The goal of this experiment was to try to find an alternative to commercially available conductive paint. It is incredible stuff but expensive. I've read other Instructables like Makerboat's $1 Conductive Ink and IceCats' Paper Electronics. They helped me arrive at my own recipe, which uses only two ingredients but I think my testing is more reliable.

To make the winning recipe you need:

  • Graphite powder*
  • Acrylic paint
  • A jar with an airtight seal

To complete every test you need:

  • Elmer's Glue-All
  • Titebond III Wood Glue
  • Acrylic paint
  • Wire Glue (tm)
  • Graphite powder
  • 4 wooden toothpicks
  • 4 jars with airtight seals
  • Paper
  • Ohmmeter
  • 2 zip ties

*Be careful with graphite powder because inhalation can lead to respiratory problems.

Step 1: Glue-All and Graphite Sample

For the first recipe graphite powder was mixed with Elmer's Glue-All until the consistency was spreadable. Be careful when adding the glue because squeezing the bottle will shoot a blast of air into the jar and graphite powder will blow everywhere. The third picture illustrates this.

The ratio was:

  • 2 parts Elmer's Glue-All
  • 1 part graphite powder

The result was fluid but very thick. It could still be used as an adhesive.

Two lines were drawn with the toothpick. One thin line and one thick line. The toothpick was wiped off on the side of the jar and allowed to dry next to the lines.

<p>Just got my package of acrylic paint and Microfyne...gonna mix up some paint during our afterschool class and let the kids paint circuits. Thanks for the instructions. Aloha!</p>
<p>Whenever I'm working on a project like this I hope that it ends up teaching kids! Thank you.</p>
We are just back from break and I'll mix up a batch for our class tomorrow...let them play with it and see what they make.
<p>Great idea. Great instructable, I've already thought about doing such conductive paint and run some experiments. You saved me some testing time. I&acute;ll go with acrylic paint and graphite. Thanks for the instructable. Keep up the excellent work.</p>
<p>I hope your experiments turned out well.</p>
Do you think this paint could be used to do electroplating on plastics. Like a commercial conductive ink can.
<p>A bunch of people asked early on in the comments so I tested this under water. Unfortunately it dissolves when submerged pretty quickly so it's no good for electroplating or electroforming. It's also very thick for that kind of process.</p>
<p>Do you have any idea what graphite could be dissolved in so that it might be water resistant enough for electroplating?</p>
<p>I've heard people have made conductive silicone by combining equal weights of silicone caulk and graphite powder. I haven't tried adding that much graphite to silicone but I suspect it would be very viscous.</p>
<p>DUDE! You are my hero! I am working on some guitar projects w/ my son and conductive paint is very expensive, about $10.00 US an ounce. This is easy and DOABLE. Thank you!</p>
<p>Awesome! That's exactly the kind of thing I was hoping to do with this Instructable! I hope you post your guitar projects on Instructables.</p>
<p>We tried using graphite (275 mesh powder ~100% - http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00AIWVEU0?psc=1... mixed with enamel and could not get conductivity. </p><p>Any suggestions? Are we simplifying this too much? Does it have to be graphene?</p>
<p>I'm not sure if the enamel paint makes a difference. Can you do a sample of acrylic paint with the same graphite powder? The graphite powder link looks fine.</p>
<p>can powdered copper or stranded copper wire cut into tiny pieces mixed with glue work?</p>
<p>There are dangers with powered metal but it should work. I have my doubts about cutting wire into small pieces though. The conduction works by having particles touching each other while suspended in paint or glue. If your wire chunks are too large they could be isolated and they won't conduct. If you try please let us know how it turns out. Lots of people have asked about using metal.</p>
<p>I have a question. I'm half joking about applying conductive paint to skin (for reasons) but saw a note on bareconductive's paint that this is not recommmended with their paint. </p><p>Would you say that the acryllic paint version of your liquid conductor would be best suited? (I'm hesitant to use the glue based ones..) </p>
<p>No need to joke. It's a legitimate question. I even post on a board where people want to get permanent conductive tattoos. No success yet.<br>The idea of rapid prototyping a circuit on your skin is pretty appealing but I haven't seen anyone do it with this sort of material. People have made temporary tattoos with circuits but there is a small niche of people who can produce those and people who can use them. Right now they're mostly focused on medical monitoring devices. Not DIY and hackers.<br>There shouldn't be anything toxic in the paint, check first, so it won't poison you but this becomes brittle when it dries so it wouldn't work well as temporary tattoo circuitry. However! Some people have made imitation Sugru that conducts. I tried here and it failed but the people who reported success used WAAAAAAY more graphite than I did. The trick seems to be lots of graphite and a little silicone. Unfortunately silicone smells awful while it cures and I don't know about the toxicity of curing silicone. Also, this will obstruct your pores.<br>What kind of circuit do you want to make on your skin?</p>
<p>Great instructable! Thoughtful replies to questions also.</p>
<p>Thank you. I learned almost as much after publishing this as I did performing the experiments.</p>
<p>can i use pencil graphite......</p>
<p>Yes. Powered graphite is just convenient but it is the same stuff. No one has mentioned doing that so let us know how it works.</p>
<p>I Like it</p>
<p>I made this paint today with a 100mL tube of Acrylic paint and a 50g bottle of granite powder and it worked perfect with my circuit scribe kit.</p>
<p>Great instructable! I wonder if a power metal such as aluminum or nickel would work as well. Something to try out. Thanks</p>
<p>Amazing ...................</p>
<p>I made a 50/50 mix of graphite powder and acrylic paint and I am getting /absolutely no ohm reading off of it. I don't understand! What could be going wrong??</p>
<p>How is your meter set up? Can you take a picture?</p>
i used a rubber cement and liquid tape as a solvent but when i mixed metal powder into them i didn`t get a ohm <br>what is the problem ? <br>
<p>Silicone had the same problem. My guess is that the rubber cement and liquid tape isolate the metal bits from one another so there is no electrical path. It may be possible to use more metal powder and get conductivity. But rubber cement may not be a good option.</p><p>Neat idea. It would be awesome if rubber cement could be used as a conductor.</p>
<p>I think I got it now. I added more graphite and stirred it more. I made it a day prior to painting and I think it may have settled. Seems to be working on the test strip I did a few minutes ago. I did a few more test spots before I commit to painting all the conductive points in the design.</p>
<p>Awesome! Will you show your results here?</p>
<p>I love the instructional but I'm not getting good results. I used the graphite powder and acrylic paint but I get minimal conductivity. I put 2 parts graphite powder, possibly 3 when I got frustrated and just added more graphite powder, and 1 part paint but the LED lit just slightly after touching the LED legs mm from the power source. When I touch the LED to the power source itself it lit like a Christmas light. Should I add more graphite powder to the paint? </p>
Was your paint / graphite mixture dry when you hooked up the LED?
<p>Hi. I am a newbie here. I was looking for a conductive paint that I could use to repair a tv remote control. One website that sells remotes has a kit that includes what appears to be a conductive paint to coat the rubber buttons that contact the circuits board. Do you think your acrylic/graphite mix would be a good choice for this? Thanks!</p>
<p style="margin-left: 20.0px;">I suspect this would work well for television remote repair. You could test by mixing up a batch of this conductive paint and dipping a cotton swab into the mixture. When the paint dries touch the painted swab to the board where the button would normally contact and see if the remote recognizes the input.</p>
<p>Thanks very much for the reply! </p>
<p>You're welcome. If it works for you, snap a picture so we can all see. Better yet, make your own Remote Control Repair Instructable!</p>
<p>Thank you for your thoughtful comments :o) There's not much of an &quot;instructable&quot;... Just floor polish and graphite powder in equal parts or until fluid enough to brush the object's surface. The liquid product is a floor &quot;polish&quot; NOT a cleaning/polishing product... Future Floor Polish is what I looked for, but it's no longer available. I believe the replacement product is Pledge Floor Polish by Johnson &amp; Johnson. The graphite powder is EZSlide by Van Sickle Paint and is also available in sizes up to 5 lbs. The graphite and the floor polish were purchased at Mills Fleet Farm; 16 oz. for $6.29 and floor polish at $7.49. The graphite can be found online as well as stores like Tractor Supply, Farm &amp; Fleet, and maybe at a few local hardware stores (Ace, TruValue, etc.).</p><p> If I ever put together an &quot;Instructable&quot;, I will let you know. More importantly, I would like to mention that this is not my original idea. I found the information about using floor polish with graphite on the internet during some lengthy searches to find a good quality home-made conductive paint for electroforming. How I also found your Instructable, actually. This other person suggested floor wax would be a good liquid component due to it's water-repellent properties, especially for the purpose of electroforming.</p><p>Lastly, would you be so kind as to answer my first question about what resistance your ohmmeter was set? ie, x10, x100, x1k etc.? My meter has x10, x100, and x1k? My resistance at 1k is .50 to .75 and I think this is pretty good, yes?</p><p>Thanks again...</p>
<p>I think it would make a great Instructable! People may be curious what you used to stir the concoction or how long you dried it. Plus you can show off some of the things you've metallized. Right now your recipe is tucked away in this comment thread. You certainly have all the knowledge to make it.</p><p>It seemed like you had figured out your meter so I didn't answer. You read 0.5KΩ, or 500Ω. Setting your meter to &quot;1K&quot; was correct. My meter had a different scale so it was set to different scales in different pictures but always measuring kiloohms. The resistance you got can't be directly compared because we don't know that the gap between our probes was the same. BUT, since they look pretty similar and you clearly got good results it's pretty safe to say that your reading is comparable. Your water resistant recipe did get good conductivity. Perhaps if you make an Instructable you can experiment with different ratios and graph the results. Like a science fair project!</p><p>Thank you for finding AND PROVING a water resistant conductive paint.</p>
<p>Thanks... Maybe I will make an Instructable in the future. Right now I'm busy making EF &quot;things&quot; for jewelry purposes. I never thought I had much interest in Science, but this has been fun and not too expensive. Did you know you can also use the electroforming process to &quot;electro-ETCH&quot;? Oh yeah, I'll be trying that next. Might be less messy than using ferric chloride (etchant) and since I already have the setup... Not a big change just reverse the polarity of the rectifier clamps and adjust the voltage... oh don't get me started :)</p><p>Take care,</p><p>SBerg</p>
<p>For electroforming purposes, I'm experimenting with a floor wax/graphite powder mixture that shows a .5k ohm (analog meter; dial set to 1k) resistance with 2-3 coats (pretty thick) and is water resistant/waterproof for at least 8+ hours. I half filled a 1 oz. jar with Halloway QuickShine Floor Finish and added enough graphite powder (EZ Slide) until it was a desired consistency. The shell pictured is my first ever attempt at electroforming and results were OK, but I think will improve with a thinner coating of the paint. This one had a few coats as I wasn't getting the results I wanted and kept repainting. My impatience was the problem. Once I sat back and left the shell alone the electroforming process worked fine. This coating took between 6 &amp; 8 hours.</p>