Water Bottle Hummingbird Feeder




Introduction: Water Bottle Hummingbird Feeder

Hummingbird feeders can get pretty expensive. I decided to build one for less than $8.00! What can be more green that feeding a beautiful specie of nature, while recycling at the same time!

Step 1: Materials and Tools

I found all of the materials other than the water bottle, at my local Lowes. You can find any of these materials at a local hardware store.
  • 1/4'' Copper Tubing $6.48 for 5 feet at Lowes. Make sure it is pliable.
  • Caulk/Sealant $1.28 at Lowes. Food safe caulk would work the best.
  • Water bottle- You can find these in the trash.

  • Drill with a 1/8 in. drill bit
  • Hacksaw to cut the copper tubing
  • Measuring device

Step 2: The Cap Hole

Take your drill, and using the 1/8 in. size drill bit, drill a hole directly in the center of the cap. We are using a drill bit slightly smaller than the diameter of the copper tubing. This way, when we fit the copper tubing into the cap, there won't be mush extra space. Water bottle caps sometimes have a little piece of plastic right in the center of the cap, so you can use that as your guideline.

When you finish drilling the hole, try to remove and excess plastic pieces that are in the cap.

Step 3: Cut the Tubing

Take your copper tubing, and measure 6in. from the end. I made my feeder with about 2in. inside of the bottle, and about 4in. outside of the bottle. Mark the six inches , and then take your hacksaw and cut the piece.

Step 4: Double Checking

Take the piece of tubing you just cut, and push it through the hole on the cap that you just drilled. You want it to be fairly snug, and if it is too loose, then find a new cap and drill a slightly smaller hole.

If the piece of tubing is secure, then we can move on.

Step 5: Seal

Take your sealant, and on both sides of the cap, place sealant around the tubing where it is in contact with the cap.

This will be crucial when we fill it up with feed.

Then let it dry. To be safe, let it dry for a good 24 hours.

Step 6: Bend

Once the caulk/sealant has dried, take the longer end of the copper tubing, and slightly bend it. Do not bend it to a right angle, about 45-60 degree angle would work.

Step 7: Building the Hanger

Time to build the device that will hold the feeder up. Find a metal clothing hanger, and clip off the top hook, and you can discard it.

Now stretch the hanger out into a straight line. On on end of the hanger, make a little hook. Now wrap the one end of the hanger (the side with the hook) around the mid-section of the bottle. As the end with the mini hook meets up with the rest of the hanger, clip the hook around it, securing it to the bottle. The third picture will help you visualize this.

Now, on the other end of the hook, make a more rounded hook, big enough to that it can hook on to wherever you want to hand the feeder up.

Step 8: Fill It Up

Fill the bottle up as much as you can with a hummingbird feed.

Here is a recipe that I found via Thrifty Fun,
Bring 4 cups water to a boil and stir in 1 cup sugar. Stir to dissolve. When cool, pour into the pitcher and refrigerate until needed.

The above recipe is relatively simple, and very inexpensive, as opposed to purchasing hummingbird feed straight from a store.

Pour your feed into the water bottle, screw the cap on tightly and securely, place the feeder up, and there you go!



    • Water Contest

      Water Contest
    • Creative Misuse Contest

      Creative Misuse Contest
    • Tiny Home Contest

      Tiny Home Contest

    36 Discussions


    1 reply

    OK I made one all the water drained out as soon as I up ended it. I used a cork instead of the cap but it sealed off the water when I plugged the tube end. So no air getting in there. Any ideas?

    3 replies

    I have the same question? how to prevent water coming out

    a thin enough tube should prevent the water/syrup from flowing out. be sure to stop any leaks where air can get in. you should only get about a tablespoon out before the vaccuum at the top is great enough to hold the water in.

    will the water just spill out?

    And is the compound to make the tube fit toxic to birds?????

    Can copper harmful for humming bird

    please use food safe caulk! any adhesive is NOT ok, as they can leach some NASTY things and you;ll kill your lil visitors. look for "food safe" or safe for use on aquariums. generally this is ONLY silicone caulk, not silicone "II"

    3 replies

    There is an "aquarium safe" silicone. That would work.

    instead of caulk, you could use wax.  Just melt a candle and add a few drips to the cap.  Cheap, earth-friendly, and nontoxic (use plain wax, not scented, just in case)

    or bubble gum. seriously.  mash it in.  it'll last a frighteningly long time.

    or a cork (from wine, for example)

    Interesting but not safe for the hummingbirds, the sharp edges of the cut copper tubing, may hurt them........When you cut any kind of metal, it leaves VERY sharp edges, that needs to be file.

    I love that copper tubing - so beautiful. Love hummers too!

    how do you keep water in? from just leaking right out

    Does the angle on the pipe keep the nectar from running out? Or does it drip? I don't want to attract bees or hornets to the ground under my feeder.

    3 replies

    The wonderful concept of gravity keeps the liquid in the water bottle. At the tip of the pipe, it pools a little bit, so when the hummingbird comes to feed it sucks it up. And yes, the angle on the pipe does help to keep the liquid from draining out, because the more air in the top, the more will be pushed out.

    Ah,gravity, that's the thing that keeps us from floating off of the earth, right? :P Thanks for explaining and for the great instructable! I can't wait to try it out!

    Chriself, Brennn10 is ... er ... mistaken: gravity is what's trying to pull the water out of the bottle. It is the wonderful concept of air pressure that keeps the water in.
    As water is removed from the bottle by the birds, a vacuum is created inside the bottle. Nature* abhors vacuums** apparently and tries to fill it in - this is air pressure: at sea level this is about 101.3 kPa or 14.7 psi (see Wikipedia for "Atmospheric Pressure"). Because the bottle's pipe is pointing down, the two forces of gravity and air pressure oppose each other, with air pressure winning until additional force is applied by capillary action*** or birds sucking (an opposing vacuum).
    The pipe diameter makes a difference: roughly speaking, a wide pipe means that the air pressure is spread over a greater area (so for a square-inch-area-sized pipe the pressure is 14.7 pounds and for a quarter-square-inch-area-sized pipe the pressure will be four times the amount: 58.8 pounds****). The bend in Brennn10's pipe is helping because it is restricting the area of the pipe.
    If the bottle is not rigid enough, the sides will collapse, reducing the volume - and therefore the vacuum - in the bottle, allowing gravity to win for a bit.

    * ...and teenagers and some adults, if their rooms are anything to go by.
    **...the only reason we have an atmosphere is because the same "thing that keeps us from floating off of the earth" is also stopping our air flying off into the vacuum of space. Good design, that. 
    *** ...like when you touch the end of the pipe and water flows over your fingers until the increased vacuum in the bottle overrides it.
    **** ...or thereabouts, but you get the idea.