Hack A PCB

Is there a good way to solder or just connect wires directly to traces on a one sided PCB?

Posted by Doug Costlow 11 years ago  |  last reply 11 years ago

PCB Manufacturing

I was wondering if anyone knows a cheap place to get some PCB boards printed? I used ExpressPCB to create the board (first thing I found on the computer at work) and it's giving me a .pcb file. I assume this file-type is pretty standard? I tried using their built in pricing software, but it seems a little pricey for small quantities. Any suggestions?

Posted by randofo 11 years ago  |  last reply 5 years ago

PCB traces? Answered

so if i have a high current device (inductor) on a pcb? it will run somewhere around 2 amps of power. Is there a minimum trace width to keep my pcb trace from being blown up?

Asked by astroboy907 8 years ago  |  last reply 8 years ago

PCB making? Answered

Hello, Can I use H3BO3(boric acid) and HCl for etching?

Asked by Zhuna87 1 year ago  |  last reply 1 year ago

dedicated pcb?? Answered

Yes i was wondering if its possible to dedicate certain circuit components to one pcb? like say one pcb has only amplifiers on it? 

Asked by Newbie216 2 years ago  |  last reply 2 years ago

pcb design?

Hi how can i design a pcb for ba6849fm. i ask it because i can't find it's foot print.can anyone help me? please sent the answer to my mail

Asked by nimasaboor 10 years ago  |  last reply 10 years ago

PCB Drilling?

I have heard that tugsten carbide pcb drill bits are too fragile and will break if used with a hand drill. I dont want to buy a drill press due to the cost (unless i can find a small and cheap one)... so will a 1/16 drill bit be ok for pcb holes for standard through hole components? because that is the smallest drill bit size i have that successfully works with my hand drill... any personal experience, knowledge or advice to help me? and thanks

Asked by raykholo 9 years ago  |  last reply 9 years ago

PCB design?

Why do modern PCBs always use straight tracks and 45-degree diagonal tracks? I know it is good practice and design all my boards to this standard, but is there a reason behind it other than it looks visually appealing. It appears only relatively modern boards took this into account, I was looking at some 1970's electronics and quite a lot of them have rounded tracks of no definite thickness.

Asked by andy70707 7 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

Cheap Pcb? Answered

Is it possible to create a pcb with cheap common household items and if true what can i use? I already have blank pcb but i was wonder can i substitute the etcher and acetone with other materials. 

Asked by Kante Tech 7 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

PCB trouble?

I transferred this circuit to a circuitboard, but it didnt work. So, I tried just taking an led and soldering it to a pcb, but when I touched both leads with a battery, nothing happened. I didnt not clip the leads, I knew the cathode and anode. I was worried that when I put the led on it, I burnt it out from the soldering heat. So I desoldered it, but when I tested it OFF the pcb, it worked. The traces it was connected to was NOT connected to anything else. Any circuit I try putting on a pcb never works, none of them. Even when I just tried soldering a buzzer on it and connecting it to a battery, it only worked when it was off of it. I cant figure out why, but I am really frustrated about this. Tell me if you need to know anything else.

Asked by 101yummYYummy101 9 years ago

Pcb silkscreen? Answered

Im gonna try etching my own pcb but i want to know how to put a silkscreen on it and the mask to keep from short circuiting

Asked by hightekrednek2396 7 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

PCB Boards

Does anyone know where to get cheap pcb boards? Blank ones I mean, not a place to get them done for you. I don't want a MASSIVE order but if there are some manufacturing companies with free samples too, that'd be nice :)

Posted by alexgeek 10 years ago  |  last reply 10 years ago



Asked by yhdesai 6 years ago  |  last reply 6 years ago

How to clean PCB?

There is a bunch of gunk on my R/C car's PCB, how do I clean it off without damaging the circuits?

Asked by Zem 9 years ago  |  last reply 8 years ago

Help about PCB? Answered

Hi Guys, I happen to be stuck in a situation in which i need a pcb but only have a schematic and do not know how to make a pcb. So I was wondering if anyone ov er here could design me a pcb from a schematic (provided below). Help will be greatly appreciated. Thanks.

Asked by SA-DIY 2 years ago  |  last reply 2 years ago

need pcb help

Im wondering if I can use a ink printer to make PCB layouts, Because its all that I have, and im on a low budget.

Posted by newwarhammer2 7 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

Prevent rust on a PCB? Answered

How do I prevent rust?  Or should I just not worry about the rust?  I am using single sided board etched with ferric chloride, if that matters. Also I need the copper to conduct "on the top", like if I put a multimeter on a trace it would still conduct.  So I can't use something like a clear coat spray paint. AI

Asked by JaredsProjects 8 years ago  |  last reply 8 years ago

electronic diagram to pcb

Hi i need anyone that can help me with this diagram,i think its okay,at least thats how i have it in a breadboard and it works,basically its a 555 timer delay on (5secs) and then the buzzers beeps reallly fast,seems simple but one bad conection and it wont work when the pcb arrives,(it happened already,)the not conected pins seems crazy maybe but it works i have everything in breadboard,i hope someone can help me please thankss have a great day :)))

Posted by NelsonN2 3 years ago  |  last reply 3 years ago

Etching a pcb with bleach?? Answered

Yes i know there has been a question about this already... but im asking it again. Can you etch a pcb with bleach? I dont really want to go out and find ferric chloride or hydrochloric (muratic) acid :) I just wanted to know if this would work.  Also pros and cons would be good too, if not possible i can find a place with the right chemicals.. :) Thanks!

Asked by astroboy907 8 years ago  |  last reply 8 years ago

Pcb charger question?

Hi All Am new to this, I just build a set of LED bike lights (kinda ugly but they are the portotype..lol) and am in the middle of figuring out how to build the batteries. I am a bit confussed about the PCB, found this one on Ebay and it says it is a charger as well, so......... if I build a battery up with this board can I just charge it with any power source (I work with computers so have buckets of laptop chargers, as well as Li-ion batteries). I am now charging two batteries at a time and running the lights in a 8 battery case, only run for 2-2.5hrs so they are not going below 2.5v. Heres a pic of my EVIL lights. http://www.ebay.com/itm/PCB-Charger-4-Packs-3-7V-Li-ion-Li-Lithium-18650-Battery-Rechargeable-2-3A-/260855721168?_trksid=p2045573.m2042&_trkparms=aid%3D111000%26algo%3DREC.CURRENT%26ao%3D1%26asc%3D27%26meid%3D2785617145070280447%26pid%3D100033%26prg%3D1011%26rk%3D2%26sd%3D260858719737%26

Asked by vallka 6 years ago  |  last reply 2 years ago

3d printed PCB

I was wondering if you could make 3d printed circuit boards using an arc welder of electroplating method by connecting a copper "welding stick" to the extruder and a ground clip to the board.

Posted by JoshsInstructables 6 years ago  |  last reply 6 years ago

Flexible PCB rewiring

Hi,     I'm working on a project where I want to strip a 'roll up piano' down and take the rubber keyboard innards which feed into the electronic sound unit and get rid of the floppy rubber roll up piano keyboard and replace it with a standard PC qwerty keyboad. I got used to using a qwerty keyboard for playing tunes already and want tomake one that is stand alone that I don't need to connect to the PC to play music with. That means I need to take all the connections that you can see in the photos I uploaded and re connected each one to a key on the keyboard.  First of all, I don't know if pressing the rubber key on the roll up keyboad 'completes a circuit' and therefore prompts the electronic unit at the end of it to play the sound or if it 'breaks the circuit'. These units have two flexible pcb sheets as you an see in the second photo so when the rubber key is pressed they touch (although they all seem to be pretty much touching anyway). In an old casio solid keyboard I have there is a hard pcb and the piano keys touch a small rubber disk (much like is what under qwerty keys) to the pcb.   would it be better for me to take a razor and painstakingly slice up the flexible plastic which the pcb is printed on then lead them to the innards of the qwerty keyboard I'm going to modify or would it be better for me to just chop the flexible pcb off and use some kind of very thin coppe wire to feed dirctly into the unit and to the underside of the qwerty keys?   Any guidence would be appreciated.    

Posted by poita 7 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

Get into PCB creation? Answered

Well I just realized over the past few weeks that I really need to start getting onto the PCB bandwagon and start manufacturing my own stuff...  So... I need materials and instructions on how to make my own PCBs... I have copper boards already (sourcing them is not a problem...), and i am pretty good at designing boards in EAGLE (I find it fun), but I need a method of etching them.... I have tried many toner methods and they never work how I like, I always get some pretty big mistakes and etching them sucks...  I have heard of photo resist methods, and it sounds wonderful because it has a pretty good accuracy and can go down to some pretty fine wiring... My only problem is that you have to get presensitized boards (Expensive!), as well as other chemicals... As for etching, I think I am fine, I have used a vinegar/salt/something combo and it works pretty well, just takes a while to etch.. I have some muratic acid but that stuff is nasty so I have never really tried that.. Anybody have any non-toner PCB creation process that is pretty inexpensive? (I am in high school and have a limited budget already...)

Asked by astroboy907 6 years ago  |  last reply 6 years ago

Etching PCB boards

I know that copper is a better conductor than tin or aluminum. But one of my friends a few days ago told me that instead of etching his layout on copper, he used the bottom of an altoids tin. he said all he did was sand the bottom until there was no paint of the altoids can and then he etched his layout. (Chemical bath, toner, etc.) So my question is, Does anyone know how to etch custom layouts (toner layouts) on tin or aluminum? **I figure this could save people some money and time on some projects. :)

Posted by batboy61490 10 years ago  |  last reply 10 years ago

PCB toner transfer? Answered

Hey all- back with another dilemma. Whilst trying to make a PCB for the second time (first failed miserably), Im stuck on toner transfer. I printed my design out from eagle and laid it out, and Ironed it for about 2min on each side (mostly because the first time i tried i did it for about a minute and i only got about half the design on). When it cooled down i took it off and nothing got transferred. I got some residual lines from I think heat stress on the paper, but I was able to take them off. So naturally I tried again- but this time with a different method. I found some t-shirt transfer paper upstairs, and tried that. NEVER doing that again. I ended up having to sand my board down for like 5-7 min trying to get all the gunk off. Any ideas why my printer method doesnt work? Im using the same brand of photo paper as last time (Costco Kirkland brand), but a different printer- a canon instead of a brother. I have access to the brother printer, a hi quality photo printer (1200 dpi I believe), a dell laser printer, and the canon. I think I used the brother printer last time I tried (or possibly the photo printer- also a canon). Could that be the problem? Thanks in advance- Astroboy907 P.S I also have some transparency sheets if anyone has a method to get that to work.

Asked by astroboy907 7 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

Milling PCBs with grbl?

Hi everyone. Ive just finished my little mill, and it works great, its ardunio based running grbl control software. I thought it would be cool to mill PCBs  so I downloaded fritzing, designed a PCB and Im now stuck, as I need something to output an NC Gcode to the mill. Fritzing can output a few different formats, pdf, svg, and grber. I have got Vcarve but it doesn’t like  fritzings pdfs, I can import grber file into grbl, but the scale is wrong and the trace looks like its full of errors. Can anyone recommend a PCB design package that is compatible with grbl?

Asked by liquidhandwash 4 years ago  |  last reply 4 years ago

pcb board desinng

Hi im creating my pcb but i have 2 555 timers and its getting too complicated,all wires are overlaping and its a big mess i would appreciatte if someone can help me with the dising,thanks very much,

Posted by NelsonN2 3 years ago  |  last reply 3 years ago

Prototype PCB Giveaway!

I'm giving away my prototype PCBs that I did not use. Those are fully functional, factory made PCBs. There are prototype version of Aurora 9x18, Aurora 18x18, Aurora 48 and more! Most of them are the same as the final version, or only slightly different, like using a different switch. The qualification is simple – give me/my site a mention and a link on your web site, or if you have made any of my designs, put up a project at instructables (with pictures or/and video). Let me know what you did by either leaving a comment here or email, and I will send you a PCB. (Free shipping within USA only – sorry, international shipping will cost $5.) Please note: Twitter and FaceBook posts are not eligible. Please go to www.theLEDart.com for details!

Posted by ledartist 6 years ago  |  last reply 6 years ago

Schematic and PCB layout

I saw a schematic from http://makelifeeasy.yolasite.com/ this is the schematic design http://members.misty.com/don/linefl.gif and i tried to make a PCB layout and this is what i came up with the design http://img825.imageshack.us/i/circuitz.jpg/ is the layout correct? the blue line will likely be a jumper wire.. thanks in advance for the guidance.. =]

Asked by gameshark888 8 years ago  |  last reply 8 years ago

pcb schema of 8 layers

Hi please help me to find a schema of 8 layers.I have a training on a multilayer circuit board machine tnx

Posted by khedidja elmestari 1 year ago

Help With Eagle PCB Layout

Hello All. I'm trying to etch a board created in Eagle.  2 Questions: When I export the image, the "plastic part" of the pin headers on my board are showing up in the exported image. Is this image really "doable" using a toner transfer method due to the thin clearances and trace widths? Exports of the schematic and board images are attached. Thanks! Cam

Posted by evilknot 9 years ago  |  last reply 9 years ago

Strip board or custom PCB

I'm writing an article that gives detailed instructions on how to build a simple electronic gadget. What I like to know is would you prefer to see the gadget built step by step on strip board or a custom PCB? I would normally just get a custom PCB made and they look neat in photos but if I use strip board people don't have to go to the effort and can get all the bits they need from an electronics store. Just seeing what people think.

Posted by rarebeasts 8 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

Arduino PCB Board Layouts

I thought I might share some the circuit board layouts (Top and bottom) of several Arduino boards that I've created. They could be used to etch your own board or just used to compare sizes. I created them from the eagle files provided from the Arduino website and exported each layer in monochrome with help from this Instructable. Automating Eagle export and preparing it for printing by truhlik_fredy To create your own PCB layout on eagle i found this Instructable was the most helpful Turn your EAGLE schematic into a PCB by westfw Download Eagle for free here The File is available as an Adobe Illustrator file and as a png

Posted by MrSirLRD 3 years ago

Homemade PCB Photoresist Developer?

This site has GREAT 'ibbles for ways of etching and transferring toner to PCBs.  I still use photoresist and would love to know if anyone has a recipe for homemade developer.  I know its mostly Sodium Carbonate, but there's some pH nonsense that needs to be addressed.  Any help would be greatly appreciated!!

Asked by zaphodd42 4 years ago  |  last reply 4 years ago

How to connect a motor to this PCB ??? Answered

Hi ... in this case, I would appreciate your advice when it comes to connect a little bigger motor to this PCB. I know, that the description "bigger motor" wont be sufficient, but that's all what I know :( ... I added a picture of this motor. It's from a RC car ... and as you can see, it has a gear box. I used an adapter to make it run (3V-1A) and the power it gives, is enough for my project. The question/issue I see (with my poor knowledge) ... is to drive this motor from this PCB. This PCB is from a dog bark trainer. It is operated by radio remote control. It was able to make elec. shocks and to vibrate (the small motor). My plan is to operate the gearbox motor CW by pressing the "elec.shock" button on the RC and CCW by pressing the "vibrate" button = (remove the vibra motor, use the connections to drive my motor and do the same, but with opposite wiring by using the elec.shock connections) Questions : 1. do you think, that the microcontroller would survive the AMPs that the motor would consume ??? 2. do you think, that it is the microcontroller that decides, how long is the vibra motor on ??? (it's on for 2 seconds, after pressing the button...my personal opinion is, that yes) Thank you ... in advance :) zholy

Asked by zholy 8 years ago  |  last reply 8 years ago

PCB Trace Width Questions

Hello instructioners, So i am working on a PCB to use my XBOX 360 power supply as a standard 12volt 16 amp without hacking it apart. I've taken the female plug from a dead Xbox and I've recreated the layout in ExpressPCB. my only issue is being that its 16 amps @ 12volts is the trace widths to hold that much power are ridiculously wide we are talking 7mm or there abouts. I used several different online calculators to determine trace width.  My question is..  how small can i get away with for traces and still get 16amps.. is there a way of bridging the front and back side of a 2side PCB to allow for more amperage on smaller traces? i am really at a loss here. since my PCB is set at 38mm by 38mm and the connector size is 27mm long by 23mm wide. with 7mm wide traces i can't connect all the power pins together and all the ground pins together and route them out. Now i realize the 16amps is max draw but i'd like to plan for a max draw situation that way i feel confident enough to not have to check it all the time to make sure its not melting. Below is an image of the current board in Express PCB the labeled Thru-hole are connections i will need to make for this all to work. the other remaining holes are for mounting the female jack securely. The three yellow boxed connections are 12v+ The three greyed boxed connections are gnd ENG is bridged to +5 to make the XBOX PSU provide 12v

Posted by jgosselin 6 years ago  |  last reply 5 years ago

Safe DIY PCB etchant

Hello out there, I was wondering if anyone knew a safe, homemade PCB etchant other than the vinegar and hydrogen peroxide method. That produces copper (II) acetate and I don't have any use for it other than copper plating, and I suck at electroplating anyways. I would like to find a safe, homemade copper etchant that is easily disposed or can be reused for something.  Thanks, Sam.

Asked by DELETED_JesusGeek 4 years ago  |  last reply 4 years ago

Is it possible to etch PCB's with HCL? Answered

I bought one of ladyada's USBtinyisp avr programmers a few days ago, its working great! i program alot in visual basic but i never tried anything quite like the C similar programming of the avr chips. because of that i reprogram my chip ALOT, so i decided to make a target board. i already have the "blank" board and a UV lamp to prepare it. i have sodium hydroxide to develop it. all i need is something to etch off the copper. so i was wondering: can i etch off the copper with 32% hydrochloric acid/muratic acid/HCL?

Asked by solidacid 10 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

PCB Soldering Help Needed!

Hey Instructables, I am going to be starting a project soon and need some help. I have very limited electronics skill and need to learn how to solder a certain connection. I don't have the board yet so I can't get good pictures of the board besides these. It is for a usb midi controller, but that isn't really important because the board is already set up for what I need. http://i52.photobucket.com/albums/g18/potato413/korg6.jpg This is the board I will be working with. My plan is to replace the buttons on here with old school arcade buttons. This means I will need to solder a positive wire and a negative wire to the connection under the rubber button.  http://i52.photobucket.com/albums/g18/potato413/korg7.jpg Theese are what the connections look like on a different part of the board, so I assume this is what the ones I will be using look like. My questions are: How can I tell where to solder the pos and neg wires? How would I go about soldering this? Thanks a ton for any help you can give :)

Posted by potato413 8 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

Where custom PCB sample?

I designed a circuit, need to customize a printed circuit board (PCB) example of fine workmanship. I need only 4 to 6 layers PCB Prototype, cost-effective than http://pcb.hqew.net/? S = 544849 is higher places to recommend? http://pcb.hqew.net/?s=544849 Good friend recommended place, sharing resources. In my circle, PCB manufacturer resources is not much, hope that we share a lot of you like a good PCB manufacturer resources. Thank you very much!

Posted by yanhua 5 years ago  |  last reply 5 years ago

what is meaning of PCB in electronics? Answered

somebody called this wire board

Asked by warengadia 8 years ago  |  last reply 8 years ago

Need help PCB Wizard

Hi all, I need your help, I'm making this project I found here: http://talkingelectronics.com/projects/Simon/SimonP1.html But I need to design the circuit in PCB wizard, Is there anyone that could mimic this picture in PCB Wizard: http://talkingelectronics.com/projects/Simon/images/SimonPCB.gif I would be really grateful! Also could you tell me if the picture above features the regulated 5v power supply or will I need another PCB for that? Thanks all!

Posted by PREDATOR_UK 7 years ago  |  last reply 7 years ago

LED dimmer PCB needed!? Answered

I was looking to make a LED dimmer cct and wanted to know if anyone had a pcb layout for one? The problem I am having is the 555 IC can only power 4 LEDs and i need to power 11 rows of 5. I was woking off this cct Can anyone help, thanks. 

Asked by crazyaxemax 6 years ago  |  last reply 6 years ago

magazines as etching paper for PCB's? Answered

I've read somewhere that you can use magazines for etching PCB's. now, that seems perfect (if it works) becouse of the reuse, its cheap, and it works :D but, 2 questions came to me: first, wouldnt the ink already in the magazines (text, pictures, etc) mess up the toner transfer? and how about the size of the paper? just cut it down to A4/A5 format using one of those big knive cutting tools? (don't know how theyr called in english :P )

Asked by godofal 8 years ago  |  last reply 8 years ago

Symbols Configuration for PCB Libraries

Hi everyone !, I would like to know what kind of symbol configuration most of engineers or pcb designers use or what standards follow to create the symbols.I found some recommendations and i have two examples of symbol configurations , In the "Image #1" i created the symbol placing inputs and pasive pins on left side and outputs on the right side and in the "Image #2" i followed the symbol configuration of the typical application of the datasheet.Which of the two configurations is preferred or recommended to use and why?Thank you.

Asked by Juan DavidD3 4 months ago  |  last reply 3 months ago

Will someone make me 2 PCBs??

I need two circut boards done and i have copper clad and PDFs and i can't get Mine to turn out right. How much would you charge me?

Asked by 16zzundel5 9 years ago  |  last reply 9 years ago

What is the difference between a single and multi layered pcb?

Asked by legend4930 5 years ago  |  last reply 5 years ago

Whats the best Laser Printer to buy to make pcbs ?

Whats the best Laser Printer to buy to make pcbs using the toner transfer method ? alot of people seem to use HP but dont know what model to buy, is there a certain type of toner to use are they all the same please help

Asked by welder030 9 years ago  |  last reply 5 years ago

Whats the best method to tonertransfer a _double_ sided pcb?

I was mad a lot of single sided pcb layouts with the toner transfer method. now i want to make some double sided pcb layouts, but i dunno how i can do it right, so that its 100% same position on every side.

Asked by ninharp 10 years ago  |  last reply 9 years ago

PCB fab lab questions? (and nixie tubes?) Answered

Now that I have a new oscilloscope (rigol DS1054Z), and have learned a LOT about programming and electronics while down at NASA langley for a research program (semi-intern), I feel like I should start working on a real project (other than my quadcopter), and was thinking about making a nixie tube clock. I would like to make it from scratch of my own design as I feel one learned the most about electronics by not using other's designs. However, I do not have the resources or time to bother trying to etch my own PCB. I attempted that before and was not able to get usable results. What kind of costs am I looking at if I locate a relatively local company for the job? I hate calling people and companies, but I suppose that is still the most practical way to figure out what I need to do and place an order, I don't know. Economies of scale is a great thing, makes things in bulk production cheap! However, would the costs of ordering one or 2 PCBs be non-economical and/or non-practical? Should I consider many smaller projects and stuff to be created on a breakout board? I hate messy, sloppy protoboard, it is just nasty, though easy for non-high-density boards. however, I would love to hear the opinions of others for these things. When dealing with nixie tubes, are sockets for the 1N-14 avalible? A lot of the new old stocks seem to have very thin and long legs, almost as if they are meant for through hole soldering directly onto a PCB like capacitors and resistors. I would prefer a socketed tube to make replacing them quicker and easier. 

Asked by -max- 3 years ago  |  last reply 3 years ago