All of the projects pictured in this instructable were designed and made by me using only hand tools. At the time, my solar-electric powered workshop had not yet been built and I wanted to see if I could learn to use traditional techniques and tools. Since then, I have acquired some very impressive battery powered tools that would have made the process go much faster. The newer battery powered tools have improved tremendously in power and affordability and I would highly recommend them. They are often as good or better than the AC power tools. And they are easily solar powered.
Pic 6- Hand tools necessary to do these projects:
A-Ryobi Japanese hand saw-Useful for rips and crosscuts. An American saw will also work fine.
B-Pencil and marking knife-While a pencil is useful for marking most cuts, a knife (such as an x-acto) is more precise for precision cuts and joinery.
C-Layout square-Almost any square can be used for this, but the Japanese square pictured is thin, light, and elegantly precise.
D-Sandpaper-If you cannot plane it or chisel it, then sandpaper is the only option for a smooth wood surface.
E-Brace and bit and drill bits. Works fine and fast for most holes but a power drill is somewhat faster.
F-For striking a chisel a wooden mallet is best, but almost any hammer will also work.
G-Block Plane- used for planing the edges of boards. If really sharp, it can also be used to plane end grain.
I-I prefer a Japanese water stone, but the newer diamond stones work just fine.
J-Clamp for holding down wood while you cut it or chisel it.
K-Set of chisels to cut mortises or smooth edges of wood.
Pic 7- Optional tools that I used to create a better finish:
A-Adze-Useful for rough carving of chair seats.
B-Slightly curved gouge used to clean up flat surfaces, large paring chisel used to bevel edges, and gouge used to clean up around knots where a chisel or plane cannot go.
C-Japanese double curved plane-used to smooth out chair seats and other
concave surfaces after the adze has been used.
D-Coping saw- used for tight curved cuts. A power Jigsaw can replace it.
E-Bow saw or frame saw. This is one I made using an inexpensive saw blade (about $10). Used for cutting chair legs and other curved cuts.
F-Dozuki Japanese saw, used for dovetail and other delicate, precise cuts.
Pic 8- Power tools that are very useful:
A-Random Orbit sander-used for final sanding finish.
B-Battery powered jigsaw-Can be used for cutting mortises and curved chair legs. With the 4-3/8" blade shown, I have successfully cut curves on 4" thick beams.
C-Belt sander for rough smoothing.
D-Circular saw for straight cuts. The 18 volt and up saws are quite powerful.
E-Battery powered drill for holes of all sizes.
F-Router-(not pictured)good for sliding dovetails and mortises.
Good Sources for woodworking hand tools:http://www.frogwoodtools.comhttp://www.highlandwoodworking.comhttp://www.japanwoodworker.com/