In order to be able to wire the washing machine motor or universal motor we will need a diagram called the washing machine motor wiring diagram ,this one can be used to wire this universal motor on 220v ac or dc just follow the same diagram.
Step 1: Universal Motor
he universal motor is a type of electric motor that can operate on either AC or DC power and uses an electromagnet as its stator to create its magnetic field. It is a commutated series-wound motor where the stator's field coils are connected in series with the rotor windings through a commutator. It is often referred to as an AC series motor. The universal motor is very similar to a DC series motor in construction, but is modified slightly to allow the motor to operate properly on AC power. This type of electric motor can operate well on AC because the current in both the field coils and the armature (and the resultant magnetic fields) will alternate (reverse polarity) synchronously with the supply. Hence the resulting mechanical force will occur in a consistent direction of rotation, independent of the direction of applied voltage, but determined by the commutator and polarity of the field coils.
Step 2: Washing Machine Motor Wiring Basic
The basic washing machine motor wiring diagram is called direct drive if is connected to ac
direct wire or hot wire washing machine motor is very easy just follow the wires and starting from bottom 1+3 stay connected and the rest 2 and 4 we gonna connect them to battery or ac source the connection is the same because is a universal motor it can run on ac/dc.
Step 3: Washing Machine Motor Brushes
Washing machine motor brushes are the left and right carbon brushes the only component in a washing machine motor that can wear down after long periods of time,but can also be used to connect our motor using the diagram in the next step without using a controller,but this procedure should only be unsed to test the universal motor if is working or not,because starting at maximum speed for long periods of time can't be good for any motor
Step 4: Motor Wiring Diagram
In this motor wiring diagram we can see the key components and the wiring of an universal motor:
from left to right first 2 wires tach coil(speed regulating)
2-3 wires the main coils
2wires the brushes
Not all the washing machine motor are the same even if they are universal motor so my advice is to check the connection with a multimeter before doing this technique
Step 5: Washing Machine Motor Uses
Universal motors have high starting torque, can run at high speed, and are lightweight and compact. They are commonly used in portable power tools and equipment, as well as many household appliances. They're also relatively easy to control, electromechanically using tapped coils, or electronically. However, the commutator has brushes that wear, so they are much less often used for equipment that is in continuous use. In addition, partly because of the commutator, universal motors are typically very noisy, both acoustically and electromagnetically