a breadboard, however, is constructed in a special way and you need to understand the basics of this before beginning to build.
Step 1: Basic breadboard structure
below i have attached an image showing how this pattern is arranged by outlining connected holes in green. i did not outline everything, just enough to show the pattern.
you use special jumper wires to go from one column/row to the next. a box of multiple sizes of these jumpers can be found at most radioshacks for quite cheap
or of course in ible style you can make your own