Introduction: Glowing Laser Cut Pendant With Magnetic Battery Holder

After trying out various designs over the last couple of months (check out my other Instructables), I finally came up with this one. Inspired by the Led Earring instructable, I ended up using magnets to hold a coin cell battery and act as contacts for the LED. The cool part is that the battery actually serves as a switch - slide it up to turn on the light, push it down to turn it off. And as a bonus - you do not need a screwdriver to pull out the battery (as opposed to SMD battery holders).

I made about 15 such pendants and gifted them in the last Burning Man (2013). It was a blast :)

Short warning - I did not have direct access to a laser cutter at the time, so this design is not perfect. You'll need to make small adjustments to the parts you cut, so make some extra parts. Just in case.

Also, note that the pendant is asymmetrical.So make sure you align all the parts properly before cutting and gluing. I guess next time I should add "up" and "down" engravings on the pieces themselves.

On/Off:


And again:



Changing colors:

Step 1: Materials

You'll need the following:

  • 5mm slow flashing LED. Or a fast flashing LED, it's up to you
  • 3mm Plywood sheet
  • 1mm clear or "frosty" acrylic. 1.5 and 2mm should be OK too - as you'll see later on, we make several layers anyway
  • CR2032 battery
  • Two M2 (or is it 2M ) screws, 16mm long
  • One 1/4" x 1/8" x 1/8" Block Neodymium Magnet N45 (or stronger). Try here - http://www.kjmagnetics.com/
  • Two 3mm x 5mm Cylinder Neodymium Rare Earth Magnets N45 (or stronger). Try here - http://www.kjmagnetics.com/
  • 400 grit sandpaper (to make clear acrylic look "frosty")
  • Epoxy glue
  • Superglue with a small tip
  • Optional - conductive glue (you'll see why)

If you decide to go for different magnets (for example, the slightly smaller 6x6x3mm block magnet), don't forget to change to the design accordingly.

Below you can find the design as DXF and as PDF files. Make sure you used the right material for each file.
Files are now also available in SVG format.

Step 2: The Parts

This is just a short step to make sure you understand the different parts. Note that in the photo, all the acrylic parts will have the thin plastic films on. I left them there so it's easier to see on the photo, but do remember to remove them (I forgot once..)
  • The plywood piece with the "man" figure is the front
  • The other plywood piece is the back part. It will hold the block magnet
  • One acrylic piece will serve as a diffuser
  • The acrylic piece with the two larger holes will hold the cylinder shaped magnets. I'll refer to it as the battery holder
  • The other acrylic parts are spacers. They'll be placed between the front and back of the pendent, and will hide the LED. Note that some spacers are "chomped". This will allow you to add a ring for a chain later on. I'll futher explain this on the next steps.

Step 3: Preparing the Back and LED

First, we want to place the rectangle/block magnet in the rectangular groove of the Plywood back piece. Use a scalpel to carefully enlarge if needed, but don't make it too big - we need a tight fit here. When you place the magnet, align it so about 1mm sticks out pointing down and the rest points up.

What's up and what's down? That is kinda confusing (so make sure you get it right!). "Down" is where side where the pendant meets your chest. "Up" is the side that points to the front piece (with the "Man" figure). The reason why you want it to stick out a little bit is because the battery is slightly ticker than the plywood we are using, and allowing the magnet to stick out a bit will help it holder the battery better. Just make sure you align the front and back pieces (have I mentioned that the design is asymmetrical?).

Now let's prepare the LED. First, Remove the LED’s "skirt" (cut it or use sandpaper) - this will make the LED slightly smaller, and will shave off ~1mm from the height of the pendant. Next, we want to bend the anode (+), which is typically the longer terminal, make a U shape, and place it between the block magnet and the plywood. It's hard to explain, so I hope that the images are informative enough (let me know if they aren't). 

Careful! The LED terminals are fragile. You can only bend them ~3-4 times before they break (you might need some extra LEDs..).

Make sure is that the magnet actually touches the anode, and apply some epoxy glue around the magnet of the upper side of the plywood piece. Important notes:
  • Do not use super glue here. Super glue tends to coat everything, and it will get between the anode and the magnet
  • Make sure that LED terminal touches the magnet
  • Do not put any glue between the LED and the magnet
Why not just solder the LED to the magnet? Heating the magnets will cause them to lose their magnetism (and we don't want that, do we?)

Step 4: Battery Holder

Next, we are going to place the two cylinder shaped magnets in the in the acrylic battery holder piece. The magnets should fit snugly in the holes... but then again, they might not. Whatever you do, do not try to force them in. Acrylic is not flexible, and it will just crack. If he holes are too small, carefully enlarge them. You can either by re-cutting the shapes, use a drill, or just use knife and rotate it inside the holes to enlarge them. Don't make them too big though, we still want them to hold the magnets.

Place the magnets so about 1mm sticks "down" (this side will hold the battery). Make sure all the pieces are aligned, and then put some epoxy around the sides of the magnets, on the "top" side of the acrylic battery holder (aka - not the side that holds the battery). Be careful not to cover the top part of the magnets - we need to keep them conductive. Do not use superglue.

Now take the back piece (from the previous step) and carefully slide the LED through the hole in the acrylic piece (as shown in the last picture). Use a knife to remove any excess epoxy that interferes with the alignment of the two pieces. Then, bend the cathode (-) of the LED so it touches one of the cylindrical magnets. 

Now is a good time to hold the pieces together and test the contacts using a battery. The LED should light up.

Optional – to improve the contacts, put some conductive glue on the LED terminals, where they touch the magnets. Let it dry before proceeding to the next step.

Step 5: Preparing the Diffuser and Assembling the Pendant

Use the sandpaper on both sides of the diffuser acrylic piece to give it an "icy" look. If you aren't sure which piece is the diffuser, check step 2.

Place the pieces in the following order (top-down):
* Front plywood piece (the one with the "man")
* diffuser
* 2 x long spacers (the pieces with two screw holes)
* 2 x short spacers (the pieces with one hole)
* battery holder + back plywood piece

The next part is a bit tricky, and sadly I don't have photos showing it. The goal here is to glue the short spacers to the long spacers so they don't move. Put one screw all the way in the lower hole (the wider end of the rhombus) - it will help you align all the pieces before gluing them. Then, rotate the front plywood piece and diffuser sideways to allow access to the spacers. Put a drop or two of superglue and let it dry.

Rotate the diffuser and front piece back into position and close the pendant with the second screw. If the screws are too long, just chomp them with a wire cutter or a hacksaw. 

Step 6: Done!

Place the battery in, and you're good to go!

Feel free to experiment with different sizes of LEDs. I actually ended up using two 3mm LEDs in some of the pendants, and really liked the result - smaller LEDs means fewer spacers and a smaller pendant. 

Comments

author
JohnR420 made it! (author)2016-07-21

First test run! This one is barely put together, just testing to see if the design worked. I couldnt find any of the size magnets you used to I found other ones. I am making some tweaks to the design then should be able to make some! I will post the BOM when its done :D

2016-07-21 14.53.09.jpg
author
OrenLederman (author)JohnR4202016-07-22

That looks great! are you using a pink LED there?

A good place to get magnets from is http://www.kjmagnetics.com/ . I'm adding it to the instructions

author
CraigC39 (author)OrenLederman2016-10-19

Curious - From that site, you think the B224 and D23 magnets would work?

author
OrenLederman (author)CraigC392016-10-19

I think that's what i used for the last batch. but - you'll might need to enlarge the holes a bit. It really depends on your laser cutter and the exact material you use.

author
JohnR420 (author)OrenLederman2016-07-25

Looks like it was in a pink state there.. its a color changing 3mm led.

https://smile.amazon.com/gp/product/B01C19ENH8/ref=oh_aui_detailpage_o00_s00?ie=UTF8&psc=1

author
CraigC39 (author)2016-10-08

Very nice idea and execution!!! Just curious why your magnet definitions go from english to metric? Never heard of an inventor or craftsman switching within a project?

author
OrenLederman (author)CraigC392016-10-09

Sometimes you just have to work with what you got :) The plans I uploaded use the specific measures of the magnets I was able to get when I made the first batch of these pendants.

author
psycoticpilgrim (author)2016-07-20

I'll echo the previous comments--this is awesome and thank you for sharing the beautiful outcome of your hard work!

I'm very interested in making a handful of these to share with friends--new and old--but I do not have access to a laser cutter. I'm curious if there might be an alternative way to get 'the man' design to turn out so well. Please let me know if you have any suggestions! Thank you again :)

author
JohnR420 (author)psycoticpilgrim2016-09-12

Someone here 3D printed one I think.. would be an easy alternative

author

Thank you for your kind words :) sadly, I don't know an alternative to a laser cutter. There are services like Ponoko you can use, but I'm not sure about the cost.

author
NickG121 made it! (author)2016-08-12

Here's a 3D printed version! There are 3 printed parts totaling 7.3 grams of material and 37 minutes of print time. The one pictures has two 3mm LEDs (red & yellow). Thanks for the inspiration!

IMG_4041.JPG
author
JohnR420 (author)NickG1212016-08-17

Awesome! I thought about 3D printing them also but just love the burned wood part.

author
OrenLederman (author)NickG1212016-08-15

looks great! thanks for sharing

author
emcdermid (author)2016-06-30

Thank you - this is awesome! I'd very much like to make some similar pendants for the burn this year, but have a couple of design questions.

First, those exact sizes of magnets seem to be difficult to find rated at N45+, though N42 is pretty common. If I need to substitute, is there a recommended amount of pull I should be aiming for?

Also, in terms of simplifying assembly, - what if one was to change the acrylic battery holder to have just an open square large enough to fit the block magnet, glued all three magnets into the acrylic, and then did all of the LED-to-magnet attachments just on the one side of that piece? It seems like that would avoid the need to manage two different pieces as you thread the LED through the gap in the holder, but maybe there's another design consideration I'm missing?

Also, I'm interested in trying out the two 3mm LED version. Did you do anything particularly different for those vs. the description here? I'm guessing facing the LEDs in opposite directions (i.e. skirts facing each other) would be the ideal?

author
OrenLederman (author)emcdermid2016-07-01

N42 should be just as good. I think that's what I ended up using for the batches I made in the U.S

Placing the led and doing all the gluing on the "internal" side of the pendant makes it look better and better protect the connectors. But try it out - that's the best way to know for sure :)

for the two LEDs - I think I got them both to point downwards. Made more sense since the top magnet blocks some of the light that's going up.

By the way - check out the other comments. Last your someone suggested a all-acrylic version of the badge that was easier to assemble.

Good luck!

author
JohnR420 (author)2016-06-15

Im going to make these with a different design to give away at this burn! Is there a reason to use 5mm LEDs over 3mm ones? I found both, and figure the 3mm ones would be easier to make a more compact version.

author
OrenLederman (author)JohnR4202016-06-16

Both sizes of LED are fine. I also used 3mm in the latest versions.

Depending on how many you are planning to make, you might want to use Silver Conductive Glue instead of a simple conductive glue. It works better (but it's more expensive).

author
JohnR420 (author)OrenLederman2016-06-16

I got this glue, it was the only one I could find that was at all affordable.

https://www.radioshack.com/products/radioshack-gra...

I will post the design :) thanks!

author
OrenLederman (author)JohnR4202016-06-17

It should work. Just test it on something else before you try to apply it on the pendant - this glue can be very liquid and inconsistent, and you don't want to use too much

author
OrenLederman (author)JohnR4202016-06-16

oh, and don't forget to post your design here :)

author
BootsP (author)2015-06-19

Hey! I recently designed my own LED acrylic pendant and was planning on making about 100 as Playa gifts this year! So I'm curious how many you ended up making? I came across one of them at the AZ regional Saguaro Man where a Burner named Sparticus was wearing it. I was intrigued by your battery design and was literally telling a buddy today at the Maker Lab about trying to possibly change mine up to emulate your switch design. Small friggin world. One thing you may want to think about instead of super glue is acrylic solvent cement. It doesn't actually glue it, it melts it together!

Link to a early version of mine. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hIreMQkA4dQ

They open a bit easier than in the video! LOL.

author
OrenLederman (author)BootsP2015-06-19

I ended up making about 20-30 for each burn (Burning Man 2013 & 2014, and Midburn 2014). It's a LOT of work to glue everything together, and every year I promise myself to never make more of them :-)

One day I will improve the design and make it more simple to put together. Now that I'm back in the university and there is a crazy maker space in the basement it might actually happen.

Thanks for the tip on the acrylic solvent cement. I just didn't have one around and the super glue did a good job.

Cool design. Etching the shape on a red acrylic simplifies everything. If you keep the same design (the Man burns in 78 days!), consider replacing the battery piece with pylwood - it's more flexible.

author
BootsP (author)OrenLederman2015-07-02

So I pretty much have the prototype built. The top left piece 3/16" clear acrylic and the other two are 1/8" red acrylic. Found all the batteries at the best price at Apex Magnets. I bought the wrong square battery size and the conductive glue is tough to find, but I think it will work well! Managed to get it down to three pieces total. Going to fine tune the holes and start the hateful job of gluing! :) Thanks....

Playa Heart Switch test.pdf
author
OrenLederman (author)BootsP2015-07-03

Looks great! are you going to 5mm or 3mm LEDs?

You'll might want to cut off some material from the center piece to reduce its weight.

Don't forget to upload photos when you're done :)

author
BootsP (author)OrenLederman2015-07-06

5mm. It is no heavier than the old pendant I made. I bought the conductive glue, but it really didn't seem to work at all. :(

author
OrenLederman (author)BootsP2015-07-06

The conductive glue is usually not much of a glue. That's why i place a drop, let it dry and then cover the connection with epoxy do it doesn't move anywhere.

author
BootsP (author)OrenLederman2015-07-27

Yup. I am actually thinking about epoxing the LED in place and letting the magnets hold the LED leads in place. I noticed on the first two I made, one LED was dimmer than the other because if the conductive glue breaks a little, it lessons the connectivity. Very happy with the final product! Thanks so much for the brilliant inspiration on the battery switch!

author
OrenLederman (author)BootsP2015-07-27

If you have some time to try out something else, you can try mixing metal or graphite power with epoxy and see whether it's strong (and conductive) enough. I am planning to try this myself in a couple of weeks

author
BootsP (author)OrenLederman2015-07-27

I will have to make my first Instructable! Here is the process in one picture...
Basically I (carefully) super glued the magnets into the clear, and then the red, bent the led to fit and snip the ends, clamp together, run the acrylic solvent (carefully) down the sides with the needle bottle , wait 3 minutes and ta da!

20150727_113716.jpg
author
OrenLederman (author)BootsP2015-07-27

be very careful with super glue - make sure it doesn't "coat" your magnet (making it non-conductive).

author
BootsP (author)OrenLederman2015-09-12

I literally use a toothpick to coat the inside of the holes. Place the clear acrylic part on top of two playing cards (each side) and press the magnet (you should make sure both magnets are facing the same direction!) through the hole to the table. The playing cards allow the magnet to go through the acrylic slightly further than flush so the battery can make contact. I am thinking about changing the design to a side contact (like the top square magnet) as there is a bit of failure rate on the round ones, and because the battery wobbles a bit, OCD types like myself have the habit of pushing it flat - breaking the glue and making the battery loose contact with the magnets!

author
aniketkatkar (author)2015-01-13

It looks so awesome! Great idea!

author
mharring made it! (author)2014-11-27

I made it. using your design i was able to make the perfect gift for my 9 year old cousin. thanks

IMG_0563.JPGIMG_0579.MOV
author
OrenLederman (author)mharring2014-11-27

It looks great!

author
gizmologist (author)2014-11-26

author
SteveEisner (author)2014-07-14

Really beautiful work. I'd like to try to make something similar and will "borrow" your templates to start the project ;) Thanks! May I ask where you found your magnets BTW?

author
SteveEisner (author)SteveEisner2014-07-14

BTW in 2002 I made something similar, only with EL wire, and handed out 20 of them at the Burn. I'm sure you'd agree that the best part of making these kinds of projects is giving them away :)

author
OrenLederman (author)SteveEisner2014-07-15

EL wire pendants? nice! I was thinking of that at some point. Do you have a photo?

For the second batch of pendants that i'm making for this year, I ended up ordering the following magnets:

* http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00CX3AVII/ref=oh...

* http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B001KUOKPA/ref=oh...

Make sure you enlarge the holes, as these magnets are slightly larger than the ones on my original files. I strongly recommend that you get the round hole right before you cut the whole batch (it's more difficult to work with acrylic..).

Another tip - glue the LEDs to the acrylic part using epoxy glue. Then place a drop of conductive glue on the connection of each LED terminal and magnet. Let it dry. Then place some epoxy glue on top. It take a lot of work, but it's worth it. It will make the whole thing much stronger.

Are you coming to the Playa this year?

author
SteveEisner (author)OrenLederman2014-08-12

Do you happen to have updated sketches with the hole sizes changed? Would save me some editing time if you do :) So many projects, so little time left.... Just learning the art of vector design & laser cutting!

author
SteveEisner (author)OrenLederman2014-08-12

Heya Oren, sorry I missed the notification on this & just saw the comment now.

Here's a picture of the pendants I made. (It's funny how janky projects look when the lights are on ;) ) They were made with double-bright EL wire so they really glow well at night. I do everything with LEDs now but back then I learned a lot about how to bend EL to your will... superglue is your friend!

Yep, I'll be back again on the playa again -- haven't missed one since I started. Thanks again for the inspiring project :)

IMG_1445.jpg
author

It feels really wonderful to see the happy looks on people's face and knowing you and your projects is making them happy when they got the stuff.

author
TLoveMad (author)2014-08-02

Hey Oren! I've made about 20 of these already and I just wanted to say thank you so much for creating such an amazing playa gift! They're absolutely incredible and I can't wait to hand them out at the burn this year. Thank you thank you thank you!!!

author
OrenLederman (author)TLoveMad2014-08-02

Thanks, I'm happy to hear that. I'm till working on my batch for this year :) If you happen to see someone walking around wearing this hat, come and say hi!

10495115_512230920955_2546098947660156420_o.jpg
author
LockonStratos (author)2014-06-19

Nice job and I am trying to make one using the sketch you provided. But the dxf file of plywood is wrong, actually it's acrylic again. We would be really glad if you could upload the right dxf file of plywood.Thanks~^_^

author

I just double-checked... the files are OK. Try to download again

author

Thank you. It seems there some problems continually popping up on my CAD. I made some modifies and now trying to make some prototype. Your brilliant work is perfect for being modified to be a part of something else which I long to make and your ideas really helps.Thank you so much~~

author

Thanks :) send me a link when it's ready

author

No problem, the plywood parts are still on the way. I designed some of my own patterns hoping to make some difference. And I end up with the idea that your design is perfect for this pendant. However some problem that I haven't expected occurred and I got some other issues to deal with, seems it's gonna be a long wait. Thank you~

author
mmmmqc (author)2013-10-29

I've been struggling to figure out how to use your DXF files to laser cut. I only know about using SVG or EPS in 2D vector drawing programs to send to the laser cutter. When I open the DXF file in those programs they want to rescale and the 1:1 looks way too big, unless that is really how big the pendant is. There are no dimensions mentioned in your Instructable. Also, how large of a piece of acrylic or wood is needed to cut the pattern? I really want to make this!!

author
OrenLederman (author)mmmmqc2013-10-29

Actually, I never used the laser cut myself :) I sent them to a friend who had an access to a laser cutter and he requested DXF files. The files were originally created with Adobe Illustrator.

If anyone has recommendations on what's the best way of exporting the files - please share, and I will update the Instructable.

About This Instructable

32,959views

613favorites

License:

More by OrenLederman:Controlling HomeBrite With Philips HUE (BT <-> ZigBee Bridge)Controlling Any Light With Philips HUE (and a AC mains dimmer)Concrete and glass coaster for valentine's day
Add instructable to: