I am pleased to share with you that the DIY AFM is reported by the latest Nature Nanotechnology 10, 480 (2015) that the DIY AFM is assembled by junior high school student and successfully measure PM 2.5 particles.

Microscopes are awesome! They help us see things that are not visible to bare eyes. Optical microscopes can only see micro scale (1/1,000 millimeter) structures. However, you can explore nano scale (1/1,000,000 millimeter) world by Atomic Force Microscopes (AFM). Yet a stock-ready AFM usually costs hundreds of thousands of dollars to buy. Thus we are providing you a solution to make your own AFM optomechanical system out of daily used parts including optical pickup unit (OPU) in a DVD player and piezo buzzers in your watch. The total cost is between 500 to 1,000 dollars (AFM controller not included). Most of the traditional AFM systems use beam deflection method for monitoring the AFM probe, the low cost educational AFM directly use an OPU for the same purpose. This low cost educational AFM is originally designed and made by Dr. En-Te Hwu, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. Idea of using circuit boards as structure: Sebastian Buetefisch.

Traditional AFM:


DVD OPU based AFM in German National Metrology Institute

顯微鏡可讓我們看到肉眼無法觀察的結構,实在是太棒了!光學顯微鏡能看到微米等級(1/1,000釐米)結構,然而原子力顯微鏡更可讓我們看到奈米(1/1,000,000 釐米)結構。一般的原子力顯微鏡動輒數萬至數十萬美元,只有研究機構可以負擔得起。我們希望透過這次介紹,告訴大家如何利用身邊的元件,包括DVD Rom的光學讀寫頭以及你手錶裡面嗶嗶叫的壓電喇叭,來製作一套自己的奈米級原子力顯微鏡的光機系統,材料價格不超過1000美元(不包含控制器)。傳統原子力顯微鏡大多使用光槓桿原理,而教育型原子力顯微鏡使用像散式光路偵測探針位移,此教育型原子力顯微鏡由台灣中央研究院物理研究所胡恩德博士設計並製作。使用電路板作結構之概念源自:Sebastian Buetefisch.

显微镜可让我们看到肉眼无法观察的结构,实在是太棒了!光学显微镜能看到微米等级(1/1,000毫米)结构,然而原子力显微镜更可让我们看到納米(1/1,000,000毫米)结构。一般的原子力显微镜动辄数万至数十万美元,只有研究机构可以负担得起。我们希望透这次介绍,告诉大家如何利用身边的元器件,包括DVD Rom的激光头以及你手表里面哔哔叫的压电喇叭,来制作一套自己的納米级原子力显微镜的的光机系统,材料价格不超过1000美元(不包含控制器。传统原子力显微镜大多使用光杠杆原理,而教育型原子力显微镜使用像散式光路侦测探针位移,此教育型原子力显微镜由台湾中央研究院物理研究所胡恩德博士设计并制作。使用电路板作结构之概念源自:Sebastian


Step 1: Materials and tools 材料與工具

Materials for the low cost AFM are: 1.OPU disassembled from a DVD ROM. 2.Piezo speakers. 3.Signal connector. 4.Precision screws. 5.Circuit boards. The tools needed are: 1.A soldering iron 2.Solder 3.Quick-dry adhesive 4.Epoxy 5.Magnets 6.Screw driver. The consumable is AFM probes (working frequency 300 kHz).

組裝原子力顯微鏡需要材料為:1.從DVD光碟機上的讀取頭 2.壓電喇叭 3.訊號接頭 4.精密螺絲 5.磁鐵 6.電路板結構。 工具為:1.烙鐵 2.銲錫 3.瞬間膠 4.AB膠 5.螺絲起子。耗材為:原子力顯微鏡探針(工作頻率300k赫茲)。

组装原子力显微镜需要材料为:1.从DVD光驱上的激光头 2.压电喇叭 3.信号接头 4.精密螺丝 5.磁铁 6.电路板结构。 工具为:1.烙铁 2.焊锡 3.瞬间胶 4.AB胶 5.螺丝刀。耗材为:原子力显微镜探针(工作频率300k赫兹)。


<p>I would like to work on this project with my daughter. Can you send the schematics/instructions, materials, control software, source controller circuit, videos/pictures of assembly, and ebook to bchry5@outlook.com? Thanks</p>
<p>Amazing project.</p><p>Are there any plans to make an AFM probe instructable?</p><p>Seems like the price of the AFM probes is now the biggest cost.</p><p>Not to mention AFM probes being consumables, wear and tear.</p>
<p>This is so exciting! Please send me the schematics/instructions, your booklet and all available info. My email is ginakathleenmiller@gmail.com</p><p>Also, what software are you using to view and can you build structures using the AFM? </p><p>Thank you so much! </p>
<p>Hi Gina, I will send you the open source controller circuit and control software to your email. I need to arrange the open source controller connections. </p>
<p>Thank you so much! I have also been trying to download your ebook but am unable to, is it possible that you could send that as well? Are your instructions/schematic the same as the ebook or is that something different? And can you move atoms around and build atomic structures with your AFM?</p>
<p>Dear Professor Hwo,</p><p>Nice work!</p><p>Could I please request additional information on the AFM, as mentioned by other in the posts below.</p><p>I am interested in AFM and would like to share this with my students</p><p>My email is: mhiggins@uow.edu.au</p><p>thanks </p><p>Michael</p>
<p>Hi Michael, sorry for late reply! I was super busy recently. I will send you some reference and open source AFM controller related design.</p>
<p>Dear Professor Hwo,<br><br>Thank you very much for sharing this great project.<br><br>I am an medical electronics researcher. I am planning to try this out and give this as a DIY project demo for students.<br><br>Greatly appreciate if you can share additional details (design,electronics, setup and software) regarding this project for more understanding.<br><br>My email id is: vigjes@gmail.com<br><br>Thanks<br><br>Vignesh</p>
<p>Hi Vignesh, Sorry for late reply. I was super busy recently. I can send you some reference and recently developed open source AFM controller.</p>
<p>Dear Professor.</p><p>I am a recent graduate biotechnologist engineer, and this work could help me to teach to another colleagues how this microscopes works and how looks the nano-world.</p><p>Would you send me all the technic info to my email?</p><p>chemical_23@outlook.com</p><p>Thanks</p>
<p>Hi Lemonbass, sorry for late reply. I am happy that bio guys are interested in AFM or SPM. I will send you some detailed reference.</p>
<p>Dear Dr. Whoand.</p><p>Please also send me the schematics ?</p><p>I am a biomedic engeneer student.</p><p>My email is tatdblz@gmail.com</p>
<p>Hi Daniel, I will send you the controller schematics.</p>
<p>Dear Professor Hwo,</p><p>Thank<br> you for sharing this amazing project.</p><p>I am a software professional and an electronics enthusiast from India. I am planning to try this out with a bunch of high school students to assist.</p><p>Request you to please share additional informations that would be required to take this forward.</p><p>My email id is: bha100710@gmail.com</p><p>thanks and regards,</p><p>Bhaskar</p>
<p>Hi Bhaskar, I've send you email. </p>
<p>Dear Professor Hwo,</p><p>Amazing!!! Thank you Prof: for sharing this project. Am from Nanotechnology domain. It would be grateful, if you could forward additional informations regarding design,electronics,software etc, which will help me to study about the instrument.</p><p>Thank you so much Prof:</p><p>My mail id: anoobec@gmail.com</p><p>regards,</p><p>Anoob E C</p>
<p>Dear Professor Hwo, </p><p>Thank you for sharing this impressive project and the info on the use of OPU based instrumentations. I am a postdoc researcher exploring DIY instruments to be applied in investigating mechanical properties and behavior of cultural heritage materials. As well as many users, I would really appreciate if you could provide me with additional info on electronics, schematics, code, etc. of your AFM. </p><p>my personal e-mail address is siroasi@yahoo.it</p><p>but I will also contact you via my academic e-mail to keep in touch</p><p>Thank you in advance</p>
<p>Thank you! We tried to build nanoindentor based on this setup, so I think this is possible. Reference is sent.</p>
<p>Dear Dr. Whoand Please also send me the schematics,</p><p>I am a materials science student.. my email is hashim12atd@yahoo.com</p>
<p>Hi Syed, sure!</p>
Hi, Dr. Hwu,<br>your project is awesome, I never ever imagined making an AFM on my own, I think I'm lucky to meet you Dr. Hwu, I would be really grateful if you could help me with this project by sending me more information ( files, schematics, etc) about this mind blowing project.<br>I appreciate it in advance.<br>Mohsen.beglou@gmail.com
<p>Dear Dr.Hwu,</p><p>I have read your article and am very amazed by it. So I followed the listed steps and managed to make a similar prototype on my own. However my model doesn't look really good as the parts don't really fit together. </p><p>Sir, may I ask for some details of the schematics and for the individual parts (especially their dimensions).</p><p>My email is huutienvt98@gmail.com</p><p>Thank you very much!</p>
<p>Hello Dr. Hwu,</p><p>I am a undergraduate physics major and I am intersted in building a DIY AFM. Would you mind sharing some of your designs and schenimatics with me? Any help at all would be grealy appreciated!</p><p>My email adress is: bodinen@berea.edu</p>
<p>Hi Dr. Hwu,</p><p>This AFM described here would be quite useful in the exploration at the cross section of biology and quantum physics. Work is beginning at the Bicurious hackerspace in Sunnyvale, CA, USA. I can also see an AFM inspiring other biotech work the sister biohackerspace Counter Culture Labs in Oakland, CA, USA. I am interested in the schematics, electronics, software, insight, and any other reference materials in order to begin to build an AFM. We would appreciate the sharing of what you are able as we would be happy to share any results of the work we are pursuing in these hackerspaces with you. </p><p>My email: gsi11135 (AT) yahoo (DOT) com</p><p>Thank you and your students!</p><p>Joseph</p>
<p>Dear Professor Hwu,</p><p>This is a great work!!It is a good way to learn the schematic of the AFM and I try it by myself. But I meet some challenge in adjust the light path and the calibration.Any reference material about the location of the lasers and readout and the calibration of your design would be great!</p><p>My email is: candroidyang@gmail.com</p><p>Thanks and best wishes!</p>
<p>Hi! You can use DVD tracks for calibration, the distance between two tracks is 740nm. You can count how many tracks you scan then you can calculate the XY scanning range.</p>
<p>Dear Professor Hwu, </p><p>This is really great and inspiring work. Its amazing to see how far the capability of relatively common (and inexpensive) components has come. I am trying to replicate the design and any reference materials you have would be greatly appreciated. </p><p>My email is: tristans04@gmail.com </p><p>Thanks a lot.</p>
<p>Dear Dr. Hwu,</p><p>Thank you for the inspiring project! I would really appreciate some detailed information on this experiment so I can interface with an optical pick-up myself for displacement measurements.</p><p> my email is:</p><p>thomas.mcmenamin(at)yahoo.com</p><p>Kind Regards,</p><p>Thomas Mcmenamin</p>
<p>I'll send you some reference....</p>
<p>Dear Dr. Hwu,</p><p>your project seems really awsome. I am interested in the schematics, electronics &amp; software to try it by myself. It would be awsome if you could forward some informations to me.</p><p>My email: jan-la(at)web.de</p><p>Thank you very much.</p><p>Greetings from Germany</p>
<p>Sure, sent!</p>
<p>Dear Dr. Hwu,</p><p>Your project is wonderful. I also would like to do it myself for scientific education and research. Would you please send some more details of schematic, electronics &amp; software used to control your AFM ?</p><p>Thank you for your guidance.</p><p>email_id: kiyo.yasuda(at)gmail.com</p>
<p>Hi Kiyo, the mail is sent.</p>
<p>Hi respected professor,</p><p>The project gives a very good idealization of AFM. I have an interest to make it for my lab . Can you please some more details ?? my email address is naveedullah1984@gmail.com</p>
<p>Sure! Sent!</p>
<p>Hi Kiyo, the mail is sent.</p>
<p>Dear Dr Hwu,</p><p>I am quite interested in your DIY afm, and I also want to try it by myself. So can you send me the detail information? electronic schematic and so on. Thank you.</p><p>lin.kang@mines.sdsmt.edu</p>
<p>Dear Dr Hwu,</p><p>Your project is simply the best. I want to make it for my college project.</p><p>Would you please send me the electronic schematics , software, etc on my </p><p>Email: v_thakre.1996@rediffmail.com</p><p>It will be very helpful. Thanks in advance.</p><p>Regards,</p><p>Saurabh</p>
<p>Hi Saurabh, thank you! I've send you some reference material already.</p>
<p>Dear Dr Hwu,</p><p>I am quite interested in your DIY afm, and I also want to try it by myself. So can you send me the detail information? electronic schematic and so on. Thank you.</p><div>lin.kang@mines.sdsmt.edu</div>

About This Instructable



Bio: Research Scientist En-Te Hwu E-mail: whoand@gmail.com Linkedin: http://www.linkedin.com/profile/view?id=129035139&trk=nav_responsive_tab_profile_pic
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