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Finishing the inside of the cabin with my budget was a little trying at times.
First thing i had to do was to dig a trench 50 feet. Then i Ran 12/2 uf underground wire through 3/4 inch conduit from the panel box in the garage ...
The 1st picture shows the power wires coming from the junction box to the 1st outlet which is a gfi outlet . The 2nd picture shows the power from t...
Here shows the double switch outlet finished As the illustration shows on step 4 two small pigtails get tied together from the main power coming i...
(Line) Power in wires - The black wire goes to the bottom gold screw .The white wire goes to the opposite side across the outlet on the silver scr...
Tie the two white wires together then the two blacks and then the two copper wires.
With everything so expensive these days Its hard to cover walls with anything that wont break the bank... T -111 plywood will put you in to poor ho...
I used 6" R-19 insulation for the walls and ceiling. Then i installed the girts 2 foot on centers. (GIRTS) are the 2 x 4 's that go lengthwise ...
Here shows the wall boards being installed . They were cut to 89 1/2 inches. 2nd picture shows cutting around the light outlets and sockets.
1st picture shows cutting the wall boards even with the window studding . 2nd picture shows measuring for the width of the extension jams and the si...
The entry door jams were cut 5 1/4 wide and fit into place . The 2nd picture shows the trim all finished . All trim was cut 2'' wide .
This picture shows installing the 12x16 indoor outdoor carpeting.
1st picture shows i cut out a 2 foot x 6 foot piece of Luan plywood then cut out the carpet underneath it . I then stapled it to the floor. 2nd and...
1st picture shows the Eden Pure heater i bought to keep things all nice and toasty for the weekends.
Since i bought a 32 inch tv i needed a digital antenna so i could get some local channels. So i bought this Clear stream 2 hdtv antenna. The 2nd pi...
here the the finished inside pictures. The futon we had . The the two night stands and tv stand i made a long time ago. So a little by little i will ...
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We noticed you attached photosto your comment.
Aaaannd, now that I've read the rest of the comments, I'm guessing you already addressed the issues I brought up... hehehe My bad...
I'm sorry, but I need to nitpick a few things, mostly for those who don't know better and are just going to follow your instructions. (I have a couple issues with your electrical wiring...) I'm not trying to be a jerk, but want to help those who wouldn't otherwise know...
First thing is regarding how you ran wire to the cabin:
It's in conduit. That's good. But it's only 3" deep. Not so good. (Lazy.) This can be an issue in many obvious scenarios and should be buried deeper.
Second: 12/2 wire providing power to the cabin. (For those that don't know: the first digit is the gauge of the wire and the second digit is the number of wires, not counting ground. Therefore, 12/2 = 2 - 12g(auge) wires (+ground). Those 2 wires are: 1 black and 1 white. All modern "Romex"-style wire will have a bare ground wire also, so there are 3 wires total in a 12/2 or a 14/2. In wires other than Romex *or the like*, the bare copper ground wire may have a green sheath. Green or bare copper is ALWAYS "ground".)
So, back to the 12/2: that's one hot wire, one common, and one ground. And that means that you have one single 20amp breaker feeding power to the cabin, and that's it. (Again, FYI: 12/2 = 12gauge wire which is rated for 20amps continuous. 14/2, which is the other, smaller, household wire, is 14gauge wire and is only rated for 15amps continuous. And that's the difference between the 15 and 20amp breakers in your panel.)
So, one 20amp breaker. And the cabin contains a refrigerator, a microwave, a space heater, multiple lights, an entertainment center w/ tv and audio, .... and that's just what I see in the pictures, nevermind what anyone wants to plug in. (A toaster oven or vacuum cleaner would definitely NOT be an option!!)
With the "everyday items" plugged in, you would not be able to use either the microwave or the space heater without blowing the breaker. No heat and no hot food unless you turn off the lights and unplug the fridge...
With only another $20 (tops!) spent up-front when purchasing the wire, you could have instead run a piece of 12/3 from the main panel out to the cabin. (Another FYI: that means 3 - 12g wires, black/white/red, +ground. The red is the positive leg for a second circuit.) That means 2 - 20amp circuits to the cabin, which would mean no unplugging things... Or, better yet, fun 8ga and give the cabin it's own 50 panel (which would actually translate to at least 6 15amp breakers and plenty of power at every outlet...). But I'm just sayin'....
Also: the junction box illustration will confuse those who don't know, but are otherwise trying to follow directions...
In your illustration, the wire that leads upward, out of the box, says "power out to lights and outside light". This is incorrect.
That wire leads from the junction box to the SWITCH BOX. It provides power to the switches, which then in-turn provide power to the lights, as demonstrated in your switch box wiring diagram.
(Hey homeowners: The power COULD go to the lights first, but the wiring to the switches would then be completely different. Both methods are equally as common, so please feel perfectly comfortable doing it this way.)
Lastly: you really didn't need to do the digital touch-up on that one particular framing pic. Overall, you've done a good job and there was no need for that. But again, I'm just sayin'...
Overall, a good instructable, despite my nitpicks. Cheers!
yes you can live in it very easily. if you see for the link for how to build a modern outhouse on my instructable you will see the bathroom
I would at least use 10/3wg and put a small breaker box in the cabin for 2 circuits
Not too be rude, but pulling your wire in before gluing PVC conduit is a bad idea. Most common wiring insulation are either vinyl or PVC, both of which can be affected by the solvents in pvc glue.
If you want to put a pull string in while dry fitting the sections of conduit that would be okay.
just my 2 cents worth.
Ah! I see your concern. At the time, I was pulling 8 gauge wire to my hot tub, and let's just say I'd have needed heavy equipment to draw that wire through the tubing. I made sure to only coat the "outside" of the pipe, press into the fitting, and dope the edge. [====] In this example, on the == yes, on the [ or ] connectors, no. I definitely should have explained that more clearly. Thanks for the heads up.
How many receptacles and how many lights are in the cabin. What is size amperage breaker in the garage panel you are running from.
why ? because he didn't hire you for 50 + bucks an hour to wire it ? might as well ban all the do it yourself books to while your at it , they should horrify you too! his wiring was fine , Most folk that can do something like this can do basic wiring, and know already what he was talking about. don't need an electrical engineer to speak techno babble to figure out basic wiring like this
How about this. As a homeowner (who is NOT a licensed, insured or bonded electrician) who has finished his basement from the cinderblocks out, helped wire the sanctuary in a new church building, and who has remodeled many bathrooms and kitchens and bedrooms, this wiring kinda horrifies me. Granted, building inspectors around here can be a bit overzealous, but the last inspector I had would have made me rip all that out and do it over. I obviously have nothing against do-it-yourselfers when it comes to home wiring, but after coming across many, many very dangerous wiring jobs, I make sure to do it right. Now, nothing I see on here is as bad as the circuit in the house my parents moved into where a light was wired as a "3-way" but was actually wired on two different circuits, so if both switches were on it was pumping 240v to the light, but it does remind me a lot of the wiring jobs I have come across in remodeling this house where I've found things like live lines just dead ending sans wire nuts in a box that contains another circuit. At the very least, all those wires need to be strapped down, and his line from the house needs to be at least a foot deeper.
Let's start with this... I haven't taken ANY electrical classes since high school... ( class os 82' ) but I learned even back then that you wrap all outlets and switch connections with electrical tape... I also noticed NO ties to stud walls ( I don't know codes but should be at least every foot ) The ties are meant to keep the random wall mount photo (etc.) from possibly contacting a live wire. And though I agree that there are many people who can wire they're own home correctly (and safely), The photo's of this job leaves me with many doubts.
"Actually, we're $90 an hour"
Which is exactly why such helpful instruction is horrifying to you. If I had a nickel for every time a licensed electrician sounded the alarm bells about the grave dangers of doing it yourself, I could probably afford the sort of price gouging that is standard in your profession.
Sorry, but there's plenty of useful, accurate, and safe instruction out there for those willing to take the time to learn. So while your concern for our safety is touching, it's really not the source of your concern. Just sayin'...
I defer to @Wonderground 's defense of my input, You may feel free to do as you please and good luck to you.
nice reply with offering substance to the conversation without basing and name calling!! Nice to see civil communication. I just wanted to take the time to thank you. :)
The substance of mdeblasi1's post was to establish their credibility in the field of electrical work, and to use that credibility to state that this cabin is, potentially, very dangerous.
I'm an electrical engineer who has done plenty of wiring work, and can back their claim. I am not terribly well versed in construction code, but I am in theory and application, lets visit a life ending possibly.
First, 'black wire', 'white wire', what are those, no one knows, it depends how whoever wired it. Say that you mixed neutral and line, say that your source for this cabin in not on a gfci, if you don't know what can happen because of that you have no business working with a medium as dangerous as line voltage in construction.
Code is there for a reason, it keeps you safe, if you would like to know more about how it keeps you safe, there are plenty of legit places to learn, a comment thread is not one of them.
ANY place is a good place to learn anything , nothing there looked out of the ordinary to me in the wiring . It is NOT illegal for owners to wire anything of themselves or to show others how. This comment thread assumes you already know something about these things, it's not a place for an encyclopedia to be written , or , for that matter know it alls to flaunt themselves .
I noticed you used Underground rated electrical wiring on your interior, you could have saved on that by using interior grade wiring. nice cabin though.
Great stuff. I enjoyed both the cabin and the interior instructions. BTW, what was the material cost of the interior work?
around 500.00 total
Query: does the current configuration allow you to make room temperature beer cold? If the answer to my question is yes, then i see no problem with the wiring. Nice cabin and nice site.
How far of a run did you have to get the power there? I would be concerned about voltage drop with that gauge wire if you are going more than 50 feet, very concerned if more than a 100 feet. Have you had any issues with the breaker that feeds it tripping a lot, or appliances not working properly and/or burning out altogether?
i ran 50 feet and no troubles
I love it . you did a fantastic job .wtg
Maybe you need a smoke alarm? If you have a heater, you need a carbon monoxide alarm too. Finally a fire extinguisher or two could be handy. All of this stuff is cheap.
Thanks to the others for their 'electrifying comments' ... I learned a lot.
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