Technically it should be called a heat exchanger, we lovingly call it the water cooler, but it has been providing us with free cold air for more than 20 years now so it definitely does work.
Shortly after moving here (Montana) I noticed that the water from our well is really cold, under 50 degrees. I built this heat exchanger to take advantage of that cold source for use in the house in the summer and as a byproduct it heats up the water going to the garden a bit before it goes on the plants since the plants didn't seem to care to much for the super cold water. Good benefits all the way around and since I would be pumping the water to water outside anyway the only actual cost is the power to run the box fan that moves the air through the copper piping.
How well does it work? We hit a high temperature in July of 112F, hottest that I can remember. The temperature inside was 76F with the cooler running all the time. I almost didn't want to go out to move the sprinkler.
The disadvantages? Well, you have to move the sprinkler a lot, but it does keep the grass green. Also if the humidity gets high, water will condense on the exchanger the same as on a glass of cold water. So I keep towels underneath it to soak up the moisture. If it gets really muggy I have to change the towels several times a day. I just hang the wet set outside in the heat to dry and rotate the dry ones back under the cooler.
It will take some skill to put it together but once done it is maintenance free, except for the time I left it outside before putting it away for the winter and it froze some leftover water in a pipe and broke it. Make sure to get the water out of it and store it where its above freezing.
Another disadvantage, it isn't pretty, but it is unique and truly "green".

Step 1: check your water temp

For this to work at all you need to have cold incoming water. The colder the better. Get a standard waterproof thermometer and run your outside water for a while and find out what temp it is. This probably will not work in places where you have a municipal water supply unless its from a cold source. Also you need to have enough ground to water so you don't water log your garden and lawn. It will probably work best in rural areas.
With the fan turned off and the water running outside the temp of my copper pipe is 48F (Infrared non contact thermometer reading)
<p>Instead of watering the lawn, put the hose back down the well, your pump now becomes just a circulation pump with the water flowing back down the hose helping the water to be pumped up. Also use a reostat to slow down the speed of the pump so you can transfer as much of the heat into the cold water as possible as it passes through the heat exchanger. You may also want to make a drip tray with a hose to drain off the water to eliminate the towel thing. These systems are simple and work great if you have a set up like yours. Good luck.</p>
<p>The idea would definitely work buy how much water does a yard and garden need for 24/7 watering? Also seems it would give you horrendous electric bills running the pump that much. If you found a way to get it back into you ground supply it might be a little more efficient.</p>
<p>I have 2.5 acres. I only water a small portion of it usually.</p><p>The<br> pump is an efficient submersible pump. It looks like a torpedo and sits<br> in the bottom of the well casing. It does not run constantly but <br>surges, pushing water into a pressure tank when the pressure drops and <br>activates the switch. The increase in the electric bill is around 5 to <br>10 dollars a month. It is much less than what it costs to run an air <br>conditioner. Residential water pumps are designed to run at low costs.<br> In fact it often costs a lot less to run a well than what a standard <br>water bill runs. </p><p><a href="http://goulds.com/submersible-well-pumps/">http://goulds.com/submersible-well-pumps/</a></p>
My question is ... How warm is the water when it reaches the garden? Is the hose laid on the ground after it leaves the cooler(which would make the water hotter)? I was just wondering the temp of the water that is coming out of the &quot;cooler&quot; as to determine if all the &quot;coolness&quot; is extracted from the water. I guess ideally you would only want the coldest air extracted but if the temp on exit is still the same more air flow and a larger &quot;Radiator&quot; could really make cold! Of course, flow rate is a major factor and I wanna couple this with drip irrigation and a large GARDEN :) This is an awesome idea! I had thought about it, but had not put it to work. Much praise 'ol mighty inventor, people such as yourself are the last line of defense in energy corruption.
The rise in water temperature depends on a lot of factors. Even the air temperature plays a role. But the biggest factor is the flow rate of the water. If its running pretty slow, such as just a single sprinkler that is turned down, then the rise is pretty noticeable. You can tell the difference just by touching the in and out hoses. Also the out hose has very little condensation on it. If the flow rate is high then the temperature drop is pretty small.<br>There is about 150 feet of hose between the outlet and the garden. The water does get warmer just from the air while flowing through the hose. I have never checked the temperature at the garden end. The water is still cold, but not the bone chilling temperature that it is coming straight from the well.
<p>Wondering if you have any updates, esp. concerning the energy used to pump the water. I've heard India committed to solar for the very reason that they have such a water issue and this desperate situation is making for some very innovative solutions. The only thing more motivating than money is starvation I guess.</p>
Old i know, but just a thought... <br>If your water starts at 50F and you lose at most 15deg in the process, you should still be well under ambient temps and be able to reuse the same water (granted, at lower efficiency). <br>Times when you are only using 1 sprinkler and therefore have low flow you could have a recycle valve to loop the same water through several times before it is ultimately used. <br>Have you thought of/ experiment with this? It's hard to guess how effective it would be as there are so many variables, but it seems solid on paper
I could add extra heat exchangers in other places, and in fact have thought of doing that, but the main point of the project is not to get maximum efficiency out of it but to harness what usually just goes to waste. Outside watering is the priority, getting cool while you water is a fringe benefit. It just so happens that you usually need to water the most when its the hottest out. <br /> <br />There is also another factor involved and that is the more pipe you add the greater the resistance to the water flow so you drop the outside water pressure and flow amount. And of course the more pipe, the greater the chance of a leak.
<p>Excellent project. I have some suggestions: 1. You may want to spray paint the heat exchange black to increase the efficiency (if remembered well, by some 15%). 2 : rather than using towels you also may collect the condensation in a container and pump it out when a certain water level has been reached. Scrapped Condensation laundry dryers (i.e. Miele) of various makes could be the source of the required parts. </p>
<p>Hi, i hope no one gets mad at me for posting another climate control thread but im sort of lost and driving in winter with no defrost is killing me. My climate control seems to work fine but no air will come out of the vents. It sounds as though the motor is working at all speeds when i turn it on but pretty much no air comes out of any vents. I hear everything clicking on when i turn on the Air Conditioning system, and i know its not a clogged interior filter. It almost sounds as though it is trying to pull air through but isnt being allowed to because the motor seems to go up and down in rpms as if the intake for the air is clogged. Ive checked all fuses with a electrical tester so its not those. I guess it may be the FSU but i didnt think my case sounded like the others i read. It seems like a vent somewere isnt opening for the air to come in, any help?</p>
you're talking about auto a/c if I'm not mistaken...might be a bad &quot;blend door&quot; motor. Google &quot;blend door&quot; issues.
<p>f150 fords had bad blend doors </p>
sounds like a blend door. it could be the motor for the blend door or the linkage is broken also if its powered by vacuum check for leaks or disconnected lines.
<p>A Mechanical Engineer, Bob Drain, in Phx, AZ. designed a office building on 2nd Story, 3 Street and Weldon, using this principle in the 1970's, with the whole outside sealed with 2&quot; of spray foam. An Insulated Ice Cooler buried in the ground was his cold source. 1st story was shaded parking. He Won only 2nd prize in a Energy Conservation World Contest. 1st prize went to Nuclear Power. Read about the details...</p>
<p>Technically it should be called a heat exchanger, we lovingly call it the water cooler, but it has been providing us with free cold air for more than 20 years now so it definitely does work.</p>
I suppose if you did this somewhere water was scarce you could dump it back down underground.
<p>15 years ago I did the same thing in Alaska, the outside temp was around 80 and humid( uncomfortable for me) . What I did was take a device called a modine heater ( shop heater that uses boiler water) and ran my 37 degree well water through it. The temp differential between the front of the machine to the back was over 10 degrees lower measured with digital lab thermometers. In alaska water is plentiful, I am not sure I would use this in california. I think you have a great homemade design. Look up Modine , I think you will like it. </p>
<p>I think a more efficient use of this cold water would be to cool the condenser coils on a traditional air conditioner. You could use much less water, possibly drawn from the well with a solar powered pump. Water source heat pumps are really efficient.</p>
<p>Or you can pump the water back in the well.....</p>
<p>I wouldn't use that old fan for it...... even though they work better they'll be just as good as those all metal ones from 1940's and 50's soon, I'd go to a thrift store and find a fan like it to use but newer...... Anyways I've ran my 12000 btu window a/c off of solar before, and captured the drips for my plants, worked really well :)</p>
<p>Sorry, blightcp - The <strong>British thermal unit</strong> (<strong>BTU</strong> or <strong>Btu</strong>) is a traditional unit of energy equal to about 1055 joules. It is the amount of energy needed to cool or heat one <strong>pound</strong> of water by one degree Fahrenheit. A US liquid <strong>gallon of water</strong> weighs about 8.34 pounds - better recalculate!</p>
<p>If I remember right 1 btu is the energy to heat 1 gallon by 1 degree.</p><p>at 48F to 72F is a 24F change. 250 gallons of water an hour equals a 6000 Btu/h ac</p><p>So you need a 4.1 gallons a min flow rate to achieve the goal of 6K. That sounds about right for a well pump. </p><p>And <br>pulling that water up from a deep well takes a decent amount of <br>electricity from a well pump.</p><p>My 6000BTU window AC pulls about 450W. The well pump pulls more than that. </p><p>The only way this is cost effective is if you are already using the <br>water, as the poster is. Unless you recirculate the water back into the <br>well, there is an enormous amount of water needed for this to work. </p><p>But it does work and, it could also help a water heater use less energy also by pre-heating the input water. You could get a double savings there by both cooling the room and putting that heat into the water before the water heater.</p>
<p>I've done this as well. My well is 10gpm and it comes out of the ground at 8 degrees C. I had a new furnace installed so I asked the installer to put in an evaporator coil while he was at it. It cost me an extra $180. I plumbed a 1/4&quot; solenoid valve in line with the fresh water supply from the well. I insulated the water line leading to the furnace so the water going in is as close to the same temperature as groundwater as I can measure. I hooked the solenoid valve up to the A/C terminals on the furnace, so when the thermostat calls for cooling, it turns on the water and cools the house. The egress for the warm water is a faucet on the outside of the house which has long soaker hoses attached to water the flower beds. The flowers like warm water on a hot day over shockingly cold water anyway... The runoff just goes back into the ground.</p><p>The system works fairly well if I can control the solar load by closing curtains on sunny windows or putting out the awnings on the South view windows. If I set the temp to 66F in the morning on an anticipated 'hot day', I can keep the ambient temperatures in the house down to 75F by the time the outside temperature falls at the end of the day. It doesn't work as well as a true A/C system, but it's close enough to free that it pleases me. In preparation for fall/winter, I drain the evaporator coil and run some vinegar through it to clear out any mineralization... Hot air from heat during the winter would cause any solids to come out of solution I think, and eventually clog the evap coil.</p><p>The drawback to this system is the coil doesn't get cold enough to cause condensation to pool and run off so there's no net reduction in humidity within the house.</p><p>Anyway, that's my story. It was cheap to do and it's hidden from view... </p>
lived there 6 years and I use this idea w an ice chest and a heater core for my work trk (which in CA w no a/c I'd bad bad bad) and it works well
This is great- I conceived a similar system (not built yet- just in my head) using a heat exchanger and cheap box fan that took this a step further and used an insulated ducting system to deliver the chilled air to multiple rooms and a drip tray under the unit to collect condensate. <br>Have you thought of returning the water to the well instead of watering the lawn? I think the slight temp differential and the huge body of water in the aquifer would temper the return water back pretty quickly.
For Vyger its green because he's using the well pump for watering anyway. On the way he just takes some of the cold out of the water for his own comfort. <br>
I live in southern VA, and when storms knock out our power, the humidity and heat can be awful. I want to try this, only have it run from ice water in a cooler (pumped through a cooling coil), because I could run it on a car power inverter and have cool air in one room, even if I have to sacrifice another to run an extension cord through the window. I could have hand warmers in water in it during the winter, if a nor'easter knocks out the power.
mind blowing project i have also developed one similar to this it works ! bu i used good quality heatsinks and only one table fan but i am really surprised to see that it can also be made by some general household things! <br>awesome! <br>regards! <br>Samad Haque
Have you thought about connecting this to a traditional Air conditioner air handler and use a thermostat to trigger your well pump? Great Idea though, wish it work here in South Florida. <br> <br>I would think that the more efficient air handler with a blower would enable you to do the same thing using less water.. <br> <br>Awesome project!
This is a great idea! We happen to have a few old cooler consender and A/C coils (I guess also known as &quot;heat exchangers&quot;). I followed the setup here and it DOES work! Now, I have an old Everstar &quot;portable air conditioner&quot; that doesn't cool very well I figured it would look a lot more &quot;asthetic&quot; and it already has the fan built in. What I want to do is retrofit that into one of these coolers. Could anybody offer suggestions on how to do this if I put some pictures up? I also would need help with modifying the electronics - I just want to use BOTH exchangers withe the fans on at the same time. <br> <br>Thanks!
For those without a well, couldn't we dig a field in the backyard to run lines through to recool the water to ground temp? Like a DIY geo-thermal A?C unit? Then we would need a pump or an impeller driven by the same motor as the fan... Love the instructable.
I think that is an excellent added addition! I think a key I would like to add is to make sure the water remained bacteria free.
they are saying run hoses underground not run water through dirt, would still be just as clean (or just as dirty i should say) as tap. also the radiator uses copper which inhibits bacteria and mold. also it is in an water tight radiator so even if there was bacteria you wouldn't come in contact with it.
sadly no. dirt doesn't have a great heat exchange so it wouldn't &quot;cool&quot; the water much. the only reason this system works is that it is a one way trip. the water doesn't get recycled so it doesn't need to cool back down. if you used a ground cooling method the water would not stay cool for more that a few hours because the radiator on the fad has a better heat exchange than the dirt (more heat is added than is taken away on each loop) good thought process though only about 1% of our ideas are good ones and yet humanity still moves forward, just goes to show how valuable it is to keep thinking.
wow could you use painters tarp for the water leaks in case

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Bio: The name comes from the First Star Trek movie, that pretty much says it all.
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