# What is the equation to determine a coil's inductance?

I have been looking for the equation to determine a coils inductance in henries, but I can't find it. I want the one that uses core diameter, wire thickness, and wire length to calculate it. (But I'll take any equation that will allow me to calculate it easily without test equipment) Could someone help me out? Thanks!

active| newest | oldesthttp://www.epanorama.net/documents/components/coils.html

If so the last equation in the table on this page:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inductor#Inductance_formulae

gives the formula for such an inductor.

For winding a toroid it is convenient to start with a fixed length of wire wound onto a thin shuttle that can pass through the center of the toroid as you wind it. And I'm guessing that's why you want a formula that includes the total length of the wire.

You might have noticed all the formulas on the page I linked to include a factor of N

^{2}. Find N by dividing the total length of your wire by the length of one turn. Example: if your turn radius is r=5mm, then the length of one turn is 2*pi*r = 31.4 mm. Supposing the total length of your wire is 10 m, then N = (10 m)/(31.4e-3m) = 318 turns. Use that N in your inductance formula.The only thing left is the relative permittivity of the core, and that varies from one material to another. If you have data on this from the core's manufacturer, then that's great. In the more likely event that you salvaged the core out of some piece of discarded electronics, well then, that's sort of going to make you wish you owned some sort of tool for measuring inductance.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LCR_meter

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