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# How can I convert 9 volts DC to 1 millivolt DC? Answered

I need to be able to convert 9 volts to 1 millivolt. Is there a schematic/circuit that can do this? If so, could you please provide one or details on how to make one? Thank you!!!

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## Discussions

You can hack a mV source using a precision voltage reference and a quality buffer-opamp.

9V => precision-ref => V-divider => opamp

You don't want a millivolt because Johnston noise becomes significant at room temperature.

You want a regulated 1mV source?!?* What current? What for?

Hello!
Thank you for your reply. I need this regulated 1mV source for some brain stimulation experiments I am doing. I am planning on using a normal 9V battery, which is typically 500mAH. I'm not entirely sure how much current i want to be drawn out of it, maybe like 30 mA.

Hope this clears some things up.

Thanks

Unless you drill directly into the brain and place the electrodes there, 1mV will do nothing. Proof: Put your finger across the terminals of a 9V (that's 9000mV) battery - effect: none. And even directly inside the brain tissue, I'd guess that 1mV will do much. Chemical reactions need a certain voltage potential.

To drive 30mA from 1mV, there must not be more than 33mOhm resistance in the whole circuit of contacts, wires, electrodes and the brain tissue in question (ignoring the sources inner resistance by assuming that it is regulated).

And of course iceng is right about the thermal noise. Not to forget the electromagnetic noise your circuit will pick up.

Tell us, what you really want to do and maybe we can help you.

You want to encourage someone to pass current through their brain ?

Hmm. Actually, it might be fun to watch.