This is my first instructables that I decided to post. I was obsessed by these amazing flying machines for quite a while until I ended up coming across some fantastic How-To guides on YouTube that made me realize building a Quad wasn't as hard as it sounded. After many days of in depth research and creating my detailed shopping list I ordered all of my parts (mostly on http://www.hobbyking.com but I also ordered  some other small items such as the bullet connectors and Velcro straps off eBay and amazon) and then I decided to share my own build. I hope this helps other eager Quadcopter pioneers in making their own Quads. 

Prerequisite skills:
- Basic Soldering
-General Electronic Knowledge
-How to operate a Dremel (this is optional)

This guide should be pretty simple for any beginner Quadcopter designers because most of the construction and programming is almost all plug-and-play meaning that you don't have to worry about building your own flight controller and receiver to operate the Quad! 

All the programming that is done in this project (If you follow the shopping list) is done by the flight control board and a Ready-Made programming card for the ESC's.

Another option you have in this guide is the choice between soldering your own power distribution set-up or buying a compact power distribution board. The power distribution board really simplifies life because it cuts down on the amount of soldering required and its then incredibly easy to swap out broken ESC's if you have a wicked crash. 

!SAFETY! The last thing I want to say before we jump into building the Quad is that some of these steps require inferno like heat and razor sharps blades! Therefore please be CAUTIOUS I actually cant stress this enough after almost slicing my foot after not properly calibrating my ESC's and then testing my Quad. 

Any and all feedback/comments would really be appreciated :) 


Edit #1

Added prop balancer to the parts page.
- Added Gorilla glue option to the optional supplies list.
- Added new explanation to the final paragraph in wiring/programming page.
- Added explanation on parts page about prop & motor problem.

GOPRO Mounting has received a fair bit of questioning lately so I figured I would give a little bit of an explanation as to what is and isn't possible. And answer some frequently asked questions.

Can this setup carry a GOPRO camera?

Yes it can. This setup has more than enough power to take a GOPRO up into the air.

How do I mount my GOPRO on this particular Quadcopter?

Right now you can't.

Why can't I mount my GOPRO on this Quadcopter?

Because currently I do not have the time to think up or figure out a way to attach a mount on the baseplates.

This summer I plan on figuring out a way to mount my GOPRO on the Quad but for now (to me at least) it's really not that big of an issue. If this seems like too long for all of you "FPV" and video enthusiasts then by all means you are free to find a way to do it yourself, or you can buy a Quadrotor with pre-installed mounts.  But I unfortunately do not have the time.


Step 1: Building Materials

The frame - Turnigy Talon Carbon Fiber Quadcopter Frame 
This is an awesome frame that I found for a relatively inexpensive price considering its almost full carbon fiber. Its sturdy as hell and so far there are no obvious design flaws. 30$

MotorsTurnigy L2210A-1650 Brushless Motor 
These motors are fantastic. They produce plenty of lift if you plan on carrying a GoPro or any other sort of camera and they are relatively cheap compared to some other high end ones. The real bonus though is that they come with prop adapters so they should fit just about any size props you want to put on this drone. You need at minimum 4 of these but i recommend buying a couple extra just to be on the safe side. 11$ each

Electronic Speed Controllers - 25amp Speed Controller
These ESC's are rugged and work really well. ESC's control the motors by varying the amount of current that is sent to them, these are a must for any RC vehicle using brushless motors. Don't buy any that go bellow 25amp because they need to be able to take the high current that the battery is going to be putting out.  You need 4 of these and it is optional if you want to buy extra but they are securely attached to the frame so it is unlikely you will damage them in any crashes. 12.50$ each

EDIT #1 The propellers I have listed bellow are slightly too big for the motors I previously listed above. This is an issue that has come to my attention and that needs some sorting out. If you want to use the props that are listed below all you need to buy are heftier motors. Likewise, If you choose to use the motors listed above all you need to is buy some smaller props, most likely 9*4.7. As Flyingsurfer848 pointed out (in the comment section) it is optimal to instead use motors with a KV rating closer to 1000 and 9*4.7 props. However if you are like me and have already got the props listed bellow and the motors previously listed above, they WILL still work! The risk is only noticeable when you max the throttle and frankly I have never taken it up past half because that's already plenty of power. So there is no reason to panic. 

Propellers10x4.5 SF Props 2pc Standard Rotation/2 pc RH Rotation (Black)
10 inch pros work well with the size of the Turnigy frame. They produce plenty of thrust combined with the motors above and they fit the prop adapters. Feel free to also buy these in different colors Stock up on plenty of these! Because these are what tend BREAK THE FASTEST if you are new Quadcopter pilot like myself. 3$ (set of 2CWR 2CCWR)

EDIT #1 Propeller Balancer - Just Google search some of these. They are very useful in getting all your props weighted nicely so they cause less vibration. Buy some high grit sandpaper to lightly file the props down with. 10 - 25$

Flight Controller -  Hobbyking KK2.0 Multi-rotor LCD Flight Control Board
After scouring the Hobbyking website for more than a couple days I found this board. It comes jam packed right out of the box with all the software needed to fly the quad. Through this board it is also possible to calibrate all ESC's within 30 seconds which i found most impressive since it saves a lot of tedious programming. The LED screen also makes navigating the board a cake walk. I highly recommend purchasing this board if you are new to Quadcopters and multi-rotor craft because it truly simplifies life. 30$ (worth the price)

Transmitter/ReceiverTurnigy 6X FHSS 2.4ghz Transmitter and Reciever (Mode 1)
At minimum to fly a quad you need 4 channels but I'm going to tell you now that it will be much easier if you get one that has 6. This remote also lets you reverse the channels which makes it easy to configure and control your quad. 30$

ESC Programming CardBESC Programming Card
There are a bunch of ways to program ESC's but I figured that this is the simplest way to do it. Make sure that which ever card you purchase is compatible with your ESC's. This turnigy card is compatible with all Turnigy plush speed controllers. 7$

Battery - 
2200mAh 3S 20C Lipo Pack
Of course a battery is essential for your Quad. Feel free to choose whatever brand you want as long as it does not exceed 4S (meaning 4 cells). The higher the C rating the higher the current your battery will put out which gives more power to your Quad but also discharges your battery faster. 8$

Velcro StrapsVELCRO U.S.A. INC  3/4-Inch 12-Feet
To attach the battery to the bottom of my Quadcopter I used these Velcro straps. Its efficient and the straps fit perfectly in the slots on the bottom of the frame. There is probably tons of other ways to accomplish attaching the battery but i found this way to be quick and easy. 6$

Battery Charger - Turnigy Accucel-6 50W 6A Balancer
Most chargers will work with just about any type of battery so you kinda have free reign over choosing your own. This Turnigy one works really well and it allows me to program the number of cells and type of battery i'm charging. (It is also optional to buy a power supply for this charger so you don't need to use a car battery.) 23$

Power Distribution Board -  Hobby King Quadcopter Power Distribution Board
I highly recomend getting one of these. It makes connecting your ESC's to the battery simple and reduces the mess of wires you will have dangling around the Quadcopter. 4$

Bullet Connectors3.5mm Bullet Connectors - 10 Pairs
ts nice to be able to disassemble your quad if you have a malfunction or you accidentally make a wrong connection so use these to make all of your connections on the Quadcopter with the exception of the battery. Buy a couple sets at least because it will be nice to have some extras in the event that one comes off due to a bad soldering job. 5$ (for 10 pairs)

WireWire 16AWG (1mtr)
Its up to you if you think you'll need it or not but it helped me out cause it meant I didn't have to stretch the ESC's as much on the frame. If you get some extra wire, purchase 1mtr of Red and Black (It helps differentiate + and -) plus its cheap.  1$ (for 1mtr)

Servo LeadsMale to Male Servo Lead 
You will absolutely need these (if you don't already have any) to connect the receiver to the KK 2.0 Flight Controller.  5$ (set of 10)

Above is the list of all the parts I needed to order but just in case (bellow) this is a second smaller list for all the extra stuff I used that i'm assuming you already have:

- Heat shrink to clean up soldering connections and prevent short circuiting the system.
- Helping hands to make soldering easier.
- A Dremel to cut off long screws. This is optional but i had to use it on a couple occasions.
- Allen Wrench set because you will not receive any with the frame kit.
- Ratchet for tightening nuts.
- Loctite to make sure nothing would come loose.
EDIT  #1 Gorilla glue works great instead of loctite for the frame, ensures that you wont have any legs moving around.
- Soldering Iron and Solder
<p>By the way, it is indeed capable of carrying a gopro. </p>
<p>Hello! Great design from Chris and great add from Engin3333r. Talking to Engin3333r, could you kindly share your improvment? Some technical details to understand how to do the same... only if it's possibile and you wanna share it. </p><p>thanks in advance!</p>
<p>That's incredible, really nice looking Quadcopter you built. Glad you figured out a way to mount the gopro! I'm very impressed. </p>
<p>Hi! I built my first quadcopter with the help of your instructions. Thank you! Greetings from germany!!</p>
<p>Congratulations! That's looking awesome!</p>
<p>Is it possible to control it via PC or mobile(Android/iOS). I want to build this, but want to control it via my phone and configure it accordingly. Is there an option to to use those control channels via bluetooth or Wifi maybe? So that I can control it via an app?</p>
<p>Hello</p><p><br>can Someone help to connect<br>Saitek Joystick X56 + Scherrer Tx700 Pro + Rx700 LR +PSU<br>in order to fly a quadcopter ?<br><br>And if it is impossible<br>How to connect the TX700 Pro and the Quanum V52 Ground Control System, please?<br>https://hobbyking.com/en_us/winbox-ground-control-system-v52.html <br>https://hobbyking.com/en_us/rx700lr-psu-reseller.html<br>https://hobbyking.com/en_us/tx700-pro-reseller.html<br><br>Thanks</p>
Hello<br><br>can Someone help to connect<br>Saitek Joystick X56 + Scherrer Tx700 Pro + Rx700 LR +PSU<br>in order to fly a quadcopter ?<br><br>And if it is impossible<br>How to connect the TX700 Pro and the Quanum V52 Ground Control System, please?<br>https://hobbyking.com/en_us/winbox-ground-control-system-v52.html <br>https://hobbyking.com/en_us/rx700lr-psu-reseller.html<br>https://hobbyking.com/en_us/tx700-pro-reseller.html<br><br>Thanks
Hello! I want to build this quadcopter but I found a kit that I would like to use here is the link; https://www.unmannedtechshop.co.uk/zmr-250-mini-diy-quadcopter-kit/<br>I want to use the chassis kit that you have listed but I want to use the electronics in this kit, is that possible? Thanks!
<p>The Link for the Flight Controller isn't working anymore the new link I found was [&quot; https://hobbyking.com/en_us/hobbyking-kk2-1-5-multi-rotor-lcd-flight-control-board-with-6050mpu-and-atmel-644pa.html &quot;]</p>
Hey I am interested in your project .but can I use a hobby King kk2.1.5 quadcopter flight controller?
<p>Yes I have done so</p>
<p>The instructable says that the flight controller facing the rear is mandatory, however the flight controller has an option for offset. Wouldn't this allow you to mount the board without having the screws rubbing on the carbon fiber arms?</p>
<p>What kind of solar panel would you recommend to replace the battery?</p>
<p>If I'm not mistaken you would still need a battery. A solar panel would basically replace the charger.</p>
<p>Hey. So im in the middle of this build and was wondering if I could mount the flight controller with it still in the foam case it came in. I feel like It would help with reducing vibrations and protect it from nasty crashes...Thoughts??? My only concern is overheading, but then again, I am a complete novice and dont know if the flight controller even gets hot.</p>
<p>You can definitely. The manual actually recommends that you mount it inside of the foam case.</p>
<p>So how the heck do you connect the flight controller to the battery? No mention whatsoever, and no photos to help. Also what does the servo lead coming out of the battery connect to?</p>
<p>It's a great instructable and I want to build this copter but it has been some years.</p><p>Do you know if there are any parts that are outdated now and would need an update (especially motors)?</p>
<p>Can you help me with P and I value congiguration.</p><p>finding it difficult to maneuver and control its flight with precision!!</p><p>Heellllllllpppppppppppppp</p>
Can you please share how to configure transmitter/receiver little bit in more details. I am stuck in between I am using kk2.0 with <br>FS-CT6B 6-Channel (Transmitter+Receiver)
<p>can we make quardcopter with out kk board</p>
<p>Great information! We made a post on some additional info for improving quad build durability recently. This has some more recent information, check it out! </p><p>http://www.propwashed.com/build-tips-to-improve-durability/</p>
<p>Maximum current for Turnigy L2210A-1650 Brushless Motor is 17.5 A. You are using a 2200mAh 20C battery. That means you will get a maximum if 44 A current. Using four motors each having maximum load current 17.5 A give a total of 17.5 * 4 = 70 A. Don't you thing it will overload the lipo?</p>
<p>it won't be pulling 70A at a hover, more like 30A</p>
Can I use a hobby king kk2.1.5 led screen board for the quadcopter ?do I have to change anything?
<p>Hello! I'm really interested in this build, but I'm not sure what size heat shrink to use. Thanks!</p>
<p>Is it possible to add a gopro adhesive to the bottom or the battery?</p>
<p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="281" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/CB4cg37U7hU" width="500"></iframe></p><p>Flying =)</p>
<p>Congratulations! This is fantastic! Great work. </p>
<p>Thank you - here are some pics =)</p>
<p>Damn thats great</p><p>How did you do the graphics through autodesk??Let meknow</p>
victor , could i contact u on Facebook or gmail
<p>Hello,</p><p>has anyone else had issue with flying it? When ever i try and take of it just seems to flip. </p>
For now, I still haven't found a proper solution, but I haven't tried in a while. I think that we have to find the proper ballance between P and I, and then the rotors won't oscilate.<br><br>If you'll find a solution please let me know and if I find one I'll also tell you!
<p>Hello Iburton3.</p><p>I am having some problems with flying it. I can't seem to find the right configuration for it (the P and I), as an result it flips over very quickly. It stays in the air for about 2-3sec, then the rotors start oscilating. Were you maybe able to solve this problem by now? If not maybe we can manage together.</p><p>Regards</p>
Hello,<br><br>I'm still having the same problem. Have you got any ideas on how to fix it?<br>Regards
<p>what propeller adapter I should buy 3mm or 4 mm to be used for the mentioned motors and propellers thanks in advance :) </p>
<p>can i use any frame?</p>
<p>You could stick a flat GoPro helmet mount on the bottom of the quad and attach the GoPro.</p>
<p>Im pretty new with quadcopters, and you posted this awhile ago. I would assume that you could somehow use a gps with this, but how would I know.</p><p>Can you use one?</p>
<p>I know people are lazy so I calculated the cost of this quadcopter.</p><p>----Its going to be $266 +----- ------With the parts listed, and not including tools---</p><p>If this is already on the page I must be blind. I couldn't find it. :3</p>
<p>heyi have a doubt.does the esc come with all those female connectors and all</p><p>please reply </p><p>eagerly waiting</p>
<p>Hi,</p><p>I would like to know. is the programming hard to configure the remote with the quad copter? is there any possible way for me to know about how to code it. </p><p>Im new in programming. Thank You.</p>
<p>This is awesome. Going to help me with my project so much, cant wait to build it.</p>
thanks for your gratest informatoin .please give the site )
<p>wats the budget of the quadcopter</p>
<p>Did you have any problems attaching the motor? I am trying to use model Turigy L2210A-1650KV motor on the Talon frame. The bolts that came with the Talon frame are size M3, but when I pass them through the plate at bottom of the motor, they are too far apart to pass through pre-cut long oval hole on the aluminum mounting plate on the Talon frame. In effect, the bolt holes on the motor are too far apart to allow the bolts to pass through the mounting plate on the frame. Looking at the photo you posted, it looks like you may have used thinner bolts. Is that what you did?</p>
<p>With the recommended motor mounts, I did have to mill out the slots in the provided motor mounts. I had the v1 frame, not sure about the v2 frame.</p>

About This Instructable




Bio: I'm currently a 2nd year Electrical Engineering student at the University of British Colombia. Building/learning about complex machines and computers is one of ... More »
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