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Picture of How to Buy from China
Summary:
This is a guide to purchasing ("sourcing") from China, and working with Chinese factories. It will probably be most helpful to people like me - entrepreneurs developing a new product or starting a new business that need to obtain parts and raw materials from China. It is written humorously, but hopefully there is some useful advice.



I've been doing a lot of shopping recently. I have one favorite store. I buy nearly everything there.

Do you think Home Depot is big? Wall Mart? Amazon? Ebay? McMaster Carr?

HAH!

They are all pathetic and insignificant compared to The Greatest Store The World Has Ever Known. I am sure you are wondering - "how is that possible? no store is bigger than Wall-Mart!" . You are wrong my friend. There is One Store bigger than Wall Mart. MUCH bigger. Where do you think wall-mart, amazon and mcmaster go when they need to buy something? Sorry jimmy - they don't go to another wall-mart. They go to The Store. It is where all goods come from. ALL of them. You know it as: China.

Perhaps you thought you had to be a "big player" to buy from China? Think again. You and me can buy direct from The Greatest Store The World Has Ever Known. It's easy and fun! I will show you how.

So, say thanks to your new friend Globalization, read on, and soon you too will be a global sourcing expert...
 
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Step 1: A Little History

Picture of A Little History
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It used to be that buying stuff from far away places was hard. You had to send a ship across the ocean for a couple years, they might all die at the hands of a storm or bandits, and in the end maybe you get a few grams of Pepper for a piece of gold. woot!

In more modern times, international trade was not so expensive or risky, but it was inaccessible because you had to know someone. 20 years ago if i wanted to buy something from a factory in Mexico, how would I do it? If I didn't know someone my best shot would probably be to go to Mexico and start driving around until I found a factory, buy some samples on the spot and write their address and phone number on a piece of paper and drive home.

As you might expect, the greatest agent of change in our lifetimes - the internet - plays a central role here. In the last 5 years countless Chinese companies have figured out that if they make a web page and hire someone with enough english to process an order, they can bypass lots of middlemen and be far more accessible to their potential customers - YOU!

Step 2: Window Shop China

Picture of Window Shop China
So - what are you going to buy? and how do you find it?

I recommend starting with some recreational window shopping. This will start to give you a sense of the nearly incomprehensible scope and magnitude of The Greatest Store The World Has Ever Known

There are several large web directories of Chinese companies and their products.. These sites are the place to start for window shopping. These are the largest ones:

Alibaba
Global Sources
Made In China

Just type something interesting into the search bar on those sites. For example:
"electric car"
"mp4 player"
"rgb led flex"
"solar water heater"
"led belt buckle"
"laser cutter"
"electric bike"

and you can also find things by theme:

"cute"
"kitty"

etc.

did you try a few of those? welcome to the red pill.

Step 3: Digging a little deeper

Once you've found some stuff in the directory, take a look at some of the companies selling it. they will usually show a sampling of their products in the directory. if you go to the 'contact info' page in the directory they often have a real website, which may have a different sampling of products. in either case, the real catalog of products is usually far larger. it is often useful to ask about other similar items if you see something you like. also you will rarely find full information about an item on the web, you will need to ask for them for complete info (product specs).

Note - the artistic standards for a website in china are considerably lower than you are used to. I'm sure this will change in a few years, but as of 2008 a multi-billion dollar chinese company might have a website that looks about like your 17 year old cousin's myspace. so don't judge the company by their webpage - yet.

Step 4: Playing the part

Picture of playing the part
ok, window shopping is fun but lets say you actually want to buy something. take a look at yourself. yes you. are you a 15 year old with an AC/DC tee shirt and $10 in your bank account? well, you are not someone that China wants to sell to.

you will be buying from a factory, and they are only interested in selling to a professional buyer - someone that knows how to buy things, and is likely to buy a lot of things.

but you can play the part, and because of how the system works you don't have to buy a lot of things.

Step 5: What you need

Picture of What you need
ok - you ARE going to need a few things here:

(1) a shipping account with Fedex, UPS, DHL or TNT. fortunately these are easy to come by, they all have free web signups.

(2) a bank account

(3) a few hundred bucks in that bank account. that's about the minimum amount to play this game. at the absolute minimum you'll be paying for a $60 fedex charge or two.

(4) optional - a web page (this will increase your response rates)

Step 6: Your first contact

ok - you're ready to take the plunge. what next?

You can either write an email, or you can text-chat direct. Alibaba etc. have "in-system" email, or you can go to the "contact details" page for the company and find the real web page for the company (most have one). on the real webpage you can usually find a real email address, phone number and often an MSN or AIM chat address. a large number of the companies can live text chat in english. i haven't tried phone calling ever, but i guess it could be fun to try.

Your first contact should be short and to the point. Don't go into too much detail until they reply. You may be making lots of these "intro" emails, and the companies you contact receive lots of them. I usually make my first contact by email, and save the text-chat for a more detailed Q&A that might occur later. Here is my standard intro:

"Hello,

I am seeking a supplier of Scooby-Doo Diapers. Do you sell this? If yes, can you send specifications and pricing?

Thank you very much,
I. P. Frehley
Leakyweiner LLC
web: www.leakyweiner.com
ph: +1-308-234-5266
fax: +1-308-432-2352
"

Now, if I have seen some of the companies products on a website somewhere, I might change it to something like this:

"Hello,

I am interested in your Scooby-Doo Diapers Model SD-495F. Can you send specifications and pricing? Do you have any similar models?
.
..."

Step 7: Communication skillz

Picture of Communication skillz
Notice that even in that first intro email we did a few things:

When writing, you must use simple english. The reps you are talking to often know just enough english to handle an order, and often they learned Special English, a simplifed form developed by the Voice Of America. Here are some tips.

(1) short sentences with simple words.
(2) One concept per sentence
(3) be respectful! you are talking to intelligent people, they just don't know english well.

check out your email sig: it includes some backup info. because the company you are contacting only wants to work with a pro buyer, they will often try to check out your website. have something there, doesn't have to be much.

Step 8: Response rates

It is not uncommon that you will not hear back from a company. There could be many reasons for this - the company may be too busy right now, or it could be that they think you are a 15 year old with an AC/DC tee shirt and $10.

Some things i've found:

- some companies will respond only to "in-system" emails in Alibaba etc.
- other companies will only respond to their real email
- other companies you might only get to by AIM
- its pretty random!
- many companies will check the domain name for your email address, or the website you list in your sig. its pretty much the only thing they know about you. if you only have a yahoo.com email and nothing else you probably will not get as high a response rate as if you have an email from ibm.com and matching website.

Step 9: GETTING STUFF

Picture of GETTING STUFF
ok, so once you've found some totally rad thing, you will probably want to GET IT. This is how it works:

"Hello,

We are very interested in your product: Uranium Control Rod Model XF-23. Can you send 1 sample? Please ship using our FEDEX account number: 142234423

Ship to:
< your address here >

Thank you very much,
I. P. Frehley
..."

So, one of 2 things can happen here:

(1) 2 days later, "Uranium Control Rod Model XF-23" shows up on your doorstep. (and your fedex account is about $60 lighter).

(2) They will write you back with:

"Dear Mr. Frehley,

I am sorry, but Uranium Control Rod Model XF-23 has a sample price of USD 425. I have attached a PI.

Yours Truly,
Daisy Chen"

*The sales rep always has an entertaining english name they picked from a children's book about flowers.

Step 10: The Rules: Sampling

The idea of a sample is that you want to check the quality and suitability of the item before ordering a truckload.

Since the FEDEX charge to ship you anything is at minimum $50, the company of your desire is happy to send you free samples of anything inexpensive. Typically you can get up to about $20 of products for free without any problem.

If the item you want 1 or 2 of is pricey - lets say its an electric car - you will have to pay for it, but you can buy just 1 as a sample unit. Often there will be a surcharge for this low volume sample order. But so what? 10% surcharge on top of a $300 electric car is still a ripping deal.

For particularly cheap items you can often get 5 or 10 of them. But you won't be able to get a quantity that doesn't make sense for a quality check. So - you aren't going to get 100 of the same LED, because nobody needs 100 of it to decide if they want to buy more. they might need 5.

For anything more expensive than $20 or so, you will need to buy it.

Step 11: Next Steps

If the item you want is above the free sample level - there's a couple other things you typically want to ask about:

- "leadtime" - how long after you make payment will they ship? if the item is in stock they should be able to ship it in a day or two after they get the payment. an item not in stock must be manufactured, they will be a lot less interested in selling a sample or small quantity if the item in that case. only once have i had a company take my payment and not deliver, I believe a motivator in that case was that I had ordered about 20 different items, all in very low quantity, and most of them were non-standard and needed to be manufactured. so - if you want a lot of things in small quantity, choose stuff that is in stock.

- "minimum order quantity" or MOQ. usually when you ask the price they will tell you the MOQ up front. it is never strict. you can always order less than the MOQ although often with a small surcharge (they usually will offer either a flat fee or percentage). a few times they have told me they would not sell less than the MOQ and I just offered a moderate surcharge (20% premium over their offer price when I was buying much less than the MOQ), which has always been accepted.

finding out about what you are buying:
- ask for the 'spec sheet' - especially for anything technical. it should have most of the details, but it is NOT always accurate. yet another reason you need to test a sample.
- you can often text-chat with them to ask a lot of questions where there is likely to be communication difficulty.
- ask them to send you a photo. i have found this to be especially useful when i want to see a small detail on the product. For example - "How does the power cord connect to your waterproof electrical box? Can you send a photo?"

Step 12: How to buy from china

Picture of how to buy from china
buying stuff is a bit of a hassle, mostly because the only way to pay is with a wire transfer. For most US banks to do a wire transfer you need to actually GO to the bank and fill out forms on PAPER, and your bank changes you $40 just to send the money. So for less than about a $200 purchase it is not really worth it. Last I checked Citibank is the only one in the US that lets you do online wire transfers (at least for normal people).

Ok - so how do you arrange the purchase? Always ask them to send you a PI, or Proforma Invoice. This form is the standard before you pay anything. It shows your ship address, the items you are buying and any other fees, the bank info for the factory, the shipping schedule (sometimes if it is not in stock, they will have to MAKE it, and that can take a month), and other important things. After you check it you will send the wire transfer.

Shipping: ask them to include Express (aka Courier) transport with the price. the term "FOB" means "shipping not included", while "CIF" means "shipping and insurance included". Express / Courier means they will use whichever of Fedex, UPS, DHL or TNT they have an account with, and their rates are nearly always better than yours.

Step 13: Shipping - other methods

Picture of Shipping - other methods
Express transport is obviously pretty pricey on a per-kilo basis. But fedex sure makes it quick and easy! you'll get your stuff in 2 days right at your door, just like if you ordered from Amazon.

The other normal methods are Air Freight and Sea Freight. i think the best way to describe the process of freight shipping might be - it's a lot like paying your taxes. there are endless rounds of forms, phone calls, fees, faxes, surcharges, more forms, driving around, waiting in line, waiting not in line. it is a truly classic beaurocratic experience.

I tried shipping by sea once - the result was that it only cost $120 to send about 100kg of crap across the entire ocean, but then it cost another $450 and half a day of my time by the time those boxes got to my door - and that's in a case where my door is only half an hour drive from the nearest sea port! i do not recommend this unless you are looking to transport at least a full palette. on the plus side - it is really cost effective in bulk. a full container from china is only about $2500.

A friend of mine told me he had the identical experience trying to send sometihng by sea.

Air freight is not quite so bad as ocean.  The difference between using a courier like Fedex and using Air Freight is that with Air Freight you will need to pick up your shipment at the nearest international airport, and you will have to do customs paperwork yourself.  The costs for air freight may be 30% to 50% less than the courier service.  You can hire customs brokers to take care of your paperwork for you, they might charge $50 to $100 for this.

Because the shipping process is so tedious, there are companies called Freight Forwarders that can act as agents on your behalf to take care of the shipping for you.

So besides Express service and freight, is there any other way? In fact there is - The China Postal System. China Post has an express service (called EMS), but that's just like Fedex and the rest. Here i'm talking about regular Airmail. Airmail via china's postal system is quite inexpensive - perhaps $5 to send a 500g package to the US - however because it is not insured or tracked nobody would send significant merchandise using it. So you will lose some credibility points if you ask for Airmail. In principle it would be by far the most cost effective way to get samples, but since only the sender can pay for it the factory is reluctant. But don't give up yet! I once successfully convinced a very persistent sales rep to send me some samples by China Airmail - the reason being that I didn't care enough about his samples to pay the Express charge, so I told him that if he wanted me to try his samples that badly, he should just send it by China Post and pay the charge himself - which he ultimately did.

Step 14: Taxes, Tariffs, Duties and other ways your government protects jobs

Because cheap imported goods can destroy local economies, your government may have import taxes on the goods you are trying to import. For most countries, importing small amounts of goods as "gifts" or "commercial samples" will be free of any import tax. Once you have larger or higher value goods, they are subject to import taxes. How and when these get paid depends a lot on your country, what is written on the package and what shipment method is used. Express couriers will usually hold your package and call you to collect any needed import tax before they deliver to you.

Here in the US the import taxes depend on the type of goods and you can check it here:
http://www.usitc.gov/tata/hts/bychapter/index.htm

Step 15: Other stuff to know

Picture of other stuff to know
there are different kinds of companies:
typically you want to deal with a MANUFACTURER or FACTORY. this is the company that actually fabricates the item. there are also TRADING companies or IMPORT/EXPORT companies - these are middlemen who do not operate a factory, but they may have products from a factory that does not sell direct.

it is normal for the buyer to pay up front for smaller purchases. for larger purchases any number of payment arrangements can be used.

fraud: i have never been defrauded, however Alibaba etc. have large FAQ's on their sites about different things to avoid fraud. Fraud is probably more common on things like brand name consumer electronics and fashion accessories, which are not things i have buy.

Step 16: Growing trust

If your business is going well you will start buying in larger amounts.  Be careful - I recommend that every new firm you do business with, always start with a small order first and grow your order size after the company demonstrates good quality and on-time delivery.


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Hi, I am Janice Shen from Changshu, China. I speak English and I am an experienced buyer doing the foreign trade from China. I provide the service on purchasing clothes, wallets, and some other purchasing service from China. Also can work as the online shopping agent.
Contact me any time if you need any help: janice.sijie@gmail.com, or mobile +86 139 1367 2090.
I am bob at bobbill54@aol.com. I am a play expert and am looking to purchase water balls etc. (see www.zorb.com for an example of such companies) at cheapest prices to sell on to play industry in united kingdom.

Also....I am looking for chinese printing company to print my 300 page novel and to possibly print for other novelists in U.K.

Maybe we can work together.....Bob.
Hello, I hope you don't mind me contacting you. I am Steven and I am from the UK (Leicestershire). This would be a new venture for me but I want to start supplying to the Uk. I have good contacts here for sourcing and I want to work with like minded Brits under the understanding that being British myself I will deal with honesty and integrity (I am not saying that non Brits won't do that).
Hi Steve,

I am quite sorry that to reply you sooo late! I was busy for my new apartment decoration and was not able to check my emails without internet access.
Now, may I ask if you are still interested in cooperation with me?

Please let me know.
Thank you!
Janice
Hello I want to shop
Which items u want to buy?
Hi Janice, I would like to order a product from Alibaba.com. It is a quantity of 96 total. Can you help me with that. Monicabowman218@yahoo.com
Hi Janice, maybe I followed the wrong link here. I am too looking to export goods out of China and looking for customers in the UK. Sorry if this is not the right site to do this on.
please make contact with me again steve.... Bob bill instructables

Hi Janice I was wondering do you have any advice on buying Nike shoes from China?

Apparently, it's not suggested to buy Nike shoes from China as there are too many fake nike shoes. I'm working in www.FreeShoppingChina.com which is a professional purchase agent site with streamlined purchase workflows for both wholesalers and personal buyers. And we rejected and persuaded many users to buy Nike shoes from China because of high risk of fakes! Why not buy something else, there are plenty of items you can buy. To wholesale from 1688.com with extremely low price, which is actually the product source of dhgate, aliexpress...
hello I am looking or someone to help me purchase hair for hair extensions from China somebody that can go back and forth look for companies with good quality hair if that is something you're interested in doing or have any knowledge and experience in please let me know my number is area code 323 816 8071 I live in West Hollywood California thank you

You can try this site www.intlbuy.com

Hi,
Thanks for sharing in this site.

I got cheat just few days ago from some Chinese that selling Apple products. Once they put their hands on my sent money $450, they're other faces revealed to me. They starting to tell me I have to buy more quantities than they asked before which is 3 items as minimum. They are just a fraud company.

The fraud company is: www.z-mall.com

Also I have about 18 companies that came with above address, but I don't know if they are fraud or not because I was curious to deal with them after what happened to me. Also Still one company waiting from them to send a Laptop, but no answer from them! I hope they are not fraud too : /

Furthermore, I have ordered many USB that have large capacities, but either they fake or don't keep the data for long time. The good news that they sent me something and they did not keep the money for them selves :)

* How much do you charge for shopping agent?
* How can I get my money or my goods if I have someone in China?


Thanks
Vegtor
Hi Vegtor,

I am sorry that you got cheat online on some Chinese websites. It also happen to our local people. You just need sharp eyes.
And pls remember you will never get cheaper Apple products in China. The real apple products are more expensive due to the import tax. But for some USB sticks, I could help to find cheaper but good quality ones if you wish.
The way I do the online shop agency is that you let me know what do you want to buy and we confirm via email, I then purchase them for you then ship to you ( not big qty only), you pay via paypal.
More details, you may contact me via my email: janice.sijie@gmail.com.

Janice

Hallo Janice,

im new here but i see today yr text from three years ago don't no

if i can contact you

Bunsion

hi Bunsion,

Sorry to reply you so late. Yes, I still do the business currently. You can send me your request via email: Janice.sijie@gmail.com

Janice

Again, at risk of spamming people. I want to start out in this field of supplying goods from China. I don't want to break forum rules or anything so will leave it as above. I am new to this but have been here for 11 years and have good contacts with people I believe to be honest. Anyway, will leave you alone for now, contact me if you wish.

Hi, i have been getting business in the past years which got my contact throug this website. Thanks to this platform.

Again, you may still contact me via email or phone for your questions. I may not be able to help you immediately but will do best to find you the best solutions for buying from China.

Janice

So many people want to buy something in China. Do they need to go there just for a twosome hello kitty bags? The bags come to be brilliant in this case.

Though if you visit Taobao.com, you'll see awesome cheap prices and millions of goods. But how to buy on this chinese-only marketplace? There should be trade intermediary who will complete the order.

Guys, we make software for such intermediaries. You can run ready-use e shop with 800 millions of chinese goods, and have profit from orders. Just clarify logistic to your country questions and welcome to otcommerce.com

mtg1232 days ago

hi i am living in china and i am supplying goods from china to many countries all around the globe. if anybody is interested in making any sort of purchases from china feel free to contact anytime at fivestarfsi@gmail.com or mariammtg@gmail.com

lexlondon3 days ago

How can I buy Shoes from the Nike Factory in China or is it even worth doing

lexlondon3 days ago

Hi im trying to see if i can buy real Jordan shoes from the nike store in china or if will be the same price as in the U.S.

Iroh373 months ago
Would I follow these instructions if I want to buy just a single phone from China, say the HTC One M9+?
IntlB Iroh372 months ago

We can help you find products and purchase for you.
HTC One M9+ http://goo.gl/t2L5V3

IntlB2 months ago

IntlBuy.com is an experienced online purchasing agent. We help you purchase items from China and also acts as the connection bridge between taobao and customers. We are the best friend and agent for you.

For details, visit www.intlbuy.com
Contact service@intlbuy.com

letitia.you.73 months ago

Hi Guys,

This is Letitia from China, I'm a native Chinese and I'm a 5 years experienced professional wholesale buyer in Guangzhou, i speak Chinese, English and french, anything you want to import from China i'll help you with quotation, order follow up, and shipping stuff, even if you want to come here yourself i'll arrange everything like hotel booking, airport pick up, factory/market visit tour, exhibition interpreter, order negotiation and everything. Here's my website, check it out www.eliontrading.com, and write to me if you want my help: Elion.letitia@Gmail.com

letitia.you.73 months ago
TimJ123 months ago

Im Looking for someone living in china That's trustable and interested in making money, Starting a company from scratch in sweden so anyone interested in making money aswell, Write me at johanssontim90@gmail.com.

Kind regards Tim

terezanemcova3 months ago

hallo,

I want to start my own store with clothes and accessories. Well, my first idea was order things from aliexpress but I want to design it by myself. Contact me if you are interested terezi.nemcova@gmail.com

kingchum3 months ago

I want to buy a headset from the kingbuying.com store, I hesitate price is very cheap, but it isfree shipping, I want to know if this is true

kr0t4 months ago

Hi there.

I wrote an application to search products in China.

You can download it from Google Play - Prices in China

I hope it will be useful

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22china224 months ago

Buying from China is really tough as chances of fraud is really high as mentioned by few others. But recently I got a nice site to make purchase in wholesale. http://www.chinabestbuys.com they offer daily deals on many products although its a new one but is really cool.

CBB Screenshot.PNG
PiyushS28 months ago

Dear Business owners,

Greetings!

I must say this is one of the best blogs on looking for a genuine suppliers/ manufacturers from China & India that I have personally come across and being in the similar field I agree quite a bit with the writer. Said that I still feel it is important to understand the types of products you are planning to produce or source out of China & India because if its electronics, auto parts, electrical appliances, blankets, gift items, models etc. then China is your best bet and products like handy crafts, paintings, organic food items, pharmaceutical, jute products etc..India has an edge. I strongly feels that the most important thing is to find a right supplier for the products irrespective of the location.

Outsource n Save is a consulting firm which assists clients from all over the world who would like to find the right source for the products they are interested to procure from India & China. Our services includes conducting extensive research, calling & verification, personal visits to manufacturers & suppliers, translation & interpreting service, reference checks, personal assistant etc.

To know more about our services and how we can help you in sourcing quality product/s from a genuine supplier in best possible price, write to us at: info@outsourcensave.com

All the best to all upcoming business owners:)

Patrick Sang | Skype: tfo.psang

Absolutely right.

billmotley8 months ago

As of November 2014, this article is in need of many updates in order to give current general knowledge on the subject of purchasing from Chinese sources. No time now, but if I find the time soon, I'll post appropriate links.

haha,you don't need find it.I am in China.as a native,maybe I can help you

Mohamedm127 months ago

hello dear i want to contact with someone in china to make an order of some products and i have pictures of them

Hello,I am a Chinese,maybe I can help you.But I hope you can help me as well.

My email:augustinehxg@gmail.com. skype:huaugustine

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