AC MOT Welder Voltage Issue Answered
Hello everyone, I've been working on an arc welder based on instructables like https://www.instructables.com/id/Small-110-volt-arc-welder-NYDG/ but I need some advice.
Most tutorials on here suggest two paths to success, either winding two MOTs with as much 10 gauge wire as possible, hoping that the voltage output in series will be close enough to 40V, or using multiple small transformers, also in series. The problem is, all this series stuff really cuts down on the available amperage, so I'm wondering if there's a different way to get high amps and volts simultaneously (obviously without surpassing the available 2400 Watts, energy in = energy out).
I think I have a way to make two MOTs which run at low voltage but high amperage also have high voltage. I've made a high frequency circuit to assist in starting an arc, which you can see attached (it works phenomenally, and I've been able to make it run on 1 amp). Since the output on the HF part goes through a torroid at the far right (where it meets the welder's output), would it be possible to wind the torroid with, say, 5:20 turns, to basically take the 120A (10.8V) I get from the parallel-connected MOT transformers and overlay a low-amperage but higher voltage on it, to make arc start/run easier?
The welder just won't run at 10.8v, so other than rewinding the secondaries, what about jumping the voltage up a little via the output torroid?