Introduction: Create a USB Dead Drop in Nature

Picture of Create a USB Dead Drop in Nature

What is a USB dead drop? ‘Dead Drops’ is an anonymous, offline, peer to peer file-sharing network in public space. This network is made up of USB drives that are embedded in walls, buildings and other public places. Anyone is free to access, download, and upload. It is very similar to geocaching but with data. The first USB dead drop network of five locations was created by Berlin-based artist Aram Bartholl in 2010. Since then, there have been over 1,000 dead drop locations that have been registered at (Including one outside the Instructables office.) For a walk through of how to set up a standard USB dead drop, check out this instructable by user frenzy.

Up until now, this has been mostly restricted to urban locations. In this instructable, I am going to attempt to expand this project beyond city limits by showing everyone how to embed USB drives in natural fixtures such as trees and rocks.

Step 1: Materials

Picture of Materials

To install a USB drive in a tree, you will need the following materials:

USB flash drive
Plumber's tape
Wood Glue

Cordless Drill
Drill bit set
Screw driver, or other tool to pry open the flash drive

Step 2: Remove the Housing of the USB Drive

Picture of Remove the Housing of the USB Drive

The first step is to open up the housing of the flash drive and remove all the unnecessary plastic. You can usually pry open the housing with a small screw driver or knife. Another option is to just squeeze the housing with a pair of pliers at the seem. Continue removing parts until only the USB connector and the circuit board remain.

Step 3: Wrap the USB Drive in Plumber's Tape

Picture of Wrap the USB Drive in Plumber's Tape

Applying a layer of plumber's tape around the circuit board of the drive helps to keep it a little more protect. Don't go overboard, one or two layers is plenty.

Step 4: Select a Dead Tree or Stump As a Dead Drop Location

Picture of Select a Dead Tree or Stump As a Dead Drop Location

Select a dead tree to locate your deaddrop. I do not recommend using a healthy tree for this project. In addition to the damage caused by drilling, the cavity that you create also provides a potential site for mold, rot and insect to take up residence.  Because of this, I recommend using a tree that is obviously dead, fallen over, or just a stump.

Step 5: Drill Holes in the Trunk to Make Room for Your USB Drive

Picture of Drill Holes in the Trunk to Make Room for Your USB Drive

The USB connector and board of a typical USB drive is about 0.51inch (13mm) wide x 0.20inch (5mm) thick. There are a number of ways that you can drill out a slot to accommodate for it. The simplest and fastest method is to drill a single hole that is large enough to fit the whole drive inside of it. A 1/2" drill bit will usually suffice for this.

If you want to make a smaller imprint on the surface and make the end product look a little cleaner, you can drill a series of smaller holes in a line to make a slot. Each hole should be the same thickness as the USB drive (about 1/4 inch). Then you can finish the shaping with a knife or file.

Be sure to drill your hole is a part of the tree that is solid and free from rot. 

Step 6: Apply the Wood Glue and Insert the USB Drive

Picture of Apply the Wood Glue and Insert the USB Drive

Clear the saw dust and wood shavings from the hole by blowing on it. Then fill the hole most of the way with wood glue. Slowly insert the USB drive into the hole until the back edge of the metal on the connector port is even with the surface of the tree. Some of the glue will squeeze out around the edges. Wipe off the excess using some nearby leaves.

Once the glue dries, you have a USB deaddrop site out in nature. If you wish to prolong the life of the drive, you can put a cap on it to at least partially protect it from the weather.

Step 7: Finished Dead Drop Site

Picture of Finished Dead Drop Site

The last step is to upload the instruction text files and any other files that you want to share. You can find the readme file here: You can find the dead drop manifesto here:

I also decided to also load a copy of "The Giving Tree" by Shel Silverstein onto the flash drive (Yes, I got the idea from this xkcd comic by Randall Munroe). 

To document the dead drop location, it helps if you take three pictures of the location (up close medium and far away). This makes it easier for others to find your dead drop.

Step 8: Stone Dead Drop Location

Picture of Stone Dead Drop Location

You don't need to limit yourself to just trees. You can also setup a dead drop in stone. The process for this variation is identical to the original procedure that is used for brick and mortar locations. Just find a relatively soft rock, drill the hole with a mortar drill bit and use concrete patch or fast drying cement instead of glue to fill the hole.

Step 9: Register the Dead Drop Location on

Picture of Register the Dead Drop Location on

When you get back home, you can register the dead drop location here: This helps others to find it. Then check on the dead drop periodically to see if it is still working and if it is being used. As with all files of unknown origin, always be careful to avoid viruses. 

Step 10: Special Thanks for Contributions

Picture of Special Thanks for Contributions

I would like to thank Aram Bartholl, Instructables user frenzy and Randall Munroe for images, video and information that they provided via creative commons. So to check out more work by Aram Bartholl you can visit his website here: To find more work by frenzy you can check out his profile here: To find more xkcd comics by Randall Munroe you can find his site here:


tjikahoeripan made it! (author)2016-08-16

I just wanted to share the experience: the struggle, the discovery of the history, work until threatened by fires in 2013 :(. Now this place became a place where nature and history of Indonesia :)

ItalianJack (author)2016-04-19

Because of the risk of viruses, it would be cool to make a raspberry pi portable to use for Dead Drops.

Good idea.

dabooge (author)2013-06-27

Read only would be a better idea. I can only imagine what some sick pervs would upload.

kmcgee1 (author)dabooge2013-06-27

geocachers tend to be responsible and unlike this. The point of this is to take something and leave something that says you were there.

ItalianJack (author)kmcgee12016-04-19

you'd be suprised. We found some nasty stuff in a geocache in Italy.

DonD10 (author)2015-09-25

Late to the party :) but I'd recommend using one of these:

Available in lots of sizes (so any budget) and quite sturdy - nothing to have to take apart! Also, use a non-water-solulable glue, maybe epoxy or in a pinch, hot glue. Fun idea!

Miles Oldenburger (author)2015-06-22


DeusFidelis (author)2014-05-16

Love this concept! I've heard of the term "geocache" but never knew what it was until now. I think a lot of people who question the purpose of a fun project like this have more than likely lost their creative, imaginative side growing up, and mostly view the world from a cynical perspective. :(

Another don't have to connect to UNKNOWN dead drops... what I took away from this instructable was learning how to do this myself, so I can share with friends, family, and other people I KNOW and TRUST. Placing these in hidden, remote locations kinda makes it highly unlikely for a stranger to stumble across and contaminate

dummy1977 (author)2014-04-26

Cool idea.. it seems that flash drives are so cheap these days, they could also be used like the whole "read a book, leave a book for a stranger to discover" thing.

My problem is, I'm weary of even purchasing a flash drive from 3rd party sellers (eBay, Amazon), let alone this, of course I'd find people who would appreciate this to be trustworthy since it never caught on into the mainstream. I like that whole ragtag offline network feel of it. Almost reminds me of the local BBS days in spirit.

kliu8 (author)2013-11-26

Isn't this toxic? Rain, the elements, and bacteria, heat and sun could break down the internal components and leak it into the environment including mercury and fire retardants found in common electronics. Not to mention the white glue itself. There is a reason these things are to be disposed of in hazardous waste.

poofrabbit (author)2013-08-31

Just wanted to say congratulations on being a finalists in the Great Outdoors Contest! This was a fantastic instructable! (I laugh every time I read the cartoon) Good luck!


darman12 (author)2013-08-23

That's my mom's favorite book. Perfect for a dead drop in nature... naturally.

goldbar2975 (author)2013-08-07

that could be a fun way to geocashe

jthm_1980 (author)2013-07-17

I think we have strayed from the idea of this little project. it stands merely as a means of having a little fun . And all things in this world can be weaponized. the chainsaw in the hands of a logger is a tool a chainsaw in the hands of a sociopath is a weapon and a chainsaw strapped to the arm of Acting Legend Bruce Campbell is pure cinematic and comedy gold. This site is about having fun lets leave the fear and scare tactics to fox news

Envoy (author)2013-06-27

Help me out. I find this interesting, but struggle with the motivation. Why would I want to do this? What sort of files are being shared? Anything I am aware of in the public domain is widely available and anything copyrighted is illegal to share like this.

I wouldn't consider putting a USB anything in my machine unless it has been in the continuous possession of someone I trust.

kmcgee1 (author)Envoy2013-06-27

Geocaching is like a treasure hunt, you follow the gps or the directions to find the location of the cache. Then you leave your signature or some object behind that says you were there. You can log the ones you have found, etc. Its a hobby for exploration.

Kurt E. Clothier (author)kmcgee12013-07-02

I understand the concept behind it - the original treasure hunting aspect that is, but this digital version involving files and such is what I don't comprehend nor do I see a point in continuing.

Kurt E. Clothier (author)Envoy2013-06-27

Totally agree. This makes absolutely zero sense. It would just take one random person to put malware on one of the drives, and it would spread quietly not only to every other person who connected to it, but to every other drive they connected to. I can't believe people can be this irresponsible with expensive machines.

On top of that, anyone who is a "naturalist" would freak out to find any sort of man made object embedded in a rock or tree when on a hike. In fact, unless it is your own property, doing this could be highly illegal, and I definitely wouldn't want any random people on a "treasure hunt" on my property.

Whatnot (author)Kurt E. Clothier2013-07-02

Malware or a virus would require you to actually run executables from it, which in modern version of windows it won't even do when autorun is enabled unless you specifically tell it to.

Kurt E. Clothier (author)Whatnot2013-07-02

That's somewhat true.... but consider something like the U3 System on "smart" USB Drives. That will automatically install (quietly, in the background I might add) every time you plug it into a machine, no matter if you uninstall it from the computer or disable autoplay. The only way to stop it is to completely wipe the drive so it no longer exists. It wouldn't take an expert programmer to come up with something similar for malicious purposes.

spiceyweasel (author)2013-06-27

The NSA is watching you. O.O

Whatnot (author)spiceyweasel2013-07-02

Where the definition of 'you' is 'everybody'.

spiceyweasel (author)Whatnot2013-07-02


landsharkxx (author)2013-06-26

what if domronr put a virus on the usb

Whatnot (author)landsharkxx2013-07-02

Simply don't run any executables from it.. duh.

samalert (author)landsharkxx2013-06-26

than your device will be dead dropped :P

Jupiter Justice (author)2013-06-30

Super awesome outside the box idea!

KOJohnson (author)2013-06-28

Read through this quickly, but I didn't notice the most important caution: make sure that you own the land. Otherwise this is trespassing and destruction of property.

Indestructibility Man (author)2013-06-25

Also if you put the drive in a healthy living tree, the tree will grow around and over it.

The USB will be trashed long before the bark grows around the drive.

Do people really just randomly upload unknown data from anonymous USB drives? Seems a lot like toad-licking.

skylane (author)Cheese Queen2013-06-27

Perhaps you could enlighten us on toad-licking.
I'm thinking the majority of us are not as experienced in that practice....

LobosSolos (author)skylane2013-06-28

Not to mention, become the ultimate "time capsule" :)

jmule01 (author)2013-06-27

Welcome to the weird and creepy world of spies! Dead drops are commonly used to transfer top secret information from one spy to another (espionage) or from one criminal to another. I never knew such a thing went on until I picked up a book and read about it. It is too creepy for most to talk about and I would never trust such information.

thewildman (author)2013-06-27

Pollution... wooo!! Best destructable ever!!!

knexpert1700 (author)2013-06-27

In retrospect, it isn't much of a good idea. People can break them, upload nasty files or viruses :3

The Mighty El Rondo (author)2013-06-27

I can think of quite a bit of great uses for these, though I'd go with some different approaches for my uses, such as implementing weather-resistant ideas as well. Having the port sticking out like that, it's just not safe for the drive, as it can be smashed off very easily, or become corroded, etc.

cheddarevan (author)2013-06-27

Tell me if anyone has found it

kmcgee1 (author)2013-06-27

Cool idea but how about "datacache" instead of "dead drop?"

You could take a pic of yourself at the site and upload it, or something creative to identify yourself. You could have a file with the locations of more datacaches or the next one in a sequence like a treasure hunt.

Like others here I think it should be more weatherproof, not even sure if that wood glue is waterproof, maybe epoxy or cyanoacrylate would be better. There are some kinds of usb drives that are waterproof, these could be attached with a wire cable to something.

galaxyboy (author)2013-06-27

an usb at deep ocean would be nice

Mad inventor (author)2013-06-27

it would be better to use a jack instead of a plug. just add a female-female adapter, and then use a male-male cable for connecting.

great project!

shootermatic (author)2013-06-27

Now that's a USB stick!

Patrick S (author)2013-06-26

Very cool idea! I had never heard of dead drops before but after looking them up they seem very interesting. I will be checking them out.

andreyeurope (author)2013-06-26

Nice project. But there are a lot of risks for PC, tablet or smartphone users. I think that implementing a password could be a good idea.
But it also has a lot of uses like memories keeper, so when you go out somewhere with your friends, after years, you and your friends would go there and remember how it was to be young.

Tarun Upadhyaya (author)2013-06-25

That is one very expressive thing you made and it reminds me of Dan-Bo, the box doll.

Thank you sharing your awesomeness.

And the dead drop is very cool :)

mateo maya (author)2013-06-25


billbillt (author)2013-06-25


About This Instructable




Bio: My name is Jason Poel Smith I am a Community Manager here at Instructables. In my free time, I am an Inventor, Maker, Hacker, Tinker ... More »
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