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Wind powered battery charger

HI.. this is my first post on these forums. I want to build a small windmill that will charge ordinary rechargeable AA sized batteries. however there's a problem. I have hooked up my windmill to a motor which produces DC current. Now, the motor provides enough and MORE current to charge the batteries. My problem is how do i protect the battery from overly high voltages and currents that may be generated by the motor?

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racingmouse8 years ago
Hey! Interesting debate - I wish I could build a wind powered battery charger myself but I think I am too left handed. I have searched the internet but cannot find anywhere where it is possible to purchase such a charger. Do you know somewhere? I will have to install it in my Rickshaw bicycle so it can provide electricity to a portable Ipod speaker system running on 4 big AAA batteries. Hope for some comments :)
i am building and selling wind battery chargers on ebay, they charge 2 AA and 4 AA batteries, they have no problem with overcharging. go to ebay and enter keywords wind battery charger AA .
crnwoodnut8 years ago
This is a work in progress and i am wondering if i can get some advice on chargeing a 12v battery to turn a wood lathe . When i bench teasted the motor with a 18 volt battery drill I actually got 18.48 voltsmore tha enough to chareg a battery right? But what happens is the battery becomes dead dead it was not charged to start with it 5.95 volts in it. but now nothing.
crnwoodnut8 years ago
blocking diode and recirtifers whats the differance
forgesmith8 years ago
Controlling the current is very important, rechargeables can get quite hot if charged too fast and even "acceptable" fast charging (about 15 min to 1 hr) will shorten their life. What I'm reading on searches is 100mA is about right for AA size.

So first you control current. Here is a basic circuit called a current mirror, just two transistors and a resistor, and math. Here is a basic current source using a Zener diode, less math (but I think the one below it with the LED looks cuter).

Controlling voltage is less important than current, and it's common to charge batteries at a (slightly) higher voltage than what they are. Rechargeable cells are under 1.5V, closer to 1.2-1.3V, a simple 3V Zener diode will work for 2 cells.
mahela007 (author)  forgesmith8 years ago
thanks. I'll check those two out
Voltage regulator, you'd have to be making a fair bit of current to damage them unless it was constantly high, so maybe a constant current voltage regulator...
mahela007 (author)  killerjackalope8 years ago
can i make a voltage regulator? i saw some on the net.. they seem very ard to build. Are there more simple versions?
Yes and no. Sure you could make something with resistors, but the actual regulator is impossible. Try this for 2 in series or this for parallel
He could get a few free chips...
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