" and another type of moss for a tiny tree, then added a small rock or if you have any small figures or trinkets to add some scale to your tiny tiny terrarium.
YOUR DONE CONGRATS!! you made a tiny terrarium. Mantaining a bottle garden is very very easy to do. They only really need to be watered once, inside the bottle you made a tiny eco system the water with rise then collect on the bottle and "rain" back down. The plants may need some trimming that you can do with the pichers or a small razor blade on a stick.
The Next step is a list of tiny plants you can use.
Step 15: Step Fifteen: List of Tiny Plants to Use
These are plants are all work well for terrariums
There are many many different kinds of mosses all will work and are great for these.
There are many species of bonsai trees you can use for these projects
Many Ferns will work with this project
Asparagus Ornamental, Button Fern, Davallia Mariesii, Dryopteris Erythrosora, Phyllitis Scolopendrium
Caladium Bicolor, Chamaedorea Woodii, Chamaeranthemum, Buxus Microphylla Japonica, Cissus Rhombifolia, Columnea Microphylla, Cycas Revoluta, Cymbalaria Muralis, Cyrtomium Falcatum, Venus Fly Traps, Geogenanthus Undatus, Hendra Helix, Hoya Carnose, Hypoestes Sanguinolenta, Nertera Granadensis, Pachysandra Terminalis, Oxalis Oregana, Peperomia Magnoliaefolia, Pilea Microphylla, Podocarpus, Saxifraga Sarmentosa, Sedum, Soleirolia Soleirolii, Tradescantia, Vinca Minor, Zebrina Pendula
Gymura Aurantiaca, Impatiens Walleriana, Liriope, Malpighia Coccigera, Saintpaulia, Streptocarpus, Clerodendrum Thomsoniae
There you go all these plants work very well in terrariums