Intro: Vacuum Form an Arduino/electronics Enclosure
If you have access to a vacuum former, or have constructed a DIY one to use, simply vacuum form a compact case to house your standalone electronics or arduino project.
I made this at techshop! www.techshop.ws
Step 1: Bill of Materials
Material to vacuum form (acrylic, pvc, pet-g, styrene...)
a mold (make one from wood, foam, rubber or whatever you want, but more easily and quickly, find a box, a tupperware, piece of wood, or anything that is around the size of your electronics.
a vacuum form machine
strong snips, a hacksaw, or a razorblade depending on the thickness of your material
a file or sander
an on/off switch
a drill or drill press with a bit the size of your switch's threads
Step 2: Make the Vacuum Form
once you have a mold or plug for the object, and you have the material you want the box to be made of, Vacuum form it!
NOTE: I am using the Vacuum Form at Tech Shop San Francisco. Models may vary. Also, there are specifications for the mold or plug that are worth practicing to get aware of (ie totally vertical walls will most likely cause the mold to get stuck. A small angle is preferable)
-Turn the Vacuum Forming machine on. Turn the left most knob, heating the center, to about 4 and turn the knob to the right of that one to about level 4, to heat around the edges. Depending on the size of the objects and materials you are using, you might need to turn some of the outer heaters on. Wait for about 20 minutes for it to warm up.
After this time...
-Place the object on the table of the vacuum form. Rotating the large pivoting arm on the side of the machine, bring the vacuum table all the way down.
-Put your material in the tray, and clamp it down.
-Set your timer to about 180 seconds.
-Bring the heater forwards all the way to cover the tray. This activates the timer and it will count down.
-Look at your material. It should heat up and eventually droop down evenly.
-Once it is drooping a few inches down, or about 1/2 the height of your mold, push the heater back, pull the large arm forwards, raising your object, then press MOULD (green button)
NOTE: You might need to heat for a second round if your timer runs out but the material drooping hasn't happened yet
-Once the material is formed around the mold, press RELEASE.
Step 3: Take Your Mold Out
Extract your mold from the material. If it is tough, try using a pliers, or a burst of air. Or knock it against the table.
Then do the whole last step (vacuum forming ) again, for the top of the box. I used a more flexible material and then I was able to slip one side of the box into the other side, to form a closing enclosure. But, you can get creative here: One way to do this is adhere a piece of fabric or tape to the mold where the lip is, for the second vacuum form, so the size will be slightly larger, just fitting over the lip. Another way is to form them both the same size then adhere a lip over one edge
Step 4: Cut Your Material
For a thicker piece, I used a combination of a hacksaw (with my piece clamped) and a heavy-duty snips. For the thinner piece, a razorblade worked well.
Cut out the box shape from your material.
Sand or file the edges.
Step 5: Cut a Hole for the On/off Switch
Mark on the inside of the top of the box where you want your switch to protrude from.
Using a drill press or a drill, drill the hole.
Take the top hex nut off the switch, and poke the switch up through.
Tighten on the top hex nut.
Step 6: Put Padding on the Bottom of the Box
Measure the bottom of the box size.
Cut out an insulating layer using a scissors or razorblade I have used paper or fabric, but make sure it is neither conductive nor insulating (you dont want your arduino to melt or short)
place the bottom in the box and adhere it with hot glue.
I also used some rubber pads adhered to the top of the box at the inside edges to keep the box top at the level I liked, so it doesn't sag down and hit the electronics.
Step 7: Put Your Arduino in the Box
Put Arduino in the box, glue it down. Place your battery in the box. secure it down or glue it down. Wire everything up and you're ready!