Please guide me to the luxurious world of electricity, I'm a newcomer

Hello, i am running on projects here, and got no idea where to begin.i want to make an alarm clock. The desired time and ringing tone for the alarm should be able to be set accordingly to my will at any time. The requirements is, i must construct it with ATMEGA8535 or ATMEGA328 or ATMEGA16. Any suggestions what's the first thing to do here? pls kindly help me:)

Posted by jayfetra 3 years ago


Arduino Beginner

I'm gonna start with arduino, I'll buy the arduino uno board, any suggestions for courses or books that can teach me how to program and work with arduino? Thanks in advance! :)

Posted by Kolnorp 4 years ago


Beginner wanting to build a 3d printer

Hello, I am an absolute beginner to building machines and my goal is to build a 3d printer. I was thinking of purchasing a kit or following one of the instructables here, but what skills or knowledge would I need to acquire before I  attempt to build one? Any advice would be appreciated.

Posted by Calcgal 3 years ago


good electronic books for beginner

Hi there, Ive done a search on here but couldnt find a relevant post that recommends electronics for beginner type books. Does anyone have any reccs? Im not a noob to maths or programming and i did physics a-level that covered the basics of electricals but never actually done anything practical. Ive amazoned and found two books that seem to have great reviews and they are: Practical Electronics for Inventors by Paul Scherz and Title is Starting Electronics by Keith Brindley They seem good but from what i can tell they are only reference type books and dont have projects to help practice the knowledge. any tips would be greatly appreciated.

Posted by thegeezer3 10 years ago


Getting started for a beginner

Hi there, I hope this is in the right forum. So, I have always liked to work with my hands, seeing things people made and thinking "I WOULD LOVE TO GET INTO THAT" and I recently decided to make good on my wishes and wish to really get into the DIY scene. I'm looking for help on what tools I should get my hands on to start working on things. An example of something I wish tor re-create would be this: https://www.instructables.com/id/Portable-PC-project-inspired-by-Shadowrun-Cyberdec/ I'm not looking for help on what it takes to make up the end product but rather the tools one would use consistently to make everything fit and what not. Is there a sort of beginners toolbox or something of that sort I should look into getting? Sorry if this is confusing, I'm confusing even myself a bit, haha. On a side note, does everyone here have a garage they work in? I'm in NYC and as many of you know it's not the easiest place to have a workbench. Can anyone recommend me places you would go to work on projects? Thank you in advance.

Posted by Rlahens 1 year ago


tools needed to get started ?

Hi there, i haven't made anything on this site yet. i'm wondering what are some good tools and supplies to get started with? anything that you come across in most projects (like a drill) ?

Posted by mrtunes 6 years ago


Any suggestions for projects for beginners - particularly electronics?

I know this question is kind of vague, but I thought I'd go for it anyway. I'd like to start working on some fun projects to get me accustomed to working with my hands. I'm relatively handy, but don't have any hard core technical knowledge. I can "build" computers and such, but I'm no programmer or electrician. I found my way here because I love looking at Make magazine, but I never buy it because it seems like all the projects require knowledge I don't have. I want to learn that knowledge. Can anyone suggest any instructables that are good, cheap and fun for beginners? I'm particularly interested in the electronics and tech stuff to get some experience working with circuits and soldering and such. Eventually I'd like to build a basic robot. There's just so much out there, I don't really know where to start. I just want to have some fun and have detailed enough instructions that I have some hand-holding along the way. If anyone out there has suggestions of good instructables to start with, I'd really appreciate it! Thanks in advance for any and all help! Just in case it helps narrow down choices, I'll list some areas of interest: Gaming (RPG, Video & Board) Green Living Robotics (though I know nothing about it) Animatronics (though I know nothing about it) Guitar Home Repair (basic plumbing and building skills) Networking / Computer repair (I was an IT manager until just recently) BASIC Auto repair Science Fiction Comic books Thanks again!

Posted by JesterPoet 9 years ago


Wanted Arduino Advice For Teenager

My son has expressed an interest in Arduino because he's in an after school group of "builders" in which a number of students are toying with Raspberry Pi. He was told that Arduino can be built using a ChromeBook - we don't own a Windows computer (only Macs). He believes that he could build using YouTube and other computer based research. Can someone tell me if Arduino is compatible with ChromeBook? With so many kits available, can you please advise one that will engage him for multiple projects and may even be used for growth but at the same time is not going to break the bank? Any advice is much appreciated!!

Posted by woooshhhhh 1 year ago


Your essential "tools of the trade" ? / Ten Tools you couldn't live without?

I'm interested in starting to buy some tools to keep around for any things I may want to attempt to build. There are just so many different kinds of tools out there..and they are expensive. So before buying anything I'd like to know your top ten tools that you couldn't live without (excluding the really basic tools like screwdriver, hammer, pliers, wrench etc.)Also please share your experience with different brand name tools. Which brands would you reccomend, and which would you stay away from?

Posted by nightmaresyndrome 10 years ago


How to: get started

Hi everyone! I'm kinda new here, but I like the site a lot. I've been thinking some time about starting to build things, learning a bit of programming and so on and so forth. And then I found this site. Now I'm planning on forming a hobbyist club with some of my friends (we are 16-17 years old). The problem is, I don't know with wich projects I should begin... We don't have a CNC machine or 3D printer. All suggestions are very welcome, from building a boat to a cannon to some toys to some costumes etc. If possible, please post the instructable here. Suggestions are also welcome! Thanks in advance! :p

Posted by nvranken 5 years ago


FOR BEGINNERS

The steps you provide is for the people who have been come across robotics.but for the beginners like dont know how to begin or what is bulldozer kit or anything else.so it is better to provide robotics in an order to learn how to construct a robot from the start explaining each step in breif.so i please you to provide this for the beginners.

Posted by rkbalaji11289 9 years ago


Beginner soldering projects?

I'm new to soldering, and I was wondering if you guys knew of some projects to help me get some experience in soldering. I know that there's a guide on here, but I didn't know what projects to get started on. Your help is appreciated.

Posted by UltraPurple 6 years ago


why use a transistor when i can use the I/O pins of an ardunio

I keep seeing explanations of the uses of transistors for electronic projects. but i dont understand why i would for example: use a npn as a switch for an LED when i could just program my ardunio to use to turn it on and off again? or use any micro controller for that matter. thankyou in advance for your help im still new to eltronics

Posted by JoshuaH171 1 year ago


What is the most affordable laser cutter for a beginner?

I really would love to try out laser cutting. ..But have no idea what knowledge it requires. I want to be able to design and cut custom wooden puzzle, laser cut fabric and also to cut felt and foam. I would like to start up a small home business. Keeping in mind that I have no clue what knowledge it requires and also know that I have 4 kids and will have to have this machine in my home. I do own a silhouette cameo but unfortunately it does not cut felt or wood. It’s a fun machine for cardstock and all…but nothing heavy duty. So is it safe to have a laser cutter at home with kids?? I mean will the light or whatever that comes off the machine be harmful for my children? Also how much is the cheapest desktop version? Will it be able to cut large fabric? Can it cut 0.5” or 0.75” hard wood?? Would that be pushing my luck?? Please let me know…so I can start saving up for it. I really really love crafting….but availability of items and affordability is a big issue. Thanks!

Posted by shazni 2 years ago


How to get started in digital art?

I really want to get into digital art. I have had art classes when I was in grade 7 and 8, but none beyond that. I have uploaded 2 paintings my teacher made me draw ( Starry night looks horrible,  I know). I also uploaded a third picture showing that sort stuff I wish I could make. so, where do I get started? What materials do I need?

Posted by _ZERO_ 3 years ago


Tools to get when learning/playing around with electronics???

Hi.   I've recently started making small electronic projects, first starting with a pack I bought from an electronics store that pretty much comes with all I need (resistors, transistors, springs, wires, batteries etc) it's fairly amateurish and for a beginner. But I have some more involved things i would like to start.. and a few little things lying around I would like to play with, take apart and salvage for working parts etc.. So I am at the stage now of wanting/needing tools for jobs. I was wondering if anyone could provide me with a list of things I would need? The electronics repair kits I have found on the internet usually cover computer repair/electronic repair tools for around $80 including screwdrivers, pliers, alligator clips, torch, and soldering iron kit etc... and I have considered buying an all in one kit liked his but if I was too just buy a few things at a time what would be the things I should get first? I'm hoping to over time build up a large collection of quality tools for future long term list so I don't really want anything cheap. And safety is definitely a factor.  If anyone had any idea's or could help that would be great, Thanks. Vulnic

Posted by Vulnic 6 years ago


So I'm new to this...

I'm new to DIY, and I was hoping for some suggested projects for newbies. I have some basic woodworking experience and knowledge of tools, but I'm more interested in electronics and that sort of thing, I just don't know where to start. I would like to make something useful. Can anyone suggest some good projects for newbies?

Posted by kyoakoa 7 years ago


Should I get a metal lathe or a milling machine first

Hi there, I have done metal work on lathes and milling machines at school and I found it very interesting and good fun. I am interested in doing some metal work of my own as a hobby. I do not want to go into it all guns blazing straight away incase I do not get on with it very well. My question is should I buy a metal lathe or a milling machine to start with, I have a maximum budget of about £400 but I still want quality machines.  It seems to me that I can make a wider range of projects with a milling machine but a lathe allows me to make screw threads and bore holes etc which would be useful. I have seen lathes which have a milling machine attachment on them but I think it would be better to have it as a separate unit.  I would be very grateful for people opinions on this, but remember that I am a complete beginner with a budget!!! Thanks Ben B.

Posted by Beninstructablesbryant 6 years ago


My First Instructible, please critique it

Hi, I just published my first Instructable.  I should be very pleased if anyone would like to take a look and critique it as an Instructable.  I don't mean what do you think of the idea itself, I mean what do you think of the layout, have I explained the steps carefully enough etc. etc.  Have I done anything well?  What aspects could I improve on? It's here: https://www.instructables.com/id/A-Waterproof-Fairy-for-an-Outdoor-Christmas-Tree/ Thanks

Posted by Periwinkle1 5 years ago


Noobariffic LED art question (Batteries)

Uhh, hi everyone. I have a super basic question, and I'm going to appeal for help because I'm running low on time for this project. I have a signpost I want to light up with about 100 3volt LEDs. What kind of power source should I be looking at? Would 4 AA batteries suffice? I've seen online calculators for determining resistors, but not for an ideal power source. Do I just wire up as many batteries as I want and get the proper resistors? I'd like this thing to light for at least eight hours on a full charge, so I can swap batteries daily. Thank you in advance! I'm dumb!

Posted by bicycle_samurai 5 years ago


Completely uneducated in solar

So...I've been looking at making a solar panel, but have no idea about where to start whatsoever. I'm a big "go green" person and want to try solar panels now(even moreso now that my electric company has gone crazy with their charges) I've browsed the instructables on making your own, but I get confused easily with the directions(Yes..I need it broken down like a 5 year old). I found an old glass storm window in my basement and was wondering...is it possible to convert that into a solar panel for starters? Or does it have to be a specific kind of glass? Apologies if this has been asked already, but I can't browse through the hundreds-thousands of posts to double check. Thanks in advance! -Xavier

Posted by XMReshadore 6 years ago


Maker Course

So -  I'd like what basically amounts to a course of things you can make in an evening, starting from near scratch in tools, materials, and skills, gradually building up to established in tools, materials and skills. The format would simply be an ordered list of things to make, each of which take an afternoon, that when you've built them all you've built some cool stuff and learned to make stuff. More importantly, that you really can "just make something". I think that I can order the list, but I don't really know good things to put on it... Is this making sense? The idea started when I realized that I could, in fact, just go make that thing I thought of a while ago, and that maybe there's something in my head that makes me think I can't "just make things". So - what if I got up every day and said, "I can!" - and then followed through by doing something I didn't think I could just get up and do? That would be awesome! Alright - now, what could those things be? Prominently - made things. And that means (among a few other places...) Instructables! So - post things that take an evening to make, and what kind of skills, tools and materials they take, and then we'll worry about putting them into a course-like-order PS - Suggest tags, or a better place in the forums? PPS - Or I just didn't pick good search terms looking for this, it already exists, and here's a link....?

Posted by narfanator 6 years ago


A Good Electronic Project For a Beginner.

May I ask for something which is good and nice to create for a beginner like me. I don't really have an idea what to  make. I just hope you'll help me.

Posted by imatrianidar 3 years ago


Looking for a cheap and easy project for a beginner

Hi :) Next year, I'm planning on starting a Mechanical Engineering degree. I want to get some hands on experience with making stuff just as preparation, but I've never done anything like this. What's a good place to start? And something that won't cost a lot as I don't have much money? Any help is appreciated :D thanks

Posted by mheywood 5 years ago


Beginners Soldering Iron

I am new to soldering and am looking to buy an iron. Any suggestions on beginner irons would be great. I plan on mostly using it for soldering small electronics. Also I would like to buy at a store and not over the internet. Again, any advice is greatly appreciated.

Posted by sardines454 11 years ago


Where To Start For Making Games

Hi everybody, i want to start making video games but have no experience with computer programming i have worked with tools such as : FPS Creator (thegamecreators) Sandbox (Platinumarts)

Posted by A-R-G 5 years ago


I want to start making LED art, but have no idea where to begin.

Is there anywhere I can find a very VERY basic tutorial? FAQs? Some dos and don'ts? List of commonly needed tools and materials.... stuff like that? I would very much love to craft a small outdoor LED art signpost for my tent at a festival next month. Thank you! Peace and love!

Posted by bicycle_samurai 5 years ago


In search of an electronics/circuitry mentor.

I am in search of a skilled and knowledgeable person to mentor me through building an incubator. I currently have about 13 eggs that are in various stages of embryonic development and need help building the appropriate incubator. I have a design and more electronic and circuitry components than you can shake a stick at. I have always tinkered and done investigative teardowns on multiple pieces of equipment. I want to eventually build a large, floor based, multi media 3D printer. ( I have been working on a printer that I salvaged.) My interest is more than curiosity, but, I have no starting point to learn in forward gear. I hope to find a person willing to assist my goal accomplishment and guide me through the process. I have more than I need to do the build, I am willing to discuss a trade of components or whatever comes upon need of the interested  mentor. Please contact me as soon as possible as I have lost a lot of sleep, turning the heating pad on every hour to maintain the temperature for the incubation, and am ready to give the eggs to someone else to raise. I prefer not to do that though.  You can reach me via G+ under Kathleen Copeland or through this forum. I will eventually provide pictures and a private contact once a mentor is established.      Thank you.                         

Posted by KathleenC36 2 years ago


Whats a good beginner Balisong?

As the title suggest, i am looking for a good beginner balisong that could last me a long time. I have no skill in balisong tricks whatsoever and is eager to learn.I've been looking at the model 62 but that thing cost a small fortune!. Any ideas?

Posted by mastermakoko 6 years ago


flyback transformer driver for beginners: is there a substitution for the flyback transformer?

My son wants to do the flyback transformer driver but we can't seem to find a flyback transformer. Is there a safe replacement or substitute?

Posted by ann.bragonje 3 years ago


Cheap, simple, Project - Any ideas?

Hi all, I  am looking for some simple projects that I could do. First of all, it needs to be cheap. I am 14, and get hardly any money (14$ a month in allowance) so, I need it to go as far as possible. The simple part is optional - Just needs to be something I can do - Even if it takes lots of time. I guess Im not being very clear but I am looking for project ideas that are first of all - cheap. I already have soldering equipment, and resistors and capacitors  scavenged from trash (Stuff that can be created free of cost is best). Thanks!

Posted by schumi23 6 years ago


Canning for Beginners - Recipes My Mother Never Told Me - Kickstarter Campaign

Hello All I started a Kickstarter Campaign to get funding to product a waterproof cookbook, of 10 of my favorites canning recipes that I do every summer and fall. I want to share this with beginners.  I need backers for the campaign. I also need to know if this is a good concept. Waterproof page printing is pretty expensive, but it pays off in the long run.  Here is my link for the Kickstarter campaign - only 23 days to go................. http://kck.st/1f4a5EI

Posted by The_I_T_Lady 4 years ago


Begginer electronic projects

Here, I will upload project schematics for different simple breadboard projects. For these projects you will need a breadboard, jumper cables and different electronic components, such as LEDs, potentiometers, and more. Thank You!

Posted by Detectingdragon777 1 year ago


Getting the Arduino to Convert analog signal from guitar into correct frequency

Hello Everyone, I was wondering if anyone can help me with a simple solution to my problem, I was to be able to get the sounds from my guitar into my ardunio and have the correct frequency be stored. I can get the guitar connected to the arduino and numbers come out of the serial monitor but they don't make sense, i need to have the correct frequency come up for each note i play, I have looked at a few solutions but being a beginner to this some go over my head or they just didn't work. Can anyone help me or point me in the right direction to be able to do this? Thanks  P

Posted by paddykoolster 9 months ago


Total robotics noob

I'm not sure if this is in the right section but I think this is the best place for it at the moment. So at the moment I'm still in the planning process but, I'm trying to get details worked out before I start work so all I have to do is start putting things together. I'm making this costume of one of my OCs for cons and costume contests. Anyways, the character's half robotic and I thought it'd be cool to make a few things interactive? Here's my character if you want to take a look at him -Okto. Sorry the image doesn't give a clear view and is pretty much toony. I haven't started drawing up the blue prints or his front and side view yet to where it'd actually be useful.  My thoughts are that the top section of his robotics on his head would have real moving gears. I was thinking about taking some watches apart to get the gears though the part I'm not sure about is making them move. I already have where I'd put the battery pack planned out but other than that I'm pretty much lost.What would be a good motor that you'd recommend? Also do you know of some good links to tutorials for programing? I've been struggling with it a bit and in addition to these bits I'm mentioning now I'm also thinking about giving him sound operated moving ears. My other part of my project functions on pretty much the same basic idea though I was also wondering about making the nob where it actually cranked. Maybe it could be used as the on and off switch for the gears or something. I'm not really sure about rigging it at all so any input would be appreciated. I'm trying to make the suit as genuine as possible as far as the steampunk aspects go for my Doctor Moreau style creature My last thing I'm trying to do that requires asking questions that's not in the picture is that the character has a binturong tail i.e. tail can work like an additional hand. I was wondering if it was possible I could rig it with servos where it could pick things up or hold things with the push of a button or something? Thanks for anything you can give me I greatly appreciate any help I can get.

Posted by VJCoon 4 years ago


Electronics for Absolute Beginners, Study Guide

Hi, I am Kareen, I am a student and I am currently pursuing a degree in Electronics Technology. I decided that the best way to learn is by sharing what I just learned; it gives me a chance to really understand the subject if I have to explain it to someone else. I am in no way a subject matter expert in this area, I am merely a beginner. Every time I cover a chapter on my book (Foundations of Electronics, 5TH Edition by Russel Meade), I will post a corresponding link so others can study along with me, post suggestions, ask questions, and post answers. Because I am using a book and posting a corresponding link, this will be a structured study guide for those who want to learn electronics outside of the classroom. If you're interested and willing to learn copy and paste the link below to your browser; https://www.instructables.com/id/Electronics-for-Absolute-Beginners-Study-Guide/

Posted by elektrobot 6 years ago


Anybody know cheap($50),easy to make robots for beginners?

I've been interested in robots for a while,but I can never seem to find any robots that are cheap, or easy to build on a small budget. If anyone knows of any(especially on this site)bots that I or other beginner builders could make.

Posted by INVADER SCOOGE 9 years ago


Which CNC build is the best for a beginner?

Which CNC build is the newest and most successful? Many of the ones I have seen are many years old and the technology keeps improving and I would like to give it go building my own, but I am not sure which design is the most straight forward and durable.

Posted by cadams15 4 years ago


beginner USB question...

So I wanted to see if it was possible to create USB driven fans out of an old Sony WM-EX368 tape player. Now this player runs of 2 AA batterys, And I know that usb runs 5V. Now the questions are: Is it even possible? Whats the fastest way to find the right working cable in the walkan?

Posted by Sentroy 10 years ago


Getting started!

Hello everyone, I just found this site last night and lets just say that i didnt get to much sleep! A quick introduction about me. Im 24y old guy from sweden. I loved taking electronic stuff apart as a kid (not so much putting them back together) and i did some experementing in school but it soon faded. I then went on to become an electrician(house/construction installations) and have been working as one for 6 years now but never really went back into electronics. The last few years LED's has been getting big as the main lightsource in our homes but the comercial solutions aren't always satisfactory, hence my renewed interest in this. Only thing i've done outside of work is built some computers but never really modding. As if i didnt  have enough to do in my spare time i now wanna get into this, so i have a few questions on how to get started: - What basic tools do i need? Soldering kit, precision screwdrivers, multimeter......more? -What store is best for getting supplies/tools? Is it ebay or do you prefer a specific company? Any site that is better/worse to use living in sweden? Also should i stock up on basic components or just get what i need for my projects? -Is there any other communities that supplements this one? Any Swedish sites perhaps? -Anything else i should know before buying some stuff and starting? Right know im mostly focused on mods involving LED and lighting in general. Suggestions about that? Sorry if this is posted in the wrong section but i didnt really find any better place. I know this might not be as exciting as the other questions in here but all input is greatly appreciated!  TLDNR: What do i need to know/have to get started modding electronics? Cheers!

Posted by Allecc 5 years ago


Beginner Arduino Basic LCD + rotary encoders

New to Arduino, attempting to get basic programs working. Whats the best way to include multiple sensor readings to appear on a LCD Arduino screen for user feedback. So the sensor readout on the LCD would switch to the most recent change of rotation. Code to examine or help in the right direction would be appreciated. Thanks

Posted by Prime01 9 months ago


Beginner in Soldering, HELP!

I want to get into soldering and circuit boards, but i dont know what to do first. I HAVE soldered before, but it was only a couple little things in woodshop (we were making a clock) and i didnt understand what i was doing, i was just following instructions. So any input would be greatly appreciated! Can you guys recommend a decent soldering station around the $50-70 range. What about tutorials, i want tutorials on ANYTHING that has to do with soldering, but nothing to overwhelming, remember im just a beginner. some tutorials i would appreciate are: -soldering (of course) -reading schematics -the theorys (ohms law, and all that good stuff) -practice projects (projects that show you how things work) -and basically anything that you think is helpful besides soldering station, what other tools are necessary? and do you have any recommendations for those tools.

Posted by um0123 9 years ago


Arduino for the beginner

I would like to get into arduino as a hobby, I have some experience in understanding the C language. I was at a website like http://www.ladyada.net/learn/arduino/lesson5.html trying to understand and slowly catching up, where is some material I can read to get into the hobby?  And how do the pinholes on a breadboard work? How do you know which hole to insert the wire/pin through? 

Posted by bprins 6 years ago


3D printer for cheap beginners?

         I am a person that is cheap. I want a 3d printer assembled or kit that is cheap, reliable, and that doesn't print high quality (it coul print high quality, but for $'s sake it doesn't have to). Any info helps, but remember, i'm a nube, so don't criticize please.                                                                                                                                                                                                       thanx,                                                                                                                                                                                                       theboygenius I forgot too mention, >$350 if possible

Posted by theboygenius 5 years ago


brazing beginner

I'm making a CNC machine and I need to make a frame and I decided to use aluminum since it's surprisingly the cheapest. I need to braze the joints to gather and I'm new to brazing. Is all I need: Propane bottle Nozzle someway to ignite it brass solder If anyone here is an experience brazer than please give me some tips

Posted by guyfrom7up 10 years ago


Paintball

Paintball... is it the best? Can it be improved? Any tips for beginners, (such as myself,) or long passed down tips for the expert? Anything about paintball should be typed here.

Posted by PKTraceur 9 years ago


Beginner Coil Guns

I am looking to build my first coil gun. I don't have much experience with capacitors/capacitor banks. I'm looking for a recommendation on capacitors that I could use for a coil gun that would make a proof of concept coil gun that would be safe for my first time venturing into this area. Any Ideas? I would probably order the capacitors from Digi-Key rather then harvesting them from other electronics. Thanks!

Posted by T3rr0rByte13 3 years ago


Led help

I need help, i want to make a sign with 50 maby 60 Led's where can i go? i am a total beginner at this. thanks

Posted by timberman 10 years ago


Beginner Electronics Information?

I'm interested in taking on a few of the projects in the electronics category, particularly the high voltage compilation. Obviously though, this is some pretty dangerous and complicated stuff (maybe just to me), so anyway, I was wondering if there were any books,  web pages or guides with basic starting out info that might help me understand what those guides are talking about? You probably should assume I know nothing about electronics, because its more or less true.

Posted by Snowball tlwcb 8 years ago


speaker setup for computer - beginner needs help

Hi all, I am new to all this but I am keen to have a go at some kind of project. I was thinking of making my own speaker set up using some old speakers and then setting this up with a sound card in my computer. I would be ok fitting the sound card but do not have that much of a clue as regards to what speakers i could use or how to put them together. cheers- Muckster

Posted by muckster 11 years ago