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Easy DWC Hydroponics system
How to make a copper reflux still
How much water do you think you need to flow through the condenser, and how long would a typical run be likely to take.I am on a metered water supply so I would like to calculate how much the water is going to cost having a constant flow.Thanks
Nice work..The design is an outdated one, though. The water connections going through the column, won't give a whole lot of reflux. Furthermore, the still will be a pita to stuff with packing due to those pipes running through the column. A better option for a reflux still, would be one with a reflux condenser on top of the column. It could easily be constructed with some thin copper pipe (breaking pipes for a car would do) 5-6 mm in diameter. The column diameter is also a little on the small side. Try to get some 2" copper pipe (50 mm) instead. It will cost a little more, but your takeoff speed will be a lot higher.
Yup..! Also, one would toss the first mL coming off the still, they are considered the "foreshots". With a still this size, I would say between 50- and 100 mL should be sufficient. One would run a stripping run first, only tossing the foreshots. Then the distillate is diluted down to 40% abv or less (for safety reasons) and a spirit run is done. That's also the point when cuts are made...heads (still some bad stuff in it), hearts (the stuff you want to drink), and tails (low proof). Heads and tails can be added to your next stripping run, so they are not wasted. The hearts are diluted down to 40% abv for drinking. Tails are collected down to 20% abv, as the remaining Ethanol in the still, wouldn't justify the time neither heat used.
Try as I might I can not download the PDF--it goes to an advertisment.
How to make Pepper spray at home!
Glad you enjoyed it! Thanks so much for the vote:)
Great instructable, very easy to follow guide thanks P.s I voted for you :)
Tomahawk Survival Axe (that opens beers!)
Probably just peppers :)
I don't know if you still read comments, but can I use chilli powder or flakes instead of fresh peppers (I don't know if I have access to those where I live). Would that affect the strength of the pepper spray?
I'm not too worried about it. I made 5 gal. total and used most of that to clean engine parts. It was just a project to see if I could do it. Unless you really get into making shine, it is much more cost affective to just go buy it at the store.
You can make 200 gallons a year of wine or beer without a permit as long as you don't sell it. I've made a lot of cases of wine and some beer, it's fun. - David the R
I have made one very much the same as yours a few years back. I will see if I can find some photos. It worked amazingly well. - sveillon
but it is not illegal to distill water, for making your own wine ;-) - sveillon
it's called giving the first shot to the devil, if you are distilling 3 to 5 gal just take the first two shots and keep them for other jobs. I use mine for engine degreaser. - sveillon
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