Making rum from scratch using molasses and sugar.

I wanted to make some rum so that I could make my own Captain Morgans Spiced Rum

you will need

1 x 25L fermentation vessel

a long spoon, you can get these from homebrew shops

yeast nutrient, you can substitute tomato puree for this if you have trouble getting hold of yeast nutrient.

4kg of molasses (blackstrap for choice) you can get this from ebay, horse feed molasses is perfect provided it has no additives, cost me about £10 from eBay

4kg white sugar

2 x 5g packets of EC-1118 Yeast, you can buy this online by a company called lavlin

a thermometer, I got a cheap digital one from eBay for about £2

kitchen scales

a kitchen jug

some glass jars

and a big bucket or demi john to store the results.

and a pot still, I built my own here is the instructable https://www.instructables.com/id/Building-a-Keg-Still-Pot-still-design/

Step 1: Disolving the Sugar

making sure you sterilize your equipment before you start, pour a couple of kettles full of boiling water in to your fermentor.

add a bag at a time of the sugar, stirring as you add it in, keep stirring until its all dissolved then add the next one and do the same, keep doing it until all the sugar is dissolved.

add in another kettle full of boiling water for good measure.
Could you use raisins in place of the yeast nutrient?
probably not a good idea, Raisins have yeast inside them which could infect the batch. I have used Tomato paste as a yeast nutrient in Sugar washes, no reason you couldn't do the same here.
Okie dokie.<br><br>I've heard of others using raisins as a yeast nutrient, and I thought raisins go well with rum, so it might be a good match.
<p>Can i still make the rum with a reflux still even though you say it strips the flavour, I have the T500 for making Vodka and it cost quite a bit and I do not want to have to buy the alembic pot still attachment. Unless the making of your still is really cheap?</p>
I would recommend using the correct attachment, however if you can run the still in such a way that it doesn't reflux then you may get away with doing that. this could be controlled by increasing the flow out of the still, removing packing in the column and controlling the temperature.
Hi,<br><br>Thanks for the reply, much did your still cost to build as the keg can handle both stills?<br><br>Do you make them to sell? If so how much?<br><br>Thanks<br>Martin
<p>I dont make them to sell.<br><br>the keg new was &pound;72 at the time and probably spent another &pound;60 on copper parts and other bits.</p>
Great Instructable! I have recently run my own rum based off of this recipe, but not verbatim - no sugar fortification, pure molasses. Have it aging at the minute on oak, and boy is it smelling good!
<p>Thanx for the info!</p><p>- When you install the aquarium heater, I suppose the electric cable has to come out of the lid in an air-tight way? Suggestions on how doing so? </p><p>- What about using Rum-yeast like this. <a href="http://www.stookwinkel.nl/product/still-spirits-rum-gist/" rel="nofollow"> http://www.stookwinkel.nl/product/still-spirits-r...</a> Will 10g suffise like you suggested with you yeast? </p><p>Thanx again!</p>
i used hot glue to seal the hole<br><br>yes that yeast will be fine, using a different yeast will just produce a different flavor profile.
<p>Any word on what worked best yet- toasted or charred?</p>
Take a look to this old patent on how accelerate aging:<br>https://www.google.com/patents/US2132435<br><br>I tried and work very well. I use graphite felts to have large surface area of electrodes.
I made it but flavour was not good. How can I improve the flavour of Rum.
Another thing is to discard the heads, that's where the bad flavour is. You want to capture the hearts and the stop running when you get to the tails
Run it slower, it should slowly drip out not run out like a stream, if your running it too fast it will strip the flavour out of it. If you have followed the instructions with the correct amounts then it's down to running it too fast or your still head is too tall and its refluxing. You should be using a pot still for rum.
<p>Absolutely wonderful instructions - clear, concise, user-friendly and reassuring. Many thanks :)</p>
Great steps thanks. I've done this twice now, lovely rum, however my hydrometer has never read anywhere near 75%, the last batch started at around 60%. It bubbles perfect for 10 to 12 days and slowed to few bubbles. Why is the strength so low?<br>I'm using a 10 litre copper pot still. Careful to not allow any leaks.<br>Thanks for any help.
60% is ok coming out of the still, it just means you have more flavour, if you want a higher proof then reduce your heat a fraction. when it starts to coming out of the condenser, reduce the heat a little to reduce the flow and that should give you a higher proof. <br><br>but its a trade off, higher proof, lower taste. personally I would be very happy with 60%.<br><br>also you should ferment and until there is basically no bubbles. I think also if you are throwing in some of the heads from the previous batch then you are going to get more out as well.
Ahh that's great, It has been a great taste so not so worried now about strength, great idea about throwing heads in, I obviously can only distill 5 litres at a time so can through heads into next 5 litre batch. Wonderful instructable thank you so much.
<p>Can I use jack daniels wood chips to age my rum? I seen some at canadian tire in the grilling section.</p>
yes you can
<p>I have a 58 2/3 Liter keg, what is the maximum amount I can safely put in to distill the rum? without using a thumper or slobber knocker. In other words, What is the most YOU would run?</p>
well its going to foam up and you don't want it to puke in to the column, I would only half fill the keg just to be safe so about a 30L wash would be all I would do at one time.
if you added a thumper then filled it with coffee do you think you would get a coffee flavored rum.
probably, but what you would normally do is add coffee essence to the rum after you have distilled it.<br><br>and the flavour would be weak if you had it in the thumper, best to add it later ;-)
I've run my first batch. looks good. tastes strong. thanks for the good info and feed back. just got to add the chips and age it now.
nice good and strong, use the chips with caution, if you put too many in it can effect the flavour if you are using charred chips. for a good flavour leave it to age for as long as possible try to aim for a year or more, so you might want to make a few batches and stagger them so you always have a good supply of rum ;-)<br><br>also if you can use glass bottles to store the spirit in, you don't want to get plastic flavours in the rum. I use 4.5L glass demi Johns for wine making, you can get them from home brew shops or they are cheap at boot fairs.
<p>do you think its worth running a cleansing agent to separate the yeast from the wash. or will just letting it settle in a cool place do the job</p>
just let it settle in a cool place, it separates perfectly
Thanks for the advice
<p>by the way thankyou for producing such easy to read step by step guide to building stills, i have found them very helpfull</p>
<p>Reading this has inspired me to give this a go. I'm slowly building up everything i need to build my still, and i'm nearly ready to go. The one thing that's got me daunted is making cuts/ blending. I've read lots of forums on the subject and i just don't really know what to do. Would you say it's best to just collect the hearts and not bother trying to blend etc to begin with?<br><br>Any advice would be greatly appreciated :)</p>
if you have concerns as did I about this process, have a lot of jars to hand and collect 100ml in each at a time, keep them in order.<br><br>you can then smell and taste them and you will notice how they smell and taste differently as you move through from the start jars to the end jars. <br><br>at the beginning they will taste a bit off and smell slightly wrong, you will get what I mean when you do it.<br><br>I normally collect the heads after throwing away the first 50 - 100ml which is the methanol, and keep them to one side and throw them in with the next batch and keep the hearts. also do the same with the tails.<br><br>to be honest you could just keep the hearts and not bother with the heads as the process is cheap enough not to worry about the extra you would get from reprocessing the heads of the previous batch,<br><br>I also keep the methanol in a separate bottle, i use it for cleaning in my workshop, or as a BBQ and Fire lighter ;-) DO NOT DRINK IT. that stuff will make you go blind.
<p>Ok cool, that makes sense. </p><p>When people talk about reusing the feints, does that go into the still with the next batch of fermented wash, or does it go into the wash to be fermented with everything else? </p><p>Also do you reuse the sediment/ dunder? from the fermentation to reuse in subsequent washes? Or just start from scratch each time?</p><p>Sorry for the very noobish questions!</p>
<p>ok anything you take off the still goes back in the still when you run the next batch.</p><p>the dunder from the still, I throw it away, and clean the still right away as the dunder can stick to the inside and cause bad flavours on the next batch.</p><p>the sediment, now this is yeast and technically you could reuse it but you have to keep it alive, unless you run another batch right away, I would only use a portion of the sediment though and you would need to add it like you do the yeast, wait for it all to cool to the same temp as the sediment otherwise you will shock it.</p><p>I normally just start again from scratch each time using the same yeast as i normally leave a fair gap between batches</p>
<p>thanks for all your help :)</p>
<p>no problem, let me know how it turns out</p>
Cheers mate one of my favourite
no problem, hope you enjoy it, let me know how you get on<br>
<p>is there any way you could specify how much &quot; a couple of kettles &quot; of water is ????</p>
3 - 4 Litres
<p>I think you forget the still for distilation</p>
errrrm, no, the link is on the first page
I'll have to give it a try
are you trying to say something?
What would I need to make some Sailor Jerrys old recipe and new recipe
ah thats a spiced rum, make up the batch in the instructable, then when you put it in a demijohn with some oak chips put in a couple of allspice berrys (go easy on these they are powerful), half a cinnamon stick , and a few vanilla pods as many as 10 or more and leave to age. <br><br>I am still working on getting a decent spiced rum my self, I'm not keen on sailor Jerrys but I have produced something like it using the above. I prefer captain morgans but I have yet to get something close to this, I currently have a batch with 30 vanilla pods in it and some cassia bark, its been like that for nearly a year now.<br>

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