Picture of Simple canoe

There have been a few canoe like objects put up on instructables but this one is really a pirogue- or flat bottom canoe. There is actually a lot of theory on boats like this one but the basic idea is you take two planks, stick them together at the ends with a frame or two in the middle, fill in the hole in the bottom with another plank and then add decks and thwarts and yokes and outriggers and sails and whatever else you feel like.

This boat is made from one sheet of 4mm marine ply for the sides, one sheet of 6mm marine ply, for the bottom and some sticks, fibreglass and epoxy to stop the thing from falling apart and to give yourself somewhere moderately comfortable to sit.

Most of the layout for this example comes from free sources on the web which I will include reference to where I deem I feel like it, but the main one is the lazy weekend canoe from the Toledo Community Boathouse
This design is 6/7 of a Lazy weekend canoe, being 12 rather than 14 inches high and built using only 2 sheets of plywood instead of 3.

The canoe is a basic plan intended for two people and fishing gear on calm waters. Emergency floatation will be something like pool noodles tied under the seats and a beanbag cushion for the center. The back seat has a low back rest but the front is intended to be used in reverse when paddled single handed.

The woodworking skills required here are minimal and if you use epoxy, any mistakes are easily covered up, or filled.

In this layout it would traditionally be propelled by two people with one ended paddles paddling one side each. Two ended paddles can be used but to clear the sides easily you might need to make an extra long one. "Real" two ended paddlers will fit the length of the paddle to the person rather than the boat, which is fine till you are paddling something too wide for how you are tall. More on this in step 17 - water trials.

This is the perfect boat to use for your uke'n'paddle.

how would you go about adding a sail?
titchtheclown (author)  vhogarth7261 year ago
The West Mersey Duck punt is a sail boat with very similar dimensions.

This makes it a one person laying down sail boat which means it does not carry as much weight so needs less rocker so the sides are more vertical but by my reading that is about all the difference in the hull. There are great plans available for them with thole pins and old style home build-able sail configuration

or Mik Storer's drop in rig

Sailing canoes of this size looks to me like a great way to have fun in as well as on the water.

Add outriggers and lots of reserve buoyancy as well if you feel the need for safety.

Hey that is an awesome build! I was just wondering how thick is the plywood you used for the sides? Thanks!

titchtheclown (author)  KulinaryKutz1 month ago

The sides are made from 4mm ply = just over 1/8 inch

The bottom is 6mm = a touch under 1/4 inch

Oh wow so the bottom is quite thin as well as the sides. Thank you very much I appreciate the help!

crickleymal6 months ago

How is the stability of Neef? I made a similar boat using the plans from bateau2 but if you sat more than a couple of inches off the bottom it wobbled like crazy. I tried it sitting on seats about the same height as yours and nearly capsized.

titchtheclown (author)  crickleymal6 months ago

The extra 10 or so inches of width make a big difference to the stability over similar 24 inch at base wide canoes. I have no problems once seated and if you have one person seated then that really makes it OK to move about a bit as well. On the other hand the narrower hull will paddle easier and the bateau boats plans are shaped for more directional stability making it easier to keep going in a straight line. If I used mine more I would add a skeg to sort that out a bit.

The "X" actually stands for exposure, not exterior. It refers to the type of glue used and means it can be exposed to certain elements. "exterior" is close though :)

kking351 year ago
very nice


bmorgan91 year ago
I built a boat similar in design for small child. I used a single 4x10 ft sheet of mahogany marine plywood from Eden Hardwoods in WA state. It is possible to use a marine grade construction adhesive if you use chines at all of the corner joints. If you want go with epoxy, I recommend system three epoxies. Epoxy is messy and I developed a sensitivity to it so be forewarned. Nice job!
titchtheclown (author)  bmorgan91 year ago
For anyone else thinking a one sheeter See
for something similar to what I think bmorgan9 did, only Verga used a 8 by 4 sheet and no glue!
See http://groups.yahoo.com/group/onesheetwonders/ or Hannu's boatyard 
http://koti.kapsi.fi/hvartial/ for more one sheet plans.

I have used Sikaflex fc (or equivalent) and drywall tape for some more experimental constructions. http://www.duckworksmagazine.com/10/designs/halfsheet/index1.htm
maxman1 year ago
It was recommended to me to paint my plywood boat with exterior house paint. The reason was that paint companies put the most research and development into making a good house paint since that is what they sell the most of. No need to buy special paint for a boat as long as you don't leave it in the water.
titchtheclown (author)  maxman1 year ago
Yes - Paint manufacturers treat boat paints like hairdressers treat wedding parties. As soon as the word boat reaches their ears their eyes light up with little dollar signs.
ibwebb1 year ago
Fantastic ible! Very thorough and with good pics as well. Not only did I give you some votes; I am saving this for when the weather warms up a bit to give this a try. Though I feel silly saying that with it almost Christmas and in the low 40s.
BHub1 year ago
Nice job! I also liked the cedar strip canoe I found on here. check it out at http://www.instructables.com/id/Building-A-Cedar-Strip-Canoe/
Stecks1 year ago
Hmmm. I may have a go at this. Many thanks for sharing. Really good! ;)
dndr1 year ago
İf you have plans for a stand up paddleboard that would be an awesome share!
titchtheclown (author)  dndr1 year ago
I have not made one personally but there are people who have used the kayak foundry software to generate forms for building using strip build techniques, which is a step above what I have done. Check out their forum for a few examples.
Alternatively I have heard of things as simple as a long box with a slight bit of rocker put into the bottom being built and used.
dndr1 year ago
Great instructable indeed. i've made a portuguese Style dinghy but i didnt finish the paint job eigther so i didnt share it yet. Your instructable gave me courage and i'll share it anyway. i was planning to make a simple canoe as a winter/indoor project which Will be ready for the coming spring and whole summer of course. This instructable would be very helpful. Thanks...
You have a great deal of courage to undertake this project. Thank you for sharing it with us & have a Merry Christmas.
scoot4401 year ago
Beautiful boat! Thank you for sharing this!