Introduction: Repair the Odometer/PRND321 LCD Display on a '99-'06 GM/Chevy Truck

In this Instructable, I will show you how to repair odometer/gear select (PRND321) LCD on your GM truck. In this case, mine is a '02 Chevrolet Avalanche but this should apply to all GMT 800 series trucks within this age range.

A common fault on '99 - '02 GM trucks was the permanent or intermittent failing of the odometer/gear select LCD. This meant that you were unable to see what gear you were currently in, unable to determine the mileage of the vehicle, and unable to use the trip computer. The problem was caused by poor soldering of the internal components. Here's how to fix it…

Step 1: Determine the Fault

STOP!

Before starting anything, check that the "message center" is operational.

If both the odometer and message center are not working, the problem is likely to be a fuse (both of these displays share the same fuse.) The fuse in question is the IGN 0 fuse (responsible for "PRND321/odometer/VCM/PCM") which is located in the instrument panel fuse block on the driver's side edge of the dashboard (the edge which you can only access with the driver's door open.) Open it up, replace it, and see if that cures the problem.

If the message center display is operational, but the odometer display is not, read on…

Step 2: Obtain Access to the Instrument Cluster

First off, engage the emergency brake. You will be moving the column shift out of park, so this will prevent the truck from moving/rolling.

Insert the key into the ignition and turn to "ON" - you don't have to fire up the truck, but you will need to turn the key enough that you can move the gear stick down to the lowest position.

Using the steering wheel's height adjustment, move the steering wheel to the lowest position.

Finally, remove the dashboard surround. This simply pulls off, and requires no tools.

Step 3: Removing the Instrument Cluster

The instrument cluster is held in place by four (4) 7mm hex screws, one in each corner. Remove these.

Tilt the instrument cluster forward carefully, and unlatch the large wire harness on the back. The instrument panel can now be removed.

Step 4: Opening Up the Instrument Cluster

Remove the black panel on the back by loosening the clips.

You will now be looking at the back of the printed circuit board (PCB). Carefully pry the board away from the instrument cluster - it is held in place only by the pins of the stepper motors (labelled on the image)… but BEWARE, there is another small wire harness on the right and side of the board.

The last thing is to gain access to the back of the LCD panel. It is held in place by nine (9) pins and three white clips. Gently unhook the three clips, and bend back the display enough that you can get to the back of the LCD where the pins are connected. (See pictures to explain this step better)

Step 5: Soldering

Check the connections for the any dry joint - as you can see, the offender is the pin on the end in my case (apparently, it's usually this pin). Crack out the soldering iron and solder the joint securely. Try not to burn the plastic around the edges.

I'll hold off on the "after" picture because my soldering is embarrassingly poor! 

Step 6: Put It All Back Together

Bend the LCD display back carefully, ensuring that you have hooked in all three white clips.

Reconnect the small wire harness between the PCB and the instrument cluster.

Lining up the pins of the stepper motors with their corresponding sockets on the PCB, push the board back onto the instrument cluster. Put pressure on the back of where the stepper motors are (see photo).

Replace the back plastic cover of the instrument cluster, ensuring all clips are secured.

Step 7: Put It Back in the Truck

Connect the large wire harness on the back of the instrument cluster. Line up the instrument cluster and replace the four (4) hex screws.

Replace the dashboard surround - lining up the pins helps with this (see photo)

Step 8: Fire It Up!

Fire up the truck, and you should see the odometer/gear select (PRND321) LCD display working perfectly.

Comments

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daniel.malott.10 made it!(author)2014-07-30

Thank you so much for posting this!! Putting my 99 Silverado up for sale, would have been a hard sell when you can't see the mileage. This was a little out of my comfort zone and I am horrible with solder. Got it done and it was the pin you said it would be. Thanks again, saved my butt!

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sailingthrough made it!(author)2015-07-17

Glad to help! Yeah, the odometer not working will shave a few hundred $$$ off the sale price for sure.

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UncleEd made it!(author)2017-07-07

Great help for me! I downloaded and printed it, but wish I had printed it in color. It was, doubtless, the pin you said, though I soldered the next pin, too. I never accomplish anything in a "reasonable" amount of time, but it was just after lunch when I started and was still quite sunny, hot, and muggy long before supper when I finished. It worked on the first test and is still working.

You don't mention taking the battery cable loose. Far as I can tell, there is no fire hazard and no likelihood of shorting anything out. The hazard is your sanity and the warning "bell" that tells you the key is in the ignition with the door is open. Take the battery loose or disconnect the bell.

Another comment mentioned the pin/peg in addition to the three white clips holding the display. It's in Step 4, the last picture. You can see the three pins and a white peg next to the pin on the left. The clips were fairly easy, but it was a pain getting the display loose from the white peg. I wiggled and twisted it after I got the three clips loose and it took patience and tested my tranquility. Annoying to put back on, too. I'm not certain it would have caused a problem if I had broken or clipped it off, but I was careful and it's still there.

Thanks! It's 2017 now and the truck is a 1999. Wonder how long into the future this procedure will be done using these instructions..

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JerryS146 made it!(author)2017-06-01

Where can I purchase the PRND321 LCD part for the 2002 1500 Avalanche?

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TomM311 made it!(author)2017-02-20

EXACTLY the same pin on mine. Took about 35 minutes from start to finish to fix this issues. Thanks!

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NormanB23 made it!(author)2016-11-23

great instructions that fixed my problem. Thanks!

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Evinrude made it!(author)2016-11-12

Thanks for sharing these step by step instructions, great details. My '05 is different than older models where the PRND321 and DID are on separate display. The gear indicator comes and goes or if I tapped few times it will slowly come on then disappear. I cannot find any layout of PCB diagram to locate the gear indicator to zero on which pins to re-solder, does anyone know which pins?

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EdgarC69 made it!(author)2016-11-01

Hi, on my Tahoe the odometer is nice and bright but the PRND321 is only visible at night, do you think this is the same thing?

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guttersnipes199 made it!(author)2016-11-10

I'm having the same problem on mt 2003 Chevy Avalanche. I'd like to know the issue as well.

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busterc made it!(author)2015-03-02

This is very helpful but my 2002 1500 sierra has some of the same thongs that are on this post but my battery light stays on and I have no cruise control or tow haul and my blower motor stop all at the same time and the transmission can only be shifts manually.

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PatriciaN34 made it!(author)2016-10-12

What was the problem

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Sarah-H made it!(author)2015-05-27

Busterc, did you ever find out what was going on with your Sierra? I am having the same problems with my 2002 Chevy Silverado 1500 - battery light stays on, mileage reader is out, gas and temp guages out, and I have no heater/fan/ac. I have replaced the battery, alternator and both tension pullies but no luck. It comes back with no issues when scanned. Any help is greatly apreciated.

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wbrennan+williams made it!(author)2015-07-20

Sarah, did you ever figure out what was causing your truck to do this? I'm having same problem. Thanks!

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fattboyy48 made it!(author)2016-06-18

that was awesome thanks for your time

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stormyra1 made it!(author)2016-03-09

It is the illumination on the PRND123 you can't see the gear are in during the day but can at night. 2003 Silverado. headlights are on auto always but even if I shut them of during the day gears are still not visible. Tried the diming dial that's not it????? Help

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BowtieBoy_81 made it!(author)2016-05-10

I have a 2005 Silverado and when I cannot see the gears illuminated on the cluster I just push the odometer reading button on the cluster panel and it lights up the gear selector enough to be able to see what gear it is in

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DarrelO1 made it!(author)2016-04-11

This is awesome! Thank you so much for taking the time to document this. I just experienced this issue and was hoping it was something easy I could fix. My soldering skills are non-existent, but I'm willing to give this a shot. Hopefully, it'll be clearer after I look at the exact nature of the short what I have to do to fix it. Thank you again!

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BobbyW20 made it!(author)2016-04-02

Solder joint looked good. Sprayed with electrical grease,put it all back together and it works. Thank you so much for posting this. 40 Minutes and done!

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BobbyW20 made it!(author)2016-04-02

Solder joint looked good. Sprayed with electrical grease,put it all back together and it works. Thank you so much for posting this. 40 Minutes and done!

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WilliamC137 made it!(author)2016-02-03

My 03 is very different from this one.

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WilliamD94 made it!(author)2016-02-01

Mine was the opposite end pin, tried to solder it but it still not working.. Guess I'll be buying a new unit. Thanks anyway. :(

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DonP23 made it!(author)2015-11-09

Worked great on my 1999 Sierra. Also found a loose wire on the opposite end, re-soldered that one as well - now my gas gauge works! Thanks so much-

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gerdtdj made it!(author)2015-10-10

Great article, worked perfectly. One side note, the connections are conformal coated for corrosion resistance. Before soldering, use a pick to clean away the material and the soldering will go better.

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Rene_thatsme made it!(author)2015-10-09

Thanks so much! I was hoping it was an easy fix, and it was.

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AmandaF10 made it!(author)2015-10-07

I did the cluster board repair kit on A Denali yesterday an it worked took it out for test ride worked great except it quit again so checked soldiering put back in nothing but check engine light put rhe the trim on hit to make sure snapped n it came back on then 15 mins later out again any suggestion

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cnludwig made it!(author)2014-05-20

Thank you for sharing. I need to make this fix on my GMC Sierra 1500 pickup. Looks like it's not going to be too bad. Nice pictures.

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cnludwig made it!(author)2015-07-21

I was able fix this issue on my 2001 GMC Sierra. It took a couple of times heating up and resoldering a few spots, but I got it done. It may be necessary to resolder other places that your 'ible doesn't mention.

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sailingthrough made it!(author)2015-07-17

Thanks!

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tristan316 made it!(author)2014-11-24

Thanks for good instruction for how to fix my "dead" odometer for my 2002 Tahoe ! Followed the instructions and there it was , shining like never before !!

Regards Harald , Aalesund , West coast Norway

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sailingthrough made it!(author)2015-07-17

Takk, værsågod!

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GeorgeH8 made it!(author)2015-05-18

GREAT POST! Do you know if this will also work on a 1998 GMC Safari?

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sailingthrough made it!(author)2015-07-17

Not off the top of my head, but if your display cluster looks like mine and exhibits the same fault then I imagine so!

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hyped+ made it!(author)2015-06-03

Where can I buy the replacement?

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sailingthrough made it!(author)2015-07-17

Read through the Instructable - you don't replace anything, it's just a dry joint that requires basic soldering.

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Wilix4 made it!(author)2015-06-24

I have a 2002 chevy silverado and the odometer and message center dont light up i changed the fuse and ot still doesnt work?

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sailingthrough made it!(author)2015-07-17

Open it up and have a look. I guess it's possible that there's more than one dry joint in yours, this Instructable only covers repairing the odometer display.

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nati.ronsun made it!(author)2015-04-27

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JaimeL4 made it!(author)2015-04-04

Worked on my 99 GMC Sonoma. Thank you for this post.

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ric.anderson.54 made it!(author)2015-01-17

This just saved me about $800!!! Or at least that is what the local garage quoted me to fix the odometer. I really appreciate the quality photos along with the step by step instructions.

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dorth999 made it!(author)2014-10-05

One last thing, you might want to plug the bare PCB into the truck to make sure that it all works before re-assembling. This is also a great time to make sure all the light bulbs are working by turning on the running lights!

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dorth999 made it!(author)2014-10-05

Fantastic writeup! A couple of items which I thought you might want to include.

In Step 4 you mention that there are 3 clips which hold the LCD to the main PCB. There's also a little pin right next to the clip you label as 1/3 (visible in your picture as well) which I just sort of had to bend to get it out.

In Step 5, the white plastic can be completely removed from the LCD's PCB using the same style of clips. This makes access to the solder joints very easy. I attached some pictures which you are free to integrate if you want. There was some sort of waxy stuff (flux?) all over the joint which I scraped off with a small screwdriver. The image below shows the joint before I re-soldered. It wasn't dry, but the joint was cracked, which you can see as a horizontal line about 1/3 of the way down the joint.

Hopefully this will resolve the problem. It was certainly working when I put it back together! :-)

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