The outside icon

I think the outside icon should be refined a little. All of the other icons look great but the poor bike is a little strange!

Posted by scraptopower 6 years ago


This deserves more views

This project deserves more views.hailtothkngbby has taken a cardboard idea of mine and rendered it in shiny, durable aluminium, as well as adding a couple of refinements.Go, see.

Posted by Kiteman 9 years ago


Am I able to refine a search using filters?

Hello,  I would like to find a way to focus my searching requests.  For example, I entered the term 'farm' in the let's make field.  My intention is to find instructables in relationship to real life farms.  What I end up hitting is mostly how to work farms in minecraft.  So I attempted to use the google like filter of "farm -minecraft" but that seems to focus on minecraft projects rather than skip them.  Does the search engine posses a way to help me get to the projects that I am most interested in reading about and not having to flip screen after screen of minecraft farms?Thanks.

Posted by gesamek 1 year ago


Any ideas for my manga?

Hi, I am going to write a manga hopefully soon, but I don't have any ideas.  how I'm going to do it is I will make a rough draft with the ideas from all you guys, then, I'll go through the process of refining the story until I have the final copy.  Then, I will start to draw the story.  Please comment.

Posted by nancyjohns 4 years ago


More refinement on the commenting system

Would it be possible to have a set of 'tags' that can be assigned to comments on Instructables so that things that are just trying to stir up trouble or are otherwise just attaching to the top comment to get theirs seen noticed? Right now, all you have is "Flag" which is not what I want. I want people to be able to say whatever they want, but I want a way to be able to categorize a comment better... You could tag a comment 'Troll' if all they are trying to do is get people angry. Or 'dangerous' if the comment has obvious dangerous things to it. The point is to get the comments to have a more user-moderated feel to them, rather than what they are now which is anybody can say anything and it's going to be there forever unless it's a really blatant disregard for the rules. Slashdot has a very wonderful system where they let you actually ignore comments from certain people who are clearly trolls and never bring anything useful to the conversation. They also allow you to moderate comments with basic things like, "Insightful" or "Funny" with points that you get semi-regularly by commenting and having your comments moderated positively. Maybe we could have a system like that in place? There are a few people on this site which I never would want to hear from again, due to the very nature of every single comment they have ever said has been--in my eyes--useless and just completely not worth my time to even see. I would also like people who I find as friends to have a different color frame so that I know those are the ones I should read first.

Posted by Spokehedz 7 years ago


Instructable on electroplated circuit boards?

I managed to plate a copper trace onto piece of acryllic today, to test out a process for easily and cheaply making (and possibly editing/repairing) custom PCBs. The adhesion appears to be good for surface preparation used so far, and a nice thick track has formed. So, would it be worth uploading an instructable once the process has been refined a little (or enough to make simple boards properly)? Any questions, feedback or comments would be appreciated.

Posted by The Skinnerz 6 years ago


Spring Loaded Arm Blade without Drawer Slide

Can anyone help me with instructions on how to do a spring loaded hidden arm blade without using a drawer slide? Looking for something a bit more refined. Also, I am looking not for it to use as is, but to spring out the blade and then be able to grasp it with hand and remove it to use. So I guess, more of a spring loaded holder for a knife, because really, trying to use an arm blade like this to do any real damage in an actual fight, would be difficult. Thanks

Posted by jscott14 5 years ago


Instructables Halloween Build Night - 10/15

Greetings ghouls and goblins! We are proud to announce another upcoming Instructables Build Night at the reMake Lounge this Thursday at 6:30 PM. This build night is themed around perfecting your Halloween costume, so bring what it is you are planning on wearing! If you don't have an idea yet, come and be inspired. There will be supplies and tools on hand to help you refine your awesome costume. Meet, mingle, share and learn. The reMake Lounge is located @The Crocker Galleria50 Post St. Suite 9San Francisco, CA(ground level near the Sutter entrance)

Posted by randofo 8 years ago


Electronic water level gauge for well

I have a 32m deep, 95cm diameter well, that is covered with two heavy concrete covers. The water depth is about 20m down from the surface. I cannot easily access the well to sound the depth or visually check the water level. I would like to build an electronic water level gauge that will tell me the amount of water in the well. I can then regulate watering accordingly. It was suggested to me that I use a washing machine pressure transducer but I have no idea of the circuit required. A refined solution would send data to my PC !!!! I have 240v AC supply to the well pump. Any ideas? Steve

Posted by SteveG31530 9 years ago


Copperplating with non-pure-copper?

Hi! I plan on some experiments with a modified method i saw here for PCB-plating with copper to make the holes conductive. Now the question: What if my metal is not 100% pure but has some impurities in it? Does it still only "transfer" the copper and leaves the impurities as slag behind? I think it should be this way, since a similar approach gets used in refining metals to a very high purity; but i am unsure... Lets say i do: Follow the basic recipe (with smaller ammounts!) @ http://www.thinktink.com/stack/volumes/voliii/consumbl/cplatmix.htm and use copper sulfide. I think the trick now is that only copper-ions get disolved in the copper sulfide and nothing else. Those ions become plated to the other pole and thus i get purest copper plated to it?

Posted by Orngrimm 5 years ago


Does Chromesteel disolve during copper-electrlysis with Coppersulfate?

Hi I want to refine some copper and change it to copper-dust-particles by means of copper-electrolsis in a bath of disolved coppersulfate. Since my copper is in smaller bits id like to have some sort of etallic basket to hold the scraps. I think i would like to go with a chromesteel-mesh i connect to the power. The mesh/basket contains my scrap-copper and the anode-sludge can pass thru the basket... The basket (anode) and the copper-cathode are connected to the powersupply. Now my question: I think the chromesteel shouldnt get disolved as long as i dont crank up the voltage too high or let it run without sacrificial copper at the cathode. If i would do that, it would start to split the water used in the solution and produce H and O. Bad. Also would slowly eat away the metals too. Bad^2 But as long as i have copper to be disolved at the cathode, it shouldnt do anything to my chrome-steel-basket, right? Thanks for inputs from someone who knows it better than i do :)

Posted by Orngrimm 4 years ago


Soldering Survey

Hi there. We’re Solder Otter, a team of recent engineering graduates from the University of Waterloo in Canada that is redesigning the soldering iron so soldering electronics can be safer and simpler. You may have seen the survey we posted back in 2013 when we first started working on Solder Otter. Since then, we’ve built prototypes, won pitch competitions, and learned so much about makers and soldering. We’ve received a lot of positive feedback, so we’re pushing forward with the project beyond graduation. We have another survey. It’s similar to our last survey, but this one is designed to help us refine our prototype into the best soldering iron for you. We’re reaching out to makers and hobbyists across several forums because we want to learn about your soldering experiences, preferences, and needs. We're also considering designing with children in mind, so if you have any input in that regard, we'd love to hear that too. If you can spare 10 minutes to fill out our survey (link below), we would really appreciate your input. Thank you! If you have any questions or comments feel free to reply to this post or send us an email at info@solderotter.com. Link to survey: http://goo.gl/forms/Uep9Qd0GiM

Posted by solderotter 2 years ago


Back-room inventors' contest.

From the Popular Science website: World-changing devices don't need to come from big labs funded with big money. Sometimes radical technological innovations roll, whir, or fly out of basements and garages. Do you know you've invented something that's poised to disrupt a market, or have you toiled building prototype after prototype in your home workshop to prove your idea works? Whether you're a professional engineer working on a self-funded side project, a hobbyist who has launched a successful crowdfunding campaign to refine your gadget, or an obsessive teenager who's built a sellable product in your bedroom, please tell us about it! Enter the seventh annual Popular Science Invention Awards. We’re looking for game-changing products developed by passionate, independent inventors -- not academic or corporate R&D; labs. Popular Science editors will pick 10 entries that best represent the spirit of homegrown ingenuity and solve real-world problems in a practical, innovative way. Then, in our May 2013 issue, seven million readers will get the first look at the winners. This is right up your street, Instructablers, because you have to make a thing, that you can show working, and you are not allowed to enter if you have a commercial or university research department backing you up. Link for more details.

Posted by Kiteman 5 years ago


Astronomer's Assistant

My next submission for the Create Scholarship is an outdoor one. And a night. I'm an astronomy student by education and I have had the opportunity to teach both students and the general public. One of the most frustrating aspects of showing folks where particular objects or constellations are located. Just pointing at it doesn't cut it. Unless you get real intimate in their personal space, they have no idea what you are pointing at. Informing them that, "Betelgeuse is the reddish-orange star right there" quickly results in, "they have colors?" I've used a green laser at star parties in the past with much satisfaction however, a shivering hand or a need for both hands for demonstration quickly makes it a hinderance. I would like to build a robot that continuously points at a selected object in the sky and follows it through the sky. The software would convert right ascension and declination and factor in date and time to provide the robot with the proper azimuth (compass direction) and altitude (angle above horizon) to aim with. The Roomba is great at rotating, so I would refine it and add a stepper motor with encoders for the laser arm. It would also have a tilt sensor to compensate for uneven ground. A red-lcd (for happy dilated pupils) display of all the pertinent information as well as object name would also be displayed. The hardware requirements are minimal as the database for popular objects would fit on most any memory stick. A remote control (wireless PDA or the like) for easy navigation and manual override would be also be included. I think most any amateur astronomer or educator would find such a robotic assistant indispensable. I for one can't wait to build it!

Posted by SolamenteDoug 11 years ago


Feedback Can someone test my Instructable "software for solar reflector design"?

I have an instructable about designing better reflectors for solar cookers. (Better than parabolic dishes). Basically you can design your own dish, and compare it to the parabolic dish and other shapes with the software. On step 1 there is a zipped folder for download. It contains an art of illusion scenefile. Art of illusion is the modeling and animation software I used. It is easier to learn than its competitors and it is free. The folder also contains a html file for almost automatic tabulating of your results and comparison with other reflector shapes. I have "starter" jpg images for when you create series of 10 images for comparison. I hope to put in a help html file too but thats all for now. To test it, you do need to download art of illusion too. I know this type of project can be a bit of a pain but with feedback, I can refine it. And where else do you have free tools to test solar reflectors? https://www.instructables.com/id/Use_software_to_design_a_better_solar_cooker/I hope that this will grow. A guy in Finland has already done a rudimentary "sun engine" that will do the shadows from a day as an extension to this project! That could be used to design passive solar houses and to site vegetable and fruit gardens in the best spots. (Depending on the seasons and day length, shadow patterns from trees and houses are very different). This is not something you can imagine just from surveying a site! Anyway, hopefully I will get some input.The instructable has grown and changed a lot as I have improved the scenefile. There are certainly parts that need trimming now. Hopefully I get round to it in the next couple of days. Brian

Posted by gaiatechnician 9 years ago


"Compound" parabolic solar cooker. Suggest a way forward!

I have a new instructable (Late December) about making your own templates with technical drawing tools. You can basically make the compound parabolic dish to catch 1,2,3 or 4 hours worth of sunlight. I have made a 3 hour dish and it worked great as a solar cooker. I have not however solved the math for exactly how the light reflects to the cooking pot. It is pretty good but not yet optimized. Would anyone like to join in? I can either make the instructable a collaboration or you can post your refinements on appropedia on their wiki.I do not want this project to lie stillborn like the pulser pump did for 20 years but how to engage people? Thats the real problem. Thank you Brian White 21st dec 2008 and it has worked really well. I would like others to try it so I made a template. I chalklined across the dome at 15 degrees intervals, Put clear plastic over it, marked the lines on the plastic and cut the plastic. Basically all you have to do is cut a piece of ply to be like the template, use it to cut out 12 mylar segments and then tape them together. (I do not know how you will hold this umbrella open, thats up to you!)My dimension lines were vertical on the paper, it just looks angled from the picture. Figures (all in inches) are 0.5,15.5,17,31,7,12,2.5 and 3/4 just in case you cannot read them. Its a funny looking template but I think it is good enough of an approximation for this. I devided the 2 long curves into straight lines.Should be fine. I also have a pdf file containing results, etc as the second image file. Just click on it and it should open. (solar for group.pdf) Brian Brian

Posted by gaiatechnician 9 years ago


PLANS Dragon Tiger Chu Ko Nu Repeating Crossbow

This is a set of complete plans for a Dragon or Tiger "Chu ko nu." To be purchased on Etsy as a downloadable set of files: https://www.etsy.com/listing/272230762/dragon-or-tiger-chu-ko-nu-plans?ga_order=most_relevant&ga;_search_type=all&ga;_view_type=gallery&ga;_search_query=repeating crossbow&ref;=sr_gallery_1    It is an ancient Chinese mechanical repeating crossbow. The plans include the printable dragon and tiger patterns that you glue on to your wood pieces, then cut out and wood-burn the beautiful pattern. Then you can paint or stain it how you want to. It is a crossbow and a sculpture, like a display woodworking item that is also fun to shoot! Assembly instructions here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SCGHTDqgWHU I have been fascinated by this type of crossbow since my early teen years and have been building and experimenting with them for more than 10 years. This set of plans displays my most current and refined iteration. It is very fun to make this and see your own fine work come together, then see and feel the mechanism function smoothly. Very satisfying. To build this you will need some small hardwood boards as will be listed on the cover page of the plans (this wood is available at hardware stores ex: Lowes). You will also need white glue, two wood screws, and one small nail. The plans are delivered to you as a digital download in a zip file with all the pages in it. Tools needed include: Saw (prefer a band saw with scrolling blade, but a thin bladed hand saw can work), Sand paper, Round wood file, Clamps for gluing, Drill with selection of bits, Wood burning tool.

Posted by Jaycub 2 years ago


SMRI

Yay, taking forever to do stuff! Haven't really accomplished anything big since the summer. Believe me, I keep fiddling around with my K'nex every now and then but things just don't quite work out and then I'll lose patience. Anyway, my current project is based on something I originally made just for fun as a refinement to a previous weapon I made just for fun. It was made to look realistic but otherwise was completely nonfunctional. I'm naming it the SMRI mostly just to be pronounced "samurai" but I'll figure out an acronym for it. Some of the features were a removable front sight, top and side rails designed for real/airsoft rail accessories and a bottom rail for K'nex accessories, and then a fake charging handle that locked back when the magazine is out of the weapon. It would then be triggered when inserting a fresh mag. The idea is that if it were a real weapon, I'd like a feature where on the last shot, the bolt is not only held open, but it automatically closes when a fresh magazine is in place. The overall style of the weapon probably resembles some real weapons, though unintentionally. My goal was to avoid the AK and AR-15 platform styles. So I designed the gun completely convinced I'd never make it shoot because it was too aesthetic-based. My main problem was designing the front of the gun to be open enough to allow a bullet to fly through it. Well, I modified the front sight set up just a bit to give enough space for a bullet to comfortably fly through. Overall I want to keep the design of the gun very similar, though I'll have to improve the stock, figure out the best way to incorporate a firing mechanism, and probably add a magazine lock. I was very pleased with the look of it, so I'm really hoping I can make this one shoot. I'll keep you posted. Of course classes, work, and social situations keep me occupied so I don't know how long it might take me.

Posted by TheDunkis 4 years ago


Gearbox Sharpener for knex

NOTE THIS IS A MODIFIED VERSION OF THE ONE I MADE LOOKING AT THE VIDEO ON YOUTUBE! IT WAS INTENDED AS A GEAR BOX BUT I ALSO TURNED IT INTO A SHARPENER AND A CHAIN SAW!!! It is hand cranked so... yeahThis is a knex sharpener tool that uses gear ratios to spin the rod at high speeds faster then a large yellow gear to small blue or grey gear ratio which is a 1/5 rotation ratio, for this gearbox though you achieve a magnificent 1/32 rotation ratio. One spin of the cog or yellow gear or starting gear whatever = end rotationWhen spinning at high speeds use a knife or sand paper to refine the sharpness of your rod to a dangerous needle if needed, or you just want to clean up a bad cut job from a pencil sharpener or knife cutter? This gearbox will smoothen out our refine your knex rod... NOTE THIS CAN SHARPEN THE ROD SO SHARP THAT IT IS DEADLY... NEVER EVER FIRE THIS ROD EVER TRUST ME NEVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER EVER SHOOT THE SHARPENED ROD AT YOURSELF OR SOMEONE OR ON AN UNRELIABLE KNEX GUN OR A STUPID KNEX GUN ETC THIS THING CAN MAKE YOUR RODS DEADLY TRUST ME IT HAPPENED TO ME BEFORE!!Anyway enjoy!

Posted by mrbox 9 years ago


Ingenuity Needed: Cutting records with quality.

It's lengthy, sorry, but it's worth it! Let me preference this with, I know this topic has surfaced before. Most of the forums and pages are filled with broken links to information, sold out products, and are all around rather worthless to return to. I'm posting this in hopes it stays a useful reference point. For  a few years now, I have been looking at cutting disks playable on a record player. I found an 'ible a while ago (the original one I bookmarked has been removed) that showed how to make an needle assembly. It demonstrated making a record engraver by putting a staple through the center of a speaker. This tool kind-of worked, but had some quality issues, as well as speed. When you push to engrave the audio, you slow the table. Less pressure, less quality, more quality, less speed. The other issue I ran in to was keeping the groove tight enough to hold more than 20 seconds. I'd like to construct a device that will cut CDs in to records with a good bit of accuracy, and give a second life to mis-burned disks (as well as some ancient unsupported linux disks...driver disks...early Windows builds...AOL disks...you get the idea) Putting the proper spindle on a properly geared motor should resolve the speed issue on cutting. Having the cutting arm on a servo should resolve the length issue, my only quandary is quality. ~~~~~ So, the point of this post, and the thing I'd like to have some input on is, How do I construct a cutting needle, that will offer some quality. I should refine that a little more - something that is going to transfer bass well. ~~~~~ I was not eager to puncture a speaker, so I modified the original plans. I placed the staple in a layer of plastic, and glued this to the speaker. The plastic gathered more of the vibration, and funneled it to the cutting head more accurately. This did work relatively well, but I feel with a few extra minds, this process can be made better. If this project ever sees the light of day, I'll make an 'ible, and cite any assistance. -Spence

Posted by mr monoply33 5 years ago


Sitar bridge mod (for floating-tailpiece guitars) idea

The characteristic sound of a sitar is created by a bridge that gently rolls away from the strings; this creates a buzzing timbre which quickly depletes higher overtones in the string's vibration (I could draw some diagrams if anyone's interested). This type of bridge is something I'd like to make as a removable modification for a guitar. My guitar has a "floating tailpiece" as I believe it's called, in which the strings pass beyond the bridge to the tailpiece. The segment of the strings below the bridge have no part in tone generation, and so could have an object attached to them (a piece of wood wedged between the strings, perhaps) without affecting the guitar's tone. If some object (the "clamp") were attached to the strings immediately below the bridge, another object (the "sitar bridge") could be affixed to it some minuscule distance from the vibrating portion of the strings. The sitar bridge would not make contact with the strings at rest, and so would not be a node of vibration (and not affect the strings' pitch), but when the strings are played, their vibrations would make them rattle against the sitar bridge - much like the bridge of an actual sitar. So how about it? I think it'd be an interesting and relatively simple mod that could be made to be removable and not destructive at all to the actual guitar. I unfortunately have no idea how to refine the concept any further than what's written, so I leave it up to any willing DIY-ers. It all makes sense in my head, but I may have accidentally left out some important particulars of this kind of mod, so please ask any questions you have. Because this mod relies on the strings below the bridge in a floating tailpiece guitar, I don't think it would work on most solid-bodied guitars, but if anyone can come up with a similar mod for the more common bridge type, be my guest. Also remember that the "clamp" below the bridge cannot rely on the tensile strength of the strings, as not only are they not terribly strong, their tension needs to remain intact so that the guitar can be played in tune.

Posted by Impasse 8 years ago


A New, Global Oil Quandary: Costly Fuel Means Costly Calories - Peak cooking oil?

The interconnectedness of the world can sometime be striking. I noticed yesterday that Safeway, a west coast grocery store chain, has converted it trucks to biodiesel. Due to increased fuel-demand for things that were previously only considered foodstuffs, the cooking oils carried by the biodiesel-fueled trucks were probably significantly more expensive. In Malaysia, this has even idled some plants design to refine oils into biodiesel:Here on Malaysia's eastern shore, a series of 45-foot-high green and gray storage tanks connect to a labyrinth of yellow and silver pipes. The gleaming new refinery has the capacity to turn 116,000 tons a year of palm oil into 110,000 tons of a fuel called biodiesel, as well as valuable byproducts like glycerin. Mission Biofuels, an Australian company, finished the refinery last month and is working on an even larger factory next door at the base of a jungle hillside.But prices have spiked so much that the company cannot cover all its costs and has idled the finished refinery while looking for a new strategy, such as asking a biodiesel buyer to pay a price linked to palm oil costs, and someday switching from palm oil to jatropha, a roadside weed.from the NYT article A New, Global Oil Quandary: Costly Fuel Means Costly CaloriesAnd there's more: as more and more baked goods eliminate trans-fats, those fats are often replaced with palm oil, so the pastries carried by the biodiesel-fueled trucks are themselves consuming more edible oil. While this will increase the price to make and ship a snack cake in the US, it has much greater effect elsewhere. Since people in the developing world get such a large percentage of their calories from cooking oil, increased prices have caused riots:No category of food prices has risen as quickly this winter as so-called edible oils -- with sometimes tragic results. When a Carrefour store in Chongqing, China, announced a limited-time cooking oil promotion in November, a stampede of would-be buyers left 3 people dead and 31 injured.

Posted by ewilhelm 10 years ago


Kala Art Institute Residency Program and Classes

Kala Art Institute is a great resource for artists offering residency programs and workshops. RESIDENCY PROGRAMS Artists in need of space and equipment for work in printmaking, photography, or digital media are encouraged to apply to Kala's residency program in one of two ways. The Artist-in-Residence Program provides accepted artists with 24-hour access to Kala’s Print Studio and Electronic Media Center. Established in 1974, Kala’s Artist-in-Residence program is geared towards providing short- and long-term communal studio space at low monthly rates to both emerging and established artists. The program has steadily grown to reach its current annual population of approximately seventy-five artists from the Bay Area and beyond. The Fellowship Award, an international competition, annually grants nine artists a cash award, unlimited access to Kala’s facilities for up to six months, and a culminating show in the Kala Gallery, through a highly competitive jurying process. The Fellowship Award is geared towards supporting artists in completing specific projects or bodies of work that would benefit from Kala's specialized equipment. Many Fellowship winners transition to the Artist-in-Residence program at the conclusion of their Fellowship period in order to continue their work at Kala. CLASSES Kala offers some of the best printmaking and digital media classes in the Bay Area. Located in Berkeley, every year Kala offers the community close to one hundred classes in a wide range of techniques, utilizing the exceptional equipment available in our printmaking studio and electronic media center. The small, hands-on classes foster creative exchange with instructors and fellow students, and all of our instructors are exhibiting artists. We offer numerous classes combining digital and traditional printmaking in different ways. Choose a class that explores a new interest, or refines previous experience. Both beginners and advanced professional artists will find classes at appropriate skill levels, with detailed class descriptions, in Kala’s annual course catalog and on our website. The website has the most up-to-date class information. Private classes and tutoring sessions in many subjects are also available. Below is a link to our 2012 class calender: http://www.kala.org/class/class.html Carrie Hott Program Coordinator, Classes & Artist Residencies carrie@kala.org tel: 510-549-2977 ext. 303

Posted by carriekala 6 years ago


The animatronic project Is finished

Here my instructableMy Animatronic Mod ProjectIn 2003 I made a casemod MONSTERMOD ( picture 1), Just a creature sculpture tearing out of a PC case.And It Didnt Move . So , I want the next MONSTERMOD to MOVE.Maybe to tell me that I have email.... Picture people's PCs having Heads .There favorite movie star or rock star maybe a animal. Maybe like Hal from 2001Space Odyssey .But, My animatronic Mod Has no A.I. But maybe one day. Im programmingthe 16 servo movements into the PC and press the play to play the movements a lipsync routine.Well, For Over 2 years now I have been working My Animatronic Mod.My Animatronic Mod is a floating creature head over a desktop case.( picture 2 IMG_1383.jpg)It controlled my a 2 Mini SSC II (http://www.seetron.com) this allow the computer to control 16 RC servos.16 RC servos = 16 Movements .I made the teeth out of dental acrylic, The samething denture are made of.Teeth and fangs are made 1st in tooth color dental acrylic and shaped.Then are placed in dental wax .,the mold is a silicone putty is place on the teeth allow to setup overnight.To demold the wax is melted away with boiling water leaving the teeth in the silicone putty sockets.This is called the lost wax process.( picture 3,4,)After I made the eyes out of dental acrylic ,Which is a molded ping pong ball is 40 mm .In half 20 mm sandwhich in between the 2 halves is a metal small metal ball 10mm give me a ball joint and socket.The iris is a painted metal washer. The veins are silk yarn And is cover with clear dental acrylic .The white of the eyes was changed to black color ,To give more of a alien look. ( picture 6,7)I molding the finished eyes alginate and casting them in ultracal 30, ( picture 8) Ultracal 30 is the hardest plaster made.And place them in the sculpture.This will be for Proper registration for the eyes in the skull.( picture 9 )I had to sculpt face in Roma Plastilina Clay ( picture 10)and mold it in silicone( picture 11a,11b, 11 ) This molding process called a matrix mold . A layer of water clay cover theentire clay sculpture and Ultracal 30 is place on top of the water clay .After setup ,Its demolded and water clay removed .This water clay has made a space for the silicone.Matrix molda thin layer of water clay is place ( picture 12 ) and made the core A .This gave me the thickest for the skin .Molded core A in silicone and a thin layer of water clay is place in this mold also this made core B.And this gave the thickest of the Skull. Now I have 2 molds.( picture 13,14 )Mold 1 is the Skin moldMold 2 is the skull moldI casted foam rubber in mold 1 ( picture 15,)http://www.monstermakers.com/foam.htmlTo make the foam rubber skin337 gms. base67 grams foaming agent33 grams curing agent15 flow enhancer24 grams gelling agent4 grams ammoniaThe room temp73 degrees 40%Using a Sunbeam MixMaster Mixer1. Speed #1 - 1 minute (to blend all components)2. Speed #10 - 3 minutes : blend all3. Speed #3 - 4 minutes : refine4. Speed #1 - 30 seconds :refine5. Speed #1 - 30 seconds : ADD GELLING AGENT ( picture 16 )6. Speed #1 - 30 seconds : Backturn the bowlFoam rubber can be tricky.Mold 1 was place in a Hot box oven for 11 hours at 125 degrees .= A very soft and flexable skin ( picture 15,16 )Hot box oven 3'x 3'x 3 " plywood box with foil insulation with a single burner. This must be watched.( picture 17,18,19)I casted urethane Plastic from smoothon.com in mold 2.This gave me the Skull,The skull was trimed and dental acrylic teeth and eyes were place inside the skull .The mechanics were place using R/C servos.The skin was painted with PAX ( is a flexible paint). The skin was glue on rubber cement to the skull .And the hair was glued rubber cement also and placed.Hair is from National Fiber Technology ,Hair 1 was Blended Black and Brown modacrylic with White and Brown Mohair and Natural Goat hair.And hair 2 Black with gray texturized modacrylic with Yak and Horse hair.The PCMy motherboard (MSI KT6) and AMD 2500xp video card (MSI 6600)The case is LIAN LI PC-V800B .To make the lip sync move ,I used VSA , Visual Show Automation , http://www.brookshiresoftware.comThis aloud me to make a lip sync animation routine. Synchronize with graphical audio MP3 file.Not only that My Animatronic Mod looks Wicked ,It Talks Back.(Picture 1st floor) ( Picture 2nd floor)I designed the animatronic so I could repair it if needed, And the support pipe is like a swing arm so I can work on the PC too. By removing the back of the skull. Inside there are 2 floors the bottom floor has 6 servos :1 Head Up + Down2 Eyes Up + Down and left + right2 Eyelids1 Jaw2nd floor 7 servos3 right,left and center Brows1 Nose3 upper lip wireAnd also 2 servos are in the Jaw for lower lip wireand 1 left + right servo gimbal= 16 servosWhen uncovered ,Here is 32 feet of servo cable.(picture32 feet )The only thing connecting to the PC and the Animatronic is a modular cable (Lookslike a phone cable). Which is plug into a modular adapter that plug into the PC's serial port . The end of the modular cable plug in Mini SSCII Serial Servo Controller.you would be surprise how many people are into making monsters. Ive beenmaking monsters , masks and makeup fx for 30 years now.I put my 2 hobbies that Ienjoy together.Computers and making monsters.Im a dental lab tech. for 20 years now .I make dentures for a living.Thank You so muchGary WillettTo see Video Demos http://www.youtube.com/willettfxhttp://www.servocity.com..................For Servoshttp://www.nftech.com/ ...................For Hairhttp://www.smooth-on.com/ ............ Silicone,Urethane PlasticbooksTechniques of Three-Dimensional Makeup by Lee Baygan Special Make-Up Effects (Paperback)by Vincent Kehoe Men, Makeup & Monsters: Hollywood's Masters of Illusion and FX (Paperback)by Anthony TimponeStop-Motion Puppet Sculpting: A Manual of Foam Injection, Build-Up and Finishing Techniques (Paperback)by Tom Brierton Stop-Motion Armature Machining: A Construction Manual (Paperback)by Tom Brierton MagazineCinefex

Posted by willettfx 10 years ago


Submit your instructables for a sustainability guide!

Hello community! I haven't posted any instructables in a long time because I've been in college, studying for a sustainable manufacturing degree. After being frustrated at my lack of tools and workspace, I realized that I could just use other people's work! Bear with me here. I'm not stealing your projects or ideas, far from it. I am looking for a few instructables that I can analyze and review based upon their sustainability. I will compare and contrast several projects, relate all this to sustainable manufacturing principles, suggest changes to design or process, and then finally write it all up and publish it as an Instructable for the community to enjoy and learn from.  All projects and photos will be fully credited to their original creator.  I don't have an exact time frame of how long this will take, but I estimate that with in depth research and ample procrastination I can get the guide done in two months at the absolute maximum.  I'm also not sure how many projects I will need for the guide, but I'd like to set it at no more than 5.  So, if you are interested in having your project analyzed and expanded upon for the benefit of the community, comment here. Here's a few guidelines for what I'm looking for.  PICTURES. If I don't know what the hell your project looks like I can't do anything with it. Also, you must be okay with me copy pasting them into the guide and editing/marking them.  WRITTEN DETAILS: Again, if I don't know what you did to produce the project, I can't really give any complete feedback on it. The more in depth and well written the better! I might very well quote you directly in the text. DURABLE GOODS: Because I'm a manufacturer, I deal with things that are built, in one way or another. I'm sure your recipe is delicious or your computer code can power a spaceship, but I can't really practically analyze it if it's been gobbled up or is buried in some program files. I don't speak code. AT LEAST 6 MONTHS OLD: one of the parts of sustainable practice is to make something that lasts. Therefore I would like to use projects that were made a while ago so that I can ask you how the object is holding up and if it needs to be repaired, how it has been used, any changes you would make, etc. IT DOESN'T HAVE TO BE GREEN AND HEALTHY: It wouldn't be much of a compare and contrast guide format if everything produced clean energy and rainbows. I need a spread from environmentally friendly projects to things that belch black smoke and get gallons to the mile.  YOU CAN TAKE CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM: I'm analyzing this from a professional standpoint, not a personal one. If your object has killed a couple of owls in the forest, that obviously isn't very sustainable, and I will mention it as a negative thing. If you can't take this kind of critique, then you won't like this guide very much.  YOU ARE WILLING TO COMMUNICATE: I'll be asking you some questions about your project, if you never answer your Instructables messages or reply in one word answers or 133t5p34k I can't get any useful info for you.  if I use your project you get a patch from me, and further exposure for your project on the site, as well as a lot of good information for a re-design or refinement of your original idea

Posted by ilpug 3 years ago


"Re-inventing The Wheel"

Say hello to Mr.T.  He is old, simple, and there is really nothing special about him.  However, Mr.T is a sneaky little feller.  He likes putting on clever disguises like iron sights and stocks and even removable magazines to make people think that he is special.  But he isn't.  He's been around for years now, and for some reason, can't accept that his time is done.  As a community, we are going to get rid of Mr.T. I hope you found that funny, but more importantly, I hope that you took it seriously.  No, I am not talking about the guy who played Clubber Lang in the third rocky.  I am talking about the K'nex gun that has been built and posted thousands of times, and makes the rest of the Instructables community hate K'nex gun builders.  At this point, pretty much any search done on this site will result in at least one K'nex gun.  What is worse?  They are all the same.  The "T" format is the most simple, most redundant approach to building a K'nex aside from the now heavily discriminated block trigger guns.  They involve three things: 1.  A vertical magazine 2.  A firing ram 3.  A trigger Any gun that requires only these three components to operate is, in my opinion, pointless.  Despite cosmetic features such as stocks and iron sights, all "T" format guns are exactly the same.  Yes, they do work, and some of them even work very well, but at this point, improvement will only occur with change, not with repetition.    Compared to a few years ago, this K'nex community is dwindling on the edge of a cliff.  Many people have lost interest because nothing new was being made, so they just quit.  I do not support this decision, but I cannot blame them either.  Like many of the other "veterans" on this site, I have been on and off, but have never officially quit.  Sometimes one just needs to think.   Hopefully by now, I have made it clear: not another Mr.T should be posted ever again.  They are great guns for those learning the ropes.  That is about it.  There are so many other options out there.  Horizontal magazines, pump systems, lever systems, bolt systems, and so many more.  Make up your own system!  Combine different systems!  There are millions, maybe billions of different ways to put a thousand K'nex together, so why limit yourself.  You are all builders, which means that you see things in your head before you make it.  But sometimes these ideas come to us in inopportune times, so what do you do?  Write it down.  Even if your drawing skills are as pathetic as mine, just scribble it out so you can make sense of it, and then refine it later with a ruler.  Then get to work on it. So, here are the steps you can take to advance this community: 1.  Stop posting Mr.T!!!  He can be a good teacher, but that is about all. 2.  Be different!  My goal when I entered this community was to make guns that nobody has ever made.  No two of my guns are similar, nor are my guns like any others out there.  You have millions of options.  Make use of them! 3.  If you have an idea, write it down!  Even if it seems absurd, I guarantee that it, even if it only be small parts of it, will improve your building skill. I really hope this has made you want to make something different. Not much more I can say.  Just go do it. Oblivitus and TheDunkis have started building a database of different gun elements and different ways of approaching them.  Check it out and feel free to contribute!   http://knexbuilding.wikispaces.com/ 

Posted by Kinetic 6 years ago


Contests Are Rewarding Unoriginality, Threatening Creativity

It is truly a shame that judgments in our contests have again been made which serve to promote rehash and discourage creativity. After having watched the Make It Fly! contest make this mistake last month, I could only shake my head as the DIY Summer Camp Challenge also fumbled the ball and awarded a prize to an unoriginal post. Once again, unoriginal projects have landed in the winners' circle while new creations have been left to flounder. On a site that prides itself on people doing things for themselves, this is cause for alarm. Posting someone else's creations under your own name is not doing it yourself. It's high time that that be acknowledged and it be discouraged. Rewarding unoriginal projects is not an avenue to promoting new ideas, developments or breakthroughs. On the contrary, this approach provides an incentive and a compelling case to not pursue new ideas.  Instructables' successes are based on its being a center for new ideas, not old hat. Nevertheless, we are teetering dangerously toward that point with moves like this. Rehashes' qualifications are questionable The statements made in the commentary for the contests--the language of the competitions themselves--speak a resounding "no" against unoriginal content. In the header for the DIY Summer Camp Challenge, it is asked: "What interesting things can you do or make to keep the kids entertained this summer? [...] Share your games, activities, craft projects, and more." In the header for the Make It Fly Contest 2016, the opportunity is given for: "Three, two, one… ignition and lift off! The Make It Fly Contest has taken off and that gives you the perfect excuse to let your creativity take to the skies." There is nothing indistinct about the terms. They clearly outline the project is to be your own, not someone else's. If you are reposting another person's creation, you are upholding neither the contests' specifications nor spirit. In the standard contest terms for each contest, the judgment criteria is given: "Judging. All entries that are in compliance with all terms and conditions of these Rules will be judged on the basis of the following criteria (the "Criteria"): clarity, ingenuity, creativity, quality of presentation, and execution of the Instructable." Rehashed projects which contain contents from others' makings are neither ingenious nor creative. As a result, they ought to receive the minimum score in the sections of ingenuity and creativity if they are not barred from the competitions outright. What this means for makers now: Speaking in reference to how I had handled the contests myself, I spent several weeks perfecting several entries of my own. One of the projects, entered into only the DIY Summer Camp Challenge, was the result of many months' worth of development and refinement. The news that my efforts in those months were all for naught while similar themed but wholly unoriginal projects were selected as winners only served to tell me one thing: the time I spent developing and fine tuning the new projects was all for naught. Currently, the appeal for a person to set their best DIY foot forward and actually do something for themselves has become troublingly shaky. There is now a track record of rehashed projects taking home prizes while other original projects have faced ignominous defeats. There is a precedent to unoriginal trumping original. With rehash supported and honored, it is now reasonable for users to conclude that creativity is neither valued nor worth its costs and that unoriginal copying is a better way of doing things. This could ultimately promote a worsening spiral of disinterest in, apathy toward, and the stagnation of new developments in the numerous fields of endeavor makers strive to go forth in. The chances at falling into this trend draw increasingly close and they cannot be allowed to continue if we wish to see progress. Where we need to go from here: Creativeness must be shown to be valued by Instructables or makers are not likely to pursue it in future competitions. As I did a year ago, I recommend the Instructables staff and judges: Judge unoriginal projects as such and give them the earned low marks for ingenuity and creativity based on their lacking in both regards (if they are even legally fit to continue on in the competition) Not promote unoriginal designs by featuring them Reposting old things is a slide to the past, not a ladder to the future. Makers must act today to make a better, more creative tomorrow and copying is no way to do that.

Posted by OrigamiAirEnforcer 2 years ago


Oil Spill Water Cleanups As Fast As They Happen

We live and survive on oil today. That dependence won’t go away for at least a few more generations. Today’s technology allows us to drill oil just about anywhere in the world, and then move it to anywhere we want using behemoth water vessels. Unfortunately, there’s a dark side to all this and it happens when our technology fails us, as periodically demonstrated by mankind’s great oil spill disasters. The most recent being the Gulf Oil Spill of 2010. The amount of oil actually dumped upon our ecosphere and contaminating the environment was mind boggling. The numbing numbers are so large that we can’t even get our minds around it. And we all know that the responsible drilling company won’t fess up to how much was really spilled because even they don’t know, don’t want to know and furthermore want to forget about it. Is there some way to tackle this oil spill problem through the use of the very culprit that created it, namely technology? Of course there is, but it will cost the billions they used to clean up the mess they created in the first place.  We want to develop a technological process to be used worldwide that borrows from what we currently know, and clean up these oil spills almost as quickly as they happen upon our seascape. Did we finally clean up the Gulf oil spill?  Yes, maybe? But it took too long and we either didn’t use the right equipment or not enough prepared and available equipment to check the problem. Time is probably the most critical factor involved in mitigating oil spill disasters. While Nature obviously works to clean up ecological disasters, she takes perhaps a decade or more to make a region whole again. We need to help nature accelerate her time schedule to a few weeks not decades! Oil cleanup equipment exists that is too painstakingly slow and inefficient to get the job done quickly and effectively, and to recapture ~99% of the oil spilled. Today’s processes are makeshift, disjointed, and not organized nor designed to tackle today’s mega-proportion oil spill problems.  We need a cohesive mega-solution to handle mega-problem oil spills. A virtual army of specialists with proper equipment to attack, gather up and capture, then deliver the spilled oil to vessel staging platforms. These huge platforms will separate 99.9% of the captured oil/water, dumping the water back.  Oil tankers on standby then take this recaptured crude oil to refineries. This process must be set up with the proper equipment to dynamically proceed in real time. Only high sea states should be capable of halting its operation. The process of oil/water cleanup requires the serial use of various sequential operations where each performs a key stage of the operatic procedure. The orchestration starts with techniques that initially yield the biggest volumetric punch first, then refines this processing by using less volumetric cleaning ability but greater oil separation capability. All the while we have deployed an improved form of today’s containment apron, capable of hundreds of miles of coverage to prevent spreading the spilled oil slick to shore. Having researched today’s available oil spill removal systems, their usefulness has been categorized according to volumetric processing capability per time. Fast surface skimming techniques plus “huge”, constant flowing centrifugal separators clearly win, but are not 100% effective. Sponge-type, oil absorbent techniques then come to play as they are useful in nearly recapturing the remaining 0.1% oil from the water, but are slow and will be used solely on the remaining 99.99% pure water expelled from our centrifugal oil separators. Today we literally use these absorbers like sponges, dunking them into the oil slick, waiting awhile and pulling them out after they’ve absorbed some oil. Such prolonged processing times are unacceptable. Absorbers are to be used differently than today, their performance is vastly accelerated as they now act as 0.1% oil filters to process the pressurized water expelled from the centrifugal separators. The final residuals of perhaps 0.01% that the high pressure absorber filtration misses will require oil break down chemistry whose end products are environmentally friendly and allows Nature to restore balance. So the actual water dumped back will be better than 99.99% pure. Now let’s break this process down a bit and address the pieces of equipment involved. Our attack vessels are special, high speed catamarans that ferry cars between different ports today. They use water-jet propulsion, are extremely fast, maneuverable, and will be equipped with a special front-end water scoop to pick up the oil/water slick in real time while propelled forward. Their scoop or nozzle articulates, performing real time adjustments responding to oil slick depths thereby avoiding too much water pickup. Once their holding tanks are full, they reconnoiter with waiting intermediate-sized tankers to quickly dump their oil/water cargo. When these tankers are full, they deposit their load to one of the huge vessel platforms. These staging platforms use centrifugal systems to quickly and efficiently separate huge quantities of the oil and water, and dump the 99.9% cleaned water overboard (Nature effectively handles the remaining 0.1% of oil). When their tanks are full of oil, they start emptying themselves into the large standby oil tankers for delivery to refineries. QED. For you science fiction/fact fans, this concept requires enormous equipment, is on a huge scale and if viewed as one harmonious system may be the first Oil-Terra-Forming machine to be used on our planet.  

Posted by RT-101 6 years ago


8 Reasons you'll rejoice when we hit $8 a gallon gasoline

This article in MarketWatch written by Chris Pummer mostly matches my opinions. My favorite is #2Here is the text:SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) -- For one of the nastiest substances on earth, crude oil has an amazing grip on the globe. We all know the stuff's poison, yet we're as dependent on it as our air and water supplies -- which, of course, is what oil is poisoning.Shouldn't we be technologically advanced enough here in the 21st Century to quit siphoning off the pus of the Earth? Regardless whether you believe global warming is threatening the planet's future, you must admit crude is passé. Americans should be celebrating rather than shuddering over the arrival of $4-a-gallon gasoline. We lived on cheap gas too long, failed to innovate and now face the consequences of competing for a finite resource amid fast-expanding global demand.A further price rise as in Europe to $8 a gallon -- or $200 and more to fill a large SUV's tank -- would be a catalyst for economic, political and social change of profound national and global impact. We could face an economic squeeze, but it would be the pain before the gain.The U.S. economy absorbed a tripling in gas prices in the last six years without falling into recession, at least through March. Ravenous demand from China and India could see prices further double in the next few years -- and jumpstart the overdue process of weaning ourselves off fossil fuels.Consider the world of good that would come of pricing crude oil and gasoline at levels that would strain our finances as much as they're straining international relations and the planet's long-term health: 1. RIP for the internal-combustion engineThey may contain computer chips, but the power source for today's cars is little different than that which drove the first Model T 100 years ago. That we're still harnessed to this antiquated technology is testament to Big Oil's influence in Washington and success in squelching advances in fuel efficiency and alternative energy.Given our achievement in getting a giant mainframe's computing power into a handheld device in just a few decades, we should be able to do likewise with these dirty, little rolling power plants that served us well but are overdue for the scrap heap of history.2. Economic stimulusNecessity being the mother of invention, $8 gas would trigger all manner of investment sure to lead to groundbreaking advances. Job creation wouldn't be limited to research labs; it would rapidly spill over into lucrative manufacturing jobs that could help restore America's industrial base and make us a world leader in a critical realm.The most groundbreaking discoveries might still be 25 or more years off, but we won't see massive public and corporate funding of research initiatives until escalating oil costs threaten our national security and global stability -- a time that's fast approaching. 3. Wither the Middle East's cloutThis region that's contributed little to modern civilization exercises inordinate sway over the world because of its one significant contribution -- crude extraction. Aside from ensuring Israel's security, the U.S. would have virtually no strategic or business interest in this volatile, desolate region were it not for oil -- and its radical element wouldn't be able to demonize us as the exploiters of its people.In the near term, breaking our dependence on Middle Eastern oil may well require the acceptance of drilling in the Alaskan wilderness -- with the understanding that costly environmental protections could easily be built into the price of $8 gas. 4. Deflating oil potentatesOn a similar note, Venezuela's Hugo Chavez and Iran's Mahmoud Ahmadinejad recently gained a platform on the world stage because of their nations' sudden oil wealth. Without it, they would face the difficult task of building fair and just economies and societies on some other basis.How far would their message resonate -- and how long would they even stay in power -- if they were unable to buy off the temporary allegiance of their people with vast oil revenues? 5. Mass-transit developmentAnyone accustomed to taking mass transit to work knows the joy of a car-free commute. Yet there have been few major additions or improvements to our mass-transit systems in the last 30 years because cheap gas kept us in our cars. Confronted with $8 gas, millions of Americans would board buses, trains, ferries and bicycles and minimize the pollution, congestion and anxiety spawned by rush-hour traffic jams. More convenient routes and scheduling would accomplish that.6. An antidote to sprawlThe recent housing boom sparked further development of antiseptic, strip-mall communities in distant outlying areas. Making 100-mile-plus roundtrip commutes costlier will spur construction of more space-efficient housing closer to city centers, including cluster developments to accommodate the millions of baby boomers who will no longer need their big empty-nest suburban homes.Sure, there's plenty of land left to develop across our fruited plains, but building more housing around city and town centers will enhance the sense of community lacking in cookie-cutter developments slapped up in the hinterlands. 7. Restoration of financial disciplineFar too many Americans live beyond their means and nowhere is that more apparent than with our car payments. Enabled by eager lenders, many middle-income families carry two monthly payments of $400 or more on $20,000-plus vehicles that consume upwards of $15,000 of their annual take-home pay factoring in insurance, maintenance and gas.The sting of forking over $100 per fill-up would force all of us to look hard at how much of our precious income we blow on a transport vehicle that sits idle most of the time, and spur demand for the less-costly and more fuel-efficient small sedans and hatchbacks that Europeans have been driving for decades. 8. Easing global tensionsUnfortunately, we human beings aren't so far evolved that we won't resort to annihilating each other over energy resources. The existence of weapons of mass destruction aside, the present Iraq War could be the first of many sparked by competition for oil supplies.Steep prices will not only chill demand in the U.S., they will more importantly slow China and India's headlong rush to make the same mistakes we did in rapidly industrializing -- like selling $2,500 Tata cars to countless millions of Indians with little concern for the environmental consequences. If we succeed in developing viable energy alternatives, they could be a key export in helping us improve our balance of trade with consumer-goods producers. Additional considerationsWeaning ourselves off crude will hopefully be the crowning achievement that marks the progress of humankind in the 21st Century. With it may come development of oil-free products to replace the chemicals, pharmaceuticals, plastics, fertilizers and pesticides that now consume 16% of the world's crude-oil output and are likely culprits in fast-rising cancer rates.By its very definition, oil is crude. It's time we develop more refined energy sources and that will not happen without a cost-driven shift in demand.

Posted by Keith-Kid 10 years ago