Here's how to create a classic Diamond engagement ring from start to finish. This custom ring is made in Platinum and has one hundred small Diamonds set in the mounting. This particular style mounting uses a method known as bead setting- there are four tiny metal beads that hold each small stone in place. I'll show you how the design begins with a CAD model and walk you through the entire creation process step by step. If you ever wondered how jewelry like this is made or you're an aspiring jeweler looking to expand your stone setting skills then this is for you!

Step 1: Tools

A lot of tools were used in the creation of this ring. I'll give a general overview and then explain how all the tools are used in greater detail in the relevant sections. This isn't meant to be a complete list of all the tools used in jewelry making but it does represent all of the tools used in the creation of this particular ring.

1.) You need a solid workbench. This is where the magic happens! The vast majority of work is done at the jewelers bench. Every jeweler has their own preferences in regards to how their bench is set up and in the 15 years I've been working as a jeweler I've certainly developed my own sense of what works and what doesn't. That doesn't mean there isn't a different/better way of doing things- this is just my own personal preference. A jeweler's bench should have a thick sturdy top (it'll get hammered on a lot) and it should have a large metal lined pan to catch metal filings/scrap. I keep most of my larger tools like large hammers, files, ring mandrel, sanding sticks and my saw in this pan so I can quickly grab them.


2.) Good lighting is a must. Making jewelry is hard on your eyes so make sure you have lots of light at your work space. I use a magnifying ring light and I've found it to have nice even light. The magnification isn't very strong but it's nice to be able to drop it down in front of you to get a better view of what you're working on.

3.) When doing exacting detail work good magnification is really important. I wore magnifiers for years before getting a bench mounted stereo zoom microscope and I can tell you there is no comparison. The microscope offers much better magnification and field of view as well as a greater working distance, which is necessary when doing detailed engraving and stone setting. The microscope is mounted on a stand that allows it to be positioned wherever I want. The other scope I'd recommend is AmScope. My co worker has an Omano scope and while the optics are decent the stand isn't the greatest quality. Whatever scope you get be sure to get a LED ring lamp for it and make sure it has a .5X Barlow lens. The Barlow lens will increase the focal distance so you have room to move your hands under the scope while engraving and stone setting.

Meiji scope w/ Acrobat stand- I've been using this scope for several years and it's outstanding.

AmScope w/ stand, barlow lens and ring light- an excellent buy if you're on a budget.

4.) Rotary tools. I probably use these more than any other bench tool. Rotary tools are used for drilling, grinding and sanding. I have two Foredom flexshaft motors- one with a quick change handpiece and another with a #30 handpiece. The quick change handpieces are really nice for stone setting since you can change burs really fast. The #30 handpiece is great for using drill bits, large sanding rolls and large rotary burs. The Foredom flex shaft motors last forever- mine are over 15 years old. The #30 handpiece will also last forever. I manage to wear out the quick change handpieces every 1 1/2 to 2 years. I've been using a NSK Evolution EMax micromotor rotary tool for some time now and it's the cat's pajamas. It is simply the finest rotary tool I've ever used and they're known for being extremely robust. The big benefit of micromotor rotary tools is the motor is in the handpiece so you're not fighting the tension of a flex shaft drive cable- it's a pretty big deal when you're doing delicate work and stone setting. Unfortunately the NSK EMax is also very expensive! Foredom does make a less expensive alternative- while it's not as nice as the NSK it's less than half the cost and if I were on a budget I'd definitely go for it- I liked it a lot when I got to try it out.

Foredom flex shaft kit w/ #30 handpiece and accessories

Faro #10D quich change handpiece- if you want a quick change handpice for your flex shaft this is the one to get as it's the most durable one out there and it has a duplex spring for greater mobility. Trust me on this one- I've used pretty much every quick change handpiece made.
NSK micromotor rotary tool- http://www.ottofrei.com/Nakanishi-NSK-EMax-EVOlution-Micromotor-Deluxe-Kit.html

Foredom micromotor rotary tool

5.) GRS Benchmate with drop plate. This wonderful tool is designed to hold rings by either the inside of the ring (using an expanding mandrel) or by the outside (using a clamp.) There is also a bracket that holds a standard wood bench pin. The drop plate allows it to sit low enough so you can use it with a stereo microscope- this enables you to do very intricate engraving and stone setting work.

GRS Benchmate stone setting package
Drop plate- http://www.ottofrei.com/GRS-Mounting-Bracket-That-Lowers-Shelf.html

6.) Gravers. These are cutting tools that are designed to remove metal for engraving and stone setting. They come in all different shapes and sizes. The gravers I used for this ring are a knife edge, onglette and flat gravers. GRS makes a power hone with a dual angle fixture for sharpening gravers- this allows you to set up a specific angle for sharpening the tip of the graver. It's a super easy and quick way to sharpen gravers to exact angles. I've been using one for around 15 years and it's the best. Gravers can also be sharpened with a Diamond lap or sharpening stone.

If you want to grind your own gravers use these- http://www.ottofrei.com/Grobet-High-Speed-Steel-Gravers/
This is a set of stone setter's gravers already cut and ready to go- 12 different gravers are included in the set.
I use this quick change graver handle- you attach the gravers to the individual inserts.
GRS Power Hone with sharpening fixture and sharpening wheels

7.) Files, inside ring bur and sanding rolls. I use a large coarse flat file for removing casting sprues and flattening sides of rings and a fine half round file for shaping the inside edge of rings. I use a small barrette needle file for shaping prongs after stones are set. I use a large carbide bur for cleaning up the inside of ring castings and sanding rolls for finishing/smoothing the insides of rings.

Flat coarse file- http://www.ottofrei.com/Grobet-Swiss-Vallorbe-Valtitan-Files-Flat-Hand-8.html
Half round fine file- http://www.ottofrei.com/Files-Half-Round-8-Inch.html
Barrette fine needle file- http://www.ottofrei.com/Files-Needle-5-1/2-Inch-Barrette.html
Inside ring bur (part #120.292)- http://www.ottofrei.com/Carbide-Inside-Ring-Bur-with-1-8-Shank.html
Sanding rolls (120 grit)- http://www.ottofrei.com/3M-Cartridge-Roll-1-2-x-1-Pack-of-25.html

8.) Burs, polishing wheels and drill bits. For this ring I used several different shape burs. Straight stone setting burs, 90 degree Hart burs, ball burs and Krause burs are used for stone setting and cleaning up raw castings. Rubber wheels are used for smoothing and polishing. I use a dressing stone for shaping the rubber polishing wheels. Small drills are used for drilling relief holes for stone setting. I use a mandrel that holds small polishing points for polishing small areas. I use beeswax as a lubricant when using burs- it prolongs bur life and allows for a cleaner cut. I also use beeswax for holding Diamonds during stone setting.

Burs- http://www.ottofrei.com/Tungsten-Vanadium-Six-Pack-Burs-Busch-Otto-Frei-Swiss-and-Otto-Frei-Fox/
Polishing wheels- http://www.ottofrei.com/Shofu-Polishing-Wheels/
Dressing stone- http://www.ottofrei.com/Silicon-Carb-Dressing-Stone.html
Drills- http://www.ottofrei.com/High-Speed-Steel-Twist-Drills-Number-80-30-.343mm-3.264mm-.0135-.1285-Inches.html
Polishing points- http://www.ottofrei.com/Ottotech-Flexacrylic-Rod-Polishing-Kit.html
Beeswax- http://www.riogrande.com/Product/100-Natural-Beeswax-Stick/110022?Pos=1

9.) Sanding wheels and sticks. Sanding wheels are used with a rotary tool to smooth castings and shape metal, especially in small areas. Sanding sticks are used on larger surfaces (like the sides of rings) to smooth and shape metal. I use a split mandrel to hold a strip of sandpaper for final finishing of inside of rings.

7/8" coarse sanding wheels (part #111.911)- http://www.ottofrei.com/Moore-s-Discs-Adalox-Pack-of-50-Discs.html
7/8" fine plastic backed sanding discs (part# 111.976)- http://www.ottofrei.com/Moore-s-Plastic-Discs-Sand-Pack-of-50-Discs.html
Split mandrel- http://www.ottofrei.com/Split-Mandrel-Straight-Type-3-32-Shank.html
Sandpaper (I use the 80 micron and 15 micron)- http://www.riogrande.com/Product/3M-Imperial-Micro-Finishing-Films/337311?Pos=5

10.) Burnishing tool. This is used with a rotary tool to smooth metal where there is microporosity in a casting. Porosity is often found where a sprue is removed- there may be tiny little pits left in the metal (due to how the metal cools during the lost wax casting process) so they need to be burnished down and smoothed in order to get a nice surface for polishing.

I use the 10mm recessed burnisher (part #118.084)- http://www.ottofrei.com/Burnishers.html

11.) Beading and millgrain tools. Beading tools are small round tools that have a cupped end- these are used to form small beads of metal for holding stones in place. Millgrain tools are small round cupped wheels that are used to form beaded decorative edges.

Beading tools- http://www.ottofrei.com/Beading-Tools-Swiss-Set-Of-24-Tools-0-22-Plus-One-and-Handle.html
Millgrain tools- http://www.ottofrei.com/Millgrain-Tool-Set-Of-6-With-Handle-On-Hardwood-Stand-4-6-8-10-12-and-14.html

12.) Pliers. I use flat nose pliers and chain nose nose pliers for stone setting. Gem set pliers are used when setting large prong set stones when smaller pliers cannot reach across the prongs. I've used many different brands of pliers over the years and I've found Lindstrom to be the best there is- they will last a lifetime.

Flat nose and chain nose pliers (Model #s 7940 and 7893)- http://www.ottofrei.com/Lindstrom--Supreme-Line-Pliers.html
Gem set pliers- http://www.ottofrei.com/Wes-Gem-Brand-Gem-Set-Pliers.html

13.) Dust blower and engraving tool. I use the dust blower for blowing out debris when using cutting burs. The engraving tool is something I made from an old bur (I shaped/sharpened the end with a Diamond lap but any sharpening stone will work just as well)- I use it for engraving markings on the inside of rings.

Dust blower- http://www.ofrei.com/page242.html
Diamond lap- http://eze-lap.com/products/diamond-hone-stone/

14.) Wire wheels, brushes and polishing compound. The wire wheels and brushes are used with a rotary tool- the wire wheel is used for deburring and the brushes are used with a polishing compound for polishing hard to reach areas. For polishing Platinum I use three grades of Japanese Platinum polishing compound.

Wire wheels- http://www.ottofrei.com/Steel-Brush-3-4-.003-Crimped-Wire-Unmounted-3-32-Hole.html
Bristle brushes- http://www.ottofrei.com/Mounted-Natural-Bristle-Brushes/
Polishing compounds (800, 1500 and 8000)- http://www.ottofrei.com/Japanese-NW-Platinum-Polishing-Compounds.html

15.) Polishing motor/dust collector. Jewelers do a lot of polishing and this polishing station allows all of the dust generated during the polishing process to be collected in a filtration system. There are a lot of dust collection systems out there with a huge price range. The important thing is that you have some kind of collection system so you're not breathing in particles from polishing.

The polishing system at my work is pretty similar to this model except ours is a single hood setup that is a bit more powerful- http://www.ottofrei.com/Store/Handler-Full-Size-Dust-Collectors-Systems/Handler-600JP-Dust-Collector-System-Complete.html

A less expensive system would to use a Foredom BL motor kit with a separate filtered hood/dust collector.

Foredom BL polishing motor

Foredom dust collector hood

16.) Ultrasonic cleaner and steamer. An ultrasonic cleaner is the best way to remove polishing compound. A steamer is used to quickly dry jewelry after it has been rinsed with water after the ultrasonic bath. Again a huge price range for this kind of equipment. A quick note about ultrasonic cleaners: certain fragile stones like Tanzanite, Emerald, Opal and Pearl should never be placed in an ultrasonic cleaner as they can be damaged by the ultrasonic.

We use a Crest ultrasonic cleaner- this is something that will get an awful lot of use so buy a good one, take care of it and it will last many, many years. I prefer digital controls vs knobs because it's easier to clean- also never had problem with durability. I've used cheap ultrasonic cleaners and they don't hold up to shop use- ditto for steamers.

Crest 1.5 gal ultrasonic

Steamer- http://www.ottofrei.com/Steamaster-Steamer-2-Gallon-HPJ-2S.html

17.) Jeweler's saw. I use this for cutting out detail areas. I primarily use 4/0 and 8/0 saw blades. The 8/0 saw blades are great for cutting in very small areas while the 4/0 blades are used for cutting rings for sizing and for cutting thicker sheet material. Antilope blades are good quality at a reasonable price. Cheapo saw blades don't cut well (or straight) and break really easily.

Jeweler's saw
Antilope 4/0 saw blades- buy them by the gross pkg (144 blades)

Antilope 8/0 saw blades

18.) Ring mandrel. This is used for making sure the ring is round and that it is the proper size. 90% of the time I use a smooth taper ungrooved mandrel. Grooved mandrels are used when you have a stone that sticks through the bottom inside of the ring.


19.) Brass pusher. This is used to help position small Diamonds and push them into place while setting. The brass is soft enough not to damage the Diamonds. The tool is made by inserting a small length of 1/8" diameter brass rod into a wood graver handle. I like the graver handles that have a flat on them so they don't roll around on your bench.


20.) Rawhide mallet. A rawhide mallet is used to shape metal without marring it- great for hammering rings round.


So that's a lot of tools and many of them are pretty darn expensive! One thing I tell people that are starting to get into jewelry work is check Craigslist ads for used tools or jewelry stores or schools that are selling off equipment. Most of the big ticket items like benches, ultrasonic cleaners, steamers, polishing motors, dust collectors, microscopes and flex shaft motors can be found second hand and most of these tools are really well built tools that were meant for production environments so as long as they are in decent working condition more than likely they will last you a long time.

<p>I absolutely love this Instructable. Thank You for sharing, and the terrific job you did doing that!</p>
Any recommendations for a super beginner, someone with no tools, no jewelry making experience?
I'd begin by trying to make basic band type rings- you could make them from brass, copper or silver. Making rings like this will teach you how to make good joints and how to use files and a saw as well as perfecting polishing. You wouldn't need much in the way of tools either- just a saw, some files, polishing compound and a propane torch.
First Prize! That deserves some congratulations!!
Thanks!! There were some amazing instructables in there- everyone did a spectacular job!
I don't suppose you have any ibles for manufacturing a basket setting, <br>Particularly an oval basket setting.
Not at the moment but I'll make a note to document it the next time I have to fab one. I'll tell you one secret is to make your upper and lower rings for your head. Now get some Play-Doh and stick your gallery wires in it and superglue your wires to the lower ring- notching the lower ring will help locate the wires. Spray the superglue with an accelerator- this will keep it more flexible. <br> <br>Now remove the Play-Doh (be careful not to break your wires off) and mix up some soldering investment- I used to use some stuff called Place-It compound or something like that (I'll look it up.) Stick your superglued assembly into the investment and wait for the investment to harden and then solder all the joints using a hard solder. Once that is done you can repeat the process for the upper gallery wire for the head, but this time use a medium solder so you don't melt any of your previous joints. <br> <br>If you have any other questions just let me know!
Fascinating. (said in the voice of Leonard Nimoy) <br> <br>Seriously, I agree with other comments : this has to be the best instructable I've read, ever. Thank you so much for sharing!
Thank you!
This is the best instructable I have seen. While I have no intention of trying to make my own jewelry, I've often wondered how it's done. Your patience must be limitless! How long would this setting have taken to complete, from receiving the casting to the final polish?
Thanks! I'd say this ring probably took three days to make, but that's probably a bit skewed due to the fact I was documenting it.
Definitely one of the best and most comprehensive Instructables I've seen! So much information, knowledge and skill imparted here! Well done Honus!
Thanks- glad you like it!
Wonderful Instructable! Really great to have a sneak peek into professional jewelelry making. Thanks!
Thanks so much! The tools and stone setting method shown are the same as what I used to make this rose Gold pendant.
Horus, what a nice instructable! I am a geologist and I love gemology, but had never seen the production process of a ring. I wonder what would be the average value for a ring like this. Thank you!
Cost depends greatly on job parameters, but a mounting (not including center stone) like this could cost anywhere from $2500 to $3500 depending on type of metal and number/size of stones used.
Thanks so much- glad you like it!
Jeez that's a lot of money
It can be but it doesn't have to be. The techniques are the same no matter what materials you use and most, if not all, of the tools can be obtained second hand. The stuff that adds up are the consumables like burs and polishing wheels.
This step-to-step is huge ans awesome! That's so interesting, thanks very much!
Thanks! I've been wanting to do an instructable like this for quite some time but it's hard to document projects at my job due to time constraints placed on custom work. It's also pretty hard to condense down all of the information to something manageable- there's a lot of ground to cover when making a ring like this!

About This Instructable




Bio: I'm a former bicycle industry designer turned professional jeweler. I like working with my hands and am happiest when I'm in the shop ... More »
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