Picture of ATtiny85 POV Display

The first time I saw a POV (Persistence Of Vision) display was on a show called FAQ on TV. The POV display consisted of an oscillating shaft with 6 LED's mounted on the end of the shaft.

Since then I have always wanted to make one myself, I tried making one about 2 months ago with an oscillating shaft myself but I was not successful as the speed of the shaft was too low for the POV display to work. Now I decided to make the POV display with just a DC Motor instead of an oscillating shaft as they are much cheaper and easily available compared to the shafts.

In this instructable I will show you how to make the POV Display yourself!

This is a very simple project both on hardware and software (coding) areas. It costed me only about 5$ to make it from start to finish!

So lets get started!

Here is a video of it in action!

Note: The brightening and dimming of the LEDs in the video is due to my crappy camera, in reality its consistent and quite bright.

Remove these adsRemove these ads by Signing Up

Step 1: Persistence Of Vision and how it works

Picture of Persistence Of Vision and how it works

POV stands for Persistence Of VIsion.

Persistence Of Vision is the phenomenon of the eye by which an image seen by our eye persists for about 0.04s during which any other images that we see are merged together with this image.

This phenomenon is used in the POV Display as we turn the LEDs on and off in such a way that the different images overlap each other forming letters.

For example:

The formation of the letter E with 5 LEDs;

1 2 3 <- Time

1 1 1 <- Bulb 1

1 0 0 <- Bulb 2

1 1 1 <- Bulb 3

1 0 0 <- Bulb 4

1 1 1 <- Bulb 5

Each column represents the 5 LEDs we used to make the display. Each element in the row represents the state of the LED at that given time.

So at t = 1 Bulb 1,2,3,4,5 are all on

at t=2,3 Bulb 1,3,5 are on

This way we can visually see the letter E formed by the LEDs but the time interval would be very small in milliseconds and not as given in the example.

Due to the short time intervals and the ability of the LEDs to turn on and off very quickly we can see the letter E as all the 3 images merge. As the motor is spinning, as time passes the LEDs move from one position to the next so all these images are merged together.

For more information on how this works have a look at these links:

Note: You can see in the above images how the 3 different pictures merge to form the letter E

Here is an animated gif that shows the formation of the letter E :

1-40 of 41Next »
martin.pfitzner.942 made it!15 days ago

Made it with an attiny85. Can anyone tell me how to make a CLOCK out of it? Just Digital numbers displaying the current time?

colecuc9 months ago

When I click uplode,

avrdude stk500_getsync not in sync resp 0x00

this pops up, any ideas to help? its fully assembled and all the connections are correct. All of the software was also downloaded successfully.

ArtTech86 colecuc2 months ago

Not sure if you got the issue straightened out or not, but you can try this: Check to make sure you've selected the correct COM Port and also check to see if you've selected the correct board you are using. To check, look at the top of the Arduino IDE and select Tools>Board and toggle the appropriate board. Do the same for your COM Port Tools>Port. Hope that helps.

nigel cox3 months ago

Excellent Instructable, really well laid out and explained, plus you have used many recycled parts, this will give people the inspiration to make these themselves, well done Regards Doc Cox

JoseA104 months ago

Hey! First of all, fantastic work on this. Your project has inspired one of my own creations for a school project and I've followed it step by step carefully, soldering is good, anodes with anodes and cathodes with cathodes, everything where it should be. I've used the exact same code, but I'm using an ATTiny 45 instead of an 85 and I do not know if that makes much of difference because it seems not to light up. I would so appreciate if you could reply to this comment, it would mean a lot.

Austin Parry4 months ago
are u from india?
coz im having some trouble get the components
uopions6 months ago

i had tried alot but its not giving me my original word plz can u help me in making this .

nodcah11 months ago

Awesome Instructable! Also, aren't ATtinys just awesome?!? :-)

vishalapr (author)  nodcah11 months ago

ATtinys are the best mainly because they are cheap and they use the arduino code itself!

ATMega8 are cheap too, you can get them for about 60-80c each, they accept "native" Arduino code at 16MHz and can be programmed on a simple breadboard (or taken from a 1st-generation Arduino)

kidd_king 11 months ago
wonder if you can make a clock out of it

You could, but you have to synchronise perfectly the motor with the display, so you display the bar in an "RISING" interrupt triggered by an infrared sensor pointing to a white wheel with at least 60 "stokes" drawn on it (1 per sector-pixel). ATMega8 seems a minimum, there...

vishalapr (author)  kidd_king 11 months ago

Yea you can but Im not sure about the coding for it, will spend some more time learning and then Ill try make one! :D

LetsTryDIY7 months ago

Very useful! Love that you explained some code in the end.

sunilksree made it!7 months ago

Hi vishalapr,

Thank you for this amazing instructable. Inspired from you, I made a RGB POV :)

I have also made aan instructable for it too.

deba1689 months ago

Congratulation :)

vishalapr (author)  deba1689 months ago

Thank you! :D

wkarraker made it!10 months ago

Had enough parts to knock one together. Need a faster motor as the digits are stretched on this one.

vishalapr (author)  wkarraker10 months ago

It looks great! Yea I had to adjust the speed of my motor to get them just right.

Mic10011 months ago

Thanks is very interressing instructable

vishalapr (author)  Mic10011 months ago


mormo made it!11 months ago

HI, thanks for idea. I made this project on arduino pro mini.

vishalapr (author)  mormo11 months ago

That looks awesome! Great job!

ahmedebeed555 made it!11 months ago

Thank you for sharing. Great instructable.

vishalapr (author)  ahmedebeed55511 months ago

Wow that looks very nice and compact! Glad you liked the ible!

Thanks for the pics!!

dwebb511 months ago

Looks like a great way to make my own one of these.

Same circuitry can be put in many size fans.

vishalapr (author)  dwebb511 months ago

Thanks! Yea you can use it with fans instead of attaching a motor seperately.

bergerab11 months ago

Too cool! I love seeing what projects people can come up with using attinys. This is one of my favorites!

vishalapr (author)  bergerab11 months ago

Thanks! Glad you liked it!

andrea biffi11 months ago

I merged your three frames in an animated gif :)

vishalapr (author)  andrea biffi11 months ago

Is the above image a gif? Im not sure how to open it though, I would really like to include a gif in step 2, Thanks!

yup here it's the direct link

you can reach it clicking on the image

thanks for the gif it made the whole thing simple to understand

vishalapr (author)  andrea biffi11 months ago

Thats awesome, thanks!

craftclarity11 months ago

SUPER COOL!!!! It'd be neat to put this on a pair of bicycle that you could see it from the front.

Adafruit has a POV kit you can put on your spokes.

vishalapr (author)  GitarGr811 months ago

Yea this looks amazing when you are riding it!


I can see sending a message like "Hi, just a friendly bicyclist!"
1-40 of 41Next »