Athena: the Global Car Tracking System(3D Images)

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Introduction: Athena: the Global Car Tracking System(3D Images)

Bring out your 3D glasses and enjoy viewing in a novel way! I have added a new dimension to my instructable. If you do not have 3D glasses, then you can make one yourself. The following link explains how to make 3D glasses ( link ).

Please Note: This instructable contains 3D images which are best viewed with Red and Cyan 3D Glasses. However, for those of you who do not have 3D glasses, this instructable also contains 2D images.




Every year about 700,000 vehicles get stolen in US. In fact, a car is stolen every 45 seconds.

We all love our cars and whether it is a roaring Lamborghini or a purring Prius, we are attached to it and wish that it never gets stolen.

I am very attached to my family car and take lots of precaution that I do not park my car in secluded places or double check that I always lock my car when I park it anywhere and always carry my car keys with me. However, I am still worried whether my car is safe. In order to get rid of these genuine worries, I decided to design my own low cost car tracking system.

In this instructable, I have explained the process of building one's very own Global Car Tracking System -'Athena' - for a cost of just 100$. The steps for building this device is very simple and explained in a lucid manner. The skills required for you to build this is minimum (Basic knowledge about electronics and the Arduino IDE).

I have christened this device by the name 'Athena' because Athena is the Greek Goddess of navigation. 

So what are we waiting for.....let's get started.......

    

Step 1: Parts Needed:

The following is a list of parts needed to build 'Athena' :-

Supplies :
  1. Arduino Uno
  2. Arduino GSM Shield (I have used a SIM900 GSM/GPRS Shield Module)
  3. GPS Module
  4. Adapter Plug for powering the Arduino
  5. 4pcs of LM7805 IC
  6. PCB
  7. Wires
  8. Male Header Pins
  9. Female Header Pins
  10. Project Enclosure
Tools :
  1. Soldering Iron
  2. Solder
  3. Soldering Wax
  4. Drill
  5. Hacksaw



 

Step 2: The Circuit: Voltage Regulator Circuit

The Arduino and GSM shield operate at voltages between 5 volts and 12 volts. Although the car has a 12 volt battery and electrical system, the voltage can sometimes spike up and damage the Arduino if connected directly. Hence to be on the safer side, I have decided to use an LM7805 Voltage regulator to regulate the 12 volts input voltage to 5 volts. The LM7805 IC generates an output of 5 volts 0.5 amps. Since the GSM module can sometimes draw upto 2 Amperes of current, I have used 4 pcs of LM7805 IC to meet the requirement.

The Circuit :
  1. Cut the PCB using a hacksaw into a piece large enough to fit the 4pcs of LM7805 IC (Refer to Pic. 1).
  2. Arrange the LM7805 in a parallel connection on the PCB (Refer to Pic. 1) and bend the leads of the IC to connect them in parallel(Refer to Pic. 3)
  3. Solder Wires to the 12v Input of LM7805, Ground Input, 5v Output of LM7805 and Ground Output.
  4. Connect the Adapter plug to the 5v Output and Ground Output Wires. The final product should look like Pic. 5 

Step 3: Preparing the Project Enclosure: Drilling Holes

In this step you will drill the holes to mount the Arduino and the GSM Antenna to the project enclosure.
  1. Drill four holes at the bottom of the project enclosure to secure the Arduino Uno in it.
  2. Drill a hole on the left wall of the enclosure big enough for the USB cable to connect to the Arduino. 
  3. Drill a hole on the right wall for the GSM Module Antenna.
  4. Drill two holes on the right wall for the Power Input wires.

Step 4: Wiring the GPS Module

The GPS module must be connected in a detachable manner to the Arduino Uno. If wires are soldered to the module, then the module cannot be reused for some other application or project. Hence I have used header pins to create a detachable connection between the GPS module and the Arduino. The following are the steps to create a detachable connection:-
  1. Cut four pieces of wire and solder the male header pins to one end of the wire. Wrap the soldered ends of the wire in insulation tape(Refer to Pic. 3).
  2. If female header pins are available, then solder the other ends of the wire to the female header pins. (Top tip: If female header pins are not available, then briefly heat the ends of the wire over a candle to partially melt and loosen up the insulation on the wire. Then force each of the wires into the Vcc, Gnd , Tx and Rx pins of the GPS Module. Refer to the Pic. 4)
  3. After connecting the wires to the Vcc, Gnd , Tx and Rx pins, the GPS module should look like Pic. 6  

Step 5: Final Assembly

Now you can assemble all the parts of the Global Tracking System.
  1. Place the Arduino Uno in the project enclosure and fasten it with screws or zip tie(Refer to Pic. 1).
  2. Insert the Adapter plug into the Arduino and place the Voltage Regulator Circuit into the enclosure. Insert the Input Voltage wires through the two holes drilled in the enclosure(Refer to Pic. 3).
  3. Screw the GSM antenna in place(Refer to Pic. 5). Insert SIM card into the GSM module and place the module over the the Arduino Uno( Refer to Pic. 7).
  4. Place the GPS module in the project enclosure and connect it to the GSM shield in the following manner. Connect the Vcc pin from the GPS module to 5v on the GSM Shield. Connect the Gnd pin from the GPS module to Gnd pin on the GSM Shield. Connect the RXD pin from the GPS module to Pin 5 on the GSM Shield. Connect the TXD pin from the GPS module to Pin 4 on the GSM Shield. 

Step 6: Programming the Arduino:

Before you can program the Arduino Uno, you must first install the Tiny GPS library for the GPS Module.
These are the steps to install the library :-
  1. Download the Tiny GPS library for the Arduino. (link)
  2. Extract the zip file to the folder: " Libraries/Documents/Arduino/libraries "
  3. Now you would see the library under   " Sketch --> Import Library "  in the Arduino IDE.
  4. You can proceed with the Arduino Uno programming.

The following is the source code for the Arduino. Copy the code below and load it on the Arduino :-

//Program written for Global Car Tracking System by Jayvis Gonsalves
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
#include <string.h> 
#include <TinyGPS.h>
SoftwareSerial Sim900Serial(2, 3);
byte buffer[64];                             // buffer array for data recieve over serial port
int count=0;                                 // counter for buffer array
SoftwareSerial GPS(4, 5);
TinyGPS gps;
unsigned long fix_age;
long lat, lon;
float LAT, LON;
void gpsdump(TinyGPS &gps);
bool feedgps();
void getGPS();
void setup()
{
  Sim900Serial.begin(19200);     // the SIM900 baud rate
  GPS.begin(9600);                   // GPS module baud rate  
  Serial.begin(9600);                  // the Serial port of Arduino baud rate.
  delay(500);
  Sim900_Inti();
}
 
void loop()
{
  Sim900Serial.listen();
  if (Sim900Serial.available())                     // If date is comming from from GSM shield)
  {
    while(Sim900Serial.available())              // reading data into char array 
    {
      buffer[count ]=Sim900Serial.read();  // writing data into array
      if(count == 64)break;
     }
    Serial.write(buffer,count);                     // if no data transmission ends, write buffer to hardware serial port
    Cmd_Read_Act();                               //Read the 'COMMAND' sent to SIM900 through SMS
    clearBufferArray();                               // call clearBufferArray function to clear the storaged data from the array
    count = 0;                                          // set counter of while loop to zero
 
 
  }
  if (Serial.available())                       // if data is available on hardwareserial port ==> data is comming from PC or notebook
    Sim900Serial.println(Serial.read());       // write it to the GPRS shield
}
void clearBufferArray()                             // function to clear buffer array
{
  for (int i=0; i<count;i )
    { buffer[i]=NULL;}                                // clear all index of array with command NULL
}
void Sim900_Inti(void)
{
  Sim900Serial.println("AT CMGF=1");    // Set GSM shield to sms mode
  Serial.println("AT CMGF=1");
  delay(500);
  Sim900Serial.println("AT CNMI=2,2");
  Serial.println("AT CMGF=1");
  delay(500);
}
void Cmd_Read_Act(void)                       //Function reads the SMS sent to SIM900 shield.

  char buffer2[64];
  for (int i=0; i<count;i )
  { buffer2[i]=char(buffer[i]);}  
    
  if (strstr(buffer2,"INSTRUCTABLES"))    //Comparing password entered with password stored in program  
  {
      Serial.println("Password Authenticated.");
      Serial.println("Sending reply SMS. ");
      SendTextMessage();            
  }
  
}
void SendTextMessage()
{
  
  
Sim900Serial.print("AT CMGF=1\r");    //Sending the SMS in text mode
delay(100);
Sim900Serial.println("AT CMGS = \"**********\"");//The predefined phone number
delay(100);
Sim900Serial.println("Please wait while Module calculates position");//the content of the message
delay(100);
Sim900Serial.println((char)26);//the ASCII code of the ctrl z is 26
delay(100);
Sim900Serial.println();
int counter=0;
GPS.listen();


for (;;)
{
   long lat, lon;
   unsigned long fix_age, time, date, speed, course;
   unsigned long chars;
   unsigned short sentences, failed_checksum;
   long Latitude, Longitude;
    
   // retrieves /- lat/long in 100000ths of a degree
   gps.get_position(&lat, &lon, &fix_age);
   getGPS();
   Serial.print("Latitude : ");
   Serial.print(LAT/1000000,7);
   Serial.print(" :: Longitude : ");
   Serial.println(LON/1000000,7);
   if (LAT == 0 && LON == 0)
  {
    continue;    
  } 
  counter ;
  if (counter<30)
  {
    continue;    
  }
  
  Sim900Serial.print("AT CMGF=1\r");    //Sending the SMS in text mode
  delay(100);
  Sim900Serial.println("AT CMGS = \"**********\"");//The predefined phone number
  delay(100);
  Sim900Serial.print("Latitude : ");
  Sim900Serial.print(LAT/1000000,7);
  Sim900Serial.print(" :: Longitude : ");
  Sim900Serial.println(LON/1000000,7);//the content of the message
  delay(100);
  Sim900Serial.println((char)26);//the ASCII code of the ctrl z is 26
  delay(100);
  Sim900Serial.println();
  counter=0;
  break;
 }      
}

void getGPS()
{
   bool newdata = false;
   unsigned long start = millis();
   while (millis() - start < 1000)
   {
      if (feedgps ())
      {
         newdata = true;
       }
     }
     if (newdata)
   {
      gpsdump(gps);
    }
}
bool feedgps()
{
   while (GPS.available())
 {
      if (gps.encode(GPS.read()))
        return true;
      }return 0;
}
void gpsdump(TinyGPS &gps)
{
   gps.get_position(&lat, &lon);
   LAT = lat;
   LON = lon;
   {
      feedgps(); 
    }
  }









 

Step 7: Testing

Now that you have built the 'Athena', it is time to install it in your vehicle. The device can be installed anywhere in the car: the hood, cabin or trunk. Remember that the device must be hidden from view and difficult to locate by a car thief. The device must directly be connected to the 12v Car battery as it must run even when the car is switched off.

Steps to track down your vehicle using 'Athena' :-
  1. When your car is stolen and you wish to track your car, simply send a text message containing the password to your car.
  2. Athena then verifies the password you entered with the password stored in its program. If the password matches, then Athena sends an acknowledgment SMS to the predefined phone/cell number stored in it.
  3. Athena then begins to calculate its GPS position and once a GPS lock is acheived, it sends the coordinates of its location to the number stored in its program.
  4. After you receive the Coordinates in your message, copy them to the search bar in google maps to reveal the position of your stolen car.   

And there you go...congratulations!!! You have built your very own Global Car Tracking System.

If you have any difficulties building this instructable, do feel free to ask.

GREAT!!!!! NOW GO AHEAD AND CONSTRUCT ONE YOURSELF!!!!! : )
 
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    304 Comments

    Is it possible to run this from batteries instead of the cars battery?

    i have the complete code working,

    comment your email id if you need it.

    11 replies

    Hi, great and pretty cool instructable. Can I ask you for the code? Thanks for your Generosity. Cenzo187@gmail.com

    Hello may i ask for the codes, thank you for your kindness.. my email : raymondtjong30@gmail.com

    ghiggie@uab.edu

    Hai,

    Can you tell, which GSM module are you use, and its model number, or purchase link, i seen lot of module in amazon and Ebay,

    Which one are you use

    its SIM900 however any GSM will work i think.

    If you can not find/afford a UNO supported shield than a module will work too.Any further quires please feel free to contact me here.

    I don't know if people are still active here but if so could you send me the code please ?

    arnogouwy@gmail.com

    Very good project!
    Can you send me completed code? jivkottt@gmail.com
    I planning to make this system soon.

    can you post the schematic diagram please? thanks!!

    i'm using new Arduino GSM Shield integrated antenna (telefonica/bluevia) to built this tracking device and encountered some problem. my tracking device is able to receive sms and get the coordinates. but it cannot reply the sms to the predefined number. the image is my current output.

    and this is my coding program. Can someone help me figure out what seem to be the problem and how to solve it. Thanks

    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>

    #include <string.h>

    #include <TinyGPS.h>

    SoftwareSerial Sim900Serial(2,3);

    byte buffer[128]; // buffer array for data recieve over serial port

    int count=0; // counter for buffer array

    SoftwareSerial GPS(4,5);

    TinyGPS gps;

    unsigned long fix_age;

    long lat, lon;

    float LAT, LON;

    void gpsdump(TinyGPS &gps);

    bool feedgps();

    void getGPS();

    void SIM900power() // software equivalent of pressing the GSM shield "power" button

    {

    digitalWrite(9, HIGH);

    delay(1000);

    Sim900_Inti();

    }

    void setup()

    {

    Sim900Serial.begin(19200); // the SIM900 baud rate

    GPS.begin(9600); // GPS module baud rate

    Serial.begin(19200); // the Serial port of Arduino baud rate.

    delay(500);

    Sim900_Inti();

    }

    void loop()

    {

    Sim900Serial.listen();

    if (Sim900Serial.available()) // If date is comming from from GSM shield)

    {

    while(Sim900Serial.available()) // reading data into char array

    {

    buffer[count++]=Sim900Serial.read(); // writing data into array

    if(count == 64)break;

    }

    Serial.write(buffer,count); // if no data transmission ends, write buffer to hardware serial port

    Cmd_Read_Act(); //Read the 'COMMAND' sent to SIM900 through SMS

    clearBufferArray(); // call clearBufferArray function to clear the storaged data from the array

    count = 0; // set counter of while loop to zero

    }

    if (Serial.available()) // if data is available on hardwareserial port ==> data is comming from PC or notebook

    Sim900Serial.println(Serial.read()); // write it to the GPRS shield

    }

    void clearBufferArray() // function to clear buffer array

    {

    for (int i=0; i<count;i++)

    { buffer[i]=NULL;} // clear all index of array with command NULL

    }

    void Sim900_Inti(void)

    {

    Sim900Serial.println("AT+CMGF=1"); // Set GSM shield to sms mode

    Serial.println("AT+CMGF=1");

    delay(500);

    Sim900Serial.println("AT+CNMI=2,2");

    Serial.println("AT CMGF=1");

    delay(500);

    }

    void Cmd_Read_Act(void) //Function reads the SMS sent to SIM900 shield.

    {

    char buffer2[64];

    for (int i=0; i<count;i++)

    { buffer2[i]=char(buffer[i]);}

    if (strstr(buffer2,"TRACK")) //Comparing password entered with password stored in program

    {

    Serial.println("Password Authenticated.");

    Serial.println("Sending reply SMS. ");

    SendTextMessage();

    }

    }

    void SendTextMessage()

    {

    Sim900Serial.print("AT+CMGF=1\r"); //Sending the SMS in text mode

    delay(100);

    Sim900Serial.println("AT + CMGS = \"+60103843894\"");//The predefined phone number

    //Sim900Serial.print("AT+CMGS=");

    //Sim900Serial.println("+60174432599");

    delay(100);

    Sim900Serial.println("Please wait while Module calculates position");//the content of the message

    delay(100);

    Sim900Serial.println((char)26);//the ASCII code of the ctrl z is 26

    delay(100);

    Sim900Serial.println();

    delay(5000);

    int counter=0;

    GPS.listen();

    for (;;)

    {

    long lat, lon;

    unsigned long fix_age, time, date, speed, course;

    unsigned long chars;

    unsigned short sentences, failed_checksum;

    long Latitude, Longitude;

    // retrieves /- lat/long in 100000ths of a degree

    gps.get_position(&lat, &lon, &fix_age);

    getGPS();

    Serial.print("Latitude : ");

    Serial.print(LAT/1000000,7);

    Serial.print(" :: Longitude : ");

    Serial.println(LON/1000000,7);

    /*if (LAT == 0 && LON == 0)

    {

    continue;

    }

    counter ;

    if (counter<30)

    {

    continue;

    }

    */

    Sim900Serial.print("AT+CMGF=1\r"); //Sending the SMS in text mode

    delay(100);

    Sim900Serial.println("AT + CMGS = \"+60103843894\"");//The predefined phone number

    delay(100);

    Sim900Serial.print("Latitude : ");

    Sim900Serial.print(LAT/1000000,7);

    Sim900Serial.print(" :: Longitude : ");

    Sim900Serial.println(LON/1000000,7);//the content of the message

    delay(100);

    Sim900Serial.println((char)26);//the ASCII code of the ctrl z is 26

    delay(5000);

    Sim900Serial.println();

    counter=0;

    break;

    }

    }

    void getGPS()

    {

    bool newdata = false;

    unsigned long start = millis();

    while (millis() - start < 1000)

    {

    if (feedgps ())

    {

    newdata = true;

    }

    }

    if (newdata)

    {

    gpsdump(gps);

    }

    }

    bool feedgps()

    {

    while (GPS.available())

    {

    if (gps.encode(GPS.read()))

    return true;

    }return 0;

    }

    void gpsdump(TinyGPS &gps)

    {

    gps.get_position(&lat, &lon);

    LAT = lat;

    LON = lon;

    {

    feedgps();

    }

    }

    2nd result.jpg