Wireless Arduino Robot Using HC12 Wireless Module

About: Hobbyist, Electronics Research and Development, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Linux, Hacking

Hey guys, welcome back. In my previous post, I explained what an H Bridge Circuit is, L293D motor driver IC, piggybacking L293D Motor driver IC for driving high current motor drivers and how you can design and make your own L293D motor Driver Board, that can control upto 4 high current DC motors independently and get your own Arduino Motor Shield PCB done.

In this post, I will show you how to make an Arduino Wirless Robot using HC12 Wireless module. using JLCPCB.

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Step 1: Low Cost High Quality PCBs From JLCPCB

JLCPCBIs one of the best Online PCB manufacturing company from where you can order PCBs online without any hassle. The company works 24 hours a day, 7 days a week nonstop. With their high tech machinery and automated work stream, they can manufacture huge quantities of high-class PCBs within hours.

JLCPCB can develop PCBs of various complexity. They develop Simple and cheap PCBs with Single layer board for hobbyists and enthusiasts as well as complex multi layer board for high standard industrial applications. JLC works with large product manufacturers and may be the PCB of devices you are using such as laptop or mobile phones were made at this factory.

Step 2: The Components

H Bridge

H Bridge is simply a circuit that allows a voltage to be applied across a load in either direction. They are commonly used for controlling DC motor in moving parts of robots. The advantage of using DC motor is thathttps://rootsaid.com/arduino-gesture-controller/, we can reverse the polarity of applied voltage across the load without modifying the circuit. If you want to know more about this H Bridge circuit, check out this link.

L293D

L293D is a compact form of H Bridge circuit in the form of an IC that employs the above mentioned circuit. It is an IC with 8 pins on each side (16 pins in total) which contains 2 independent H Bridge circuits, which means, we can control two motors independently using a Single IC.

L293D is a typical Motor driver or Motor Driver IC which allows DC motor to drive on either direction. L293D is a 16-pin IC which can control a set of two DC motors simultaneously in any direction. It means that you can control two DC motor with a single L293D IC. Learn more about L293D IC

Arduino Pro Mini

This teeny tiny board was developed for applications and projects where space is premium and installations are made permanent.

Small, available in 3.3 V and 5 V versions, powered by ATmega328. Due to its small size, in this project we will be using this board to control Arduino Based Motor Driver Board.

The Robot Chassis
This is the robot chassis I used to make my BLE Robot. I got this kit banggood.com. Not only this one, they have so many types of robot frames, motors and almost all the sensors for doing arduino, raspberry pi and other electronics and hobby projects.

You will get all these things for a cheap price with really fast and quality shipping. And the great thing about this kit is they provide all the tools you need to assemble the frame together.

Step 3: Circuit Design and PCB Development

Features of Pro Mini Motor Shield PCB

  • Controls 2 Motors Independently at a time
  • Independent Speed Control using PWM
  • Compact Design5 V, 12 V and Gnd Headers for extra components
  • Increase Power by Piggybacking
  • Support HC12 Wireless Module

Now let us take a look at the circuit of our motor driver board. Looks a bit messy? Don't worry, I will explain it for you.

The Regulator

The input power is connected to a 7805 regulator. 7805 is a 5V regulator which will convert an input voltage of 7- 32V to a steady 5V DC supply. 5 V supply is connected to voltage input of Arduino as well as for Logical operations of L293D IC. There are indicator LEDs across 12V and 5V terminals for easy troubleshooting. So, you can connect an input voltage of anywhere between 7V to 32 to this circuit. For my bot, I prefer a 11.1V Lipo Battery.

Now let me tell You How I designed the circuit and got this PCB done from JLCPCB.

Step 1 - Creating the prototype

First connect all the components together on the breadboard so that I can troubleshoot easily if something goes wrong. Once I got everything working properly, I tried it on a Robot and played with it for some time. That time, I made sure that the Circuit is working properly and is not heating up.

Step 2 - The Schematics

To draw circuits and design PCBs, we have online PCB designing tools from EasyEDA, provides all the necessary capability for online PCB Design and PCB Printing of Circuit Boards with hundreds of components and multiple layers with thousands of tracks.

I drew a circuit in EasyEDA which included all the components on the breadboard – the ICs, Arduino Nano and HC12 module which are connected to the digital pin of the Arduino. I have also added some headers which are connected to Analog Pins and Digital Pins of These buttons will be useful in the future.

Also, there are 5V, 12V, Gnd, wireless module, digital and analog pin headers incase you want to add sensors and take readings in the future. Complete pin mapping is explained in below sections.

Motor Driver 1

  • Enable 1 - 5 (PWM)
  • InM1A - 2InM1B - 3
  • Enable 2 - 6 (PWM)
  • InM2A - 7In
  • M2B - 4

HC12

  • Vin - 5V
  • Gnd - Gnd
  • Tx/Rx - D10/D11

Step 3 - Creating PCB Layout

Next, designing the PCB. PCB Layout is actually a significant part of PCB Design, we use PCB Layouts to make PCBs from schematics. I designed a PCB where I could solder all the components together. For that, first save the schematics and from the top tool list, Click on the convert button and Select “Convert to PCB”.

This will open up a window. Here, you can place the components inside the boundary and arrange them the way you want. The easy way route all the component is “auto-route” process. For that, Click on the “Route” Tool and Select “Auto Router”.

PCB Online Routing Options

This will open up an Auto Router Config Page where you can provide details such as clearance, track width, layer information etc. Once you have done that, click on “Run”. Here is the link to EasyEDA Schematics and Gerber Files of L293D Arduino Motor Shield Board. Please feel free to download or edit the schematics/PCB layout.

That's it guys, your layout is now complete. This a dual layer PCB which means the routing is there in both side of the PCB. You can now download the Gerber file and use it to manufacture your PCB from JLCPCB.

Step 4: Getting PCBs Done From JLCPCB

Step 4 - Getting High Quality PCB Manufactured

JLCPCB is a PCB manufacturing company with a full production cycle. Which means they start from “A” and finishes with “Z” of PCB manufacturing process.

From raw materials to finished products, everything is done right under the roof. Go to JLCPCBs website and create a free account.

Once you have successfully created an account, Click on “Quote Now” and upload your Gerber File. Gerber File contains information about your PCB such as PCB layout information, Layer information, spacing information, tracks to name a few.

Below the PCB preview, you will see so many options such as PCB Quantity, Texture, Thickness, Color etc. Choose all that are necessary for you. Once everything is done, click on “Save To Cart”.

In the next page, you can choose a shipping and payment option and Check Out Securely. You can either use Paypal or Credit/Debit Card to pay. Thats it guys. Its Done.

The PCB will be manufactured and shipped with in days and will be delivered to your doorstep within the mentioned time period.

Step 5: The Code

Here, I will share the code for HC12 Remote Controller and the RC Robot. Simply upload this code to your remote controller as well as your DIY RC Robot.

This is the code for DIY RC Off Road Robot.

Step 6: The Remote Controller

In the previous post, I showed you how you can set up a long range remote controller for your RC Robot. You can use the same remote controller with the same code for this project.

Step 7: Test Drive

After uploading all the codes, in the transmitter as well as the Robot. Power it up.

You can use a LiPo battery to power up th robot and a 9V battery or USB to power up the remote controller. If everything goes well, the indicator LEDs will glow.

Now try moving the joystick. The bot should start moving by now.

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