Introduction: Multi-Tool Flip-Top Table

Picture of Multi-Tool Flip-Top Table

Building a flip-top table is great way to save shop space. Building 3 flip-tops as one long table is even better. This project started with an 7' long 2" diameter steel shaft I've had lying around the shop for years. Since I didn't want to cut the solid shaft (because that sounds like work), I simply built a longer table. Even if you don't need a table this big, it's a good excuse to buy more tools! This shop project is easy to build and only requires dimensional lumber and plywoood. I used the solid shaft I had, but steel pipe is all you will need. Let's get going!

Step 1: What Tools Do You Have?

Picture of What Tools Do You Have?

I began by making a Sketchup drawing of possible tools I wanted to include and how best to arrange them. This allows you to determine the size of the flip-tops. If there are 2 tools you often use together try not to put them on opposite sides of the same flip-top. For instance, I use my planer and jointer together so I put them on different tables so both could be "up" at the same time. My mini-lathe I placed on the end due to it's length and the need to stand in front of it to work. This avoided needing a very wide flip-top. Give some thought to how and when you use your different tools when customizing your tops.

When measuring your tools make sure you include all the hand cranks, legs, knobs, cords, etc which stick out on the sides. They may be small, but they still count towards the total width when you flip the table.

Step 2: Prepare the Vertical Divider Pieces

Picture of Prepare the Vertical Divider Pieces

When I build shop projects I typically use what I've got lying around. Whether you consider this being economically resourceful or ecologically responsible, it's mainly because I'm cheap and don't care how it looks. It's not going in the living room after all. I had 4x4 cedar cutoffs and some 2x4's & 2x6's so that's what I used. The top and the bottom are 38" long and the legs are 24" long. You may need to adjust leg length depending on how tall you want the top and the size casters employed. The legs are simply two 2x4's screwed together with 3 pocket hole screws on each end. Toenailing 2 screws from one side and 1 screw from the other makes for a stronger joint. Use the long 2 1/2" pocket screws for joining the pieces. First, however, you will need to drill the holes for the shaft before assembling the dividers.

Step 3: Drill Holes for the Main Shaft

Picture of Drill Holes for the Main Shaft

Using a hole saw, drill holes through the four top cross pieces of a size appropriate to the pipe/shaft you are using. I'm not an engineer, but I think 1 1/2" pipe would work just as well and probably even 1" pipe depending on how wide the tops are and how heavy the tools. When in doubt, build stout! To prevent the shaft from turning I drilled and inserted 1/4" brass inserts over the shaft to accommodate 1"x1/4" bolts. Once the main shaft is in place the 1/4 hex bolts can be locked down to prevent turning. There are four bolts total; one in each top piece.

The simplest way I've found to get inserts installed straight is using the drill press. First drill your pilot hole for the insert. Then cut the head off of a 1/4" bolt, add 2 locking nuts and tighten it in your drill press chuck. With the insert screwed onto the bolt, turn the chuck by hand as you lower the chuck pressing down on the insert. Do not turn on your drill press! You are simply using the drill press to align the insert at 90 degrees while you turn the chuck by hand.

Step 4: Assemble the Dividers

Picture of Assemble the Dividers

Next you can screw the legs to the top and bottom pieces with your 2 1/2" pocket screws. The locking bolt goes on the bottom of the top cross piece. To prevent racking of the dividers, I added 1/4" thick plywood on 1 or both sides. The center 2 dividers have plywood on both side, whereas the end dividers received plywood on the inside only. This is because I planned to build shelves in the ends utilizing the extra space. Using a router and a rabbit bit, cut a rabbit around the inside of the frame as a recess to accept the plywood. After cutting the plywood to width and length, I also cut out a 1/2 circle under the pipe hole to access the locking bolt. To insure your dividers are square, measure both diagonals and the length should be the same. When both diagonals are the same the panel is square. Apply glue to the rabbit and nail the plywood in place.

Step 5: Whip Up Some Spacer Rings

Picture of Whip Up Some Spacer Rings

My flip-tops ended up being 18", 24" and 30" wide. The space between the dividers is 18 1/4", 24 1/4" and 30 1/4". The 1/8" on both sides of the table tops is a little room for error so the tops flip easily. Using 1/8" acrylic scraps I made some spacers to fill those voids on each side. The spacers were made using a jig on the router table and a hole saw at the drill press. You could also cut these using a bandsaw or scrollsaw as they don't have to be precise. An alternative material would be to use a cheap plastic cutting boards. You will need 6 spacers.

Step 6: Time for Flip-top Frames

Picture of Time for Flip-top Frames

Determine the size flip-tops you plan to build and rip 2x4s down to 3" wide. Rip double the number of 2x4s you need as these will also be used for bracing inside the frames later. The top of my table frame is 38" wide and I made my tops 36 1/2" wide. The 3/4" recess on each side allows for mounting barrel locks to secure the tops. For the 3 tops, I build an 18"x36.5", a 24"x36.5" and a 30"x36.5" rectangle from 1.5" thick by 3" wide ripped pine.

To begin building the tops you'll need to drill more holes with your hole saw. Each of the 36 1/2" wide sides needs a hole centered vertically & horizontally for the pipe/shaft. Once all six holes are finished simply construct the frames using 2.5" pocket hole screws.

Step 7: Assemble the Base

Picture of Assemble the Base

Cut three pairs of 2x6s a 1/4" longer than the width of your flip-top ends. In my case this worked out to be 18 1/4", 24 1/4" and 30 1/4". Assemble the dividers, spacer rings, shaft and tops as demonstrated in picture 2 and secure the 2x6s using 2 1/2" pocket screws along the bottom. When all 6 of the 2x6s are installed square up the dividers to the 2x6s and tighten the 1/4" bolts against the shaft. I would recommend using "blue" Locktite on each bolt to prevent it loosening. The blue version is removal in case you need to readjust later. Measure diagonals on the sides and tops of your table as before and get it as square as possible.

Next turn the table over and cut two 2x6s the length of your table plus 8" or more for overhang on the ends. The extra 8" will give you 4" overhang on both ends but this can be longer if you want to add a shelf. If you're unsure make them longer and trim when you decide. Glue and screw the long 2x6s into the dividers and the short 2x6 spacers you already installed. Attach a short 2x6 block the length of the overhang to lock the end dividers in place. Add six 4" or larger casters but remember this will affect table height.

Flip your table over and install the barrel locks by drilling holes into the dividers and mount with screws. Use a level across the table top so your tops end up level and even with each other.

Step 8: Framing & Finishing the Tops

Picture of Framing & Finishing the Tops

This part takes a bit of figuring since each top must be framed for mounting a tool on both sides. The position of the internal framing will be determined by the location of your tools' mounting holes. Plan for each 1.5" think piece to be centered under one of the mounting holes for your tool. In this way, the lag bolts or screws used to secure the tool will enter the frame on center. It's a good idea to take pictures for future references. Secure the 3" wide framing pieces using 2 1/2" pocket hole screws.

The tops don't have to be very thick since the internal framing is carrying the load and I used 1/8" Luan plywood. Once glued and nailed in place it creates a pseudo-torsion box which is strong. That said, I ended up adding another layer of plywood in some areas to glue Corian to and make a gluing station (next step). So there may instances where thicker tops are warranted depending on your planned use. Again, when in doubt, build stout.

Step 9: Fill in the Bare Spots

Picture of Fill in the Bare Spots

My center flip-top was tool-less on one side and I decided to make a gluing station using salvaged Corian and Kreg clamping tracks. To insure a stable base for the Corian and for mounting the T-track I added a layer of 3/4" plywood under it. The clamping tracks were secured to the plywood from the bottom before the plywood was attached. The plywood was glued and screwed over the 1/8" Luan plywood and the Corian attached with Liquid Nails. This gluing station has been very handy as wood glue easily peels off Corian after drying. Of course this top gets used for many things since the tracks allow me to clamp boards down to the table top.

Step 10: Accessorize Your Table!

Picture of Accessorize Your Table!

The end of a table is a great area for organizing your stuff out of the way. In this case, a lathe workstation was in order. The swing out tool holders keep everything close and the recessed shelves store all the little stuff. Including shavings! This workstation is working well for me even when the jointer is up and in use (not that often frankly).

On the other end I added shelves for paint cans, junk, and the like.

Step 11: Go to Work!

Picture of Go to Work!

I hope this instructable has given you some ideas for saving space in your shop. Give this project a try. It is well worth the time and effort. I am very happy with mine.

I look forward to your comments and suggestions for improvement!

Step 12: Video of Multi-Tool Flip Table

Comments

merideth (author)2017-10-13

This is so great! The idea and your 'ible are so good that I may give it a go with my limited skills and resources. My shop is tiny and i'm constantly looking for ways to make my space more flexible and useful. I get super excited about ideas like this.

You dust collection system looks pretty impressive too. Any chance you have a DIY guide for that?

kentdvm (author)merideth2017-10-14

Thanks! Glad it was an inspiration! We all started by just giving it a go and learning along the way. If you're safe and finish the day in good shape then all the other stuff you messed up, I mean learned, can be purchased.

I don't have an instructable on my dust collection system but this site is where I learned everything I know about it. Incredibly good info. I don't know how I managed or breathed before my dust collector. http://billpentz.com/woodworking/cyclone/

merideth (author)kentdvm2017-10-15

Thanks so much for encouraging reply! So much to do! :)

Sombeach made it! (author)2015-10-18

I made it! Not as nice as the original but I'm pretty happy with it! Still needs some finishing touches but just about done!

merideth (author)Sombeach2017-10-13

I LOVE how you have the table saw set up so the other sections can serve as out-feed! Great optional tweak on the idea.

kentdvm (author)Sombeach2015-10-22

Looks great! I like the positioning of your saw. Makes a nice outside table. Good work!

stribout (author)2017-09-16

Just a thought, what if instead of 1 single component you built 3? Extend the top to overlap and then rejoin. That way one could rotate the tools on the outside to the inner middle section. Making it even more portable and convenient.

RonI10 (author)2017-09-08

Does anybody have concise written plans of this most awesome tool bench? Please send to forane100@gmail.com.

Thanks in advance.

RCI

Edward-Norton (author)2017-09-07

I was under the impression that the main reason for these type of tool stands/benches was to have a tool on each side thus allowing you to have both at hand but using a space saving design. I guess I missunderstood. Nice build though!

steegs8319 made it! (author)2017-02-01

Had to make it pretty deep for the Mitre saw, & wide for the router table, but I'm really happy with it!
Thanks for the Instructable!

GroverS2 made it! (author)2017-01-29

Its close. Alternatives to barrel locks are suggested for future builders. Fence post ok. Using 1 7/8" chain link. Going to use clamps on each end to prevent racking (maybe).

GroverS2 made it! (author)2017-01-26

Its a work in progress. Basically the same as yours. I didnt have the solid steel shaft (who would?) And went with more commonly available steel fence post. Since it was in shear, I HOPE it will be strong enough. So far so good. Waiting on the last pair of casters and barrel locks. Skipped the insertion of stop screws. Will probably use fence post collars instead. I will post completed pic or pile of ruined tools and broken plywood!

kentdvm (author)GroverS22017-01-27

Looking good! Almost there. Still love mine. Sure you will too.

wkearney99 (author)2015-03-24

Clever idea! But why not just go with mounting the tools onto platforms and have holders for them on the top? That way you could have more tools on boards than just the flip-over locations. That and you could move the tools around as materials & methods dictate.

amclaussen (author)wkearney992016-01-05

I did it more in the way you just said: I made several tool bases that hold the tool, some tools inverted, like the jigsaw, circular saw and router can be mounted under the table top, ohters like the bemch drillstand go upside. These bases can be square shaped and thus, can be mounted in 4 different 90 degree directions, as needed. Even more, when I need a completely flat surface I install blank plates. Every tool base and or blank plate has a routed step that goes precisely into a similarly routed step in the table top, and fixed with some locks underside in order to become firmly attached to th bench top. That leaves all tool bases or blank plates completely flush with bench surface, or a completely flat and continuous surface. Amclaussen.

kentdvm (author)amclaussen2016-01-06

Post pics I'd love to see it. I think having interchangeable plates is great way to expand the capabilities of this setup further. In my case, I really just wanted to mount the tools I have on the table as I have my other tools setup elsewhere so there wasn't really a need. That said, there are always more tools....

atlantica (author)wkearney992015-03-24

Build it, post it, and lets have a look how it compares.

amclaussen (author)2016-01-05

Nice concept, but I prefer to have some tools mounted under the table, like the jigsaw and the circular saw that present the blade up, or a Router fixed under. Other tools are better on top, like a grinder. For tools mounted upside down, I made removable rectangular or square bases (as needed) that fit into holes cut on the working surface. The square bases allow me to rotate the tool 90 degrees as needed. Those bases fit on the table top inside routed "stair-step" recesses that hold them very tightly, and are retained with some sliding lock bolts under the table top. When I don't need the tool and I need the flat surface, I install blanks. My setup has a sturdy center section made with heavy steel angle, and has a "T" style top with overhanging ends. I can place the most frequently used tools on both ends, like a bench drill and the jigsaw (inverted), or the jigsaw and router, both with the motor under the table. My Milwaukee router ( the one supplied with two bases) can be easily mounted under and its height can be changed from above. Initially I had installed lockable caster wheels, but this made the bench too flimsy, so I removed them and changed the wheels to pointed studs that penetrate about 6 mm into the concrete floor, retaining the bench from lateral play nicely and also allow me to get the banch perfectrly leveled too. I cal also tie the bench to the rear Wall, for the firmest setup. Rigidity was much more important for me, thus the revolving concept was not as attractive for me. And because the tool bases and blank plates fit very precisely, I can have a completely flat working surface without any slots. The original idea was not mine, as I took it from a portable work bench sold by Skil Brand tools (seems they no longer sell it) but I increased the size in order to have enough working surface and better stability and rigidity. Some carefully drawn guide lines at 90 degrees on top surface are helpful too, as is a ceiling mounted laser level that projects two straight lines from above. Amclaussen.

amclaussen (author)amclaussen2016-01-05

Forgot to clarify that the angle used for my bench legs and structure is not "iron" angle, but perforated and slotted heavy gage sheetmetal angle that was sold as "Dexion Angle":

And the original idea for the bench was this, from Skil Tools (Sorry cannot upload image of the Skil "X-Shop" workbench. But mine is much larger and sturdier. Amclaussen.

splatman (author)2016-01-05

An Entertainment Center for the woodshop. No, seriously, entertainment centers have nothing on this. Entertain yourself with this, and you will have something to show for it.

eggplanthunter (author)2016-01-03

Great idea and presentation and nice pantorouter. Do you find that the 4 bolts in the dividers are enough to prevent racking in the 'long" direction?

kentdvm (author)eggplanthunter2016-01-04

I haven't noticed racking. The holes the bar runs through are tight and I think that helps as much as anything with the flip tables serving as giant spacers. The diameter of this bar passing through a tight hole in the cross member which is 3.5" in length limits racking. I've been very happy with it. I roll it around quite a bit and frequently flip the tops and it's solid.

bobby sissom (author)2015-09-04

very nice and a job well done

agulesin (author)2015-07-01

I love this 'able... Never had a tabletop lathe or any of the other tools but I always wanted to get one, and I'll remember your project in case I ever need it! Also never thought of hanging a lathe or other stuff upside-down, bat style! PS: is there any risk of oil from gearboxes etc. seeping out while the tools are hanging from their feet? That might be a risk in some cases.

I'm voting, and wish you the best for the future...

nuelma (author)2015-05-17

really cool

kurtnotkirk (author)2015-05-14

Man, that is really cool. I need to do this.

rustygray (author)2015-03-24

Excellent. I like the concept. I may try this but with a 3 sides. That way I can keep two tools underneath and a flat side for work space.

I already have my tools mounted on mdf bases and store them on a shelf until use.

Great idea, great Instructable.

kentdvm (author)rustygray2015-03-24

craftsman made a 3 sided flip table years ago It was pretty cool

averyb09 (author)kentdvm2015-04-13

Here it is. Yours is better Kentdvm.

kentdvm (author)averyb092015-04-16

That's the one!

atlantica (author)rustygray2015-03-24

?? If you built it 3 sided, where would you stand?

bremus (author)atlantica2015-03-24

You'd have to stand on the side in reference to the pivot. Doesn't save as much space as your setup.

sspruill1 (author)2015-03-24

Beautiful wood working! I have 2 concern/questions. How does the hardware hold up to the vibration of the tools? It seems a heavier duty slide bolt might be in order. Question 2, do you have recommendations on how to orient your tools? It seems that some tools need more lateral space (sander, router) while others need more depth (planer). I have consolidated tools onto a share portable bench, but I an always careful to make sure they never get in each others way. For example a chop saw never needs clearance behind it. But anything that goes opposite it will be covered in dust unless you have a good dust collector or a wall to stop it.

I am a little envious of how organized you are! :-)

averyb09 (author)sspruill12015-04-13

Great idea! You could also epoxy a metal bushings for the pipe to rotate in if you are concerned about wearing down the wood.

kentdvm (author)sspruill12015-03-24

thanks but you can't see the mess behind me:)

Actually I don't get any vibration that's noticeable. I put 4 barrel locks on the corner of each table and drilled 4 holes. It's impossible to get these all aligned just right so that when you flip the table the bolt slips in effortlessly on the other side. They are all snug or tighter. On a couple it takes lifting a corner to get it in My concern is the holes will wallow out over time. May need to install a metal plate with a hole. The steel shaft weighs around 75 lbs, the planer 90 lbs and the mini lathe is 60 or so and then the Corian. The weight probably helps a lot to.

Yes it takes some thought and planning to figure out the arrangement. It would be hard to work in a miter saw due to lateral interference. You could put in on one end perpendicular to the steel shaft although you wouldn't have lateral supports and dust collection would be an issue. Fortunately I have a saw station already. The jointer is another which I ran perpendicular to the steel shaft for that reason. I'm not great a Sketchup but was able to rotate the tables & tools on it to check clearances.

madmedix (author)kentdvm2015-03-24

What about countersinking some brake line or other metal barrel into the sides for the bolt to slide into? maybe flare it at one side where the bolt enters...might help with the holes issue over time..

Great job BTW,

kentdvm (author)madmedix2015-03-25

Good idea. That would work I believe.

samohtep (author)2015-04-02

This is pretty awesome. Thanks for the idea! I wonder if it would be possible to build the flip top as a triangle, allowing two tool mounting surfaces, and a third open surface. God knows I'm always looking for more work surfaces!

averyb09 (author)samohtep2015-04-13

Here's a link for a 3 sided flipper : woodworkingtalk.com/f13/flip-top-tool-cart-build-43915/

kentdvm (author)samohtep2015-04-02

I think very possible. Someone was talking about this earlier and I think it would work. Be sure to post an instructable!

Plognark (author)2015-04-09

This is a great idea. I had been thinking of a carousel type arrangement to get my bench top tools in order, but this saves so much more space!

clancy.moody (author)2015-04-02

For those of us in the stone age still what software do you use to plan with?

kentdvm (author)clancy.moody2015-04-02

Google SketchUp. It's free!

AzzysDesignWorks (author)2015-03-31

If you built up the size of the pipe in the middle, It would not be hard to limit the flip direction and then wire in power or data.

kentdvm (author)AzzysDesignWorks2015-03-31

Agreed. I thought about it but decided to use the shaft I had. It's not been a big deal to plug & unplug however would be nice.

Deus Tempestas (author)2015-03-29

This is one of those 'slap your forehead' projects, why didn't I think of this before. great idea!

mikeasaurus (author)2015-03-26

This is so smart. Thanks for sharing!

walter.warren1 (author)2015-03-24

Great idea. I guess you want to think about tool placement though to not wind up putting two tools commonly used together opposite each other. The more I see of shop benches setups, the more I wish I had space for a proper shop instead of hauling things out onto the patio.

you can build this just put it on wheels. if you don't have the shed build a box too store it in. make sure you weight the bottom with concrete if you think someone will take it.

kentdvm (author)mzimmermann62015-03-26

absolutely. 80% of my shop is on wheels. Let's me rearrange for different projects or take it outside. Good idea on the box.

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