Introduction: Universal (theft) Protection for Electronic Equipment or Cars With Invisible Switch

I'll show how you can utilize a reed switch as a universal protection for electronic equipment or cars. All you need is a reed switch and a magnet. For cars you'll need a power relay to increase the switching capacity of the reed switch.

A pictorial and a video demonstrates how to build an invisible switch into a PC. A schematic is shown how to apply this technique for cars.


Step 1: How to Make an Invisible Switch in a PC Step 1

I'll show how to protect a PC with a hidden switch. You'll be the only one who can turn it on and thieves will not directly be able to turn it on unless they take your pc apart and start 'fixing' it.

The first picture shows the reed switch which we will use. It's a glass tube with two contacts which are pulled towards each other making contact when a magnetic field is present. You can reed(read ;-) ) more details on wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reed_switch

For the PC we'll use a read switch with a make contact.

The first step is to remove both side pannels from the pc housing by unscrewing the bolts shown in the picture. After that the front panel can be removed by pushing the front panel retainers together with your fingers to unlock them.

Step 2: How to Make an Invisible Switch in a PC Step 2

Now that the front panel is removed, search for the wires coming from the on/off button. In my case, I had to check that I wasn't confusing them with the led wires. Once you've found the wires from the on/off button, cut one of the wires and strip both ends over a length of 10mm. You can see this in the second pictures.

Now we can twist our read switch to the wires. Once the switch is twisted on, we can tape it to the front panel using some quality tape, so it won't let go. Mount the reed switch on a place where the front panel is not very thick, otherwise we may not be able to operate the switch.

Step 3: How to Make an Invisible Switch in a PC Demonstration

With the switch mounted, the front can be put back on and the side panels can be remounted.

The reed switch is in series with the on/off button. This means the on/off button cannot be operated unless a magnetic field is present near the switch. You have to hold a small magnet close to the reed switch and push the on/off button. The pc will turn on and you can take the magnet away.

Some people are worried that the magnet causes problems with the hard drive. The field of a magnet at this distance from the drive is way too low to cause any problems. If you're still worried, you can place the switch as far away from the hard drive as possible.

Step 4: Protecting a Car

You can also use this trick to protect a car.

You can do this by glueing a reed switch on the inside of your dashboard and having some velcrow on the other side of the dashboard. Glue a magnet to the velcrow and you can stick your magnet to your dashboard activiting the switch.

Reed switches cannot conduct very high currents, so you'll have to connect a 12V car relay to it so you can switch larger currents. You can use this relay to break a vital wire in your car, like the contact wire behind your ignition key switch. You could probably also put it in your starter motor control wire or maybe your engine management, but you should check this with your garage for your specific car model because engine management systems can be sensitive.

The schematic shows how to connect it. I'm showing a reed switch with an alternating contact here, this can be usefull, although the relay usually also has an alternating contact. You can choose if you want the car to run with or without the magnet by choosing another contact on the reed switch or the relay.

Thieves usually do know all the standard alarm systems and protection systems but will have a hard time locating this protection since they don't know what to look for.

Comments

author
daemonkrog (author)2008-07-25

So you're putting a magnet.. by your hard drives...

author
S.AhmadA (author)daemonkrog2015-10-10

It's very important to avoid magnets close to HDDs , but the metal case of the HDD is a shield and protection against magnetic fields btw.

author
skylane (author)daemonkrog2011-08-04

Hard drives have two extremely powerful magnets inside them.
WAY, WAY more powerful than the magnet in this instructible.
No one is ever concerned about getting their hard drives too close
to other magnetically sensitive materials.

Your concern is good, but flawed :-)

author
Th3H4rRy (author)daemonkrog2008-12-10

the magnet needed is no where near strong enough to damage the hard drives. Hard drives have surpassed the time now that near by magnetic waves damage them. Unless those of a very strong power

author
daemonkrog (author)Th3H4rRy2008-12-11

Useful information. I was pretty skeptical about that answer.. but you're right. I stand corrected.
http://www.pcworld.com/article/116572/busting_the_biggest_pc_myths.html

author

Ha ha ha Exactly! Not so smart.

author
jtechian (author)2014-04-29

Mount the magnet in the mouse so you don't use it and bypass the pc switch altogether to simply turn on your pc with the mouse. Not likely to loose the mouse and if you do, you bigger problems :) Good Instructable btw!

author
jtechian (author)jtechian2014-04-29

* so you don't (loose) it

author
animal0307 (author)2009-10-27

Very impressive. I like the idea. But I have a small suggestion to make. Forget the switch at all and just put in the reed switch. You could mystify your friends by just waving your hand over your computer case, (with a magnet concealed with a bit of slight of hand) and like magic it turns on. You are now a true master of technology.

author
nolte919 (author)2009-10-09

Your video was removed by Metacafe.  I don't suppose you'd make it available again.

author
R3N3 (author)2009-09-20

very nice. will use.

author
ixisuprflyixi (author)2009-07-20

you could also mount a magnet in the table under the PC and the reed switch in the bottom of the PC, so it sits just above the magnet then hook the reed switch to an alarm in such a way so that if the PC is picked up or moved slightly it would sound an alarm. That is another theft prevention device.

author
gannon12raiders (author)2008-04-24

I've been looking all over online and I can't seem to find reed switches, and the local Radio Shack, Circuit City, Best Buy, Hobby Lobby, Fry's Electronics, and (of course) Wal*Mart ALL yielded nothing. Anybody got a suggestion?

author
ratgod (author)gannon12raiders2008-07-28

I got some cheap door alarms from Dollarama, they have a reed switch in the sounder side.

author

1 word ebay, I bought 20 reed switches for 5 bucks.

author
apburner (author)yoyo123aj2008-07-23

Mouser is where I go for most of my discrete components.
Here is the link to the page in there catalog for reed switches.
The bottom ones are truly tiny little things.
reed switches

author
Weissensteinburg (author)2008-02-23

That's really cool! One question though, you can remove the magnet after you push the button and turn on the computer, right?

author

Yes, unless you have a computer that only stays on if you keep the button pressed.

author
biojae (author)Danielfish2008-02-23

But wouldn't that also prevent the computer from being turned off? (Of course there stil is the OS shutdown/power off, but if you somehow disabled that.... :-) )

author
apburner (author)biojae2008-07-23

If you make the switch again it will cause the PC to go into shutdown. If you make it for 5 seconds the power supply will shutdown without the help of the PC

author
Danielfish (author)biojae2008-02-24

I don't think there are any/many computers that require the user to keep their finger on the power button during use :P Those that stay clicked in once pressed until pressed again would work fine with the reed switch. It would just be slightly irritating if you lost the magnet.

author
Yerboogieman (author)Danielfish2008-03-11

my 286 required that cause it was so old, then the screen broke a few years ago and i could play Street Rod 2 anymore :-(

author
Strikah (author)Danielfish2008-02-24

Then you just look for another one:) because reed switches are not bound to one magnet only. Perhaps if you take a stronger magnet you can keep the magnet on a bigger distance, but I guess that's the only difference.

author
Danielfish (author)Strikah2008-02-24

No, I meant more if you couldn't find a magnet, but whatever. I don't keep that many lying around. I think it would be a more efficient and pragmatic system if you made the magnet an integral part of the computer's tower/whatever. Then if you're going away or something, you can remove the magnet and it won't turn on :)

author
Weissensteinburg (author)biojae2008-02-23

Then you go to the back and unplug it =]

author

I wasn't sure whether it was a non momentary switch or not.

author

The button on a PC is a momentary switch, but it's the motherboard that keeps the PC turned on when it's pressed.

author

Yes, indeed, it's not really clear from the video, but yes you can take it off. I think I also wrote it in the pictorial somewhere.

author
craftsman (author)2008-07-05

i lose stuff alot and am afraid of losing the magnet are there any other switches that might be like this like a finger sensor?

author
lux4x4 (author)2008-07-05

Very good ..i use it about 20 years!!!!!! in my cars i use a step-step switch, so i use the reed switch only for a second to pulse a + ! It works from 20 years!!

author
Artificial Intelligence (author)2008-04-21

Cool, however harddrives + magnets is not the best combination.

author

a hd is shielded which means covered with metal and there are huge magnets in a hd

author

Not all HDs are shielded and an external magnetic field would disturb the magnetic fields created by the magnets inside the HD. However this doesn't happen every time.

author
wesie42 (author)2008-03-17

if i am correct, as soon as you take your magnet off, the computer will turn off

author
Rob K (author)wesie422008-05-22

Nope power buttons on computers are momentary, Hanzablast could have just used the reed switch to turn it on,

author
dkfa (author)wesie422008-03-19

yea?? wont it turn off like wesie said?

author
Go_Back_To_School (author)dkfa2008-04-05

....wow... just wow.... NO it WONT turn it off. I wont even bother explaining why. Just live with it.

author
dusty.crockett (author)wesie422008-03-27

No, it won't. That wire isn't nearly big enough to provide the power to run the PC, just the switch to turn it on.

author
daemonkrog (author)2008-05-21

problem is.. this wont protect your data at all, nor your pc from being stolen. More of a keep my friends and family from being able to turn my pc on type thing.

author
casey321b (author)2008-05-21

try doing the same thing but with your mouse too. that would be super cool!!!

author
Yerboogieman (author)2008-03-11

find a way to mount that magnet in your finger

author
casey321b (author)Yerboogieman2008-05-21

like they said a ring that is magnatized

author
casey321b (author)2008-05-21

I would make a slot and put the magnet inside the key(probly your house key that would be good) so you would use the key and no one would suspect it was a magnet at all!!! and it would look cooler

author
jdege (author)2008-02-23

More fun with reed switches. How about this one: 1. Build a magnet into a ring. 2. Wire a reed switch into your TV remote control. 3. Irritate everyone you live with, when you're the only one who can change channels.

author
gannon12raiders (author)jdege2008-04-23

That. Is. Amazing.

author
DeusXMachina (author)jdege2008-02-23

ULTRA WIN! You could pretty much make all your stuff in your house, your car, etc based off of reed switches, if you were so inclined/paranoid.

author
FrenchCrawler (author)jdege2008-02-23

I installed a momentary push switch into ours due to certain reasons. Now it'll only work if the battery cover is on (for some reason the battery cover would always get lost before, so I used that to incorporate the location of the switch).

author
hanzablast (author)jdege2008-02-23

This really is a great plan!!!! I may have to try that one :-))))

author
cooldog (author)2008-03-10

where do you get the reed switch and are they water proof

author
solidacid (author)cooldog2008-04-21

In an electronics store, most reed switches are waterproof.

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