Introduction: How to Make a Dragon Head

Picture of How to Make a Dragon Head

This is the process of the Making of a 1.9m Long Dragon Head which I made for a musical I am running

Step 1: The Concept

Picture of The Concept

This is the sketch which I based my model on, it is loosely based on Smaug from Peter Jackson's Hobbit Movies. The idea is for the head to be worn by someone who will see out the mouth.

The final dimensions ended up being closer to 1.9m x 1.4m

Step 2: The Frame

Picture of The Frame

The wire frame Was constructed from fine mesh wire, with high tensile steel wire used to shape the contours for the head neck and Jaw. This was reinforced with aluminium channel for structural support.

Step 3: The First Layer

Picture of The First Layer

The First covering on the wire is of bakers paper simply taped on

Step 4: The Features

Picture of The Features

The Spikes, teeth, eyes and Nostrils are all carved out of low density foam, then attached with a strong adhesive.

Step 5: The Papier Mache

Picture of The Papier Mache

After the features have been added, the whole head is covered in paper Mache. it is coated with three layers, two using cel-mix as an adhesive, and two using Araldite/PVA as adhesive to add hardness.

Step 6: The Final Layer of Mache

Picture of The Final Layer of Mache

The final layer of Papier Mache is of baking paper and uses PVA, this protects the shell from water damage.

Step 7: The Texture

Picture of The Texture

The Head is then textured by hand using a special technique and expanding foam. This is then coated with Pond liner, which further hardens the body, and makes it impervious to destruction by mites or moisture. the inside is also coated.

Step 8: Experimenting With Paint

Picture of Experimenting With Paint

The first areas of the body are painted to experiment with textures colours and shapes. the final decision is to combine black, red, orange and gold on the body, with the addition of platinum silver on the spines to represent skeletal breakthrough, as the spines would continue to grow as the dragon ages.

Step 9: The Left Side

Picture of The Left Side

The left side fully painted and Textured

Step 10: Fully Painted

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The Whole Head fully painted. note that at this stage, the teeth were aged using gold and brown paints and fire.

Step 11: The Eye

Picture of The Eye

This is the left eye of Asos. it is a two part structure made from resin combined, an outer clear "lens" with a painted inner surface, and an opaque "vitreous" to give the eye depth, coloured with gold flakes and acetone based paints.

Step 12: The Glow

Picture of The Glow

LED's on a flicker circuit are mounted behind the eye to give the appearance of an inner fire.

Step 13: The Smoke

Picture of The Smoke

This is the Final Product

A Pressure chamber is constructed and dry ice placed inside with water to create mist. this is then piped to the nostrils via a hose. the output is sealed with putty to prevent moisture damage.

And there you Have it. A Wearable dragon!

Now, on with the show!


SweetGal102 (author)2015-03-11

Ich wäre über plante ( very cool design)

leilani.guerrero.92 (author)2015-01-29

how did you make the eyes?

leilani.guerrero.92 (author)2015-01-22


Looslely based yep!

lakelandfc (author)2015-01-22

How much would it cost? Thinking about making a prop like this for an ice show (sleeping beauty)

Hi there

The total cost for the project was around the 500 dollar mark... the main costs being the expanding foam, resin and paints. for strength i would recommend using a small amount of wire to create the mounting spots for the spikes etc as a couple of the spikes on mine were beginning to weaken after a couple of productions. I would also reccomend making sure it is narrow enough to fit through doorways....

crispernakisan (author)2014-08-13

I don't envy the lower back of the person who will be wearing this costume! But then again, it's probably worth the pain?

It's surprisingly light! less than 15 kg for the whole thing!

thesnowtheriver (author)2014-08-11

this is great. what did you use for the eyes?

Hi Snow; I used casting resin to create the shape. I cast them in two parts; an outer clear 'lens', which was approximately 10mm thick, and an inner 'fill' which was coloured using gold dust, a small amount of paint and gold flecks. Once cast, The inner surface of the 'lens' was painted with the pattern you see, which helped create some depth, then once that dried the lens was filled with the textured resin. LED's are used to create the glow.

kdavidson8 (author)2014-08-11

A very good description of an amazing head you have done. But it wasn't really an instructable.

magifarm (author)2014-08-10

This is amazing, I'd love to be able to see your stage production!

knutknackebröd (author)2014-08-10

very cool, too bad it wont keep out burglars though...

tjames9 (author)2014-08-10

This is amazing. Great job.

javajunkie1976 (author)2014-08-09

The image of the first layer of paper mache in step 3 reminded me of the Sandworm from Dune. Great work, how would you work this in to being a wearable costume?

Hi Javajunkie!
I love Herbert's work, so that's an awesome thing for it to remind you of!

This is already a wearable costume! there are two straps inside which cross over and allow the whole head to rest on the shoulders of someone who places it over their head. they can than see out the mouth. the lights and smoke are controlled via switches inside.
wouldn't be too practical for general costuming as it doesn't quite fit through a standard doorway, but for theatre it's good to go!

mrsben (author)2014-08-10

Absolutely amazing! Extremely talented!!!!!

WoodFishN (author)2014-08-10

That is a great dragon head!!! Super job. I love the dragon concept of age and fantasy. The head would look great just pushing up out of hole in the garden, dirt kind of piled up. Kind of a waking up after a long sleep. Again superb job!

stefstimpy (author)2014-08-10

Superb! This is an excellent model and a very clear Instructable. Thanks

seamster (author)2014-08-07

Incredible! I love the close-up photo in step 11... so much depth and detail. Excellent work.

I'm curious about how you did the expanding foam texturing. Would you explain that a little more? I think I may want to duplicate that look sometime, and I'd love to know how you did it.

Thanks Seamster! I appreciate that.

The trick with the foam is to allow it to expand once(as it spray it into a container, then let it sit for a few minutes), then, using your hands (and wearing gloves, I found nitrile to work the best) compress it again, then use your hands to smear the foam while it is not expanded, and make sure to create any of the lines you want to be there as you go...
I kept all my strokes in one direction along the contours of the body which creates natural high and low spots. The beauty of the effect is that it is very random, which tends to be what makes things like this seem more realistic in my experience!

Interesting! Thanks for the explanation.

I had wondered if you sprayed something on it (like acetone) to make it dissolve in random patterns or something. This makes much more sense!

And results in far less acetone inhalation!

poofrabbit (author)2014-08-08

This is amazing and now I want to make one!!! I'm very curious to try out your materials used to harden the mache! Great great work!

ekiessling (author)2014-08-07

So darn awesome!!!
I wish I knew cool people who did this stuff!!

kmartinez dominguez (author)2014-08-07

that's really awesome! great job!

Gregbot (author)2014-08-07

Very cool!

About This Instructable



Bio: Final year Medical Student at the University of Newcastle Writer/director/producer/prop designer for the Medical Revue, just for fun. Grew up working with ... More »
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