Intro: Universal Solar Charger
This is a universal solar powered charger for those of you (myself included) with minimal electronic knowledge and even less money. You make it out of one of those cheap universal car adapters and you can still use it as such afterwords. You can even change the panel you use whenever you want!
Step 1: Materials Needed
Ever want to charge something like your cell phone, mp3 player or even your gameboy, but don't want to pay over $60 for those portable solar chargers? Well, this is the place to find out how to do it. The best thing about this charger, is that you don't have to permanently attach it to your panel allowing you to change panels whenever you want! This instructable cost me about $10 since I had most everything lying around, but if you bought everything new, it should run you about $20-$30.
First off, let's see exactly what you will need to get this project started.
1 - Solar panel (mine in the picture is a 5.5w panel. You can
get them at Canadian Tire for about $30 on sale
and you can even get them at Wal-Mart now for
about the same.)
1 - Universal DC (Can be bought at many places for about $10)
to DC Charger
1 - Quick Connect
Tools including solder, screwdrivers, soldering iron and shrink tubing if you want.
Step 2: Get Started!
First, open up the DC to DC charger. It is not uncommon for these to be held together with security screws, but that's not too big of a problem. You can buy security bits and drivers from most any local tool store (not hardware store) and they are usually pretty cheap.
Inside, we can see that there's not much too them. All we need here, though, are the positive and negative terminals. They are incredibly easy to find. Just follow the two wires coming from the shaft to the pcb. On this one, it's the blue wire (positive) and the black one (negative). Black is almost always negative, but if you are not sure, just look at where the wires lead to. The negative one will always attach to the springy pin thing at the top while the positives will go to the sides.
Step 3: Soldering
Now we solder on the quick connect. We use these quick connects so you can change panels quickly or take it on the go. You can buy one on its own, but since one panel usualy comes with a few different ones to choose from, I like to just cut one up that I don't need.
It's important to make sure that you connect properly. To do that, we need to find out which wire is positive and which is negative. There are a few ways. Usualy, the pos is white and the neg is black, if they are not marked, look for a white stripe on one of the wires, that one will be positive. If you're still not sure, you will have to plug it in to the solar panel, and use a multimeter on the bare wires.
Drill a small hole somewhere in the casing for the quick connect to come out of. If you don't want to drill a hole and don't mind if you can't use the charger for your car ever again, you can just exit the wire through the shaft.
Now, pull the wires through the hole and solder it together.
Step 4: Final Touches
Screw it back together and you're done! Simple, eh? Now you can connect any solar panel with a quick connect, choose the correct voltage and start charging! You can add whatever kind of ends you want now, USB, one for your DS or PSP, whatever! Here's some of the other ones that I have made. I added two quick connects to one so I can use teo panels at a time. You can also see that I've added AA battery holders. I leave, one in my car and charge up 2 AA's in about a day or my cell phone in a couple of hours. They're very handy tools to have. Just one bit of advice, make sure not to overcharge anything. While some electronics have built-in regulators to prevent overcharging, not all of them do. Most things should be okay to leave for a day or two. Just be sure to keep an eye on the state of charge.