Use hardiplank, cardboard, plaster concrete or cob to make any size or shape parabolic reflector with this device! Solar cookers can be made from waste cardboard boxes covered with kitchen foil. Mostly people use math to figure out the parabola or use a template. Lots of mcguyver types are not into math and waste cardboard comes in all shapes and sizes with cuts all over the place so templates are not always suitable..
This method of making a solar cooker is suitable for a one off or assembly line and will work with ANY cardboard Box. Please try one and spread the word about this way of making parabolic cookers.
I cook in dark glass containers and use an oven bag to reduce thermal heat loss.
Currently, I use My cob solar cooker to steralize soil. At 5 pm when i come home, my soil is still at about 60 C (after cooling down for about 3 hours!) And suitable for growing seedlings.
I feel that this method of making solar cookers will prove very adaptable, very affordable and find use all across the world.
Step 1: Introducing the Mechanical Mathematician!
But there is another way! The mechanical mathematician!
This little genius solves the parabola for all points on the curve! Using some string to help him. The string is attached at the focus of the parabola and goes through a point on the parabola (on a piece of metal for hanging curtains) and ends up tied at the pipe joiner.
There are many ways to make the mechanical mathematician, and the other one was used to make a cob solar cooker. Which works good.
It was made from old metal chairs and junk!
Step 2: Cutting the Lines
This gives 12 little same sized rectangles in the box.
Step 3: Add the Glue and Glue Down
The glue mix was half elmirs glue and half water, mixed well and smeared lightly across the cardboard. I used a sponge to smooth on the foil. You start in the middle of a foil piece and sponge to the edges. It works well!
Step 4: Give It 20 Minutes to Dry
Step 5: Making the Mechanical Mathematician!
Directly under the hooks on the central post, there is a screw which goes down about a half inch through the bottom of the wood piece at the bottom of the post.
And right under that screw, there is a hole in the dark piece of wood (just a little bigger than the screw). The dark piece of wood sits on the aluminium foil, screw goes in the hole and the top gaget can swivel around while the bottom piece stays in one spot. (This means less scuffing of the foil when the mathematician takes measurements!)
Step 6: Side View of the Mathematician
Step 7: Place the Mathematician on the Foiled Cardboard
Next you must set the length of your string line.
Step 8: Getting the String Length Right.
Step 9: Making the Parabolic Curve
raise the dot to the height of the bottom of the rail. (you may have to readjust a little).
Prop something under it and apply the same procedeure to the dot in the middle on the next segment.
Step 10: More Adjusting
Step 11: Now for the Outer Panels
Support and do the next one until they are all done.
Step 12: Tape Up the Backs of the Panels So That They Stay That Way
Step 13: Final Product
Generally, I place the food in a 9 inch glass or stoneware dish, put the lid on, and hang it in a metal hanging basket thing at the focus. I cover it all with an oven bag and clothespeg the top.
If you want to make a tracking solar cooker, I suggest you move thecardboard cooker round the focus. The cooker is very light and there is no need to move the food too.
Step 14: Experimental Results and Conclusions
Saturday was beautiful and I was home nearly all day so I got some experimental results.
I found the cardboard parabola difficult to set up correctly because it is not quite stiff enough. So it needs a spine to back up the cardboard. (Perhaps just one 1by 2 about 4 ft long with pieces attached to keep the middle cardboard segments exact.
Results from the cardboard parabola heating up 1.2 liters of water in a black 0.9 kg teapot were as follows.
(I turned the parabola to follow the sun)
12.50PM 23 C
1.54 pm 33 C
2.16pm 43 C
2.49pm 50 C
3.05pm 55 C
3.31pm 60 C
3.55pm 61 C
(at this point the parabola was in partial shade and I stopped measuring)
At 6.12 it was back down to 34 C in complete shade
Measurement on the big cob parabolic oven went as follows.
I did not turn the parabola but did move the pot a little to follow the focal point
(There were 3.7 kg of wet soil in a 1.35 kg dark glass pot).
11.36 11 C
12.25 24 C
01.54 58 C ( it was already past directly focused at the sun!))
02.16 72 C
02.29 75 C
02.49 80 C
03.05 84 C
03.30 89 C
03.55 90.5 C
04.05 89.5 C
(I measured and the sun was coming in at about 50 degree angle at 4.05 so almost no heat being reflected!)
06.12 67 C cooling down stage
06.34 63 C
Conclusions The cardboard parabola was disappointing because it slightly lost its shape without a stiffening spine. so not correctly focussed on the pot. I didn't have an oven bag for that experiment and my plastic was too snug so energy was lost there too.
Must have a spine to keep the parabola correctly alligned!
The Cob parabola was a different story.
As you can see it continued to heat up long after the sun had passed the best focus (I did move it to follow the focus).
Even on less sunny days during the week when i came home from work, it was still at 55 C at 6.05 on sept 5th,
at 61.5 at 5.26 the next day
and at 61 C at 5.48 a day later.
Why the slow continued heat up?
Perhaps the heat migrates slowly up through the wet clay? Thermometer was in the middle of the pot so it probably took a while for the heat to get there.
Conclusions I do not need more than 70C in wet soil to kill weed seeds so I can use a bigger pot for more efficiency.
Perhaps twice as big! (volume wise) I get 3 gains, 1 bigger pot will stay in focus longer, has bigger volume to surface area ration so will retain heat longer and has bigger volume to pot weight ratio too so more heat usefully used.
The parabola maintains focus on the pot much longer than I thought possible.
3rd conclusion. Tracking or deformed parabola or 2 parabolas would be much better!
If the parabola was stretched along the line that the sun follows, it might maintain focus a lot longer. Or a simple tracking device to move a cardboard parabola round the focus. Or 2 parabolas!
First parabola is for midday to 2 pm and is short focus. Second is to one side of it and is same surface area but longer focus about 20 inches (so it does not interfere with direct sun at 12. By 2;30, this parabola is starting to hit the pot pretty well. The additional effort to make this parabola with the mechanical mathematician would not be great but the benifit would be an extra hour or more of good heat.