Introduction: The $74 PVC Mega Awesome Super PVC Table

Wow.  It’s been a long time since I’ve posted an Ible! I ended up using PVC again for an office project and thought I would share how and what I built with it, since I get so many questions in my inbox about PVC.

As the title states, this Instructable will show you how to build an VERY large table out of a hollow core door and PVC pipe and fittings. They can be used for anything, such as craft tables, train tables, light desks or for garage sales or even family dinners as a ‘kids table’.  It is entirely up to you.  We needed ten of them and we use them as desks.  This was our first one we built.

We built each one for $74.

We could have gone to Costco and purchased a bunch of folding tables for $39.99 each, but this one actually looks pretty nice and classy, has a stainable/paintable top and is perfectly smooth. Best of all its BIG, coming in at 36”D x 80”L.   Hence the ‘Mega Awesome Super’ moniker.

A couple of notes on this Ible:
  1. Hollow-Core vs. Solid-Core:  I chose a hollow core down to keep costs down, and since our tables weren’t going to be abused, they didn’t need to be as ‘tough’.  If you want your table to take more of a beating or is more of a workbench, I recommend a solid core door, however, the price is about $25 more and they are substantially heavier (which is not all bad and the structure will still hold).  You could also substitute an Ikea tabletop if you have an Ikea store near by.
  2. Fittings:  The PVC fittings we used are all from Formufit (formufit.com), which I have used in the past on my other PVC projects.  I chose these because they have the Table Caps, 4-Ways and the flat End Caps that are needed to make this with the fewest parts.  Their total on this project was $30, but that is because I used their crosses and tees.  You could cut the cost down if you used plumbing grade on those two items, but it wont look as pretty and I am not sure if the pipe inserts into the fittings at the same depth.
  3. Pipe:  I used plumbing grade PVC pipe from Home Depot to keep costs down.  Had I had a larger budget, I would have used Furniture Grade PVC pipe, which is prettier, stronger and last longer, but I didn’t.  If we build more in the future, we will probably do Furniture Grade pipe.

Step 1: Tools

The tools needed for this table are pretty straightforward:
  1. You need something to cut pipe with, which can be any of the typical variants found in my PVC 101 Ible I posted a few years back, such as a hacksaw, ratcheting plastic pipe cutter, or a power miter saw.  Your choice!
  2. A power drill or electric screwdriver to attach the table caps to the underside of the table.
  3. You will need at least fifteen (15) 1-1/4" to 1-1/2” long threaded screws and drywall screw inserts.  The inserts may not always be needed, but will sometimes be used to make sure that the table caps are secure to the tabletop.
  4. PVC Cement to secure all of the pipe and fittings together.  These parts will never come apart again.  Or you can use small 1/2" screws between the pipe and fittings if PVC cement is not your bag.

Step 2: Parts

As mentioned in the intro, I used furniture grade PVC fittings. This is mainly because I needed 4-Way Tees, Table Caps and flattop End Caps.  The rest could have been plumbing grade, but I went for consistency and the 'insertion depth' is the same.

I once again ordered all my parts from Formufit (www.formufit.com) as they are have a big selection of parts for a PVC build.  You can also get their stuff on Amazon.

Here are the parts I ordered:
  • 5 x 1-1/4” PVC External Caps (F114EEC)
  • 5 x 1-1/4” PVC Table Caps (F114ECT)
  • 4 x 1-1/4” PVC 4-Way Tees (F1144WT)
  • 4 x 1-1/4” PVC Regular Tees (F114TEE)
  • 2 x 1-1/4” PVC Crosses (F114CRX)
I used plumbing grade pipe to keep costs low, as shipping of furniture grade pipe, while much more attractive, ridged and strong, can be expensive.   I used off-the-shelf pipe for home depot, at $3.60 for a 10’ stick, with a total of four (4) sticks being used (or 40 feet).  The pipe was cut to the following lengths and quantities:
  • A quantity of five (5) 3” lengths.
  • A quantity of ten (10) 12” lengths.
  • A quantity of four (4) 20” lengths.
  • A quantity of four (4) 30” lengths.

Step 3: Assembly: SIDE 1

For the Assembly steps, I’m going to show you how most things go together in my SketchUp drawings, rather than show you our forlorn and dirty engineering office we were moving into.  I used the SketchUp elements which are downloadable at Formufit for the drawings.

With that….let’s get started:

SIDE 1 Assembly

The first thing you want to do is assemble to the first of the two sides of the PVC frame using the Tees, 4-Way Tees, the End Caps and the Table Caps, as shown in the attached photo.  Fitting placement is in BLACK, and the pipe size to use is shown in RED.  This will be ‘SIDE 1’, or the left side of the table.

I recommend a dry fit first, THEN pull everything apart and reassemble using PVC Cement.  As many of you know, once you apply PVC cement, it will not come apart again.

Apply the PVC cement to the inside of the fitting at the ‘stop’ point of the fitting only. Make sure things are being inserted the way they should, then press the pipe into the fitting and hold for 30 seconds to secure the weld.

NOTE:  Most people (including Formufit) will tell you to apply it to both the end of the PVC pipe and inside the fitting, but I have found that this is not necessary. 

NOTE: THE SEQUEL:  If you don’t want to use PVC cement (as it is noxious indoors), use a screw between where the the pipe and fitting meet to secure them both in place.  You can see more of this in my previous PVC 101 Ible.

GOOD HEAVENS, ANOTHER NOTE:  I tried to line up the plumbing pipe markings so that they face the rear of the table (the rear is where the 4-Way Tees are).  This way they don't show up as much and you don't have to Acetone them off, if you want to keep a cleaner look.  I did a poor job on the one shown in this Ible.  Learn from me.

Step 4: Assembly: SIDE 2

The next step is exactly the same as the previous, however, you want to build your ‘SIDE 2’  or the right side of the table as a mirror image to the SIDE 1, so that the ports on the 4-Way Tees face the other direction, when in the rear. 

Another diagram is attached which shows pipe and fitting placement, with pipe in RED and fittings in BLACK.

Step 5: Assembly: BACK

Now its time to build the ‘BACK’ of the table, which is a fairly simple.  For this step, you will need a Table Cap, an External Cap and two Crosses, both which should not have not yet been used.  Assemble them, along with the long pieces of 30” pipe to make something that looks like it belongs on the top of a telephone pole.

When assembling the 'center stack' with PVC cement, lay this flat on the floor so that everything is flat and your pipe is all parallel.

Step 6: Assembly: the Merging.

Now its time to bring everything (PVC-related) together.

Insert the ends of the pipes from the BACK into each of the SIDE 1 and SIDE 2 elements to end up with something shown in the diagram.  Again, I recommend a dry fit to make sure everything lines up before applying PVC cement.

Once you a comfy with the dry fit, pull them apart and apply PVC cement into the fittings on SIDE 1, and insert the BACK pipes into the 4-Way Tees on SIDE 1.  Quickly make sure everything is sitting a right angles.  Press together and wait 30 seconds.

Next, apply PVC cement into the fittings on SIDE 2, and insert the BACK pipes into the 4-Way Tees on SIDE 2.  Quickly make sure everything is sitting a right angles.  Again, press together and wait 30 seconds.

You should now have a completed frame!  Almost Done!

Step 7: Assembly: Table Top

The Trouble with Hollow-Core Doors:

Hollow-core doors are constructed of an outer frame and various slats that run (when stood upright) along the horizontal plane of the door.  The remainder of the area between these slats is either filled with cardboard (seriously),  foam or just plain nothing.

Since we can’t see where those slats are, I found that it is a hit-or-miss scenario as to where our table caps will end up attaching to the door, be it a slat or a fluffy piece of cardboard.  Where it is cardboard we want to use a drywall insert, to attach the cap to the wood or wall of the door instead.  Here is how we do it:
  1. Lay the hollow-core door on the floor, with the side you want to be the top, facing the floor, then flip the PVC structure over and place it, upside down onto the door, with the table caps against the door.
  2. Center the whole structure by eyeballing the placement of the PVC pipe segments and their relation to the edges of the door, then using a pencil or Sharpie marker, mark where the holes in the Table Caps meet the door.
  3. Remove the PVC structure and place it to the side.  With a drill or electric screwdriver, insert a screw into each of the marked points you just made on the door.
    • If it goes in easily, you have hit a hollow point in the door.  Remove the screw and insert a drywall screw insert into these holes (if you need to, make the hole bigger with a drill bit). 
    • If it goes in and catches the threads, you have hit a slat, and the hole is good as it is.  No drywall screw insert is needed.  Remove the screw.
Once you have determined where you need/don’t need inserts, make sure all of your ‘test screws’ have been removed and replace the PVC structure back onto the table top and align the table caps with the holes that have been predrilled.

NOTE:  All of this can be avoided if you use a solid-core door.  I am $25 under budget on each table for not doing so, but alas, I am a cheap, cheap man.

Finally, insert the screws into the table caps and into the door/screw inserts.  You now have a fully-completed, upside down table.

Step 8: Completed: Flip It and Finish It.

Finally, flip the table over and you should have (if I have explained myself correctly) a fully functional, huge, sturdy table.

You can finish the table with paint, or a nice stain if so desired.  We chose to keep ours 'natural', however water stains show up like mad on the thin wood, so we recommend a light waterproofing stain or paint.

Customizing
As with any project involving PVC and found parts, you can make any adjustments to suit your particular needs.  Doors come in shorter lengths, so you can easily change the length of the 30" pipe segments to 24" or 28" to accommodate shorter doors.  You can also increase the height of the table by increasing the 3" lengths of pipe under the table caps, to make a table that is more suited for standing or counter height.

I hope you enjoyed this Ible!  Let me know your thoughts in the comments and I'll make corrections/edits/adjustments as necessary!


Comments

author
crkrjak2001 (author)2013-12-27

Well done instructable! Easy to follow, step-by-step presentation. But $74 per table times ten tables versus the $40 dollar ones at Costco wouldn't work within my budget. If I only needed one table and had some PVC parts already laying around, then I would certainly try this. There are also computer desk grommets you can buy for the cables to drop through that will retain the great appearance.

author
trevormates (author)crkrjak20012013-12-28

Yes. We are going to get some of the 1-1/4" computer desk grommets from our local hardware store and install them into the tables to allow easy passage of cabling. Part of me now wonders if I could have somehow build that into the pipe-structure itself....future Ible!

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)trevormates2014-09-28

I really do not think it would be that hard to build it so the wires are inside the PVC...maybe have all the wires go through the top and then down the middle PVC pipe in the back with a hole drilled in the bottom of the middle piece for the wire to exit the structure....

I'm sure I could think of more ways if I sat & thought about it for a while....

author
skane2 (author)2016-06-07

I was thinking of doing something like this, but I'm worried about the strength of the solid core door.

It would need to hold a 43" flat screen, a 24" flat screen on an articulating arm, and a gaming computer.

Your thoughts?

author
jlillyblad (author)2015-12-06

Do you have to glue it together? Do they fit together tight enough that you could not glue it so you could break it down?

author
Monomann (author)2015-11-20

I love this! Nice work!

author
Leathaldose (author)2015-05-26

how much weight can this hold? I have a tv that weighs just over 300 lbs, I need it off the ground will this hold it?

author
kenneth.knutson1 (author)2015-01-25

I live in corpus christi, tx.... where can I purchase the furniture grade pvc in corpus christi? Or, does it have to be special ordered? Where do you get your furniture grade pvc?

author
Commanderfranz (author)2014-08-12

The official Digilent Makerspace tables. We managed to make them out of all plumbing grade PVC so the cost went down significantly.

20140812_103304_resized.jpg
author

I agree....I have nothing against the website where the connectors were bought from, I just think tha your local hardware store would make for a less expensive option without taking anything away from the structural integrity.

The ONLY problem I see with that is the 3 way & 4 way connectors....everything else would be just as good & lower cost to boot.

author

We found the 3 way and 4 way connectors at a plumbing supply store, so they are out there.

Also if you don't have a way to 3D print table caps you could use more 3 ways and drill the pipe to the table.

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)2014-09-28

when changing the color of any PVC frame, if you paint it first with red primer, this primer will help the paint stick to the PVC better....

If you have plans for using stain to change the color, do not use the primer as it will keep the stain from sticking.

I have heard where some people will(prior to staining) take 400 grit or higher sand paper & rough up the surface of the PVC so the stain (supposedly) sticks better. I have never tried to stain PVC so I can say with any certainty if this is true or if it will work....or what it would look like when finished.

I have always left the PVC as is (minus the wording printed on at the factory)...if someone doesn't like it, too bad. ; )

author
salmansheikh (author)2013-12-26

there are colors available from formufit but only for 1/2" sizes

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)salmansheikh2014-09-28

If you wish for another color besides the white, you could spray paint it with a red primer & then the color paint of your choosing

author
killbox (author)2013-12-27

My dad built several desks and tables just about like that(probably 15-20 years ago), several of his were reusing sections of composite (fake) granite countertops with molded in backsplash. (made a great back stop to keep pencils from rolling off and down the wall and something to clip a lamp into.

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)killbox2014-09-28

That's a good idea too! :)

Depending on where you live, where you shop, etc, a counter top mounted to this PVC frame, just might make it cheaper yet without sacrificing structural integrity.

author
jesusali (author)2013-12-28

You'd be much better off just slathering the PVC pieces with construction adhesive to adhere them to the door bottom.

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)jesusali2014-09-28

I disagree.

even though most people would never see the underside of the door, doing that would be, in my opinion, sloppy work & could possibly push the table top out of level...a better solution would be to run a screw through an end cap into the door .

author
pgarrett2 (author)2013-12-26

Just a thought would a stud finder locate the slats so it is less hit and miss?

author
trevormates (author)pgarrett22013-12-28

I'm not sure. I think it depends upon the stud finder. Most are small metal detectors tht use the metal in nails in the wall to find the studs. The slats are all glued together, so I'm not sure if it would locate it. There are some sonar ones, but those are out of my league. One thing I did find is that tapping various places on the door and listening for a hollow vs. solid sound did get us closer to a slat.

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)trevormates2014-09-28

many of your newer made stud finders work n density of the wall/wood....the do not pick p on the nails in the wall but rather where the studs are.

Since a hallow core door is just what it says it is, hallow, I doubt that it would work...but then again, I have been wrong before.

author
abastos3 (author)2013-12-25

she shakes or was this flexible?

author
trevormates (author)abastos32013-12-28

Its not shaky. Thats why I added the middle row of horizontal support. I have found that the longer you make you pipe lengths, the more wobble you get. If you keep 1-1/4" under two feet, you are good to go.

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)trevormates2014-09-28

or add a 2nd vertical back piece....

author
bedmondson2 (author)2014-01-14

plumbing grade PVC internal plug cap that is threaded with some adhesive backed felt on the leg bottoms could substitute the furniture grade flat caps to save some money and your floor, plus it can add some adjustability for leveling.

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)bedmondson22014-09-28

where I live, I have seen the PVC end caps with a rounded top....

I'm thinking these might be good for the bottoms of the legs in that it would make it easier to move about should the need arise, yet still be sturdy as a rock.

author
Grantus101 (author)2014-08-23

I'm definitely going to make this, but I would like to know if anyone has had any problems with the sturdiness? Basically I wanna know if the desk wobbles at all?

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)Grantus1012014-09-28

for a hallow core door, I think 1 1/4" VC should do...1 1/2" PVC for solid core doors would be my recommendation.

Unless you plan on parking your car on the table, I think anything over 1.5 inches in diameter would be over kill & take away from the beauty of this table.

If all the pipe is cut correctly, and the fittings installed corectly, there should not be ANY wobble what so ever. just remember, DRY FIT FIRST.

author
SIRJAMES09 (author)2014-09-28

AWESOME!

I saw this same table(it looked the same to me) on another website...

there was no instructions or anything else with it, just the picture of it....

I will definitely be building this REALLY REALLY soon!

TY for sharing this!

I love it! : )

author
Commanderfranz (author)2014-07-21

If you have a 3D printer one of my coworkers created an STL file for the Table Cap here.

author
Commanderfranz made it! (author)2014-07-18

We made three of these tables for the Digilent Makerspace. However, since we wanted to use the tables as work spaces we moved the long PVC side to the middle. Your detailed picture made this really easy.

20140718_132105.jpg20140718_132121.jpg
author
jratcliff (author)2014-01-10

I have used acetate to remove the most of the ink from PVC before. Try it on scrape before test on your table to see if you like it.

The table looks nice.

author
ricknye (author)2014-01-01

Awesome. I need a large desk and have a couple old doors available. Just need to acquire the PVC.

author
aceammar (author)2013-12-29

i like the computer is it mac cause i have mac but its the macbook pro

author
ashuinfy (author)2013-12-28

Thanks for this, I'm going to make this for myself :)

author
MercuryCrest (author)2013-12-27

This is a nice, straight-forward Instructable. I love it.

Using PVC means that the finished design can be customized for all sorts of uses. We may have to build a few of these for the Milwaukee Makerspace to replace our old, worn-out folding tables.

author
BrownDogGadgets (author)2013-12-27

Heck yeah. I'm in need of tables for my new office, this would be a whole lot cheaper than the solid wood tables I keep seeing elsewhere. Thanks!

author
golempo (author)2013-12-27

bagus sekali..

author
awammes (author)2013-12-27

Nice!

author
doctorkred (author)2013-12-26

Fantástico
Fantastic

author
dgateley (author)2013-12-26

Wow! You just solved my bookshelf problem. I desperately need some. I'm tripping over books, have them piled everywhere and shelves are so bloody expensive. This general method makes for _such_ flexible options.

Just need to figure the best way to mount shelves within the frame. Bet I can come up with some brackets that can be glued into the corners of the t's to set the shelves on.

author
l8nite (author)2013-12-26

real nice build, your link to formufit just takes you back to THIS page

author
CarlaBean (author)2013-12-26

Love this! Just wanted to add that you could always use an oil rubbed bronze spray paint in the legs and it would take on an even more industrial look. And you wouldn't have to worry about which way the print faces! That said- you are brilliant! Thanks for sharing!

author
ralphab (author)2013-12-26

As alternative supporting bars; use standard T's in the middle of the H ladder led assembly and another T where it attaches to the table in the middle of the top like a picnic table. Use screws thru the T to fasten to table at the middle. This would be very sturdy. Another idea when using hollow core doors I've simply glued a 6 -12 inch square piece of 1/2 inch plywood to the table and then screwed into it. Using a t-nut it could be collapsible.

author
NakanoYamato (author)2013-12-26

How much weight can it support? Is it solid or shakes?
I'm thinking on giving it a try. It's what i need to build in my apartment so my wife and i can use our laptops while we both discuss about our job.

author
hanlin_y (author)2013-12-25

Looks great!

author
vicesat (author)2013-12-24

Cool and cheap

But better with paint

About This Instructable

131,718views

1,058favorites

License:

More by trevormates:The $74 PVC Mega Awesome Super PVC TableHow to Build a PVC Steadicam ($14 Steadicam Redux)How to build a Safe and Strong Baby Gate
Add instructable to: