Introduction: How to Fake a Miniature Model.

Picture of How to Fake a Miniature Model.

This will show you how to modify a photograph to look like a miniature model.

You will need Gimp
and any aerial photograph.

if you're running windows, you'll also need a focus blur plugin
Gimp for linux has focus blur built in.

Step 1: Selecting a Picture.

Picture of Selecting a Picture.

This step is very important. The method i will show you may not work well on some images, in fact, it may not work well on many images. Aerial photographs seem to work best. Remember, you're faking a miniature model, and they're kind of hard to photograph, the easiest way to photograph a model is from just above it. The image i chose for this is an aerial photograph of the vehicle assembly building at the Kennedy space center. I highly recommend you use this image for your first try. (right click and hit 'save image as')

Step 2: Add a Layer

Picture of Add a Layer

After you've loaded the image in Gimp (File > Open), we need to add a blank layer on top.
In the Layers window Click new layer and name it whatever you want.
If you don't see a Layers window, press Control-L (or select it from the Dialogs menu)

Step 3: Add a Gradient

Picture of Add a Gradient

In the Layers window, select the new layer by clicking it.
Now click the Gradient tool in the Gimp window.
Next, click and hold near the bottom of the image and drag the mouse to the top of the image, a line will appear as you drag, it is important that you keep that line as straight as you can. Release the mouse, your image should now be black on the bottom and fade to white at the top and look like the (second) image below.

If it has White at the bottom and black on top, click Colors and select Invert.

Step 4: Change Opacity and Compensate for Objects.

Picture of Change Opacity and Compensate for Objects.

This step helps with realism, you'll see why in a later step.
In the layers window, click the layer with the gray gradient and set the opacity (the sliding bar) to a lower number, keep it a high number so you can still clearly see the gradient, but you want to see the image below. you will be tracing the objects. 79 is a good number

Now, for each object (i only did 6) use the color picker (the eyedropper in the gimp window) to select the color near the bottom of the object. Next click on the paintbrush (or pencil) tool. fill in the object with the color you just 'picked.' If you make a mistake, hit Control-z or select Undo from the edit menu.
If your brush/pencil is too big, use the scale slider to make it smaller/bigger. If it's hard to see, you can increase or decrease the opacity, or zoom in. (magnifying tool, control-click to zoom out)

when you're done, set the opacity back to 100 and fill in any gaps.

Step 5: Blur the Image.

Picture of Blur the Image.

This is where the magic happens...
In the Layers window click the eye next to your gradient layer. it should no longer be visible.
Now click the Background layer in the layer window. in the image window, click Filters and move to the blur sub menu, and click Focus blur.
In the focus blur window check Use Depth Map. Use the layer you made as the map.
Now, decide what you want to be in focus, and slide the Focal depth slider until it's in focus. I recommend making it slightly out of focus for realism. (it's supposed to be a photograph, they're hard to get in focus). Adjust the Radius until you like the amount of blur and click ok.

Step 6: That's It!

Picture of That's It!

You're done. admire your work and show it off!

Comments

Derek Vigil (author)2012-03-29

Here's mine.

carrotman42 (author)2009-07-07

Hi, where abouts do I put the focus blur plugin I downloaded for it to work?

joe57005 (author)carrotman422009-10-11

rtfm! depending on your gimp version (rather, the os you use) there should be a "plugins" folder somewhere you can just drop it in, assuming it doesn't need to be compiled. if you're on linux it may be under /usr/share/gimp or in your home folder somewhere. in windows it'll be under program files somewhere.

DanwiseG (author)2009-01-23

Adult Swim has used this technique I think for some of their commercials.

joe57005 (author)DanwiseG2009-03-23

Joss Whedon's new show, Dollhouse uses this in their opening title sequence. (my new favorite show!)

eviltechie (author)2009-03-18

Very nice. This makes me want to go out and buy an airplane and a tablet. Anyway, this is my attempt at this.

lieuwe (author)2008-10-12

I would like to try this, but I'm on a windows machine and it looks like you can't install gimp plugins on windows, does anybody know how i should tackle this?

joe57005 (author)lieuwe2008-10-12

Here's the windows version it should work the same way, just slower. (i haven't tested it)

lieuwe (author)joe570052008-10-14

that, doesn't work :-(, it just makes gimp throw an error at me

joe57005 (author)lieuwe2008-10-14

what kind of error? are you using the binaries and right version of gimp? I'm sure there's a gimp forum somewhere that can help. give me a day or two and I'll make alternate instructions for the disab... er.. windows users :) There are other ways to do this, they just don't look as nice. (with my experience)

lieuwe (author)joe570052008-10-15

yeah sorry about that, I've got the new version of gimp now, works great is there any chance you know if there is an pre-compiled win32 version of gimp-gap for 2.6?

joe57005 (author)lieuwe2008-10-15

I looked (briefly) and didn't find anything. I sugguest installing the mobile version of gimp 2.4 to a folder somewhere and run that. it shouldn't affect the current gimp on your computer. Or you can download a livecd of ubuntu (use 8.04) and run the linux version of gimp from the cd.

explosivemaker (author)2008-10-05

thats neat.....

ll.13 (author)2008-10-04

Very nice!
Model work now always reminds me of a scene in James Bond - Dr. No where a model boat is used in a shot, it's a little obvious =]

killerjackalope (author)2008-10-04

Nice job joe, I've a few photoshop 'ibles on the way myself since it's all I've been doing for the last three days (tech coursework, repairing my images etc. for pro quality...)

About This Instructable

11,478views

49favorites

Bio: My name is Joe. I enjoy long walks on the beach, pina colladas, getting caught in the rain, playing with dead things, playing with fire ... More »
More by joe57005:How to hide one image in another (An introduction to steganography)How to fake a miniature model.Treo 650 IR Mod
Add instructable to: