Today we're doing some kitchen chemistry using common household items.  This is the type of cooking that gets me excited, because I'm experimenting with recipes for solid-state rocket fuel.


Step 1: Watch The Video!

WARNING: This project should not be attempted without adult supervision and adequate training. Misuse, or careless use, of tools or projects may result in serious injury, death, and/or permanent damage to equipment and property.  Ignition of an incendiary or explosive material may not be legal in your area.  Use of this content is at your own risk.

Can u tell me how to make rocket fuel WITHOUT KNO3 please
<p>kno3? What does that mean?</p>
<p>kno3 is potassium nitrate</p>
<p>Another easy to get oxidizer (at least in Poland) is potassium permanganate- KMno4. In my country you can buy small amounts at chemist's, but i'm pretty sure it's harder to get in most countries. It's much stronger oxidizer, however it leaves a lot of purple smoke that stains everything, and you have to calculate oxidizer:reducer ratio by yourself.</p>
<p>Well, you could use rubber as the fuel and nitrous oxide as the oxidizer, but you can't cook that up in your kitchen - you'd need a pretty serious shop</p>
<p>You need some kind of oxidiser to make your rocket go. Potassium nitrate is probably the easiest to get. It isn't available at stores where I live (in Australia), but I don't think it's illegal, and friends have been able to get some online. Other than KNO3, NASA, ESA, and Roskosmos mostly used liquid oxygen, which us probably not possible to get without arousing suspicion as to why you want it.</p>
its pretty easy to get... look in garden center or online <br>
<p>I have about 30 cedar tree stumps to get rid of. I tried salt peter and sugar but it just blew the stick I used to plug hole with about 20 feet in the air. Any suggestions?</p>
<p>Make some black powder and then pour it into a hole drilled in the stump and pour molten wax over it after inserting a fuse. This method can crack rocks.</p>
Use about a quarter pound mixture (114 grams) and add charcoal (about 20 grams will do) but this time do not plug the hole as that creates a small deflagration
If any Canadians have been able to get KNO3 r(legally) ecently as in this year,could you please post it. Like I said in my earlier post,it's been banned. Can't even get it in a garden centre.
Fun fact for any Canadians trying to do this project(I was going to). You can't get stump remover in Canada,it's been banned. I believe you have to have a special license to get it. Not actually sure why it is,but it is.
By the looks of it the KNO3 is the oxidizer, so I would think that the more of it you put in,the faster it would burn
<p>Its definitely possible to supply more oxidizer than there is fuel available. Just like when a campfire burns out because all the fuel (wood) is gone, there is still oxidizer (air) left on our planet after combustion ceases...</p>
<p>Call me ignorant, but is KNO3 poisonous? I don't mean the smoke, but KNO3 itself. I know its used as stump remover, but does it harm humans?</p>
<p>I put it in a metal tube.</p>
I'm just curious,but if you in crease the amount of KNO3,will it burn faster,or will it go ballistic and explode,because that would be bad for me and my rocket
<p>Actually the oxidizer fuel ratio is very precise and adding more oxygen to a reaction will not in any circumstances increase burn rate, really it would just add extra unwanted weight to the projectile.</p><p>-Achmed</p>
I'm just curious,but if you in crease the amount of KNO3,will it burn faster,or will it go ballistic and explode,because that would be bad for me and my rocket
<p>Can you tell me what percentage of KNO 3 with air</p>
Is the smoke it makes toxic. What I mean is, if you breath a little in by accident. Will it harm you a lot or a little or not much at all
Me and a friend are doing this for a science fair project, what will happen if we add another flammable acid?
Please tell me if it's safe
<p>@the king of random. Hey I love your work and I'm trying some of your projects. Is it possible for you to do something on homemade fireworks? Where i'm residing fireworks is ridiculously expensive and so i'd really like to build my own.</p>
<p>one thing The King of random I challenge you to make free energy.</p>
Sorry, but isn't the point of an Instructable to give instructions? This entry would be much more interesting if actual data was provided, e.g. at least state the units of ratio (&quot;weight&quot; for KNO3/sugar only appeared in the comments, nothing for the rust). <br>
If you read the whole instructable you would see that KNO3, Sugar and &quot;weight&quot; were actually all in the instructable, so I'm confused by your complaint. <br><br>For your convenience I added 1% to the statement about the rust.
when you say weight, would that be like if you used so many cups of KNO3 you would have to use so many cups of sugar?
That would be volume. Weight means how much they weigh on a scale. Eg. 1 lb of bricks vs 1 lb of feathers.
oh so if you had 1 pound of sugar you would need so many pounds of kno3?
seriously? they give you percentages. 40% sugar, 60% potassium nitrate. (stated in the video, and on page three) i dont mean to be rude but how hard is it to figure out four parts sugar to six parts stump remover? but, if you must, 1 lbs of sugar, equaling 40% of the weight, means the total weight is 2.5 lbs. which means 60% of the weight, stump remover, is 1.5 lbs.
Actually the atomic weight of potassium nitrate Is much light than a sugar compound therefore one part KNO3 is not equal to one part Sugar. This is why we use weight as a unit of measurement when working with chemicals.
<p>just take the percentage of how much you are mixing. For example, if you are making 2 cups of r-candy, what is 40% of 2? 60% of 2?</p>
<p>When mixing components always use weight...not volumn. So if you have one pound of sugar you need two pounds of potassium nitrate and 1.6 oz of sulfur.</p>
<p>عدي غالب</p>
<p>عدي غالب</p>
<p>Umm, he literally weighed it right in front of you. He used a kitchen scale and weighed it in grams. The percentage number was based on how many grams of each product were in each mix.</p>
I'm pretty sure the burn rate increases because oxygen is released from the iron oxide when it is heated and the increased oxygen increases the burn rate of the other ingredients. No additional exhaust gas is generated, but the created gas is released more rapidly, increasing the thrust. Since the thrust is proportional to the mass of the gas times the velocity squared, increasing the velocity is much more effective than increasing the mass. BTW, the iron oxideand aluminum mix is called Thermite, not termite. The burning mixture consumes oxygen, so does not give off gas. Iron powder may not contain any oxide, so must be oxidized. Perhaps soaking it in water and letting the water evaporate slowly will do it. I've also used potassium perchlorate as an oxidizer. This is very effective, but too much results in an explosion rather than a controlled gas release.
Yes the burn rate would increase due to the higher levels of oxygen due to the necessary ingredients to create thrust ( fuel + oxygen + chain reaction) also the more oxygen you have in the compound the higher surface area you will have for combustion.
Which one had the fastest burn-rate, was it 13syrup 30water 59KNO 30sugar? <br>
The mixture that burns the fastest would have the least fuel and a good catalyst (iron oxide - rust) therefore the 60/40 +1g rust would have the fastest burn rate.
<p>Is it possible for u to make a rocket fuel without KNO3? Use I g only kitchen items?</p>
<p>Step 1: Get Hydrogen Peroxide. Step 2: Distill the Hydrogen Peroxide. Step 3: Add silver dust to start the combustion. Note: this is liquid fuel and it will be harder to use but a lot more efficient </p>
Uhmm... no. Never distill hydrogen peroxide as it will readily combust violently with anything it comes into contact with. Unless of course you are an experienced chemist.
<p>Do you need to wear a mask when caramelizing them?</p>
Not unless you are melting the KNO3 first in which nitrogen dioxide would be a byproduct thus requiring a mask but since the sugar is only being melted in this instructable no mask is needed.
<p>I saw your other video where you use 3/4&quot; Schedule 40 PVC pipe, would a bigger pipe also work and may be able to sustain a heavier payload or 3/4 is the best option?</p>
I made a rocket propelled Longboard using this thought process: large inside diameter tubes (carbon steel) with a higher level of oxidation to provide a lot more thrust and then I also used a different kind of sugar called xylitol which has a different bond that is more suitable for larger engine bodies. this sugar is used in engines that are optimal for high altitude propulsion or heavy payload propulsion because it will not crack under pressure.