Instructables
Picture of tea staining
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Think that staining wood means stinky lacquers, rubber gloves, and long drying times? Think again!
I'll show you how to stain wood to look weathered and old, with nothing more than household items, and with results achieved in a fraction of the time.

Naturally aged wood has a great faded look that occurs from oxidization;  this is usually achieved by leaving the wood outside, exposed to the elements until it has a faded, aged patina. Depending on the type of wood and weather conditions this can take weeks, even months. Luckily there is a simple method to achieve almost the same results and it can be done in a few days, instead of weeks. Though this Instructable is called tea staining, it's actually the steel that's doing the staining.

This classic woodworking trick uses three common household ingredients: vinegar, steel wool, and tea. The best part about these ingredients is that even close substitutes work well!
Don't have white vinegar? Use any other type of vinegar.
Don't have steel wool? Use any other steel bits (staples, nails, shavings, etc.)
Don't have tea?...what's wrong with you?!

The process is easy:
  • Pull apart steel wool and submerge in container of vinegar for 10 hours or more
  • Steep tea for 1 hour (any temperature water will do)
  • Brush steeped tea onto bare wood, ensure complete saturation - let dry completely
  • Brush vinegar + steel wool solution into tea-saturated wood

Why does it work?
  • Tea has tannin, a bitter astringent that occurs naturally in many plants.
  • Tannin is also found in many other organics, such as wood. Wood with high tannin content does not need the tea solution
  • Brushing wood with tea adds more tannin, allowing the vinegar/steel solution to have a stronger reaction.
  • When steel wool is combined with an acedic acid (vinegar) it causes the steel to oxidize (rust), making iron acetate
  • When iron acetate reacts with the tannins and turns the wood a dark colour.
Making iron acetate produces hydrogen gas, do not seal containers and keep in a ventilated area.
Staining will occur mostly on wood surface, be careful if you need to sand afterwards.
The tannin content of the wood is the predominate factor in the darkness of the stain. Experiment, and have fun!

Have you used this technique to stain wood? I want to see it!
Share a picture in the comments below of your tea staining and I'll award you a 3-month Pro Membership on Instructables.com and a digital patch!.
Good luck!

3-month Pro Memberships remaining: 0/10
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nickis126 days ago

I am hoping someone can lead me in the right direction. I am currently making a cigar lamp and was thinking of staining or painting the shade with pigment made from old cigars, (chesseeee, I know), I thought that it might be a cool idea for the cigar lover (grandfather)...Can I use the vinegar method to create the stain, or Do I need to go more commercial? Any suggestions would be much appreciated.. Thanks, Nicki

Conditor Artes made it!28 days ago

I tested this out on a Home Depot project and it turned out beautiful. I substituted steel wool for rusty nails and paper clips.

End result my favorite wood color.

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mikeasaurus (author)  Conditor Artes27 days ago

That rich stain looks really good. Thanks for sharing.

Enjoy the patch and 3-month Pro!

ValéryR made it!1 month ago

I used this method to stain the box I made with pine wood (which is very very very clear, nearly white) for the '47 phone I hacked into a mic for my band.

I first tried with only two bags of tea that I steeped in about 100 ml of water for two hours. But the result was not really satisfying, the wood just became like light grey, and I wanted it to get more brown.
So I tried again with 4 bags of tea and I added two big spoons of ground coffee. And that gave me exactly what I wanted (cfr. pictures) : the wood got more brown and dark.

However, now I'd like to finish the wood with a wax or an oil that could darken the wood even more. What would you use?

(sorry if there are some mistakes in my english ;-) )

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mikeasaurus (author)  ValéryR1 month ago

Love that colour. As for finishing, I'm a pretty big fan of Danish Oil (or boiled linseed oil). It won't darken the wood dramatically, but it has an easy application, a nice matte finish, and the really let's the natural grain stand out.

Thanks for sharing, enjoy the 3-month Pro and digital patch!

alexis232 months ago
I used apple cider vinegar and my steel wool had blue specs in it (from soap-it a was pretreated SOS pad I found at my parents house). I used a green tea bag and let it seep for about two hours. This wood was left over from a bed frame my boyfriend and I made. I am going to try staining again but with a regular wool pad and see if the color will be lighter. My end idea is to make a headboard OR a little step stool. I want to perfect my stain color first :)
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mikeasaurus (author)  alexis231 month ago

It looks good so far, try steeping the steel wool longer or use rusty nails to get a darker look. I'd love to see your finished results.

Thanks for sharing, enjoy the 3-month Pro and digital patch!

vampierwolf3 months ago

If you used teas that had different colors would that color be transferred?

myrrhmaid made it!3 months ago

I used this technique on some old cement stakes I made into a signpost. I love the way it turned out! Thanks for the inspiration! I want to try this with some variation using oak tree leaf tea and balsamic vinegar/steel wool.

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mikeasaurus (author)  myrrhmaid3 months ago

Looks great! Thanks for sharing your application. Enjoy the 3-month Pro!

blackstoneg4 months ago

Could you do the same with the alcohol instead of water? I mean to put the steel wool in the alcohol.. I am going to try it but before.. does anyone have the knowledge of the chemical reaction in this case.

I am wondering if the tea bag would extract in the alcohol as it does in water.

TaZedPhanTom5 months ago

Here's my wood so far, testing it out before i use it on my box project!

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mikeasaurus (author)  TaZedPhanTom5 months ago

Digging that colour. I want to see the final application on your project!

Thanks for sharing, enjoy the Pro Membership.

Will do, Ill send you a pic when i'm done, im also modelling a prop rifle with wood and pvc and im going to apply this beautiful and cheap tea staining.

bricobart6 months ago

Thanx mike, I'm impressed with the result!

http://www.instructables.com/id/The-Outposts-Zombie-Stopper/

Please give that membership to anyone else - got a stock untill 2089 ;)

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mikeasaurus (author)  bricobart6 months ago

Nice application. Too bad the zombies won't appreciate the pleasant earthy tone of the handle as you bash in their heads.

The pizzaboy neither. Made a terrible mistake this evening. Not my fault that the streetlights are down. Let's call it collateral damage. The good news: got some pizza's for free. And a scooter.

builderboyd8 months ago

Just finished the top of my bedside cabinet. We wanted the old wood look and the tea/vinegar stain gave us exactly what we wanted. The top is oak trimmed in pine and now has a great gray black patina to it. Perfect!

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mikeasaurus (author)  builderboyd8 months ago

Digging that dark colour. Thanks for sharing!

Enjoy the 3-month Pro Membership

tricky689 months ago
A wonderful husband and wife project making Christmas gifts for family. The tea stained E looks good along with the other wood. Thank you for this instructable.
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mikeasaurus (author)  tricky689 months ago
Turned out great. Thanks for sharing, enjoy the patch and the Pro Membership!
gallagad1 year ago
I know I'm late to the party here, but I used this on a pipe I made for a friend. The briar burl has a really swirly grain in some places and a differential stain like this really makes it jump out at you. I rubbed it with olive oil after staining to give it a nice subtle shine.
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mikeasaurus (author)  gallagad1 year ago
Looks great, and I love the look of the grain with this dark stain. A pipe for a refined gentleman.

Thanks for sharing, enjoy the patch and the Pro Membership!
Here's my go at using the tea staining method. I used Lyons Black Tea from Ireland steeped for more than an hour. The steel wool soaked in the distilled white vinegar for days. I think the workbench is really nice looking. After it cures over night, I'm going to give it a couple of coats of polyurethane. I have attached several photographs showing the work. Thanks a bunch.
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Here is the tea stained work bench polyurethaned with the lower shelf in place. Project complete. Yay!
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mikeasaurus (author)  brianchadorourke1 year ago
Wow, that looks incredible! I love seeing how light the wood started and how rich and deep the colour is now. It really looks great with a coat of poly applied.

Thanks for sharing, enjoy the patch and the 3-month Pro Membership!
wolfgang641 year ago
Wow! Will this work on hard woods like oak cherry and apple? I have an old armore from the 1700's with one very "modern looking" foot. I was told it was blown off in WW!. it looks like cherry but the one buggs me is the color shift My daughter loves {she's Eleven} it butt I can't help being a perfectionist.
sklew1 year ago
shaweet!!!
j_man515901 year ago
AMAZING! simply amazing. thanks for the DIY on a buget assitance. this is a life saver for those of us who like to fix up things on a limited budget. thank you. :)
I love this! Thank you.
This is a great technique - I've used it on a few projects - most notably on the spindles for some Mission Style Settles (couches) I built.  However, the idea of adding the tannin to woods that don't have a normally high tannin content is new - I'll definitely have to try it - Thanks!

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mikeasaurus (author)  jwilliamsen1 year ago
Wow. I like how dark your stain turned out, it lets the grain on the rest of the frame really pop!

I love those settes, you did a really great job. I want a few for my place!
Thanks :) It took a couple of applications for some of the spindles, but they did come out nice and dark. A lot cheaper than buying Ebony :)
Neat.

We had some obnoxious cedar bushes around our house that we finally hacked out. Josh was playing with his knife (no euphemism here) and smoothing out the trunk of the biggest one when he noticed the wood just under the bark was really red. He whittled all those pieces off and soaked them in denatured alcohol. It turned out to make a decent red stain for other wood. I'll try to find some pics to show you one of these days if I remember... the color seemed to soak in a decent amount.
Kiteman1 year ago
How deeply does the stain penetrate? Is it better to sand a shape smooth before or after staining?
mikeasaurus (author)  Kiteman1 year ago
The tea staining is mostly surface, so any sanding after the oxidized solution is applied will remove some of the ebonizing (which can produce some neat results). Much wiser to sand the shape first, then ebonize after.
OK, thanks.
Ninzerbean1 year ago
I have never used the tea, I make my stain with old nails and white vinegar - but what I wanted to add is that the more coats you apply the darker you can make the wood. On white oak the stain is absolutely black - and no streaking. Thanks for letting us know about the tea, I will use that next time, plus the steal wool should be a lot faster than the nails.
jmDCI1 year ago
Here is a "staff" I made with tea stain
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mikeasaurus (author)  jmDCI1 year ago
Looking good. Is that a glass door knob for your staff pommel? I like it!
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