garden hose spigot: fixing/replacing

I have a spigot like the one pictured. The bottom connection is a male 5/8 inch garden hose connection. It is leaking pretty badly around the handle/pretty much through it when opened. Any ideas on how to best fix it, or perhaps what to replace it with if replacement is a better idea, would be more than welcome. Thanks. Boris.

Topic by BorisE5   |  last reply


installing attic access ladder

Hello there, I have an access hatch already cut into my ceiling. I am now wondering whether to get a ladder and install it myself or to hire somebody. The access panel is over the steps to the basement. Here are the parameters involved: hatch: 28in x 30 in height to 1 st stair down: 8ft2in Yes, the hatch is small but there are ladders that fit it. Here's one, for example: http://www.homedepot.com/p/Werner-7-ft-9-ft-18-in-x-24-in-Compact-Aluminum-Attic-Ladder-with-250-lb-Maximum-Load-Capacity-AA1510B/203009104 So my question is, should I install it myself or is this not the sort of project one person can do comfortably, and it is best to just hire a couple carpenters to do that? Thanks. Boris.

Topic by BorisE5   |  last reply


Led Lightbulb for r7s socket or how to repurpose from rs7 to gu10 or other sockets

I have some nice wall lights but mounting R7S bulbs. These are halogen and of course use a lot of electricity. I have looked everywhere for a compatible LED lightbulb but the problem with all the ones available is that they are designed to fit floodlights, ie. they take too much space and cannot be fit if your socket is a small linear r7s. Attached example of the led bulb shows that behind the connectors the casing takes too much space and this is what is stopping me from using these lightbulbs. Also u can see my lamp and how tight the space is behind the halogen bulb So questions 1 - do you know where i can find such a lightbulb with no space or very little space behind connectors ? or 2 - any instructions on how i can repurpuse the current lamps by replacing the current R7S socket with something else?  I dont know much about electrics so i wanted to get a understanding with a step by step process so that i dont blow myself up. pls notice this forum images are not getting saves so here is a link to a album to the wall lamp images

Topic by diegog4   |  last reply


Possible to build a Powered PA Speaker myself?

I am a musician, so I've been talking about guitar amplifiers, tubes, microphones and all kinds of gear for over 20 years. I've never really gotten that much into PA's, so I know nothing about speakers, heads, mixers, power amplifiers, etc. Now, I'd like to build my own powered PA speaker. I have zero experience with building anything that involves electronics. I'm not a dummy. I know Ohm's law, and I believe I can handle the physics of electronics, no problem. I just do not know where to start. Schematics for power audio amplifiers? Where does one find them, and how do you read schematics. These are the things I need to know.  Let me preface this by saying... I do not expect to build a top-of-the-line PA speaker. I don't even expect to build something that would be considered crappy. I just want to know the theory, and where to start. Anyone got any help? Thanks!

Topic by Dolmetscher007   |  last reply


My New Knex Ball Machine: A Work In Progress (Looking For Names)

Update 1.2: Unfortunately, I will not be able to finish this ball machine due to lack of pieces. I may make a smaller ball machine later on, though, and post that. I also have many other ideas, so keep your eyes peeled for my next project! Hello Instructables K'NEX Community! Here are the new photos of my new ball machine that I promised and was originally going to post on my Orangeboard. I am planning to order some more specific pieces and make a lift for the red-rod tower. Then I will add multiple elements to both tracks, add some more features, test and tweak it, and then post it. If you have any ideas for names, please comment below, and I may use it! Also, if you have any ideas about what else I should add to it, feel free to let me know in the comments. Thanks!

Topic by The Knex Inventor   |  last reply


lava sharks

Lava sharks are so cool, whats not to like about them, the have death rays, lasers and x-ray vision and as the grow older and mutate they get more things such as armor and more speed.

Topic by Matt428 


Dyson vacuum parts

Our Dyson vacuum finally broke after 10 yrs but the motor still works well. I've been thinking of using the motor and canister as the base for a shop vac. Has anyone had any experience working with Dyson parts? Any suggestions would be great. Thanks.

Topic by sage729   |  last reply


(POSTED) Decorative K'NEX Toothbrush Holder With Rotating Display Stand; Should I Post? (POSTED)

Here is my latest project: a decorative K'NEX toothbrush holder with a rotating display stand, powered by a Tethered Power Pack Motor. It can hold up to four toothbrushes, is very simple to make, and (in my opinion) looks very nice. Should I post instructions for this? Please leave your opinion in a comment below. Thanks! Update: This idea has been posted. You can view it here.

Topic by The Knex Inventor   |  last reply


Who Stole my Pokémon GO name??

I tried scoochmaroo, scooch, and even scoochie (which I find less favorable) — no luck. Who else in the world would call themselves scoochmaroo? And what should I call myself now? In other news, what level are you on? Have you been reading all the crazy news about it? One guy's house was tagged as a gym and people are lingering outside to train at all hours! What's the funniest thing you've encountered so far? 

Topic by scoochmaroo   |  last reply


Small KNEX rack and pinion.

Hello everybody it's been a long time since I have posted a forum topic on here but I just built a a new KNEX rack and pinion I would like to so everybody. The only other rack and pinion on Instructables was made by Killer~SafeCracker but it was huge and not to practical to put into a model. So here is a new rack and pinion that I made and it's way smaller then the one built by Killer~SafeCracker. The secret to this design is that it' uses a Micro KNEX to build the rack. I think there is a lot of neat things that could be made with this so please tell me what you come up with!

Topic by sonic broom   |  last reply


How to remodel this into a dog boot?

I'm trying to make my dog some boots. I've found the perfect material that I would like to use...it's a soft silicone.. I'd like to use this that is pictured...but of course if anyone knows where I can buy this material to make to measure I'd really appreciate it. Or ideas on how to cut/ mold or reshape this into a boot for my dog?

Topic by Lemonpoppyseed   |  last reply


Any suggestions on non slip natural material to put on my dogs paws

I'm looking for some suggestions to help my dog who is recovering from disc surgery. I've tried all the usual boots,socks,balloons etc. It is short of a nightmare watching him tread so carefully on slippery floorboards.I'm convinced he's lost muscle mass from not being able to walk normally anymore. Short of covering all my floors in rubber mats, I know there has to be a solution. I'm after something that is non toxic that I can rub on his paws. It has to have a tacky feel..you know like those silicone dots you can buy to stop slipping. Materials like those used in surfboard wax ..I've checked out the feel of surfboard wax and it feels ok but it feels like it's lacking the tacky element. The other thought I had was to buy a mould kit and get an imprint of his paws and make a slip on foot cover in a silicone. I'm not too sure what type of silicone to use for this..would it be like a latex that would be good to grip the floorboards? Any suggestions on what materials to use? Thanks

Topic by Lemonpoppyseed   |  last reply


I want to build Acrylic bubble wall.could your please any one help me for that.where can i get materials ?

I want to build Acrylic bubble wall.could your please any one help me for that.where can i get materials ? reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eWPIz7wpEu0

Topic by VinodK49   |  last reply


Ceiling-hung, Retractible Clothes line or rack for use with clothes hanges

I think this would be very popular in smaller rooms (or one in which you don't want a sagging clothesline running through your field of vision). I would like to hang a sturdy, pipe-like structure (so no sagging under light to medium weight) that I could pull down on a retractible cord/pipe/other to hang coat hangers of washed tee shirts to dry and then retract back up out of the way while drying or not in use. When I was a kid in the 60s we had a ceiling lamp above a table that worked like this; when you were working on something you could just pull it down (click click click) to however close to the table you wanted, then back up out of the way when you were done. This idea would be hung from 2 spots on the ceiling with some kind of mechanism that would allow for pull-down access and then push up storage; some type of pipe suitable for holding clothes hangers would be strung up at both ends and mounted to the ceiling. The "pipe" would then hang level when use at an accessible height, and the "push up" to hang level, closer to the ceiling. Ideally this would be not too heavy as I have smashed my dominant-hand wrist and have limited strength as a result. Help me Mr. Robots! Help!

Topic by 008cats.   |  last reply


Looking for video game design team.

Hello. I'm looking for some individuals with at least a small amount of experience to start a group make 3D games on the unity engine. I would like to mostly make RPG shooters or RPG fantasy games.  What do we need: Coders- c#, Python or Java. Level design - Done in unity Modelers - Pretty much anything will work. Anything else you think we need. Level of experience needed: Very low, You just need to know basically what your doing.  If your interested or have questions just reply to this and ill try to get back to you as quickly as i can.

Topic by octopuscabbage   |  last reply


Is the KNEX gun community dead?

So there has not been a post in the KNEX forum section for weeks about KNEX guns and It is getting so slow and dead around here that I could not stand it any more so I thought I would post a topic to see what others think. Are any of you working on stuff? I know some KNEX gunners have moved to YouTube but there is still very little content also a lot of people have left I know years ago everybody was saying that the community was dead but there was a nice jump in activity in the last year or so but It seams that stuff is dead as meat around here know. I found this community to be are very welcoming and fun place on the internet and I would hate to see it dead for good. Is there anybody that has plans of posting again? I just want to know how things are going has everybody lost interest or just grown out of this hobby? I hope that we can come back to life but I don't know will 2015 go down as the year the KNEX gun community died? Hope all is well with all you KNEXers! 

Topic by sonic broom   |  last reply


Turning an RPi into a "Sheikah Slate" (LOZ:BotW)

So recently I've been fiddling around with a few things. Plastic recycling, making a bluetooth game controller, and just being blown away by the Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild, just to name a few. And after getting a better look at the new key item in the game, the Sheikah Slate, Ive been trying to design one that can do a few of the things the one in the game can do. Im talking about the technical things and not the magical ability things. And just for good measure, throw in portable gaming console for emulated gaming on the go. So far, I have a few components I can piece together, but there are a few other problems that need solving. 1. Can an Amazon Fire 6" Screen be hooked up to a RPi 2 or higher? And if that's possible, is there any additional components needed to pull that off? (im talking about the screen itself, not the whole device) 2. What capacity of LiPo battery would be best suited for a project like this? 3. Would using Adafruit's "Bluetooth EZ Key" module be good to use as a way to control games on the RPi or a PC emulator? Im pretty sure I have more questions, but i'll ask em after these are out of the way.

Topic by EngineerJakit 


WatchDogs 2 Prop Replication WIP

Yo everybody!! After E3 we have a better look on the Game. As you all know i made my fair share of video game props. I have hopped on early replication props! i have already recreated the pins and the melee weapon thunderball, with instructable in progress... I am also starting this discussion in RPF style, cus RPF is not very easy to use for me. Plus Ubisoft related project are not to hot there.... Bascially i wish to build a RPF culture here!! as a bank of reference and exchanging ideas for build!! Anyways please join me in the discussion for the latest reference and ideas!! let me start with som photoshop design i did!!

Topic by mchau2   |  last reply


K'NEX Concepts: Post Yours

Hello K'NEX Community, I am creating this forum topic for people to post their K'NEX concepts and ideas, both new and old, so that others can build upon them and/or put them into use. So if you have an idea, and you want to share it, or have someone work on it more, then this is the place to post it. I hope that this helps to spark some innovation in the K'NEX community, and gives people some fresh, new ideas. -The Knex Inventor

Topic by The Knex Inventor   |  last reply


Rotary magazine

So I've been trying to build again. I had an entirely different project in mind but I noticed that the teeth of gears fit into the grooves of rods. I was experimenting with it quick to see if a gear would make a decent pin lock (it doesn't). I kept toying with it until I went off on this entirely random tangent without planning on it, hence the mismatched colors for the one slot connectors.  Anyway, this is a rotary magazine. Similar to a drum magazine, it's just a magazine in cylindrical form factor rather than a linear form factor. I'm not sure if anyone was able to successfully make one before. This version in particular stores 12 usable blue rods and one extra one that can't be fired. It has a ball joint connector to act as a paddle to help ensure the rods continue feeding without skipping teeth. I don't have many dark grey connectors but otherwise I'd scale this up using red rods and then store yellow rods. It'd be more useful as it'd fit more nicely with a connector body. Currently to maximize ammo use, I'm trying to fire directly from the magazine without feeding it further vertically. The problem is it's obviously an awkward fit. If you imagine a typical 5 layer gun, it'd fit in between layers 1-2 and 4-5 about halfway each. It's entirely doable, but just doesn't look too pretty.   It's nice in that it allows you to store a fair amount of ammo in a relatively compact amount of space, but it's otherwise not a practical storage solution as is. Aside from just trying to figure out how to attach it to a gun, figuring out how to reload it conveniently would be difficult. It -might- be more useful if it can be turned into a roofed, removable magazine. Then at least you can preload them first.  I hope someone can give a weapon that uses this a shot. Perhaps a bolt action for better performance. And again, I'd scale it up to store yellow rods so it's a little easier to use in a standard connector body.  Here's a quick video demonstration and a look inside it at the end:

Topic by TheDunkis   |  last reply


Accelerometer glove for HID development platform

Anyone interested in a glove with accelerometer built-into every finger and data collected via BLE processor? Would it interest you to develop HID algorithm to replace a mouse for gaming or control to a rc car, or a drone? I'm working on something like this and want to gauge interest level.

Topic by senses36 


Teachers, parents, educators: Where do you stumble?

Hello Instructables! I currently run a small business in which company teachers travel to local elementary schools and teach project based engineering. For us, it's second nature. But I recently learned that it's not always so easy to implement project-based learning in the home or at school. What are you challenges in this arena? Is it getting the right materials? Finding good instruction? Making something scalable to a 30-student classroom? Let me know so I can learn how to better help the community :) Lance

Topic by LanceMakes   |  last reply


How strong is pvc pipe?

 I'm trying to build a bed loft type thing similar to this I'm thinking about using pvc pipe though because its cheaper/easier, but my only worry is if it will  hold weight. I want to put a hammock on the bottom (occasionally 2 people so ~250lbs) and a piece of plywood on top to make a shelf.  Thanks

Topic by zaza410   |  last reply


Custom mechanical K'nex?

With all this 3d printing now days, and some of it is being used with K'nex I'm wondering if there are more things that need to be added to the range. Now i can understand that K'nex with its target at younger folks (the highest age they list is 9+) it probably isn't feasible for them to spend the time developing some things. And the things im talking about? Pneumatics More powerful motors Custom gears (sizes, rack and pinion, worm gears) Servos A more dedicated robotics system anything else i may have missed? Just peoples thoughts on whether this is worth pursuing, perhaps even make them for sale (please don't sue me K'nex)

Topic by jjefferson1   |  last reply


Collaboration Knex Sniper

I was wondering if anyone would like to build a Bolt Action Knex Sniper rifle with me now that its summer and ill have a lot of free time on my hands.

Topic by KnEx FrEaK 1   |  last reply


RPi Zero and GameBoy - Can the New & Old Work Together?

So I recently found out about the Raspberry Pi Zero earlier last week. After looking at the size of the board and comparing it to the size of a GameBoy/Color/Advance/SP cartridge along with the back of a Gameboy Color/SP system, I had an interesting thought. I know that the RPi's have a great use as a video game emulator (with some case or hardware modification to the original gameboy system). I even saw one DIY article that had a GameBoy cartridge hollowed out and a Micro SD card adapter put into it, just so a heavily modded GameBoy Brick with most of its guts replaced with other techbits (mainly an RPi Zero and plenty of wires) could be used to play NES, SNES and GameBoy games while on the go. So since the Zero is slightly larger than a GBA cartridge, would it be possible to make the Zero connect to the hardware of say a GameBoy Color via the cartridge slot on the back of the console? Or what about other RPi's with other GameBoy consoles? I would try to find out about this myself, but i missed out on buying a Zero when they were first announced and i dont want to buy one from a scalper.

Topic by EngineerJakit   |  last reply


Is anyone into GeoCaching?

Something I have had fun with and opportunity, when the cache is large enough, and that is circulating tiny instructable bits at cache sites. Next, I want to attach a tracker tag so as to see how far the thing has traveled and where. Any others have an interest? Especially in the Arizona area where I have relocated to.

Topic by Goodhart   |  last reply


K'nex gun with new type of hopper bottom

The pics pretty much explain it (this where made with bricksmith, a free lego digital building program, though u can download knex parts, though it is messing the ball joint connectors, ball joint, chain links, and black Y thingys)

Topic by captianchase   |  last reply


Gaming in school

Does anyone know of games websites/ links that are not blocked by a schools filtration system? I get so damn bored in ICT lessons

Topic by ti112   |  last reply


Window or glass film that lets light pass through, deflects heat. Does it exist?

Just wondering is there such a thing? If it does, what would it be called? I'm looking for some kind of window film that can maximize the natural sunlight coming in, yet at the same time deflect most (if not all) of the heat. Some kind of film that can be layered/sticked onto windows, glass. Been googling around to no avail. Any kind of help is appreciated

Topic by Chein   |  last reply


Need a small amount of help for a homeproject

Hi creative people, I am in need of a bit expert knowledge or good ideas. This is my attempt to make my first homeproject and instructible as I see this idea as being a fun and cool project to use the space I have in my apartment. I have two bed lofts (I'm not sure this is the correct word for it though), my project is about connecting the two lofts so it is one piece together as well as making a way to get up there. I will write the instructible when I have finished the project with a little help (hopefully before the end of may) My problem: I have attached two pictures, the first picture shows the two bed lofts with beams connecting them together, I want to cut a big piece of wood to lay on over the beams filling all the space from the furthest end of the picture to the third closest beam to the camera. Between the second and third closest beams I'm going to build a ladder for easy access (I thought about making a climbing wall as that could be fun and very different). In the second picture you can see the beams, there is a small distance aproximately ranging from 4,5-7 cm from the beam to the top of the metal. I want it to level with the two sides, the big problem here is that one side of the beam is 4,5 cm from beam to the top and the other 7. The difference in distance is different for most beams. Is there any way /materail/idea I can use to make it level while still having approximately 1,9 cm space left? I added a bad paint picture for reference (black is support, red is the board/slab of wood to lie on) I hope you can help as I'm kinda of stuck on this detail to make the project perfect. Regards Droqles

Topic by Droqles   |  last reply


What could go wrong in a standard garage door opener?

Hello there, I have been asked to try to repair a malfunctioning garage door opener. The man who handed them to me said all of the modules work for a few weeks, then suddenly stop working. I opened them, looking for any burnt component, dry solder joints, tested relays in search of a stuck one, but could find nothing. I tested them at home, and they all reliably clicked their relay on and off, as expected. So the question is, what would cause ordinary garage door openers to fail? I thought about a bad powerline (circuits are 50's era in his building, and have never been redone), but have no means to check it. In the same direction, I was looking for a different model garage door opener, and only found two alternatives: one is the run-of-the-mill SkyLink stuff, expensive, reasonably secure, the other is the dirt cheap Chinese-made remotes with no hint about security. Since this is Instructables, I looked for garage door opener projects, but most are so-called "smart" and need a reliable Internet access, both on the smartphone and on the receiver module. Since this is a multi-tenant building and my country is known to be among the most expensive for internet access 1. there's no easily accessible Internet in the garage 2. drivers can't be assumed to have a smartphone and even if they do, 3. Internet access on a cell phone is extremely expensive. The other question would then be: have any of the community members here saw a garage door opener that would: 1- only need easy-to-make RF remotes? 2- be at least as secure as the original SkyLink? 3- require no Internet access?

Topic by Cubytus   |  last reply


Damaged disc(s) in the lower back - what to do and what not ;)

I got diagnosed with a damaged L5 and L6 disc in my lower back about 8 years ago and I thought writing about my experience might helps others facing the same problems. Keeping your back straight when lifting or moving heavy things was a thing I already learned and followed during my school times and as you might have guessed it helped to keep my back healthy - at the expense of my knees... But the knees are a different story, today I want to help you understand lower back problems caused by damaged or bulging discs and how this will affect your life. For me it began with a little shock. One day I got out of bed, wanted to grab something I dropped and got stuck half way up. Knowing that there are some nerves that can cause the same issue and that a simple injection will fix me I called a cab to be dragged laying down on the back seat to my GP. As you might have guessed his diagnosis was a bit worse than what I wanted to hear... Many painful hours and some scans later it was confirmed that my L5 and L6 disk have collapsed on one side and started to push on the nerves next to it. Funny side not that I never really checked was that my doc said not everyone has a L6 disk... Anyways, as with most first "accidents" involving your lower back the so called recovery was long and painful. Sure the painkillers help to numb the worst, the anti inflammatory stuff covers some pain too but actually I did not want the full pain free package deal. Pain is the bodies way to let you know something is wrong, so I kept the pain medication at a level where I got that information when making a wrong move... The first 6 months I was literally confined to my bed, the shower and the toilet. I tried to keep a position with the least amount of pain for as long as possible and for obvious reasons was not too happy that my body not only required food intake but also the disposal of the waste products - getting out of bed and onto the toilet meant experiencing huge amounts of pain every time. But after those 6 months I started to adjust, to the pain as well as what my limited body was now capable of in terms of movement. Needless to say that all this time of not doing anything really meant my scale started to scream tripple digets at me one day... Luckily around the same time my pain levels went to a level that allowed my to walk around 500-600 at slightly slower speeds than normal before the pain got too much. My doctor also got quite concerned about my blood work and body weight recommending to loose a lot if I every intent to get back to a more normal life. So I started to walk several times a day, no matter how bad the weather was, just a bit up and down the street. The distance got longer, the fitness a bit better and the pain levels a bit lower too. Using my old weight lifting belt to keep the back supported helped me a lot during these times, especially when driving or doing housework. During those times I was still on 6-8 panedine forte tablets (paracetamol and codein) plus 2-4 tablets of 20mg oxicontin and not happy about the last anyway. Despite the added levels of pain I started to reduce the level of oxicontin and started to exercise more. My focus was getting the core muscles stronger and to get better support for my back. Also started riding my bike again, although I had to replace it for a bigger model to allow me a more upright position with less stress on the lower back. The kilos started to tumble very slowly but I was already quite proud when I got bak to 90kg. :( Good thing was that I got motivation to continue as every kg I lost and every little bit more on distance I got out of my walks and rides without getting too painful also meant that my average pain level went down too. Two years after it all happened I got rid of the oxicontin completely and reached the 80kg mark. My doc was happy too, my blood work looking good but of course he still suggested to loose a few more kg. Being able to move around again also meant being able to work again and with that came more food, less exercise and a lot more stress. I did manage to hold my 80kg but after about 6 months or working I noticed my back problems started to limit me again. My back belt covered for me and I was able to keep going a while longer but in the end I got hit by another attack on my back. The diagnosis was not good at all as now on top of the pain goind through the back and leg I also hab numbness and a feeling like ants crawl over the leg and chew on it every few mm. As with most lower back "revenges" this one only needed strong pain killers for a few weeks until I was back to something more normal in terms of pain and movability. Sadly the ongoing side effects did not go away the way they did the first time. This meant especiall finding the right position to sleep with the least amount of pain was becoming a nightmare on it's own. Either you got pins and needles keeping you awake, you lost your feeling in the leg to the point where it becomes useless or the pain in the back is just stabbing you all the time. Starting some projects here on Instructables kept my mind busy and gave me some welcome distraction from the daily routine. Eventually I manged to find a job again that allowed me to have enough different movements with only a bit of lifting so things started get back to normal. My doc put me on some amitriptyline to help with the pain at night and although it took some time to get used to the stuff it really started to help after about two weeks. The job was only for a fixed term but it gave me back some confidence that not all is bad or lost. Life went on and I actually manged to get down to just 75kg and only used some painkillers once or twice a week if it was really bad. Then, a few weeks back I started to notice that the top of my foot and the outside of my leg felt different to touch, especially in the shower with some brush or rough sponge. Not being happy already I agreed to some new scans to check if the discs started to cause problems or if the nerves are just inflamed. You might have guessed already, the scan confirmed that my two discs desintegrated further putting more pressure on the already suffering nerves. With the "help" of some quite strong anti inflammatory stuff, cortisone and other meds my doc managed to get me back to "normal" but he also informed me that this won't last forever. The current outcome (without surgery but more on that later on) I have two choices to keep going: a ) I continue with pain killers and other meds to keep the problems at bay. b ) I limit myself to basically not doing anything involving the movemnt of my lower back, keep to a strict calory intake and hope for the best. The first option won't do me any good in the long run except liver, kidney and digestive problems. The second option will allow me some sort of a normal life at the expense of never finding a job to support me again. So once again we soldier on knowing that it will only make things worse as giving up and relying on social services is no option for me. Hoping that you might just had your first encounter with lower back injuries and pain I will give some advise on the things that helped my most so that you might not have to suffer as much I did and still do. So read on please... Diagnosed with a damaged or bulged disc in the lower back - what does it acutally mean? If you check all the available images of the human skelleton you will quickly notice one thing: Our lower back is not really straight and not designed to carry a lot weight when it is put on the wrong way or direction. Noone with a sane mind would use a support beam shaped like that but the human body adapted to this problem caused by changing from using all four limbs to walking on just two legs. The muscles and tendons in our back work in such a way that they support the fragile construction of discs and bones that keep us upright. Sadly modern life, personal decisions and only too often a busy work shedule prevent us from using our body the wa we should. Be it too much lifting, being far too short for your weight or simply laziness the factors causing our muscle to degrade are too many to count. But once you are in the worst pain you ever felt and your doc tells you that there are damaged discs you suddenly wish you had it all done differently years ago - trust me, I have been there and I have done it ;) Or it might be like in my case that a healthy and fit person just cracks one or more discs for no obvious reason. Either way it means you have to change your life to be able to keep going. Pain killers help to ignore the problem and pretend all is good but they should be used with great care as most are highly addictive and the long term side effects are no fun either. The one thing you must never forget is although being a life sentence it must not mean you will be crippled forever! What can I do once it happened to help the pain and my sanity? Nerve pain is one of the worst pains there is and there are only two more or less working medications to deal with it. The first meds are opiates to literally numb the pain but due to source of the pain very high levels are required until the body adapted to deal with the wrong pain information. The second group of meds that offer help and that are often used together with pain killers are old sty anti depressants like the try-cyclic (was that right?) amitriptyline. Back in the days they were not really good for the advertised job but one of the common side effects was how they worked on the pain centers of the brain. In much lower dosages as used to treat depressions these meds help the brain to deal with the pain caused by the damaged or pinched nerves. As a long term solution they should be prefered over opiates so that the strong pain killers are only taken when really needed. If you are anything like me than not getting enough sleep over weeks on end will take a toll on your mood. So being able to sleep at least a few hours in one go is a real thing to aim for unless you prefer to harm your body with pain killers. What is there to help with the pain so you can sleep? I know that you now already think you tried it all and that nothing good comes out of here but keep reading as you might be surprised... The first thing that jumps into mind when it comes to sleeping is a bed - be it you by yourself or with a partner. And here also is the first point to improve! In many countries a bed for two persons has one bad feature: A single mattress! Any movement from the person next to you is transfered more or less onto your body - you don't want that! So if you own a big bid that you share with someone think about investing into a bed with seperated matresses and support frames. That brings us to the mattress itself. A lot of people think being soft and flexible is a prefered thing, not so much if you have back problems. You want enough support to keep the back straight without everything feeling like you sleep on wooden floorboards. Keep in mind though that when changing from soft matress to something much firmer you will need to adjust. Really the best option is to seek professional advise in a bedding studio or similar. And no, you don't have to go to the most expensive place to buy a mattress, you just try them out, get expert advise and use that new knowledge to find a suitable mattress to fit the budget. With no offence meant: If you are over the normal weight you really want to loose the excess and that means selecting a new matrress on your weight goal and not on your current weight! It is also good to have adjustable supports under the mattress itself, this way you choose a thinner and bit softer mattress but still get the firmness your back requires - again seeking proffessional advise on the right combinations is highly recommended here! Ok, your bed is sorted but still there is that nagging pain in certain positions or the tingling in your leg preventing you to go to sleep. Believe it or not but what you do before you go to bed affects how you feel when you hit the sack. So sitting like a bag full of water in front of your TV until just manage to crawl into bed won't do you any good. Same for having your dinner and hour or two before bedtime... What does help is to move your body and to burn a few kalories! If it helps you use a weight lifting belt but just a walk around the block with a little bit of bending and flexing will get the tension out of muscles. A nice partner giving you a proper massage might help too but I doubt you will get one every night ;) And before you start to complain: Yes, I know there are times where simply can't do any exersise as you will be happy to make it to the toilet or to make some dinner. For those times and especially during times of experiencing higher than normal pain level ther is something you can do to ease the pain. Some doctors will tell you but a lot of them wont: Cold actually helps to numb the pain and the symptoms like tingling, pins and needles or the constant stabbing when you made a slightly wrong move. But you need to apply the cold in the right way to get the benefit! The key here is timing. Using real ice in a suitable wrapper, so no vegetables or meat, you apply the cold where the damage is - not where the pain is! You want to cool down the area around the damaged discs for about 5 to max 10 minutes. Put the icepack back and repeat every hour! Nothing will happen after the first two or three round but then you will notice improvement - how much depends on the individual and extend of the damage of course. When I have bad days I usually start around mid-day and keep going every hour until either the pain is gone or it is time to drag myself to bed. The worst you can do is o apply heat! A warm (not hot!) bath can help to ease some muscular tension but hot packs or heat lamps will make your pain get worse quickly. Just imagine and inflammation somehwere else, the area is already hot and painful so you really don't want to add more heat, do you? ;) What can be done to keep mobile and improve? As said earlier the key is support for the damaged areas and of course a limitation in movements that put additional stress on the damaged dics - this includes weight, be it from your own body in terms of excess fat or simply be lifting things! You will have times of no pain and where you think you are 20 years younger again but never use that as an excuse to think your discs have improved! Once damaged they stay damaged and everything putting more stress on you dsic(s) will make things worse. A friend of mine loves to play golf - if you have back problems you want to find a different hobby! Coming from three digits I can tell you without being offensive in any way that being fat means having problems that you don't want to add to your list caused by a bad back! So like it or not you really need to loose all the excess you can find wobbling around your body! For me every single kg I lost was a step forward to being more fit and being able to more things for longer before my pain got too much. And no, there is no excuse for keeping those kilos if are able to leave the bed for more than a few hours. Turst me, you will feel better, need far less medication and like yourself much better once the benfits of less weight kick in! Exercise is the key to getting your life back to a more or less normal level! If you are a "first offender" than you have a good chance that a change of habbit and maybe job will make sure it stays a single incident and that you can have a pain free life after the initial recovery! Getting a higher core strenght and overall fitness level helps your body to heal but most importantly gives you the option to gain muscles where needed to support your back. You might think there is nothing you can do if you are in pain and can't really move anyway but if you do then you are wrong. I am not a personal trainer but I found a lot of ways to use my muscles without using my back for it... There is enough info on the web for exercise methods without any training gear and if you think "really hard" you might notice you can use a lot of positions to exercise your arms and legs without stressing you back ;) And even for the back you can do good without damage: If you lay flat on your belly you just slightly lift your arms and legs off the ground - this will need the support of the muscles in lower back! No need to actuall lift anything high, just enough to only slightly bend your back up - you might not even notice any bending at all. What you don't want is exercise like running, jogging or even contact sports, really nothing that might force your back to move more than what is possible without stressing your discs... Better fitness and more strenght means you will get better flexibility and movablity but never let that fool you into thinking the damage is gone! I can not stress enough than even if you don't need medication and feel fine a single wrong move can make all null and void! What are the options if despite loosing weight and excercise my pain is not going away or syptoms get worse? Well, we can ignore it, we can hope it all goes away but the sad reality for most is that sooner or later you reach the point where the damage is too much too handle. The first one to tell you that your lower back is now due for a pit stop is your foot. The pain might be more than what you ever experienced the pins and needles might drive you mad but as long as it just that you are fine, really :( For me it was during some light gradening when I got my "first hit" so to say. I brushed it off thinking I tripped over something that got kicked away while I struggled to keep my balance. A few days later I noticed that I had to put some extra efford to prevent my toes from scraping the floor while walking. It was there when I also realised that most of the feeling on top of my foot was gone. Same story for the outside of my calf by the way... For me, thanks to a non working medical system and no private health cover the story ends here... Since you might have more luck: Modern medicine has gone a long way when it comes to minimal invasive operations and they are the key to performing operations that otherwise would be impossible or require months of recovery. For the "treatment" of damaged discs in the lowest part of the spinal area the old conventional treatment was to fuse the bones together using some steel or titanium rods. To give the patient relief the dmaged disc was more or less mutilated to free the damaged nerve(s). Several weeks of bed rest and great loss in movement was the price to pay for less pain. Today we are much further and can use micro instruments to perform operations deemed impossible only a few years ago. One of the operations with the greatest and fastest recovery rates is actually quite smart if you think about it: A small portion of bone is removed to give more room for the nerve and to aid in the healing - without fusing the bones! The next step is remove the part of the disc that is bulging out - without removing the strong support layers around it, only the mashed up bits are taken away. The patient is literally pain free ( from the back pain) right after the operation. Healing takes about 2-3 weeks but by then even the pain from the cut bones will be gone. Some health insurers see these operations as a means to get a person back to work and into a normal life, so they support it. Others use simple math and decide pain killers are cheaper... In any case you should seek professional advice from your doc and health care provider before it is too late! Diagnosed and operated early can mean you get the option to have an almost normal life again, or at least a few years of being able to enjoy life much more than before the operation. There are of course risks involved and an opration might not be an option for every case but knowing your options and what form of treatment might be available for you can be reall life changing... Ok, but what's the worst that can happen to me if a simple operation is no longer an option? One of the first things you will notice after loosing control and feeling for your foot is a more or less contant need to go the toilet. Despite having an empty bladder or just using the toilet minutes ago you can develop the feeling that you really must go the toilet again. Sadly this is only the beginning... If things get worse you can loose control over your bladder and bowel. Simply put it means you no longer control the muscular tension required to keep you vital openings closed when required. Usually at this point your doctor will recommend to operate one way or the other. For you, if affected, this means you have to decide between the risk of an operation that might only last for a few months or years or wearing adult nappies... If you already had one or more operation or the damage to the disc(s) is too severe it can mean that there is no other option but to fuse the bones into place to prevent further damage and allow for some healing. But trust me, for your doc to even consider an operation you need to loose all the weight you can! What are my limitations after having my back bones fused together? Well, as it reads you will be fused together, meaning you level of movement will be severly limited. It also means you beep all the time at the airport security or when entering a court or other place with metal detectors - but that is the least of the worries I guess... The main problem after such operations is getting back to a life as normal as possible. You get a lot of help in rehab and will learn what you can and can't do, plus of course how to keep you fit despite these limits. Some people cope really good with the new limitations but others struggle a lot. This especially true if before the person was really active and doing a lot in terms of sport and outdoor activities. Learning to adapt to the changes allows you have many more years without too much pain or limitations. Sure, Golf is out of the question, playing soccer or riding a normal bike too but life goes on and being a part of it is always better than just looking at it through your bedroom window ;) In any case giving up should not be an option for you! No matter how bad it looks when the pain is too much, there are always more good days than bad days ahead of you! Go ahead, share your experience with back pain, what you do keep going and handle the pain. Share you information about what treatments helped you the most and share how you recovered to where you are now. Be an inspiration for those facing what we already went through! Real back pain based on nerve damage will only be understood by someone who experienced it - what did you do to make the people around you understand it? Whatever helped you might help someone wha just started to learn how to deal with damaged discs and back pain, so sharing is caring! ;)

Topic by Downunder35m   |  last reply


Hack

Okay so this is where you would go to learn how to hack... go ahead and post if you need to hack something or "PM" (personal message) me if you need any assistance. Remember this group is to unite us so we can gather each others intelligence so one day you cn say "HEY I KNOW HOW TO DO THAT!!! AND IM A KID/TEEN!!! :D" *Please dont abuse this privilage*

Topic by Director Shadow   |  last reply


Jamming in Paradise (Puerto Rico) - an invitation for musicians and artists to visit

I live in a little piece of paradise, in the forested mountains of Puerto Rico.  Unfortunately, I don't find many musicians near where I live to improvise music with.  Since I have a guest house for visitors, it would be nice to import some musicians to fill it once in a while.  Also artists and other creative people to play with.   I mostly play tootophone, latabonkers, and a variety of other musical instruments I make.  (Search Instructables for tootophone and latabonkers.)  I lean toward improvisational jazz, but can improvise along with just about anything.  I have some recording capability.   Let me know if you might be interested.  

Topic by Thinkenstein   |  last reply


Instant messenger on your Nintendo Dsi!

I have finally found a way on how to get instant messenger on your Nintendo DSi system! Step 1. Go to your Nintendo DSi browser. Step 2. Go to www.IloveIM.com. Step 3. Log in. Step 4. Wait a little bit for it to COMPLETLY load, then click on a name and there you go. Instant messenger!

Topic by Vynash   |  last reply


Tweeters in DIY project

Hello everybody of the instructable community, I am currently doing a DIY project including speakers but I was wondering if there was anyway I could use only a tweeter as a speaker and was wondering how to wire it and I am new to speakers but good at wiring, soldering, and understanding diagrams. If you guys can help plz reply. -TECHNOMAN888

Topic by technoman888   |  last reply


need some help with my project (boombox)

Hello guys so i have been working on this project for some time (i know its not complicated) and i need some help with it. So i bought this old-school suitcase it was mainly made out of plastic so i glued some plywood  on the inside of the suitcase, ive cut  some holes for the speakers and vuala its semi-completed. So im using 4 mid-range speakers and 1 low-range speakers, so i yesterday i made the first sound test and to say the least the sound quality was terrible (i know it wont be a high quality sound boombox but i have made one some time ago). So my question / request would be if you guys have any suggestions maybe you know some cheap but decent quality amp or know anything about building speakers or stuff like that ( because i have pretty close to none experience in building them) BTW im using lepai lp 838 I would really appreciate any advices or suggestions. THANK YOU! ohh and sorry if this thread is missplaced or if my english is horrible.

Topic by VytasŽ   |  last reply


Cheap Under Deck Ceiling - Looking for details, anyone done this?

I'm 'fixing to get ready' to build this under my deck http://www.familyhandyman.com/decks/building-a-deck/under-deck-roof/view-all  to cover a 16' wide x 12' long space under my deck.  It looks simple enough, and there are a couple of YouTube videos of the same thing, but they all leave out some detail.Has anyone here done one of these? I think it needs flashing at the house end so water isn't weeping down the siding. Any other tips or tricks you found ? Thank you. ! Terry, Council Bluffs, Iowa 

Topic by Terry_Jim   |  last reply


ok, does anyone build knex cars on this site anymore?

Does anybody build any knex cars on this site anymore becides me??  i wanna know because i hardly see them anymore, all i see is knex guns. but whoever still into building knex cars, lets keep in touch on here. i wanna bring knex vehicles back into the mix lol 

Topic by knex vehicle builder 00   |  last reply


All about Extension Cords: Building & Wiring

I just want to make sure of the right way to wire an extension cord. I already searched on the internet and there were no concrete answers or tutorials to the type of extension cord I'm building. Note: I live in East Asia and we use a type A outlet (220V). I also hope you guys will use this thread to post other diagrams of extension cord types in different regions of the world to help other viewers too. Thanks.

Topic by CMRob   |  last reply


Miele washing machine - tripping the electricity (RCD)

Hi I have a Miele W5741 washing machine which is three years old. The other day it tripped the electricity (RCD) I found that it would trip the RCD every time regardless of what program I used. After a few trials I have found the following: if I use the machine and select cold water (no heating of water) then it does not trip the electricity (RCD). So my conclusion is that it is the heater that is causing the washer to trip the electricity! What do you think? I opened up the front to locate the heater. However I don’t see how I can remove the heater as I see no screws! I have attached a pic so you can see the front/heater.

Topic by taylor_bur   |  last reply


Transmission fluid on my cat

Well our van must have a leak or something, because the fur on one of my cat's backs is all spiky, and my dad says it smells like transmission fluid. He must have walked under where it was leaking. My dad says it's not dangerous as long as it doesn't touch his skin, but we're going so have to get it of somehow. Should we cut some of the hair off his back? Try to wash it off?

Topic by Aeshir   |  last reply


can someone build me a front grip(handle?) for my left hand

I couldn't come up with something really comfortable. I want a good connection to this blasta. Help me please :> http://i.imgur.com/j3Q8beJ.jpg http://i.imgur.com/FfYbzAi.jpg http://i.imgur.com/is1ORfk.jpg http://i.imgur.com/It1bNwM.jpg http://i.imgur.com/EJgzPeq.jpg http://i.imgur.com/qGYCqT6.jpg I feel like this knex gun is almost perfect. Everything feels right. Maybe a more comfortable stock? But a front grip for sure. Please let me know of any modifications you tried or adopted.

Topic by Knarez   |  last reply


Need a Game Development Team

Hey all, I'm looking to put together a small dev team for an indie game project that I'm planning. I'm working from the ground up here, so just about every role is still open. Experience is a plus, but I really only ask that you know what you're doing. The project will be a 3D Sci-fi/Fantasy RPG with a unique style of combat that combines the strategic skill-based systems of JRPG with the real-time fluidity of Western games. I'll put the project on a crowdfunding site like Kickstarter after I have a team and the completed GDD, so some stretch goals might include expanding to MMO or VR. I can give more specific details if you have questions. Roles to Fill: Programmer (C++, Unity 3D) Artist Level Designer Composer Scripter/Writer Voices (maybe) I couldn't pay immediately, but payment would probably be a fixed amount or a percent of the crowdfunding. If anyone is interested or has any questions, let me know.

Topic by L2Jorian   |  last reply


Video Tutorial: How To Update Your R4i SDHC 3ds card for 3DS V4.0.0-7

This video was released by Dan from dsflashcart.com, it is a video tutorial tell you how to udate your r4i sdhc 3ds card  to support 3DS latest firmware V4.0.0-7. If your r4i sdhc card haven't updated yet, feel free to foollow the steps in the video to update your card. By the way, the r4i sdhc 3ds should be come from the r4i-sdhc.com,  if  your card is from other team, please don't  use the method. And another, you need to get a DSL console to do the update. The latest firmware for r4i sdhc 3ds is V1.56b now which can work on both DSi V1.44 and 3DS V3.0.0+6. Jusr a remind, please also prepare a SD card, and also format it before you do the update, remember to back the files in advance. If you want to buy r4i sdhc 3ds from a USA reseller, just choose the dsflashcart.com. If don't have a DSL console to do the update, please just wait until you get one, another, you should always remember the rule, never update your 3DS or DSi console before  you update your flashcard. If you have any questions about this guide, just leave the comment,

Topic by shalomeedward   |  last reply


Looking for Specific K'NEX pieces!

Hi there, I'm looking for 2 specific pieces for my next K'NEX Slave I Starfighter project. The pieces are: - 2 times K'NEX Fluorescent Ball Half (http://www.knexusergroup.org.uk/acatalog/info_K90973.html), will be used as thrusters - 2 times K'NEX "mini missile launcher" (not listed as individual item), will be used as weapons for this build. Images found in attachments The Ball-half appeared in the following sets: - K'NEX Apollo-15 Lunar Lander, set number #13147 (only 1 piece) - K'NEX Saturn V Rocket, set number #15122 (two pieces) The miniature missile launcher appeared in the following sets: K'NEX Mech Warrior mini series 1 & 2: "Firefly" #11148" "Uziel" #11146 "Vulture" #11142 "Hollander II" #11152 "Thor" #11144 "Uller" #11150 If you have: These pieces and want to sell them individually These pieces, but want to sell them in a set any information, where to buy them, then post a reply comment, send me a Personal Message or mail to: GWorksmocs@gmail.com Thanks, GWorks

Topic by GWorks   |  last reply


Knex differential

I created the differentials a while ago. Larger versions are possible without any modifications of the basic pieces. This version is designed to be smaller in diameter than the main drive gear, requiring a modification to that gear.

Topic by Speed8ump   |  last reply


KNEX Community Contest

So, I thought it may be nice to have some community contest? We'd need some ideas and stuff, though, so what do you think? More discussion about this over here: http://knexflux.net/t57

Topic by Sorunome   |  last reply


Looking for Video Game Development Team.

Hello, my name is Christoffer Asp, I'am 19 years old and I'am developing a first person shooter game on unity on my own and have come to the point where i need to grow a bigger team. 1. i need someone too do the first person arms animations, so that means a good animator. (in any program, whatever works in unity) 2. someone to help me code multiplayer and all the other functions. to give you an idea about the game idea, this game is going to be like "rust" a online multiplayer, survival, shooter, building game. 3. a better 3d modeller than me. 4. sound designer. if you are good at anything of these things please contact me on my email and ill get back too you shorlty. remember, if you have ever wanted to get big in this buisness, then this may be your chance! my email is: Christoffer.asp@live.se

Topic by ChristofferA1